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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
==Labeling; giving your road For Road Types in the correct road type==editor see [[Road types/USA]]
While editing ''This page covers road names for the maps, you will notice that some of country listed in the roads are not labeled properlypage title. This means, the road type might be wrong (a highway is marked as a street) or that one road has a few road For other countries see [[Road types (a highway is marked as Freeway, highway and primary at different segments)names|this page]].''
The importance of proper labeling is in two aspects:1. When viewing the map, the 'bigger' roads should appear at the far zoom levels. Without proper labels, the 'zoomed out' display can be very confusing.2. When planning a route, major roads will get priority over smaller roads. For example, 6 miles on the US Hwy 101 are better than 6 miles on El Camino Real.==Road naming==
When editing your area '''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and labeling roads, please work with choose which one of these definitions is the 'common' name. This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be displayed in mindyour area.
====If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented. '''FreewayIMPORTANT! Due to upgrades in the client, some naming conventions have changed. The altered conventions will be marked with a bolded *NEW*.'''==== These changes have now been finalized. Thank you for your cooperation. All roads in our base maps came with the names as defined in the US TIGER dataset. However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:These Some of the names are interstates not the 'common' names (usually, waze will display the 'name' of the hwy while most people know this hwy by its number). On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and Bayshore Fwy going South). Some roads actually have two 'common' names (such as for example, the NJ Turnpike is also I- 9095 and both are relevant names), highwaysbut currently we can only display one name per road. For all these issues, we ask that you currently leave the situation as is. We are working on a few fixes, freeways that will automate the proper naming and expressways also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary' name as the one being displayed, but other names that bring up the same search results). ===Concurrent names==='''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:* The route whose mile markers are multi-laneused for the concurrent segment* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment* When the concurrency ends, divided roads with no stopsthe route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.The other route number(no traffic lightss) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, exit and entrance from/be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the road is through ramps) <br[[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/>USA|big detour prevention mechanism]].
===='''Major HighwayHighways through cities/towns -'''====A big In situations where a highwaypasses through a town, usually 3+ lanesthe road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, with minimal stops – mostly exits and interchangesthat should be used as the primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name. * If the local signs only indicate the route number, bt possibly with some intersections then that should be the primary name and junctions <br/>the local road name should be added as an alternate name.
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===: Components of the Interstate Highway System should be denoted as shown::: '''Minor HighwaysI-10 E'''==== for Interstate 10, EastboundUsually a narrower highway:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, 2 lanes or less, that has stops or traffic lights at almost every intersectionSouthbound:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, but is still a highway Northbound (minor state route or Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas): Nearly all interstates are divided highwaysby necessity, or minor US route or highway) <br/>and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.
===United States Numbered Highways [[Image:US 20.svg.png|30px]]='''Ramps'''==== all highway exits and entrances should be labeled as ramps. <br/>
===='''Primary Street'''==== Other streets or BLVD w/ stoplights The naming of highways is, of course, somewhat more complex than that are relatively used (such as Middlefield Rdof normal roads. in Menlo Park or Park blvdTherefore, conventions must be followed to assure consistency throughout the map. in Oakland) <br/>
===='''Street'''==== Certain formatting guidelines must be followed to ensure that highway shields are shown in the Live Map and in the client. Note that currently shield generation is not currently operating at 100%, so some areas do not have the shields on all other regular streets <br/>roads. Waze has said that there will eventually be a process allowing map editors to add shields to road segments in a way that is not connected to the name OF that segment.
==='''Service Roads'''===; US HighwaysThese are streets : Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note that the trailing N, S, E, W cardinal direction indicator is used for numbered highways and interstates which are typically adjacent to a freeway (or major highway)split into two 1-way segments, [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_. Also called Frontage roads in some states28Not. These could be access roads to the highway itself, but have 29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|per the property of a regular or primary streetguidelines]].<br/> <br/>
==Naming; giving your road the proper name==:: '''US-61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound:: '''US-425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US-90 BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:::(note that BUS should be all uppercase for TTS to pronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".):: '''US-90 ALT E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US-199 SPUR''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road. ===State highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===; State Highways: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''NOTE*NEW*''': we are The same note for U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LA-308 in Golden Meadow should have "E Main St" as its primary name since that is the process name used in addresses of revising houses and businesses along the names as they appear in highway.: State routes may also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the cartoucheguidelines]]. : Each state may use a longer or shorter naming format. In See the near future we will be able to display alternate names [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each segment / roadstate. : Long Names:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state highway 99W, southbound:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96 : Short Names:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx''' and choose which one of these is '''State Hwy xxx''' format as appropriate for the state, while keeping the same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above. These shortened formats are now preferred over the Long Names for all applications. ::{{Red|''common' nameNOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. <brRefer to the [[Highway naming/>USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}}If you are not sure about changing : Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name of a for the road. ===County and township highways and roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN.svg.png|35px]]=== Text to speech on the client reads CR- as "County Road." So "CR-10" is read as "County Road Ten" Where roadnames are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, W), it [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is best to ask in necessary]] so that the forum or wait until voice prompt will read the changes described above letter and not say it as a direction. Ensure there are implementedno spaces between the hyphen and the letter.Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (e.g. CR-EN, CR-SAL) will not be spoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word. There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacity except those listed here. For these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement), and for brevity's sake in turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt one of these standards;*CR-*CH-*TR-*TH-
====Highways====Another standard in use (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate.
All roads in our base maps came with the names as defined in the US TIGER dataset. <br/>However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:Some of the names are not Many states have adopted the short format '''commonCR-xxx' names (usually, waze will display the 'name' instead of the hwy while most people know this hwy by its number) <brlonger format. See the [[Highway naming/>On other examples, the same USA|highway will have a different name on naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and Bayshore Fwy going South)state. <br/>Some roads actually have two 'common' names (for example, the NJ Turnpike is also I- 95 and both are relevant names), but currently we can only display one name per road. <br/>
For all these issues, we ask that you currently leave : Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the situation as is. We are working on highway passes through a few fixes, city or town that will automate the proper naming and also allow multiple names for each segments (with has a 'Primary' local name as the one being displayed, but other names that bring up for the same search results)road.
Also note For regions that certain have township highways, the shortened formats are shown in the Live Map with their shields. Leave a space between the dash and number of an Interstate (e.g. "ITH- 10"), and format all US highways as "US Hwy #" (e.g. "US Hwy 90", as opposed to "USTR-90") to ensure that this is done properlyare also available.
====Exits Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}==={{construction| contact = http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=276&t=101346&start=30| contacttype = forum| draft = no| open =no| revision =yes| section =yes| talk =no}}
Exits [[Image:Exit1.JPG|right|200px]][[Image:Exit2.jpg|right|200px]]Exit ramps and Entrance ramps (on and off the highway) should both are to be labeled set as ramps{{Ramp}} road type. The name of the ramp should be based match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on -screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.* If an exit is signed and numbered, name the exit ramp as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger Rd". In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon (": "), and separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If an exit is seen on signed and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "to SR-33 / entrance Kindergarten Ct". In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign(shields and names), separated with slashes (" / ").{{Red|'''(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** If the exit sign shows a number as well identifier does not appear on any signs, then do not include it, even if it is documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to this guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the designation and/or name of the road as if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a street or signed highway which is locally known as "Michigan Ave", name, the exit ramp should be named segment "Exit 24 Schwarzenegger Roadto US-12 / Michigan Ave". If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that.* If the a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32 : Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way".** Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not numberedto name the first exit ramp, "Exit but rather name only the ramps which are the first one to Kindergarten Ct" a distinct destination. The Waze client will dogive all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
For entrance ramps, use this format: "to [street name] [direction] / [control city]", where applicable. For example,* "to I- 10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport"* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually joins the main interstate or highway.* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is unnecessary, pronounced "double-you bee" and we should avoid excess since wenot 're dealing with small screenswestbound. ' On Further, the contrary, do "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function. Also* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. For example,** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".** In general, try follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to include everything present exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on the sign-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy -90 Business BUS W / to I- 10 W / Miss River Br Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine because . ===New streets=== Sometimes, there is a brand new road that does not yet have a name visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note giving the name of the new road. In these cases, it is okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "None" checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating and editing road segments#Address Properties|Address Properties]] in the editor. Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road types/USA|road type]] and [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app. === Incomplete segments or red roads === [[File:Incomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]] Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check "None", and enter a street name, or check "None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME. This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function. "Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating and editing road segments#Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable. For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]] === Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|transclude=yes}} == Abbreviations and acronyms == Only abbreviations that Waze recognizes should be used within the editor. Since Waze uses TTS (Text-to-Speech) prompting, it is important that the correct abbreviations are used to produce the correct speech output. A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out". Refer to the [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations. == {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==''{{Red|This standard has recently changed {{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes. ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the Waze application for brief closures.}} Don't change the map for closures that will last less than about a month. Instead, use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function. ===Long term closures=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'''<br /> The requirement to add '(Closed)' to a road segment has been deprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers. ===Major construction without closure=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br /> {{Red|''It is no longer necessary to add '(Construction Zone)' to any road under construction. Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the app or for the Wazer.''}} If there is accuratea significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (lane shifts), adjust the geometry, connections, and restrictions of the segments to match the current traffic pattern. You must be able to monitor the area, and readjust once the construction is complete, or when additional changes are made during construction.
====New streets==Official sources of mapping information ==
In Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some cases, there is no prior name since it is a new road that you just recordedof the (old) [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic. In this case, make sure to choose php?f=129&t=13695 official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the proper road type(new) [[Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred). <br/>
== Construction Zones; naming large sections of major roads that are under construction ==Feel free to add new resources as you find them.
===Basic Rules==={{ReturnTo | Editing manual | the editing manual}}
Start by following the naming rules for your major roads. Interstate as "I- 10".
US highways as "US Hwy 90". To show that the segments are part of a construction zone, just add the suffix "CONST ZN". "I- 10" becomes "I- 10 CONST ZN".
"US Hwy 90" becomes "US Hwy 90 CONST ZN".
When temporarily re-setting road geometry, closely monitor recent GPS points as the aerial maps will likely display an out-dated view. Also, be sure to closely monitor these sections of roadway and remove the CONST ZN suffix whenever the construction is done.[[Category:USA]][[Category:Review redirects]]
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