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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
''Please note UK-specific guidelines can be found For Road Types in the editor see [http:[Road types//www.waze.com/wiki/index.php/How_to_label_and_name_roads_%28United_Kingdom%29#Road_types hereUSA]]''
==Labeling; giving your ''This page covers road names for the correct road type==country listed in the page title. For other countries see [[Road types and names|this page]].''
While editing the maps, you will notice that some of the roads are not labeled properly. This means, the road type might be wrong (a highway is marked as a street) or that one road has a few road types (a highway is marked as Freeway, highway and primary at different segments).==Road naming==
The importance '''NOTE''': we are in the process of proper labeling is revising the names as they appear in two aspects:1WME. When viewing In the mapfuture we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'biggercommon' roads should appear at the far zoom levelsname. Without proper labels, the 'zoomed out' display can This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be very confusing.2. When planning a route, major roads will get priority over smaller roads. For example, 6 miles on the US Hwy 101 are better than 6 miles on El Camino Realdisplayed in your area.
When editing If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented. '''IMPORTANT! Due to upgrades in the client, some naming conventions have changed. The altered conventions will be marked with a bolded *NEW*.''' These changes have now been finalized. Thank you for your area cooperation. All roads in our base maps came with the names as defined in the US TIGER dataset. However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:Some of the names are not the 'common' names (usually, waze will display the 'name' of the hwy while most people know this hwy by its number). On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and labeling Bayshore Fwy going South). Some roadsactually have two 'common' names (for example, the NJ Turnpike is also I-95 and both are relevant names), please work but currently we can only display one name per road. For all these issues, we ask that you currently leave the situation as is. We are working on a few fixes, that will automate the proper naming and also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary' name as the one being displayed, but other names that bring up the same search results). ===Concurrent names==='''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.The other route number(s) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/USA|big detour prevention mechanism]]. '''Highways through cities/towns -''' In situations where a highway passes through a town, the road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these definitions situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that should be used as the primary name in mindthe Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name. * If the local signs only indicate the route number, then that should be the primary name and the local road name should be added as an alternate name.
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===: Components of the Interstate Highway System should be denoted as shown::: '''FreewayI-10 E'''==== for Interstate 10, EastboundThese are interstates (such as :: '''I- 90)310 S''' for Interstate 310, highways, freeways and expressways that Southbound:: '''are multiI-lane, divided roads with no stops35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (no traffic lightsLetter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas): Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, exit and entrance from/to they should be drawn as such in the road is through ramps) <br/>map for navigational accuracy.
===United States Numbered Highways [[Image:US 20.svg.png|30px]]='''Major Highway'''====A big highway, usually 3+ lanes, with minimal stops – mostly exits and interchanges, bt possibly with some intersections and junctions <br/>
===='''Minor Highways'''==== Usually a narrower highwayThe naming of highways is, 2 lanes or lessof course, somewhat more complex than that has stops or traffic lights at almost every intersectionof normal roads. Therefore, but is still a highway (minor US or state highway). These roads are generally important thoroughfare that goes through several cities or townsconventions must be followed to assure consistency throughout the map. <br/>
===='''Ramps'''==== When traffic moves between two roads or highways Certain formatting guidelines must be followed to ensure that highway shields are at different grades without shown in the Live Map and in the use of traffic lights or stop signs, they use rampsclient. The typical example Note that currently shield generation is not currently operating at 100%, so some areas do not have the shields on-ramps or off-ramps of all roads. Waze has said that there will eventually be a process allowing map editors to add shields to road segments in a highwayway that is not connected to the name OF that segment. <br/>
===='''Primary Street'''==== ; US HighwaysThese are major roads or boulevards in urban and suburban areas and have large amounts of use (such : Federal highways should be denoted as Middlefield Rdfollows. in Menlo ParkNote that the trailing N, S, E, Park blvd. in OaklandW cardinal direction indicator is used for numbered highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, Constitution Ave[[Best_map_editing_practice#When_. in Washington, DC)28Not. In less urban environments they are main thoroughfares in towns that are not US or state highways29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|per the guidelines]]. <br/>
====:: '''StreetUS-61 S'''==== for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound:: '''US-425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US-90 BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, SouthboundThese are normal streets :::(note that hold only a normal amount of trafficBUS should be all uppercase for TTS to pronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".):: '''US-90 ALT E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US-199 SPUR''' for U.S. <br/>Highway 199 Spur
===='''Parking Lot Roads'''====These streets are : Also refer to the entrances and exits, [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or otherwise main roads going through large parking lots to direct traffic, especially at traffic lights at major boulevards (e.g., shopping malls and commuter parking lots). Do not map the rows within parking lots because it clutters town that also has a local name for the maproad.
===State highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===; State Highways: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "parking lot roadState Hwy yyy" designation is also very useful for indicating segments which are driveable but undesirable for routingand show a sign badge. However, such as alleyways different states have different naming conventions (source: gettingthere and ircphoenixdifferent shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Some exceptions Local naming conventions are preferred for using ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*''': The same note for alleys, are the recently popular residential design which has the main house driveway/garage be U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LA-308 in Golden Meadow should have "behindE Main St" as its primary name since that is the house on an alley name used in addresses of houses and not the front of businesses along the househighway. In these cases, : State routes may also be split if it is advisable to use Private Road type[[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]].
With the current high penalty assigned to parking lot segments, Waze will do almost anything other than routing along : Each state may use a parking lot segment unless there is no other path at alllonger or shorter naming format. Using parking lot roads See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for ALL roads within a parking lot is not recommended as this will cause Waze to choose a route which has the least number specific formatting of parking lot segments, which means it will also choose to go against turn restrictions from main roadseach state.
The current recommendation is to use a single parking lot segment : Long Names:: '''State Hwy 6''' for every location which connects to external streets and then use street type segments state highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for all main drive segments within the parking lot itself. This reduces the penalties and Waze will choose better routes within parking lots and not go against turn restrictions. But because that single parking lot segment is therestate highway 99W, Waze will still not southbound:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route through the parking lot to get to other destinations.96
====: Short Names:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx'''Service Roadsand '''====These are streetsState Hwy xxx''' format as appropriate for the state, while keeping the same cardinal, sometimes called frontage roadsbusiness, that are typically adjacent to a freeway (or major highway)etc. extensions as described above. These could be access roads to shortened formats are now preferred over the highway itself, but have the property of a regular or primary streetLong Names for all applications.<br/>
====::{{Red|'''Private RoadsNOTE:'''====A road that is not open to the publicIn some states there are other formats used, e.g. You can drive on it, physicallyin Louisiana, but there may be legal (and physical) restrictions or it is a privately maintained road on private landuse the LA-xxx format. <brRefer to the [[Highway naming/>USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}}
==Naming: giving your road Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the proper highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name==for the road.
'''NOTE'''===County and township highways and roads [[Image: we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in the cartoucheBaldwin County Route 64 AL. In the near future we will be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' namesvg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN. <br/>If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implementedsvg.png|35px]]===
====Highways====Text to speech on the client reads CR- as "County Road." So "CR-10" is read as "County Road Ten"
The naming of highways isWhere road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, of courseW), somewhat more complex than [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary]] so that of normal the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction. Ensure there are no spaces between the hyphen and the letter. Double or triple-letter roadswith directional letters (e. Thereforeg. CR-EN, conventions must CR-SAL) will not be followed to assure consistency throughout the mapspoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word.
<blockquote>'''NOTE:''' All There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in our base maps came with the names as defined in the US TIGER datasetany capacity except those listed here. <br/>However, you might notice a few problems with the original road namesFor these reasons:Some of the names are not the 'common' names that county shields may someday be supported (usually, waze will display the 'name' of the hwy while most people know and a named standard makes this hwy by its numbereasier to implement) <br/>On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (and for example, US Hwy 101 going North, brevity's sake in turn instructions and Bayshore Fwy going South).<br/>Some roads actually have two 'common' names (for examplemap displays, the NJ Turnpike it is also I- 95 and both are relevant namessuggested (but by no means required), but currently we can only display that individual states adopt one name per road.<br/>of these standards;*CR-*CH-*TR-*TH-
For all these issuesAnother standard in use (which is longer, we ask that but you currently leave the situation as may see) is'County Hwy XX'. We are working on a few fixes, that will automate the proper naming The shortened format of CH- is available and also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary' name as the one being displayed, but other names that bring up the same search results)is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate.</blockquote>
Many states have adopted the short format '''Highways in the United StatesCR-xxx'''instead of the longer format. See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
Certain formatting guidelines must be followed : Also refer to ensure that the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway shields are shown in the Live Map. This will ensure passes through a city or town that if, in the future, the developers choose to incorporate shields into also has a local name for the client, it will be trivial to do soroad.
; Interstate Highways: Components of the Interstate Highway System should be denoted as shown::: '''I- 10 E''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound:: '''I- 310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound:: '''I- 35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (this is a rare case): Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.; US Highways: Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note For regions that the trailing N, S, E, W directionality indicator is used for have township highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|per the guidelines]].:: '''US Hwy 61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound:: '''US Hwy 90 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US Hwy 90 Bus S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:: '''US Hwy 90 Alt E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US Hwy 199 Spur''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur: Use this format and not "USshortened formats of TH-90" or "US- 90" because this is the format that the Live Map will parse. (And hopefully some day, so will the client!): U.S. Highways will often have local road names (such as Airline Hwy for US 61 and Claiborne Ave for US 90, among others). Use these street names as the '''primary''' name for such highways if said name is used for addresses of houses and businesses along the highway.; State Highways: There is some debate as to what should be used for state highways. The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal. Consistency within each state is key.: The same note for U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LATR-308 in Golden Meadow should have "E Main St" as its primary name since that is the name used in addresses of houses and businesses along the highway.: State routes may are also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Notavailable.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]]. Similar to interstates and US highways, state routes are named as follows::: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route 99W, southbound:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
====Exits Ramps Exit ramps and Entrance entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}==={{construction| contact = http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=276&t=101346&start=30| contacttype = forum| draft = no| open =no| revision =yes| section =yes| talk =no}}
Exits Ramps [[Image:Exit1.JPG|right|200px]][[Image:Exit2.jpg|right|200px]]Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp }} road type. The name of the ramp should be based on what is seen on match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and be similar enough that instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or see she sees in real life on the road.* If the an exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway is signed and numbered, name, the exit ramp should be named as such: "Exit 24 : US-103 / Schwarzenegger RoadRd". In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon (": "), and separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If the an exit is not numberedsigned and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "Exit to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct" will . In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{Red|'''(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** If the exit identifier does not appear on any signs, then donot include it, even if it is documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to this guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the designation and/or name of the road as if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is locally known as "Michigan Ave", name the ramp segment "to US-12 / Michigan Ave". If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that.* If a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32 : Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way".** Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it is advised may be advisable not to not name the first exit ramp, but rather name only the ramp ramps which is are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
For entrance ramps, use this format: "to [street name] [direction] / [control city]", where applicable. For example,* "to I- 10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport"* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually junctions with joins the main interstate or highway.* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is unnecessary, pronounced "double-you bee" and we should avoid excess since wenot 're dealing with small screenswestbound. ' On Further, the contrary, do "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function. Also* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. For example,** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".** In general, try follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to include everything present exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on the sign-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy -90 Business BUS W / to I- 10 W / Miss River Br Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine because . ===New streets=== Sometimes, there is a brand new road that does not yet have a name visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note giving the name of the new road. In these cases, it is okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "None" checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating and editing road segments#Address Properties|Address Properties]] in the editor. Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road types/USA|road type]] and [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app. === Incomplete segments or red roads === [[File:Incomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]] Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check "None", and enter a street name, or check "None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME. This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function. "Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating and editing road segments#Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable. For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]] === Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|transclude=yes}} == Abbreviations and acronyms == Only abbreviations that Waze recognizes should be used within the editor. Since Waze uses TTS (Text-to-Speech) prompting, it is important that the correct abbreviations are used to produce the correct speech output. A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out". Refer to the [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations. == {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==''{{Red|This standard has recently changed {{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes. ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the Waze application for brief closures.}} Don't change the map for closures that will last less than about a month. Instead, use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function. ===Long term closures=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'''<br /> The requirement to add '(Closed)' to a road segment has been deprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers. ===Major construction without closure=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br /> {{Red|''It is no longer necessary to add '(Construction Zone)' to any road under construction. Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the app or for the Wazer.''}} If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (lane shifts), adjust the geometry, connections, and restrictions of the segments to match the current traffic pattern. You must be able to monitor the area, and readjust once the construction is accuratecomplete, or when additional changes are made during construction.
====New streets==Official sources of mapping information ==
In Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some cases, there is no prior name since it is a new road that you just recordedof the (old) [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic. In this case, make sure to choose php?f=129&t=13695 official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the proper road type(new) [[Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred). <br/>
== Construction Zones; naming large sections of major roads that are under construction ==Feel free to add new resources as you find them.
===Basic Rules==={{ReturnTo | Editing manual | the editing manual}}
Start by following the naming rules for your major roads. Interstate as "I- 10".
US highways as "US Hwy 90". To show that the segments are part of a construction zone, just add the suffix "CONST ZN". "I- 10" becomes "I- 10 CONST ZN".
"US Hwy 90" becomes "US Hwy 90 CONST ZN".
When temporarily re-setting road geometry, closely monitor recent GPS points as the aerial maps will likely display an out-dated view. Also, be sure to closely monitor these sections of roadway and remove the CONST ZN suffix whenever the construction is done.[[Category:USA]][[Category:Review redirects]]
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