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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
For Road Types in the editor see [[Road Types (types/USA)]]
''Please note UK-specific guidelines can be found This page covers road names for the country listed in the page title. For other countries see [[http://wwwRoad types and names|this page]].waze.com/wiki/index.php/How_to_label_and_name_roads_%28United_Kingdom%29#Road_types here]''
==Road Namingnaming== '''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be displayed in your area.
'''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in the cartouche. In the near future we will be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. <br/>
If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented.
'''IMPORTANT! Due to upgrades in the client, some naming conventions have changed. The altered conventions will be marked with a bolded *NEW*.''' These changes have now been finalized. Thank you for your cooperation.
<blockquote>'''NOTE:''' All roads in our base maps came with the names as defined in the US TIGER dataset. <br/> 
However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:
Some of the names are not the 'common' names (usually, waze will display the 'name' of the hwy while most people know this hwy by its number) <br/>On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and Bayshore Fwy going South).<br/>Some roads actually have two 'common' names (for example, the NJ Turnpike is also I- 95 and both are relevant names), but currently we can only display one name per road.<br/>
On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and Bayshore Fwy going South). Some roads actually have two 'common' names (for example, the NJ Turnpike is also I-95 and both are relevant names), but currently we can only display one name per road. For all these issues, we ask that you currently leave the situation as is. We are working on a few fixes, that will automate the proper naming and also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary' name as the one being displayed, but other names that bring up the same search results).< ===Concurrent names==='''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.The other route number(s) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/blockquote>USA|big detour prevention mechanism]]. '''Highways through cities/towns -''' In situations where a highway passes through a town, the road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that should be used as the primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name. * If the local signs only indicate the route number, then that should be the primary name and the local road name should be added as an alternate name.
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===
:: '''I-10 E''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound
:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound
:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (Only I-35E & I-35W Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas)
: Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.
: When two or more interstates run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. ===United States Numbered Highways The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes::* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment[[Image:* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment:* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exitUS 20.: The other route number or numbers can be entered as alt names via the old editor (Cartouche), but shields are currently not being generated for alt namessvg.png|30px]]===
The naming of highways is, of course, somewhat more complex than that of normal roads. Therefore, conventions must be followed to assure consistency throughout the map.
===United States Numbered Highways [[Image:US 20Certain formatting guidelines must be followed to ensure that highway shields are shown in the Live Map and in the client.svgNote that currently shield generation is not currently operating at 100%, so some areas do not have the shields on all roads. Waze has said that there will eventually be a process allowing map editors to add shields to road segments in a way that is not connected to the name OF that segment.png|30px]]===
The naming of ; US Highways: Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note that the trailing N, S, E, W cardinal direction indicator isused for numbered highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, of course, somewhat more complex than that of normal roads[[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not. Therefore, conventions must be followed to assure consistency throughout 29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|per the mapguidelines]].
Certain formatting guidelines must :: '''US-61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound:: '''US-425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US-90 BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:::(note that BUS should be followed all uppercase for TTS to ensure that highway shields are shown in the Live Map and in the clientpronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".):: '''US-90 ALT E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US-199 SPUR''' for U.S.Highway 199 Spur
; US Highways: Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note that Also refer to the trailing N, S, E, W directionality indicator is used for highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_RoadConcurrent_names|per the guidelinesconcurrent names]].:: '''US Hwy 61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound:: '''US Hwy 90 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US Hwy 90 Bus S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:: '''US Hwy 90 Alt E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US Hwy 199 Spur''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur: Use this format and not "US-90" section when the highway passes through a city or "US- 90" because this is the format town that the Live Map and client will parse.: U.S. Highways will often have also has a local road names (such as Airline Hwy for US 61 and Claiborne Ave for US 90, among others). Use these street names as the '''primary''' name for such highways if said name is used for addresses of houses and businesses along the highwayroad.
===State Highways highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===
; State Highways
: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*'''
: The same note for U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LA-308 in Golden Meadow should have "E Main St" as its primary name since that is the name used in addresses of houses and businesses along the highway.
: State routes may also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]]. Similar to interstates and US highways,  : Each state may use a longer or shorter naming format. See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state routes are named as follows. :Long Names:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route highway 99W, southbound
:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
: Short Names:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx''' and '''State Hwy xxx''' format as appropriate for the state, while keeping the same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above. These shortened formats are now preferred over the Long Names for all applications. ::{{Red|'''NOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. Refer to the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}} : Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road. ===County Highways and township highways and roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN.svg.png|35px]]=== Text to speech on the client reads CR- as "County Road." So "CR-10" is read as "County Road Ten"
Where road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, W), [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary]] so that the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction. Ensure there are no spaces between the hyphen and the letter. Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (e.g. CR-EN, CR-SAL) will not be spoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word.
There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacity except those listed here. For these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement), and for brevity's sake in turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt one of these standards;
*CR-
*CH-
*TR-
*TH-
 
Another standard in use (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate.
 
Many states have adopted the short format '''CR-xxx''' instead of the longer format. See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
 
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
 
For regions that have township highways, the shortened formats of TH- and TR- are also available.
 
===Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}===
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===Exit ramps and Entrance ramps (on-ramps)===
[[Image:Exit1.JPG|right|200px]][[Image:Exit2.jpg|right|200px]]
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp }} road type. The name of the ramp should match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.* If the an exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway is signed and numbered, name, the exit ramp should be named as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger Rd". In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon (": "), and separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If an exit is signed and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct". In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{Red|'''(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** A colon has been added because If the exit identifier does not appear on any signs, then do not include it adds a pause, making Text-even if it is documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to-Speech directions easier to understandthis guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the designation and/or name of the road as if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is not numberedlocally known as "Michigan Ave", name the ramp segment "Exit to Kindergarten CtUS-12 / Michigan Ave" will do. If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that.* If a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way". '''*NEW*'''Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.
* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, to but rather name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
For entrance ramps, use this format: "to [street name] [direction] / [control city]", where applicable. For example,
* "to I-10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport" '''*NEW*'''
* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually joins the main interstate or highway.
* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is pronounced "double-you bee" and not 'westbound.' Further, the "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function.
* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. '''*NEW*''' For example,
** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.
** In Tennessee, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "highways". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for Tennessee Highway 62 should say "to State Hwy 62".** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".** In Pennsylvania, state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "PA" followed by the route number. A ramp to Pennsylvania Route 308 should be say "to PA-308".
** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".
** In general, follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W / to I-10 W / Miss River Br Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine.
===New streets===
In some casesSometimes, there is no prior a brand new road that does not yet have a name since it is visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note giving the name of the new road that you just recorded. In this casethese cases, it is okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "None" checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating and editing road segments#Address Properties|Address Properties]] in the editor. Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road types/USA|road type]] and [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app. <br === Incomplete segments or red roads === [[File:Incomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]] Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check "None", and enter a street name, or check "None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME. This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function. "Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating and editing road segments#Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable. For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]] === Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/>Conditions|transclude=yes}}
== Abbreviations & Acronyms and acronyms ==Expansion of this section is pending.
Only abbreviations that Waze recognizes should be used within the editor. Since Waze uses TTS (Text-to-Speech) prompting, it is important that the correct abbreviations are used to produce the correct speech output.
Please refer A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out". Refer to the following Waze forum [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page for a "work in progress" list of suffix and recommended abbreviations . == {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==''{{Red|This standard has recently changed {{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are being testedclosed. See the article [[Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes. ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the Waze application for brief closures.}} Don't change the map for closures that will last less than about a month. Instead, currently available and proposed:use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function. ===Long term closures===
http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f'''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=10&tus | lc=15178y}}'''<br />
Also refer The requirement to the other various ongoing discussions regarding abbreviations and TTS in the Waze forumsadd '(Closed)' to a road segment has been deprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers.
== Construction Zones; naming large sections of major roads that are under =Major construction without closure===
'''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc==Basic Rules===y}}<br />
Start by following the naming rules for your major roads. Interstate as "I-10 S". US highways as "US Hwy 90"{{Red|''It is no longer necessary to add '(Construction Zone)' to any road under construction. To show that the segments are part of a construction zone, just add Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the suffix "CONST ZN". "I-10 S" becomes "I-10 S CONST ZN"."US Hwy 90" becomes "US Hwy 90 CONST ZN". In cases with roads that are closed app or for extended periods it is usually best to disconnect the closed roads from the road network during the constructionWazer.''}}
When temporarily re-setting road If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry(lane shifts), closely monitor recent GPS points as adjust the aerial maps will likely display an out-dated view. The GPS points layer may not be up to date either so it's best to have local knowledge geometry, connections, and restrictions of the construction before editing segments to match the mapcurrent traffic pattern. Also, You must be sure able to closely monitor these sections of roadway the area, and remove the CONST ZN suffix whenever readjust once the construction is donecomplete, or when additional changes are made during construction.
== Official Sources sources of Mapping mapping information ==
Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some of the (old) [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=129&t=13695 (old) official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the (new) [[Mapping_resources_%28USA%29Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred).
Feel free to add new onesresources as you find them.
[[Map {{ReturnTo | Editing (new Editor)#Editing Manual manual |Back to Map Editing]]the editing manual}}
[[Category:USA]]
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