Road names/USA

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Exit ramps and entrance ramps (on-ramps){{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}: Deprecate inclusion of unsigned exit identifiers in generic USA guidance, as per forum discussion.
For Road Types in the editor see [[Road Types (types/USA)]]
''This page covers road names for the country listed in the page title. For other countries see [[How_to_label_and_name_roadsRoad types and names|this page]].''
==Road Namingnaming== '''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. This is also true for road shield generation which is partially broken so shields may or may not be displayed in your area.
'''NOTE''': we are in the process of revising the names as they appear in WME. In the near future we may be able to display alternate names for each segment / road, and choose which one of these is the 'common' name. <br/>
If you are not sure about changing the name of a road, it is best to ask in the forum or wait until the changes described above are implemented.
'''IMPORTANT! Due to upgrades in the client, some naming conventions have changed. The altered conventions will be marked with a bolded *NEW*.''' These changes have now been finalized. Thank you for your cooperation.
<blockquote>'''NOTE:''' All roads in our base maps came with the names as defined in the US TIGER dataset. <br/> 
However, you might notice a few problems with the original road names:
Some of the names are not the 'common' names (usually, waze will display the 'name' of the hwy while most people know this hwy by its number) <br/>. On other examples, the same highway will have a different name on each side (for example, US Hwy 101 going North, and Bayshore Fwy going South).<br/> Some roads actually have two 'common' names (for example, the NJ Turnpike is also I- 95 and both are relevant names), but currently we can only display one name per road.<br For all these issues, we ask that you currently leave the situation as is. We are working on a few fixes, that will automate the proper naming and also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary' name as the one being displayed, but other names that bring up the same search results). ===Concurrent names==='''Overlapping Highways -''' When two or more numbered highways (or interstates) run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.The other route number(s) can be entered as alternate names. If alternate names are entered, be sure not to introduce any alternate name discontinuities which may trigger the [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms/>USA|big detour prevention mechanism]].
For all these issues'''Highways through cities/towns -''' In situations where a highway passes through a town, we ask that you currently leave the situation as road in those areas istypically named something other than the numbered route. We are working In these situations the road should be named based on a few fixesthe following conditions:* If the local street signs provide guidance with the local name, that will automate should be used as the proper naming and also allow multiple names for each segments (with a 'Primary' primary name in the Waze map. The numbered route should be added as an alternate name. * If the one being displayedlocal signs only indicate the route number, but other names then that bring up should be the primary name and the same search results)local road name should be added as an alternate name.</blockquote>
===United States Interstate Highway System [[Image:I-95.svg.png|28px]] [[Image:I-695.svg.png|35px]]===
:: '''I-10 E''' for Interstate 10, Eastbound
:: '''I-310 S''' for Interstate 310, Southbound
:: '''I-35E N''' for Interstate 35E, Northbound (Only I-35E & I-35W Letter suffixes are only in Minnesota and Texas)
: Nearly all interstates are divided highways by necessity, and they should be drawn as such in the map for navigational accuracy.
: When two or more interstates run concurrently (one stretch of road has multiple route numbers), the segment should be named after the '''primary''' of the routes. The primary route will usually have one or more of the following attributes:
:* The route whose mile markers are used for the concurrent segment
:* The route whose exit numbers are used for the concurrent segment
:* When the concurrency ends, the route whose path does '''not''' get signed as a numbered exit.
: The other route number or numbers can be entered as alt names, but shields are currently not being generated for alt names.
===United States Numbered Highways [[Image:US 20.svg.png|30px]]===
The naming of highways is, of course, somewhat more complex than that of normal roads. Therefore, conventions must be followed to assure consistency throughout the map.
Certain formatting guidelines must be followed to ensure that highway shields are shown in the Live Map and in the client. Note that currently shield generation is not currently operating at 100%, so some areas do not have the shields on all roads. Waze has said that there will eventually be a process allowing map editors to add shields to road segments in a way that is not connected to the name OF that segment.
; US Highways
: Federal highways should be denoted as follows. Note that the trailing N, S, E, W cardinal direction indicator is used for numbered highways and interstates which are split into two 1-way segments, [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|per the guidelines]].
:: '''US Hwy 61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound
:: '''US Hwy 90 W''' for U.S. Highway 425, Westbound
:: '''US Hwy 90 Bus S''' for U.S. Highway 90 Business, Southbound
:: '''US Hwy 90 Alt E''' for U.S. Highway 90 Alternate, Eastbound
:: '''US Hwy 199 Spur''' for U.S. Highway 199 Spur
:: '''NOTEUS-61 S''' for U.S. Highway 61, Southbound::''' In Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi use the US-xx format425 W''' for U. California is currently considering this convention as wellS.Highway 425, Westbound: : '''US-90 BUS S''' for U.S. Highways Highway 90 Business, Southbound:::(note that BUS should be all uppercase for TTS to pronounce as "business". "Bus", "bus", etc. will often have local road names (such pronounce as Airline Hwy for "Bus".):: '''US-61 and Claiborne Ave 90 ALT E''' for US-U.S. Highway 90Alternate, among others). Use these street names as the Eastbound:: '''primaryUS-199 SPUR''' name for such highways if said name is used for addresses of houses and businesses along the highwayU.S.Highway 199 Spur
: Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road. ===State Highways highways [[Image:State Hwy Sign 35.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:South_Carolina_170.svg.png|38px]] [[Image:Florida_60.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Louisiana 3234.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Alabama_5.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:MT-sec-326.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:North_Dakota_23.svg.png|30px]] [[Image:Hawaii_marker.png|30px]]===
; State Highways
: The Live Map will parse "State Rte xx" and "State Hwy yyy" and show a sign badge. However, as different states have different naming conventions (and different shields), this is not optimal for ramps. Local naming conventions are preferred for ramps and exits; this will be discussed below. Consistency within each state is key. '''*NEW*'''
: The same note for U.S. Highways above applies for state highways. LA-308 in Golden Meadow should have "E Main St" as its primary name since that is the name used in addresses of houses and businesses along the highway.
: State routes may also be split if it [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|meets the guidelines]]. Similar to interstates and US highways,  : Each state may use a longer or shorter naming format. See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state routes are named as follows. :Long Names:: '''State Hwy 6''' for state route/highway 6:: '''State Hwy 99W S''' for state route highway 99W, southbound
:: '''State Rte 96''' for state route 96
:: '''NOTE:''' In Florida and Mississippi use the SR-xxx format. California is considering the use of SR-xxx. In Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format.
: Short Names:: Use the '''SR-xxx''' or '''SH-xxx''' formats instead of '''State Rte xxx''' and '''State Hwy xxx''' format as appropriate for the state, while keeping the same cardinal, business, etc. extensions as described above. These shortened formats are now preferred over the Long Names for all applications. ::{{Red|'''NOTE:''' In some states there are other formats used, e.g., in Louisiana, use the LA-xxx format. Refer to the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.}} : Also refer to the [[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road. ===County Highways / County Roads and township highways and roads [[Image:Baldwin County Route 64 AL.svg.png|35px]] [[Image:St Louis County Route 7 MN.svg.png|35px]]=== Text to speech on the client reads CR- as "County Road." So "CR-10" is read as "County Road Ten" Where road names are the same as cardinal directions (N, S, E, W), [[Road_names/USA#United_States_Numbered_Highways|no special modification is necessary]] so that the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction. Ensure there are no spaces between the hyphen and the letter. Double or triple-letter roads with directional letters (e.g. CR-EN, CR-SAL) will not be spoke as directions, but might be pronounced as if a word. There is no other TTS abbreviation for county owned roads in any capacity except those listed here. For these reasons: that county shields may someday be supported (and a named standard makes this easier to implement), and for brevity's sake in turn instructions and map displays, it is suggested (but by no means required) that individual states adopt one of these standards;*CR-*CH-*TR-*TH- Another standard in use (which is longer, but you may see) is 'County Hwy XX'. The shortened format of CH- is available and is encouraged to be adopted when CR- is not appropriate. Many states have adopted the short format '''CR-xxx''' instead of the longer format. See the [[Highway naming/USA|highway naming by state]] table for specific formatting of each state.
Text : Also refer to speech on the client will read CR as "County Road[[#Concurrent_names|concurrent names]] section when the highway passes through a city or town that also has a local name for the road." So "CR-10" will be read as "County Road Ten"
County For regions that have township highways should be named like "County Hwy 123". Don't use , the abbreviation "Co" because the voice prompts will not read it as "County"shortened formats of TH- and TR- are also available.
Where road names are the same as cardinal directions ===Exit ramps and entrance ramps (N, S, E, Won-ramps), place the letter designator in quotes ("N") so that the voice prompt will read the letter and not say it as a direction{{Anchor|Exit|Entrance|Ramp}}==={{construction| contact = http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=276&t=101346&start=30| contacttype = forum| draft = no| open = no| revision = yes| section = yes| talk = no}}
===Exit ramps and Entrance ramps (on-ramps)===
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as {{Ramp }} road type. The name of the ramp should match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.* If the an exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway is signed and numbered, name, the exit ramp should be named as such: "Exit 24: US-103 / Schwarzenegger Rd".** A In other words, start with the word "Exit" followed by the exit number, follow the exit number with a colon has been added because it adds a pause(": "), making Text-to-Speech directions easier to understandand separate all elements (shields and names) after the colon with slashes (" / ").* If the an exit is not numberedsigned and unnumbered, name the exit ramp as such: "Exit to SR-33 / Kindergarten Ct" will do.In other words, start with the word "to" (lowercase) followed by all elements on the sign (shields and names), separated with slashes (" / "). {{Red|'''(Rule change: August 2014.)'''}}** If the exit number is assigned and designated by the local roadway agency, but identifier does not yet appear on the signany signs, then do not include it, even if it is OK documented elsewhere. Including unsigned information in Waze instructions can confuse drivers. Some states may have exceptions to this guideline; check your [[Mapping resources/USA|state page]] for details. {{Red|'''(Rule change: May 2016.)'''}}* If an exit is unsigned, include the exit number in advance designation and/or name of it appearing on the road signas if it is signed (i.e., starting with "to"). This prevents additional updates later when For example, if an unsigned exit serves "US-12", a signed highway which is locally known as "Michigan Ave", name the numbered sign is added ramp segment "to the roadway and it helps visual guidance when other exits before US-12 / Michigan Ave". If only a local name or only a highway designation are present, use only that one are numbered. Drivers can better anticipate their approaching exit.* If a single exit serves multiple roadsor cities, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".* If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way". '''*NEW*'''Separate sub-exit letters with a hyphen. Do not leave spaces between the hyphen and the adjacent characters.
* Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
* Remember to abbreviate common words following the [[abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page.
* If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, but rather name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
* "to I-10 W / Baton Rouge"
* "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
* "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W"* "to LA-1 / Thibodaux / Lockport" '''*NEW*'''
* Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually joins the main interstate or highway.
* Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is pronounced "double-you bee" and not 'westbound.' Further, the "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function.
* '''State highways:''' When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area. '''*NEW*''' For example,
** In New Jersey, highways are generally colloquially referred to as "routes". To distinguish from other (federal) highways, a sign for State Route 45 in New Jersey should say "to State Rte 45". In this case, the abbreviation "to SR-45" may also be used.
** In Louisiana, state highways are generally colloquially referred to as "LA" (ell-ay) followed by the highway number. A ramp to Louisiana Highway 308 should be say "to LA-308".
** In North Carolina (NC), state routes are generally colloquially referred to as "NC" followed by the route number. A ramp to NC Highway 55 should be say "to NC-55".
** In general, follow the chart in the [[road naming by state]] article.* Similar to exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy -90 Bus BUS W / to I-10 W / Miss River Br Brg / Baton Rouge" is fine.
===New streets===
In some casesSometimes, there are is a brand new roads road that do does not yet have a name visible to drivers. Or the person who used the pave option did not leave a note for giving the name of the new road. In these cases, it is OK okay to leave the name of the road blank by marking the "noneNone" for checkbox next to the '''Name''' field in the [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Address_PropertiesAddress Properties|Address Properties]] field in the editor, but . Always make sure to choose the proper [[Road_Types_(Road types/USA)|road type]] and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Confirm_the_road_by_updating_detailsConfirm the road by updating details|confirm the other road details]] to ensure that the road appears on the client app.
[[===Incomplete segments or red roads===]]
[[ImageFile:incompleteIncomplete.jpg|right|120px|Incomplete.jpg]]Be sure to select country, state, enter the city name or check No City"None", and enter a street name, or check No Street"None". Until you do this, your road will not be routable and will not show on the client map. These incomplete segments are colored bright red in WME.
This must be done on all streets created in WME, and on all streets created with the client "Pave" function.
"Paved" streets must also be connected to their adjacent roads, and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segmentsCreating and editing road segments#Set_allowed_turns_Set allowed turns .28connections.29 turn restrictions|turn restrictions]] must be set in order to be routable.
===Name changes without an intersection===If a road name changes in the middle of a street or For more detailed instructions on a curve where there is no intersection, add a how to address red roads see: [[Map_Editing_Quick-start_GuideCreating and editing road segments#Splitting_a_segmentConfirm the road by updating details|junctionConfirming the road by updating details]] to the point on the segment where the name changes. This will create two segments that meet at the point of the name change. Name each respective segment properly.
This is not the same as roads that have primary and [[Creating_and_Editing_street_segments#Alternate_street_names=== Navigation instructions for unnamed segments ==={{User:PesachZ/Navigation instructions for unnamed segments/Conditions|alternate or secondary names]].transclude=yes}}
== Abbreviations & Acronyms and acronyms ==
Only abbreviations that Waze recognizes should be used within the editor. Since Waze uses TTS (Text-to-Speech) prompting, it is important that the correct abbreviations are used to produce the correct speech output.
A basic rule of thumb is, "when in doubt, spell it out".
Refer to this Wiki the [[Abbreviations and acronyms/USA]] page which lists for a list of suffix and recommended abbreviations: . == {{Anchor|Construction zone}}Construction zones and closed roads ==''{{Red|This standard has recently changed {{As of|2014|12|df=us|lc=y}}. Please pay close attention to the changes.}}'' This section describes the naming of roads that are closed. See the article [[Abbreviations & AcronymsReal time closures]]for instructions on how to enact a closure on a road segment. The closure should be enacted before renaming the road segments. This section also describes what actions to take when a road remains open, but there are significant changes to it while construction completes. ===Brief closures==={{Red|Roads can be closed using the Waze application for brief closures.}} Don't change the map for closures that will last less than about a month. Instead, use the Waze app Road Closed reporting function===Long term closures=== '''Updated {{As of | 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}'''<br />
== Construction Zones; naming large sections of major roads that are under construction ==The requirement to add '(Closed)' to a road segment has been deprecated. Adding this phrase to a road segment can cause routing/navigation issues for Wazers.
===Basic RulesMajor construction without closure===
Start by following the naming rules for your major roads. Interstate as "I-10 S". US highways as "US Hwy 90". To show that the segments are part '''Updated {{As of a construction zone, just add the suffix "CONST ZN". "I-10 S" becomes "I-10 S CONST ZN"."US Hwy 90" becomes "US Hwy 90 CONST ZN". In cases with roads that are closed for extended periods it is usually best to disconnect the closed roads from the road network during the construction.| 2014 | 12 | df=us | lc=y}}<br />
When temporarily re-setting road geometry, closely monitor recent GPS points as the aerial maps will likely display an out-dated view. The GPS points layer may not be up {{Red|''It is no longer necessary to date either so itadd '(Construction Zone)'s best to have local knowledge of the any road under construction before editing the map. Also, be sure to closely monitor these sections of roadway Adding this phrase can cause routing/navigation issues and remove serves no purpose in the CONST ZN suffix whenever app or for the construction is doneWazer.''}}
'''As If there is a significant change to traffic patterns or geometry (lane shifts), adjust the geometry, connections, and restrictions of February 2013 roads can the segments to match the current traffic pattern. You must be closed using Wazeable to monitor the area, and readjust once the above method should no longer be usedconstruction is complete, or when additional changes are made during construction.'''
== Official Sources sources of Mapping mapping information ==
Being in the Waze community of editors means sharing information you discover and learning from the discoveries of others! You can see some of the (old) [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=129&t=13695 official sources of mapping information (US only) provided in the forum] or check out the (new) [[Mapping_resources_%28USA%29Mapping resources/USA|mapping resources]] wiki page (preferred).
Feel free to add new onesresources as you find them.
[[Waze Map Editor#{{ReturnTo | Editing Manual manual |Back to Map Editing]]the editing manual}}
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