Illinois/Major roads/Main

From Wazeopedia


US, State, and County Route Naming

Exceptions to the USA road naming linked to above within Illinois are:

  • In July,2013, all US Hwy XXX have been changed to US-XXX.
  • State Rte XXX is being changed to SR-XXX format.
  • CR-XXX will be used where applicable. Most have a Primary Street name, so this would only apply to an Alternate Field entry.

Road Type (Functional Classification)

Illinois follows standard USA guidance for assignment of road type assignment. It is important to remember that the interactive IDOT map used a base map that may have yellow colored roads that are not collectors. Minor collectors are bright yellow.

Road Lock Standard

Illinois follow the Great Lakes Region road locking standard with elevated locking standards in the Chicago Loop.

Minimum Road Lock Standard

Minimum Road Lock Standard
Lock Level
Segment Type Direction Illinois Loop Zone
 Freeway  5 5
 Ramp  HCS* HCS*
 Major Highway  3 3
 Minor Highway  3 3
 Primary Street  One-way 3 3
Two-way 2 3
 Street 
 Private Road 
One-way 2 3
Two-way 1 2
 |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-| Railroad |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|  2 2
 • • • • Ferry • • • •   2 3
 ||||||||        ||||||||        ||||||||        |||||||| Runway ||||||||        ||||||||        ||||||||        ||||||||  5 5
Other Named Types 1 3
Segment Group Illinois Loop Zone
Construction Areas
(changes without aerial images)
3 3
Multi-Level Streets
(i.e. Lower Wacker)
N/A 3

Terms

HCS - Highest Connecting Segment
Chicago Loop Zone
The Chicago Loop Zone is bordered by Lake Michigan on the east, the Chicago River on the north and west and Polk on the south.

Turning Restrictions

The provisions for turning in Illinois are defined in Rules of the Road, in Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/11. In this wiki section we cover two specific situations: Left turns across medians and U-Turns.

Left Turns across Medians

Left turns across paved non-curbed medians are allowed in Illinois, defined in 625 ILCS 5/11-708 (e).

The Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) defines several types of medians in Bureau of Design and Environment Manual Ch. 34, Cross Section Elements:

  • Flush - A median which is adjacent to traffic lanes and on the same plane as the lanes. These are painted on the pavement surface.
  • Depressed - The median between opposing traffic lines is slightly below the elevation of the traffic lanes. It is also designed for drainage and storage of plowed snow.
  • Raised-Curb - The curb on these medians is greater than two inches in height.
  • Traversable - This type of median has a curb two inches in height.

A Two-Way Left Turn Lane (TWLTL) is typically a flush median. IDOT allows a traversable median to be used as a TWLTL in place of a flush median.

U-Turns

In Illinois, U-Turns can be performed unless specifically prohibited by law. Illinois statute defining the limitations on U-Turns is 625 ILCS 5/11-802 and can be reviewed in the Illinois Secretary of State Rules of Road booklet.

U-Turns can be enabled when editing by enabling the U-Turn flag or at box (#) and partial-box (H) intersections when the median segment is more than 15m in length (See Avoiding U-turns in box and partial box intersections).

When considering enabling a U-Turn, do so only if there is a strong potential to provide improved routing. Some examples of U-Turn implementations are:

  • Where driveways or parking lots are connected to a median-divided roadway and doing so would eliminate complex routing to reach the proper side of the road.
  • At both connected end-points of a single segment parking lot or gas station to provide an optimal exit route.

Before enabling a U-Turn on public streets, these conditions should be met:

  • No traffic control devices posted prohibiting the movement.
  • The movement may not be performed on a curve.
  • The movement may not be performed on a hill or incline.
  • A driver must be able to see in all directions on all roadways a at least 500 feet (153 meters).
  • The turn must be able to be completed as a single continuous movement. While not a legal requirement, is best practice for safer navigation.
  • At least 15 meters (49 feet) exist from the left edge of the legal departure lane to the right edge of the destination lane, including any median to the left of the departure lane, to allow single continuous movement.

Municipal U-Turn Ordinances

The following municipalities or counties have ordinances that vary from State law (ILCS).

Changes or additional ordinances can be submitted using Illinois U-Turn Ordinance Submission form.

Speed Limit 70.png

Speed limits

Illinois follows the general speed limit guidelines for the USA with this local guidance.

In addition to posted speed limits, Illinois has several default speed limits that are applicable in different circumstances. These are defined in Illinois Compiled Statutes 625 ILCS 5/Ch. 11 Art. VI (Speed Restrictions) with supporting information in 625 ILCS 5/Ch. 1 (Definitions). The maximum speed limits to be used are for private passenger vehicles.

The default speed limits that should be added to the Waze map in Illinois are:

  • Interstates and tollways — 70 mph.
  • Highways with four lanes, having a separation between roadways moving in opposite directions — 65 mph.
  • Other highways, roads and streets (non-urban areas) — 55 mph.
  • Other highways, roads and streets (urban districts) — 30 mph.

The counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, Madison, McHenry, St. Clair, and Will, may set maximum speed limits lower than the state defaults.

An urban district is "The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more." [625 ILCS 5/1-214]

Illinois default speed limits not currently applicable and not to be added to the Waze map:

  • Alleys — 15 mph.
  • School Zones — 20 mph (on school days between 7 a.m. and 4 p.m. when children

are present and signs are posted).

School and park speed limits

These special zones are not added to the map. At the present time there is no way to support the time- and condition-based aspects of speed zones at schools and parks. The speed limit before entering one of these zones should be carried through, in the direction of travel, to the point the special speed zone ends.

Work zone speed limits

Mbox construction yellow.png
Work zone SL.png

A work zone (WZ) may have a lower advisory speed limit (SL) posted in black on orange Advisory Speed Plaque.png, or a regulatory speed limit posted in black on white with an orange "Work Zone" banner across the top Work zone SL.png.

We only consider the regulatory signs, and never map advisory speed limits.

  • Only add Work Zone speed limits (WZSL) if they are anticipated to persist more six months.
  • For projects expected to last less than six months:
    1. Use the regular underlying SL on affected segments.
    2. Document the WZSL as a [CONSTRUCTION] UR with the keyword WZ: mph included in the text. Also include area under construction and expected completion date.
  • For projects scheduled to continue for more than six months:
    1. Document the construction in a [CONSTRUCTION] UR, including: Area/segments involved, expected completion date, original speed limit using SL: mph, and work zone speed limit using WZ: mph (example: SL: 45 / WZ: 35).
    2. Update affected segments with posted WZSL.
  • Projects of shorter duration may be added as well, IF the editor has access to frequent status updates on the project, and is willing to monitor and adjust as soon as the SL is restored.

Where speed limits change

In Illinois, speed limit changes are mapped at the point nearest the posted speed limit sign with these considerations:

  • Changes should be mapped at or before the sign in the direction of travel..
  • Changes should be mapped at definite changes in roadway characteristics: urban boundaries, intersecting roadways, or driveways, etc.
  • Changes should not be mapped less than 200 feet from an existing junction. This can have a negative impact on turn delay calculations.

If an editor has any questions regarding the placement of a speed limit change or feels discussion is needed regarding an exception to these guidelines, please reach out to area managers.

Municipal Speed Ordinances

The following municipalities or counties have ordinances that vary from State law (ILCS).

Changes or additional ordinances can be submitted using the Illinois Speed Ordinance Submission form.