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Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
==Road naming==
'''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the near future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be displayed in your area.
If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented.
===Concurrent names===
'''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:
* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment
* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment
* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.
The other route number(s) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/USA|big detour prevention mechanism]].
'''Highways through cities/towns -''' In situations where a highway passes through a town, the road in those areas is typically named something other than the numbered route. In these situations the road should be named based on the following conditions:
* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that should be used as the primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name.
* If the local signs only indicate the route number, then that should be the primary name and and the local road name should be added as an alternate name.
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===
:: '''I-10 E''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound
:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound
:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (Only I-35E & I-35W Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas)
: Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.
:: '''US-61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound
:: '''US-90 425 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound
:: '''US-90 BUS S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound
:::(note that BUS should be all uppercase for TTS to pronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will pronounce as "Bus".)
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
===State highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===
; State Highways
: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*'''
: Long Names
:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route highway 99W, southbound
:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
: Short Names
:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' (meaning State Route, but used for both routes and highways) format or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx''' and '''State Hwy xxx''' formatas appropriate for the state, but keep while keeping the same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above. These shortened formats are now preferred over the Long Names for all applications.
::{{Red|'''NOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. Refer to the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}}
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
===County and township highways and county roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN.svg.png|35px]]===
Text to speech on the client reads CR - as "County Road." So "CR-10" is read as "County Road Ten"
Where road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, W), place the letter designator in single quotes with a lowercase <!-- Some say that lowercase in not [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary --> letter (CR-'n' CR-'s' CR-'e' CR-'w') ]] so that the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction. Ensure there are no spaces between the hyphen and the letter. Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (e.g. CR-EN, CR-SAL) have will not been tested be spoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word.
There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacityexcept those listed here. For these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement), and for brevity's sake in turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt the one of these standards;*CR- standard.*CH-*TR-*TH-
Another standard in use (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate.
Many states have adopted the short format '''CR-xxx''' instead of the longer format. See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road.
For regions that have township highways, the shortened formats of TH- and TR- are also available. ===Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}===
{{construction
| contact = httpshttp://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=276&t=101346&start=30
| contacttype = forum
| draft = no
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp}} road type. The name of the ramp should match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.
* If an exit is signed and numbered, name the exit ramp as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger Rd". In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon (": "), and separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").
* If an exit is signed and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct". In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{colorRed|'''(This rule has changed recentlyRule change: August 2014.)'''|color=red}}** If the exit number is assigned and designated by the local roadway agency, but identifier does not yet appear on the signany signs, then do not include it, even if it is OK to include the exit number documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in advance of it appearing on the road signWaze instructions can confuse drivers. This prevents additional updates later when the numbered sign is added Some states may have exceptions to the roadway and it helps visual guidance when other exits before that one are numberedthis guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. Drivers can better anticipate their approaching exit {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}
* If an exit is unsigned, include the designation and/or name of the road as if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is locally known as "Michigan Ave", name the ramp segment "to US-12 / Michigan Ave". If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that.
* If a single exit serves multiple roads or cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".
** Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.
* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.
* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, but rather name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
=== Incomplete segments or red roads ===
[[File:Incomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]] Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check No City"None", and enter a street name, or check No Street"None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME.
This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function.
For more detailed instructions on how to address red roads see: [[Creating and editing road segments#Confirm the road by updating details|Confirming the road by updating details]]
 
=== Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ===
{{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|transclude=yes}}
== Abbreviations and acronyms ==
A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out".
Refer to the [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations.
== {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==
''{{Red|This standard has recently changed (Feb {{As of|2014)|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}''
This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Road Real time closures]] for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments.
This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes.
===Long term closures===
When a road is '''closed to traffic for long-term construction''', after you [[Road closures|close the road]], add '''"(Closed)"''' to the end of the road name. ''Example, "Ramble Dr" would become "Ramble Dr (Closed)".''
===Major construction without closure===When a road is '''under long-term construction, but is not closed''', add '''"(Construction Zone)"''' to the end Updated {{As of the name unless it involves a shielded, limited access road. '| 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'For example, "Tamble St" would become "Tamble St (Construction Zone)".''<br />
When construction is complete, remove "The requirement to add '(Construction ZoneClosed)" from the name, and be sure ' to reattach any roads which may have a road segment has been disconnecteddeprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers.
If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (lane shifts), adjust the geometry, connections, and restrictions of the segments to match the current traffic pattern. You must be able to monitor the area, and readjust once the ===Major construction is complete, or when additional changes are made during construction.without closure===
'''The following is a list Updated {{As of situations that warrant use of the "(Construction Zone)" suffix:'''| 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br />
* Major, long-term construction {{Red|''It is no longer necessary to add '(usually lasting at least one monthConstruction Zone)* Long term lane closures or lane shifts (typically lasting for ' to any road under construction. Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and serves no purpose in the duration of the construction, app or for a month or more at a time)* Temporary recurring lane closures or lane shifts, if 1) the recurrence is regularly occurring over a long period and 2) they often occur during heavy travel hours (roughly from 6 am to 8 pm)* Construction with no semi-permanent recurring or lane closures or lane shifts, but where small lane closures and slow-moving construction traffic are common during heavy travel hoursWazer.''}}
'''"If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (Construction Zonelane shifts)" should ''not'' be used for , adjust the following (unless one geometry, connections, and restrictions of the other conditions above is met):'''* Short-term construction (usually lasting under one month)* Temporary lane closures or lane shifts, if segments to match the closures or shifts occur through current traffic pattern. You must be able to monitor the night (for examplearea, between 10 pm and 5 am)* Construction with no lane closures readjust once the construction is complete, or lane shifts, even with possible occasional when additional changes are made during construction traffic.
== Official sources of mapping information ==
Feel free to add new resources as you find them.
{{ReturnToEditingManualReturnTo | Editing manual | the editing manual}}
[[Category:USA]]
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