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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
For Road Types in the editor see [[Road Types (types/USA)]]
''This page covers road names for the country listed in the page title. For other countries see [[How_to_label_and_name_roadsRoad types and names|this page]].''
==Road Namingnaming==
'''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the near future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be displayed in your area.
If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented.
===Concurrent names===
'''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:
* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment
* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment
* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.
The other route number(s) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/USA|big detour prevention mechanism]].
'''Highways through cities/towns -''' In situations where a highway passes through a town, the road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:
* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that should be used as the primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name.
* If the local signs only indicate the route number, then that should be the primary name and and the local road name should be added as an alternate name.* If the local signs change back and forth between the local name and the route number multiple times between intersections, consider making the primary name a combination of the two, something like "Main St / SR-66".
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===
:: '''I-10 E''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound
:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound
:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (Only I-35E & I-35W Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas)
: Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.
:: '''US-61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound
:: '''US-90 425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US-90 Bus BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:::(note that BUS should be all uppercase for TTS to pronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".):: '''US-90 Alt ALT E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US-199 SpurSPUR''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
===State Highways highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===
; State Highways
: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*'''
: State routes may also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]].
: Each state may use a longer or shorter naming format. See the [[Road_naming_by_stateHighway naming/USA|road highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
: Long Names
:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route highway 99W, southbound
:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
: Short Names
:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' (meaning State Route, but used for both routes and highways) format or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx''' and '''State Hwy xxx''' formatas appropriate for the state, but keep while keeping the same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above. These shortened formats are now preferred over the Long Names for all applications.
::{{Red|'''NOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. Refer to the [[Road_naming_by_stateHighway naming/USA|road highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}}
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
===County Highways / County Roads and township highways and roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN.svg.png|35px]]===
Text to speech on the client will read reads CR - as "County Road." So "CR-10" will be is read as "County Road Ten"
Where road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, W), place the letter designator in single quotes with a lower case letter (CR-'n' CR-'s' CR-'e' CR-'w') [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary]] so that the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction. The case of double Ensure there are no spaces between the hyphen and the letter. Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (e.g. CR-EEEN, CR-SSSSAL) has will not been testedbe spoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word.
There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacityexcept those listed here. For this reason; these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement); , and for brevity's sake in turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt the one of these standards;*CR- standard.*CH-*TR-*TH-
Another standard in use (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate.
Many states have adopted the short format '''CR-xxx''' instead of the longer format. See the [[Road_naming_by_stateHighway naming/USA|road highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
For regions that have township highways, the shortened formats of TH- and TR- are also available. ===Exit ramps and Entrance entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}==={{construction| contact =| contacttype = forum| draft = no| open = no| revision =yes| section =yes| talk =no}} 
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp }} road type. The name of the ramp should match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.* If the an exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway is signed and numbered, name, the exit ramp should be named as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger Rd".** A In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon has been added because it adds a pause(": "), making Text-to-Speech directions easier to understandand separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If the an exit is not numberedsigned and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "Exit to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct" will do.In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{Red|'''(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** If the exit number is assigned and designated by the local roadway agency, but identifier does not yet appear on the signany signs, then do not include it, even if it is OK documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to this guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the exit number in advance designation and/or name of it appearing on the road signas if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). This prevents additional updates later when For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is locally known as "Michigan Ave", name the numbered sign is added ramp segment "to the roadway and it helps visual guidance when other exits before US-12 / Michigan Ave". If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that one are numbered. Drivers can better anticipate their approaching exit.* If a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way". '''*NEW*'''Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.
* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.
* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, but rather name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
* "to I-10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US-90 Business BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport" '''*NEW*'''
* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually joins the main interstate or highway.
* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is pronounced "double-you bee" and not 'westbound.' Further, the "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function.
* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. '''*NEW*''' For example,
** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.
** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".
** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".
** In general, follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W / to I-10 W / Miss River Br Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine.
===New streets===
In some casesSometimes, there are is a brand new roads road that do does not yet have a name visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note for giving the name of the new road. In these cases, it is OK okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "noneNone" for checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Address_PropertiesAddress Properties|Address Properties]] field in the editor, but . Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road_Types_(Road types/USA)|road type]] and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Confirm_the_road_by_updating_detailsConfirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app.
===Incomplete segments or red roads===
[[ImageFile:incompleteIncomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]]Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check No City"None", and enter a street name, or check No Street"None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME.
This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function.
"Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Set_allowed_turns_Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable.
For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]] === Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|transclude=yes}} == Abbreviations & Acronyms and acronyms ==
Only abbreviations that Waze recognizes should be used within the editor. Since Waze uses TTS (Text-to-Speech) prompting, it is important that the correct abbreviations are used to produce the correct speech output.
A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out".
Refer to the [[Abbreviations & Acronymsand acronyms/USA]] page for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations. == {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==''{{Red|This standard has recently changed {{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes. ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the Waze application for brief closures.}} Don't change the map for closures that will last less than about a month. Instead, use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function. ===Long term closures=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'''<br />
== Construction Zones; naming large sections of major roads that are under construction ==The requirement to add '(Closed)' to a road segment has been deprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers.
See the article [[How to handle road closures]] before renaming road segments for ===Major construction.without closure===
'''Updated {{Red|As of February 2013, roads can be closed using the Waze application. The following should only be used for long periods (months) of road closures.| 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br />
Using the naming rules for your major roads, e.g., interstates typically would use "I-10 S", alter the name to show that the segments are part of a construction zone by adding the suffix "CONST ZN". In our example above, "I-10 S" becomes "I-10 S CONST ZN".In these cases with roads that are closed for extended periods it {{Red|''It is best no longer necessary to physically '''disconnect'add '' the closed roads (segmentsConstruction Zone) from the ' to any road network during the under construction. If you only set Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the turn restrictions to red, there are conditions when app or for the [[routing server]] may still find that route as better than some other route even when it is set to restricted (red)Wazer.''}}
When temporarily re-setting road If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry(lane shifts), closely monitor recent GPS points as adjust the aerial maps will likely display an out-dated view. The GPS points layer may not be up to date either so it's best to have local knowledge geometry, connections, and restrictions of the construction before editing segments to match the mapcurrent traffic pattern. Also, You must be sure able to closely monitor these sections of roadway the area, and remove the CONST ZN suffix whenever readjust once the construction is donecomplete, or when additional changes are made during construction.
== Official Sources sources of Mapping mapping information ==
Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some of the (old) [ official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the (new) [[Mapping_resources_%28USA%29Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred).
Feel free to add new onesresources as you find them.
[[Waze Map Editor#{{ReturnTo | Editing Manual manual |Back to Map Editing]]the editing manual}}
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