Changes

From Wazeopedia

Cameras/Legality/USA

1,402 bytes added, 3 years ago
Updating Oregon info.
The legality of photo/video enforcement of traffic laws varies from state to state and between the various jurisdictions inside a state depending on how the laws are written. Below is a list of the laws by state. '''DISCLAIMER:''' We are not attorneys and are not responsible for mistakes and/or outdated information. The most current information has been found on [http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/laws/automated_enforcement/enforcementtable?topicName=Red%20light%20running#tableData IIHS] and [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/auto_enforce.html GSHA].
Not all camera looking devices at intersections are speed or red light cameras. Review the article on [[cameras]] before adding them to the map.
| Legal Statewide
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| No State Law
| bgcolor="#FFFFFF" | [field is left blank]
|}
| [[Alabama]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Alabama|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No Laws'''
|- align="center"
| [[Alaska]]
| |
|- align="center"
| [[Arizona]]
|- align="center"
| [[Arkansas]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Arkansas|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[California]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|
|- align="center"
| [[Colorado]]
|- align="center"
| [[Connecticut]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Delaware]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|
|- align="center"
| [[District of Columbia]]
| [[Florida]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Georgia]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|
|- align="center"
| [[Hawaii]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Idaho]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Idaho|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Idaho|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Illinois]]
|- align="center"
| [[Indiana]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Indiana|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|
|- align="center"
| [[Iowa]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Iowa|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Iowa|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Kansas]]
| |
|- align="center"
| [[Kentucky]]
| |
|- align="center"
| [[Louisiana]]
|- align="center"
| [[Massachusetts]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Michigan]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Minnesota]]
| |
|- align="center"
| [[Mississippi]]
|- align="center"
| [[Missouri]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Missouri|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Missouri|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Montana]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Montana|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|
|- align="center"
| [[Nebraska]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nebraska|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nebraska|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Nevada]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nevada|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nevada|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[New Hampshire]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[New Hampshire]]
|
|
|- align="center"
| [[New Jersey]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00FF0000" | '''[[#New_Jersey|SEE NOTES BELOW]]NOT LEGAL'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[New Mexico]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#New_Mexico|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#New_Mexico|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[New York]]
| [[North Carolina]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#North_Carolina|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[North Dakota]]
| |
|- align="center"
| [[Ohio]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00" | '''[[#Ohio|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE'''| bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00" | '''[[#Ohio|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| [[Oklahoma]]
| |
|- align="center"
| [[Oregon]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Oregon|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Pennsylvania]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Pennsylvania|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Rhode Island]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|
|- align="center"
| [[South Carolina]]
|- align="center"
| [[South Dakota]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Tennessee]]
|- align="center"
| [[Utah]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000FFFF00" | '''NOT LEGAL[[#Utah|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Vermont]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Virginia]]
|- align="center"
| [[Wyoming]]
| |
|}
=== Alabama ===
 
Red light cameras are limited to Montgomery. Speed cameras have no laws regulating them.
 
=== Arkansas ===
Photo radar only in school zones and railroad crossings with an officer present at the time of the infraction.'''There are no current programs.'''
=== Colorado ===
Speed cameras are restricted to construction zones, school zones, residential areas, and roads adjacent to municipal parks. === Idaho === Idaho has no state law regarding the use of speed cameras or red light cameras. As of December 2013, the state neither operates nor has publicized plans to operate in the future, cameras of either type.
=== Illinois ===
*Municipalities with a population of 1,000,000 or more may use speed cameras in safety zones (one-eighth mile from school or park). ''The City of Chicago is currently the only Illinois community to qualify for speed camera placement.''
=== Iowa ===
There are no statewide laws for red light or speed cameras in Iowa. All existing cameras operate under programs directed by local ordinance.
=== Indiana ===
The only cameras allowed under state law are for toll booth areas only for purposes of non payment enforcement.
 
=== Maryland ===
The [[Maryland#Speed and red light cameras|Maryland]] page has details on local camera systems.
=== New Jersey Missouri === Speed: No state law, but there may be programs operating under [http://www.modot.mo.gov/documents/2011AECommissionPolicy.pdf Missouri DOT policy]. Red light: No state law, but there may be programs operating under Missouri DOT policy on state maintained roadways. Local municipalities may be operating under their own policies. === Montana === All localities are prohibited from using red light cameras. However, rail crossings are excepted from this law. === Nebraska === There are no statewide laws regulating red light or speed cameras in Nebraska. However, there are NO cameras present in any municipality and all cameras added to the map should be removed.
New Jersey is piloting a Red-Light-Running (RLR) camera program at authorized intersections in select municipalities throughout the state. Further information, including a document describing all authorized intersections within the state, can be found [http://www.nj.gov/transportation/refdata/rlr/ here].=== Nevada ===
Due to the controversial nature Nevada state law prohibits use of imaging equipment unless it is hand-held by an officer or installed in a vehicle or facility of this programa law enforcement agency. Traditional enforcement penalties: $1, some municipalities may have outlawed red-light cameras after initially applying for 000 maximum fine and being authorized to use them4 points. Such places may appear on the list of authorized intersections, but '''There are no longer have cameras therecurrent programs.'''
At the time of this Wiki's writing, the following municipalities are known to have outlawed red=== New Jersey ===The New Jersey Red-Light-Running pilot program ended 12/16/14. Red light cameras, despite having intersections authorized by the state for their use:are currently '''prohibited'''.
*Brick township, Ocean County=== New Mexico ===
Editors should be advised to double-check, as best as possible, the actual status of No state law specifically authorizing automated enforcement. NMDOT has banned red-light cameras marked in Waze before approving themand mobile enforcement vans on state and federal roadways. State law requires counties and municipalities using camera enforcement to post a warning sign and a warning beacon.
=== New York ===
*Suffolk County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections ([http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-B*5$$@TXVAT01111-B*5+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*5(a)1.])
*City of Syracuse is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 25 intersections ([http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-B*6$$@TXVAT01111-B*6+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*6(a)1.])
*City of Albany is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 20 intersections ([http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-D*3$$@TXVAT01111-D*3+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-D*3(a)1.])
==== Speed (NY) ====
=== North Carolina ===
Red Light Cameras are only legal in Raleigh , Fayetteville, and Wilimington at this time.
=== Ohio ===
See the list of communities where Red light and speed cameras are legal [[statewide in Ohio#Speed , but '''an officer must be present at the time of violation'''. === Oregon === On July 20, 2015 HB 2621 was signed into law, allowing fixed speed cameras in “urban high crash corridors” within the city limits of Portland.2F Red Light Cameras|here]] As of August 2, 2016 the first cameras are being activated and more are planned to be placed in the following months.
=== Pennsylvania ===
*No Cameras allowed on Interstates except for temporary work zones (TCA § 55-8-198(f))
*No cameras allowed near speed limit changes of 10 mph or greater (TCA § 55-8-198(l))
 
===Texas===
 
Although the state allows red light cameras, some communities are not using them. Some cities (Houston) have used them, but then decided to take them down.
=== Vermont ===
Neither speed nor Speed and red light cameras are NOT legal in the State of Vermont.
=== Virginia ===
Each town, independent city, and county may elect to install a limited number of red-light cameras pursuant to state law, but not all jurisdictions have done so. (Va. Code § 15.2-968.1)
=== Washington ===
 
Both Red Light and Speed Cameras are legal across the entire state of Washington except in Whatcom County
=== Wisconsin ===
97
edits