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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
''Please note UK-specific guidelines can be found For Road Types in the editor see [http:[Road types//www.waze.com/wiki/index.php/How_to_label_and_name_roads_%28United_Kingdom%29#Road_types hereUSA]]''
==Labeling; giving your ''This page covers road names for the correct road type==country listed in the page title. For other countries see [[Road types and names|this page]].''
While editing the maps, you will notice that some of the roads are not labeled properly. This means, the road type might be wrong (a highway is marked as a street) or that one road has a few road types (a highway is marked as Freeway, highway and primary at different segments).==Road naming==
The importance '''NOTE''': we are in the process of proper labeling is revising the names as they appear in two aspects:1WME. When viewing In the mapfuture we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'biggercommon' roads should appear at the far zoom levelsname. Without proper labels, the 'zoomed out' display can This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be very confusing.2. When planning a route, major roads will get priority over smaller roads. For example, 6 miles on the US Hwy 101 are better than 6 miles on El Camino Realdisplayed in your area.
When editing If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented. '''IMPORTANT! Due to upgrades in the client, some naming conventions have changed. The altered conventions will be marked with a bolded *NEW*.''' These changes have now been finalized. Thank you for your area and labeling cooperation. All roads, please work in our base maps came with these definitions the names as defined in mindthe US TIGER dataset.
===='''Freeway'''==== However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:These Some of the names are interstates (such as I-90), highways, freeways and expressways that not the 'common''are multi-lanenames (usually, divided roads with no stops'waze will display the 'name' (no traffic lights, exit and entrance from/to of the road is through rampshwy while most people know this hwy by its number) <br/>.
===='''Major Highway'''====A big On other examples, the same highwaywill have a different name on each side (for example, usually 3+ lanes, with minimal stops – mostly exits and interchangesUS Hwy 101 going North, bt possibly with some intersections and junctions <br/>Bayshore Fwy going South).
====Some roads actually have two 'common''Minor Highways'''==== Usually a narrower highwaynames (for example, 2 lanes or less, that has stops or traffic lights at almost every intersectionthe NJ Turnpike is also I-95 and both are relevant names), but is still a highway (minor US or state highway). These roads are generally important thoroughfare that goes through several cities or townscurrently we can only display one name per road. <br/>
====For all these issues, we ask that you currently leave the situation as is. We are working on a few fixes, that will automate the proper naming and also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary''Ramps'''==== When traffic moves between two roads or highways that are at different grades without name as the use of traffic lights or stop signsone being displayed, they use ramps. The typical example is but other names that bring up the on-ramps or off-ramps of a highwaysame search results). <br/>
===Concurrent names==='''Primary StreetOverlapping Highways -'''==== These are major roads When two or more numbered highways (or boulevards in urban and suburban areas and have large amounts interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of use (such as Middlefield Rd. in Menlo Parkroad has multiple route numbers), Park blvdthe segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. in Oakland The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment* When the concurrency ends, Constitution Avethe route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit. in Washington, DCThe other route number(s)can be entered as alternate names. In less urban environments they are main thoroughfares in towns that If alternate names are entered, be sure not US or state highwaysto introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/USA|big detour prevention mechanism]]. <br/>
===='''StreetHighways through cities/towns -'''==== In situations where a highway passes through a town, the road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:These are normal streets * If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that hold should be used as the primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name. * If the local signs only a normal amount of trafficindicate the route number, then that should be the primary name and the local road name should be added as an alternate name. <br/>
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===: Components of the Interstate Highway System should be denoted as shown::: '''Parking Lot RoadsI-10 E'''====for Interstate 10, EastboundThese streets are the entrances and exits:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, or otherwise main roads going through large parking lots to direct trafficSouthbound:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, especially at traffic lights at major boulevards Northbound (e.g.Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas): Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, shopping malls and commuter parking lots). Do not map the rows within parking lots because it clutters they should be drawn as such in the mapfor navigational accuracy.
The "parking lot road" designation is also very useful for indicating segments which are driveable but undesirable for routing, such as alleyways (source===United States Numbered Highways [[Image: gettingthere and ircphoenix)US 20. Some exceptions for using this for alleys, are the recently popular residential design which has the main house driveway/garage be "behind" the house on an alley and not the front of the house. In these cases, it is advisable to use Private Road typesvg.png|30px]]===
With the current high penalty assigned to parking lot segmentsThe naming of highways is, of course, Waze will do almost anything other somewhat more complex than routing along a parking lot segment unless there is no other path at allthat of normal roads. Using parking lot roads for ALL roads within a parking lot is not recommended as this will cause Waze Therefore, conventions must be followed to choose a route which has assure consistency throughout the least number of parking lot segments, which means it will also choose to go against turn restrictions from main roadsmap.
The current recommendation is Certain formatting guidelines must be followed to use a single parking lot segment for every location which connects to external streets ensure that highway shields are shown in the Live Map and then use street type segments for all main drive segments within in the parking lot itselfclient. This reduces Note that currently shield generation is not currently operating at 100%, so some areas do not have the penalties and shields on all roads. Waze has said that there will choose better routes within parking lots and not go against turn restrictions. But because eventually be a process allowing map editors to add shields to road segments in a way that single parking lot segment is there, Waze will still not route through connected to the parking lot to get to other destinationsname OF that segment.
====; US Highways: Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note that the trailing N, S, E, W cardinal direction indicator is used for numbered highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|per the guidelines]]. :: '''Service RoadsUS-61 S'''====for U.S. Highway 61, SouthboundThese are streets:: '''US-425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, sometimes called frontage roadsWestbound:: '''US-90 BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:::(note that are typically adjacent BUS should be all uppercase for TTS to a freeway (or major highwaypronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".):: '''US-90 ALT E''' for U. These could be access roads S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US-199 SPUR''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur : Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway itselfpasses through a city or town that also has a local name for the road. ===State highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===; State Highways: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, but as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*''': The same note for U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LA-308 in Golden Meadow should have "E Main St" as its primary name since that is the property name used in addresses of a regular or primary streethouses and businesses along the highway.: State routes may also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]].<br/>
===='''Private Roads'''====A road that is not open to the public. You can drive on it, physically, but there : Each state may be legal (and physical) restrictions use a longer or it is a privately maintained road on private landshorter naming format. Private Roads are also acceptable for residential areas where See the garage entry [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for homeowners is a common alley between a row of houses. This type of back-specific formatting of-house garage has become popular in recent yearseach state.
==Naming: giving your road the proper name==Long Names:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state highway 99W, southbound:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
: Short Names:: Use the '''NOTESR-xxx''': we are in the process or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of revising the names as they appear in the cartouche. In the near future we will be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, '''State Rte xxx''' and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. <br/>If you are not sure about changing 'State Hwy xxx''' format as appropriate for the name of a roadstate, it is best to ask in while keeping the forum or wait until the changes same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above . These shortened formats are implementednow preferred over the Long Names for all applications.
::{{Red|'''IMPORTANT! Due NOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. Refer to upgrades in the client, some [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming conventions have changed. The altered conventions will be marked with a bolded *NEW*.''' Thank you by state]] table for your cooperationspecific formatting of each state.}}
====Highways====: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
The naming of ===County and township highways is, of course, somewhat more complex than that of normal and roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN. Therefore, conventions must be followed to assure consistency throughout the mapsvg.png|35px]]===
<blockquote>'''NOTE:''' All roads in our base maps came with Text to speech on the names client reads CR- as defined in the US TIGER dataset"County Road. <br/>However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:Some of the names are not the 'common' names (usually, waze will display the 'name' of the hwy while most people know this hwy by its number) <br/>On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and Bayshore Fwy going South).<br/>Some roads actually have two 'common' names (for example, the NJ Turnpike " So "CR-10" is also I- 95 and both are relevant names), but currently we can only display one name per road.<br/>read as "County Road Ten"
For all these issuesWhere road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, we ask S, E, W), [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary]] so that you currently leave the situation voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as isa direction. We Ensure there are working on a few fixes, that will automate no spaces between the proper naming hyphen and also allow multiple names for each segments the letter. Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (with a 'Primary' name e.g. CR-EN, CR-SAL) will not be spoke as the one being displayeddirections, but other names that bring up the same search results)might be pronounced as if a word.</blockquote>
There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacity except those listed here. For these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement), and for brevity'''Highways s sake in the United States'''turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt one of these standards;*CR-*CH-*TR-*TH-
Certain formatting guidelines must be followed to ensure that highway shields are shown Another standard in the Live Mapuse (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. This will ensure that if, in the future, the developers choose The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to incorporate shields into the client, it will be trivial to do soadopted when CR- is not appropriate.
; Interstate Highways: Components of Many states have adopted the Interstate Highway System should be denoted as shown::: short format '''ICR- 10 Exxx''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound:: '''I- 310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound:: '''I- 35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (this is a rare case): Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in instead of the map for navigational accuracylonger format.: ''This has been reverted — my testing methodology was faulty. Sorry See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for the inconveniencespecific formatting of each state. — sketch''
; US Highways: Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note that Also refer to the trailing N, S, E, W directionality indicator is used for highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_RoadConcurrent_names|per the guidelinesconcurrent names]].:: '''US Hwy 61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound:: '''US Hwy 90 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US Hwy 90 Business S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound '''*NEW*''':: '''US Hwy 90 Alt E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US Hwy 199 Spur''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur: Use this format and not "US-90" section when the highway passes through a city or "US- 90" because this is the format town that the Live Map and client will parse.: U.S. Highways will often have also has a local road names (such as Airline Hwy for US 61 and Claiborne Ave for US 90, among others). Use these street names as the '''primary''' name for such highways if said name is used for addresses of houses and businesses along the highwayroad.
; State Highways: There is some debate as to what should be used for state For regions that have township highways. The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal. Consistency within each state is key.: The same note for U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LA-308 in Golden Meadow should have "E Main St" as its primary name since that is the name used in addresses shortened formats of houses TH- and businesses along the highway.: State routes may TR- are also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]]available. Similar to interstates and US highways, state routes are named as follows::: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route 99W, southbound:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
====Exits Ramps Exit ramps and Entrance entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}==={{construction| contact = http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=276&t=101346&start=30| contacttype = forum| draft = no| open =no| revision =yes| section =yes| talk =no}}
Exits Ramps [[Image:Exit1.JPG|right|200px]][[Image:Exit2.jpg|right|200px]]Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp }} road type. The name of the ramp should be based on what is seen on match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and be similar enough that instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or see she sees in real life on the road.* If the an exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway is signed and numbered, name, the exit ramp should be named as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger RoadRd". In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon (": "), and separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If an exit is signed and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct". In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{Red|'''*NEW*(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** A colon has been added because If the exit identifier does not appear on any signs, then do not include it adds a pause, making Text-even if it is documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to-Speech directions easier to understandthis guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the designation and/or name of the road as if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is not numberedlocally known as "Michigan Ave", name the ramp segment "Exit to Kindergarten CtUS-12 / Michigan Ave" will do. If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that.* If a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd". '''* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way".*NEW*'''Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.
* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it is advised may be advisable not to not name the first exit ramp, but rather name only the ramp ramps which is are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
For entrance ramps, use this format: "to [street name] [direction] / [control city]", where applicable. For example,* "to I-10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US Hwy -90 Business BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport"* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually junctions with joins the main interstate or highway.
* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is pronounced "double-you bee" and not 'westbound.' Further, the "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function.
* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. For example,** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".** In general, follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy -90 Business BUS W / to I-10 W / Miss River Br Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine. ===New streets=== Sometimes, there is a brand new road that does not yet have a name visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note giving the name of the new road. In these cases, it is okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "None" checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating and editing road segments#Address Properties|Address Properties]] in the editor. Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road types/USA|road type]] and [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app. === Incomplete segments or red roads === [[File:Incomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]] Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check "None", and enter a street name, or check "None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME. This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function. "Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating and editing road segments#Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable. For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]] === Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|transclude=yes}} == Abbreviations and acronyms == Only abbreviations that Waze recognizes should be used within the editor. Since Waze uses TTS (Text-to-Speech) prompting, it is important that the correct abbreviations are used to produce the correct speech output. A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out". Refer to the [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations. == {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==''{{Red|This standard has recently changed {{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes. ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the Waze application for brief closures.}} Don't change the map for closures that will last less than about a month. Instead, use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function. ===Long term closures=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'''<br /> The requirement to add '(Closed)' to a road segment has been deprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers. ===Major construction without closure=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br /> {{Red|''It is no longer necessary to add '(Construction Zone)' to any road under construction. Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the app or for the Wazer.''}} If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (lane shifts), adjust the geometry, connections, and restrictions of the segments to match the current traffic pattern. You must be able to monitor the area, and readjust once the construction is complete, or when additional changes are made during construction.
====New streets==Official sources of mapping information ==
In Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some cases, there is no prior name since it is a new road that you just recordedof the (old) [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic. In this case, make sure to choose php?f=129&t=13695 official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the proper road type(new) [[Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred). <br/>
== Construction Zones; naming large sections of major roads that are under construction ==Feel free to add new resources as you find them.
===Basic Rules==={{ReturnTo | Editing manual | the editing manual}}
Start by following the naming rules for your major roads. Interstate as "I- 10".
US highways as "US Hwy 90". To show that the segments are part of a construction zone, just add the suffix "CONST ZN". "I- 10" becomes "I- 10 CONST ZN".
"US Hwy 90" becomes "US Hwy 90 CONST ZN".
When temporarily re-setting road geometry, closely monitor recent GPS points as the aerial maps will likely display an out-dated view. Also, be sure to closely monitor these sections of roadway and remove the CONST ZN suffix whenever the construction is done.[[Category:USA]][[Category:Review redirects]]
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