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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
For Road Types in the editor see [[Road Types (types/USA)]]
''This page covers road names for the country listed in the page title. For other countries see [[How_to_label_and_name_roadsRoad types and names|this page]].''
==Road naming==
'''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the near future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be displayed in your area.
If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented.
===Concurrent names===
'''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:
* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment
* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment
* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.
The other route number(s) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/USA|big detour prevention mechanism]].
'''Highways through cities/towns -''' In situations where a highway passes through a town, the road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:
* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that should be used as the primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name.
* If the local signs only indicate the route number, then that should be the primary name and and the local road name should be added as an alternate name.
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===
:: '''I-10 E''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound
:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound
:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (Only I-35E & I-35W Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas)
: Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.
:: '''US-61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound
:: '''US-90 425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound:: '''US-90 Bus BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound:::(note that BUS should be all uppercase for TTS to pronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".):: '''US-90 Alt ALT E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound:: '''US-199 SpurSPUR''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
===State highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===
; State Highways
: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*'''
: State routes may also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]].
: Each state may use a longer or shorter naming format. See the [[Road_naming_by_stateHighway naming/USA|road highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
: Long Names
:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route highway 99W, southbound
:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
: Short Names
:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' (meaning State Route, but used for both routes and highways) format or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx''' and '''State Hwy xxx''' formatas appropriate for the state, but keep while keeping the same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above. These shortened formats are now preferred over the Long Names for all applications.
::{{Red|'''NOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. Refer to the [[Road_naming_by_stateHighway naming/USA|road highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}}
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
===County and township highways and county roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN.svg.png|35px]]===
Text to speech on the client reads CR - as "County Road." So "CR-10" is read as "County Road Ten"
Where road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, W), place the letter designator in single quotes with a lowercase <!-- Some say that lowercase in not [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary --> letter (CR-'n' CR-'s' CR-'e' CR-'w') ]] so that the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction. The case of double Ensure there are no spaces between the hyphen and the letter. Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (e.g. CR-EEEN, CR-SSSSAL) has will not been testedbe spoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word.
There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacityexcept those listed here. For this reason; these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement); , and for brevity's sake in turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt the one of these standards;*CR- standard.*CH-*TR-*TH-
Another standard in use (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate.
Many states have adopted the short format '''CR-xxx''' instead of the longer format. See the [[Road_naming_by_stateHighway naming/USA|road highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
For regions that have township highways, the shortened formats of TH- and TR- are also available. ===Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}==={{construction| contact =| contacttype = forum| draft = no| open = no| revision =yes| section =yes| talk =no}} 
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp }} road type. The name of the ramp should match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.* If the an exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway is signed and numbered, name, the exit ramp should be named as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger Rd".** A In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon has been added because it adds a pause(": "), making Text-to-Speech directions easier to understandand separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If the an exit is not numberedsigned and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "Exit to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct" will do.In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{Red|'''(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** If the exit number is assigned and designated by the local roadway agency, but identifier does not yet appear on the signany signs, then do not include it, even if it is OK documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to this guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the exit number in advance designation and/or name of it appearing on the road signas if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). This prevents additional updates later when For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is locally known as "Michigan Ave", name the numbered sign is added ramp segment "to the roadway and it helps visual guidance when other exits before US-12 / Michigan Ave". If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that one are numbered. Drivers can better anticipate their approaching exit.* If a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way". '''*NEW*'''Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.
* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.
* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, but rather name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
* "to I-10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US-90 Business BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport" '''*NEW*'''
* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually joins the main interstate or highway.
* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is pronounced "double-you bee" and not 'westbound.' Further, the "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function.
* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. '''*NEW*''' For example,
** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.
** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".
** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".
** In general, follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US-90 Business BUS W / to I-10 W / Miss River Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine.
===New streets===
Sometimes, there is a brand new road that does not yet have a name visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note giving the name of the new road. In these cases, it is okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "None" checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Address_PropertiesAddress Properties|Address Properties]] in the editor. Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road_Types_(Road types/USA)|road type]] and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Confirm_the_road_by_updating_detailsConfirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app.
===Incomplete segments or red roads===
[[ImageFile:incompleteIncomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]]Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check No City"None", and enter a street name, or check No Street"None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME.
This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function.
"Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Set_allowed_turns_Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable. For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]] === Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|transclude=yes}}
== Abbreviations and acronyms ==
A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out".
Refer to the [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations.
== {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==
''{{Red|This standard has recently changed{{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to this sectionthe changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes.
See ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the article [[How to handle road Waze application for brief closures]] before renaming road segments .}} Don't change the map for constructionclosures that will last less than about a month. Instead, use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function.
{{Red|As of February 2013, roads can be closed using the Waze application. The following should only be used for long periods (months) of road ===Long term closures.}}===
'''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'''<br />
When a road is '''closed to traffic for long-term construction''', after you [[How The requirement to handle road closures|close the road]], add '''"(Closed)"''' to the end of the a road namesegment has been deprecated.* For example, "Ramble Dr" would become "Ramble Dr (Closed)"Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers.
===Major construction without closure===
When a road is '''under long-term construction, but is not closed''', add '''"(Construction Zone)"''' to the end of the name.* For example, "Tamble St" would become "Tamble St (Construction Zone)".* If there is a major lane shift or traffic shift, adjust the geometry of the road to match the current traffic pattern. Do this only if you are able to monitor the area, and readjust the geometry Updated {{As of the road once again once the construction is complete. Remove the "(Construction Zone)" from the name, and be sure to reattach any roads which may have been disconnected.| 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br />
{{Red|''It is no longer necessary to add '"(Construction Zone)" should be used for the following:'''* Relatively major, long-term to any road under construction (usually lasting at least one month)* Semi-permanent lane closures . Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the app or lane shifts (lasting for the duration of the construction)* Temporary recurring lane closures or lane shifts, if the closures or shifts occur regularly during heavy travel hours (roughly from 6 am to 8 pm)* Construction with no semi-permanent recurring or lane closures or lane shifts, but where small lane closures and slow-moving construction traffic are common during heavy travel hoursWazer.''}}
'''"If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (Construction Zonelane shifts)" should ''not'' be used for , adjust the following:'''* Short-term construction (usually lasting under one month)* Temporary lane closures or lane shiftsgeometry, connections, if and restrictions of the segments to match the closures or shifts occur through current traffic pattern. You must be able to monitor the night (for examplearea, between 10 pm and 5 am)* Construction with no lane closures readjust once the construction is complete, or lane shifts, even with possible occasional when additional changes are made during construction traffic.
== Official sources of mapping information ==
Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some of the (old) [ official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the (new) [[Mapping_resources_%28USA%29Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred).
Feel free to add new onesresources as you find them.
[[Waze Map Editor#{{ReturnTo | Editing Manual manual |Back to Map Editing]]the editing manual}}
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