Each road has its function according to its role either in the National Network, Regional Network, State Network or City/Town Network. The most basic function of a road is transportation. This can be further divided into two sub-functions; namely mobility and accessibility. However, these two sub functions are in trade-off. To enhance one, the other must be limited. In rural areas, roads are divided into five categories, namely, Expressway, Highway, Primary Road, Secondary Road and Minor Road and in urban areas, roads are divided into four categories, namely, Expressway, Arterial, Collector and Local Street. They are in ascending order of accessibility and thus in descending order of mobility.
Unpaved check box
The checkbox is an attribute that can be applied to any road type. It indicates that a road is not paved with asphalt or concrete. The unpaved attribute affects routing over driveable road types; it does not really affect non-driveable road types, since the client does not use them for routing. Based on user preference, destination, and other settings options, the Waze client may avoid routing them over otherwise driveable segments when the 'unpaved' attribute is checked.
When to select the Unpaved attribute
Any driveable road which is not paved with asphalt or concrete should have the Unpaved attribute box checked.
User setting options for the Unpaved attribute
This attribute has the unique property in that Waze users may select when not to be routed over unpaved road segments. Users may choose:
- 'Dirt roads - Don't allow' - Avoids through-routing on all unpaved roads
- 'Dirt roads - Avoid long ones' - Avoids through-routing on long unpaved roads
- 'Dirt roads - Allow' - Allows through-routing that could include unpaved road(s) (i.e. ignores whether roads have the unpaved attribute checked)
- The Client still refers to these settings as "Dirt Roads", but it will be updated soon to read "Unpaved Roads". Rest assured they apply to this attribute, and not to the Off-road / Not maintained type.
Road Type Classifications:
A freeway or expressway is a highway designed for high speed traffic, with fully controlled access over entrance to, and exit from, the highway.
Freeway is the highest functional class of road.
The following roads shall be classified as Freeway :
Roads classified in JKR Federal Roads as Tolled Highways (E#, E##), which meet the criteria of a controlled-access highway:
- No at-grade crossings.
- No at-grade intersections.
- No direct property access.
- No stop lights (except sometimes on ramps).
- No stop signs.
- Except at the beginning or end of the controlled-access roadway, connected to other roads exclusively by interchanges:
- Entrance via ramps only, typically with acceleration zones.
- Exit via ramps only, typically with deceleration zones.
- Note: Many freeways continue as non-controlled-access roadways; the road should be set as Freeway until the point at which access becomes non-controlled.
List of Freeways in Malaysia (Updated 11 September 2017):
- E1 Lebuhraya Utara Selatan
- E1 Lebuhraya NKVE
- E2 Lebuhraya Utara Selatan
- E6 ELITE
- E6 Putrajaya Link
- E8 Lebuhraya Pantai Timur
- E8 Lebuhraya KL - Karak
- E20 Maju Expressway (MEX)
- E21 Lebuhraya LEKAS
- E28 Jambatan Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah
- E33 Lebuhraya DUKE (partial)
- E36 Jambatan Pulau Pinang
- E22 Lebuhraya Senai - Desaru (SDE)
- E35 Lebuhraya Shah Alam - Kuang (GCE)
Highways are the primary routes for traveling throughout the country, from one city to another, over long distances. Some Federal Roads are freeways or expressways, but many others are not.
As a nationwide system, JKR Major Federal Roads, provides a direct links between regions not served by the freeways, and as alternatives to interstate travel in the case of heavy traffic or incident.
The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as Major Highway :
- Roads classified in JKR Federal Roads as Tolled Highways (E#, E##) which do not meet the criteria for Freeway.
- This includes partially-controlled-access highways (or "expressways"). These are roads that have a lot of the characteristics of freeways, but also have occasional at-grade intersections with other roads.
- Note: Every partially-controlled-access Tolled Highways is a Major Highway; this does not mean that every Major Highway must be partially-controlled-access.
- Roads classified in JKR Federal Roads as Major Federal Roads which serve as interstate route and complements the freeways net or link up directly or indirectly to the points of entry/exit to the country.
- This does not include Major Federal Roads in Penang (Georgetown), Langkawi and Labuan.
List of Major Highway Expressways (E#, E##) in Malaysia:
- E3 Lebuhraya Laluan Kedua Malaysia - Singapura (LINKEDUA)
- E5 Shah Alam Expressway (SAE/KESAS)
- E7 Lebuhraya Cheras Kajang (Grand Saga)
- E9 Lebuhraya Sungai Besi (BESRAYA)
- E10 Lebuhraya Baru Pantai (NPE)
- E11 Lebuhraya Damansara Puchong (LDP)
- E12 Lebuhraya Bertingkat Ampang - Kuala Lumpur (AKLEH)
- E13 Lebuhraya Kemuning - Shah Alam (LKSA)
- E15 Lebuhraya Butterwoth - Kulim (BKE)
- E17 Lebuhraya Lingkaran Luar Butterworth (LLB)
- E18 Lebuhraya Skim Penyuraian Trafik Lingkaran Kajang (SILK)
- E23 Lebuhraya Skim Penyuraian Trafik Kuala Lumpur Barat (SPRINT)
- E25 Lebuhraya Kuala Lumpur - Kuala Selangor (LATAR)
- E26 Lebuhraya Lembah Klang Selatan (SKVE)
- E29 Lebuhraya Seremban - Port Dickson (SPDH)
- E30 Lebuhraya Jalan Pintas Selat Klang Utara Baru (NNKSB)
- E37 Lebuhraya KL - Seremban
- E38 Lebuhraya SMART
List of Major Highway Federal Roads (#, ##) in Malaysia.
- FT1 Johor Bahru - Jitra
- FT2 Pelabuhan Kuantan - Pelabuhan Klang
- FT3 Rantau Panjang - Johor Bahru
- FT4 Lunas - Pasir Puteh
- FT5 Skudai - Ipoh
- FT7 Alor Setar - Padang Besar
- FT8 Kota Bharu - Bentong
- FT34 Central Spine Road (CSR)
- FT38 Lebuhraya Penyuraian Timur Johor Bahru (EDL)
- FT67 Sungai Petani - Baling
- FT68 Kuala Lumpur - Bentong
- FT76 Baling - Kuala Kangsar
Sabah & Sarawak:
- FS1 Jalan Sindumin - Beaufort - Kota Kinabalu - Ranau - Sandakan - Lahad Datu - Tawau
- FS1 Jalan Kota Kinabalu - Kudat
- FQ1 Jalan Sematan - Lundu - Batu Kawa - Kuching - Sibu - Bintulu - Miri
- FQ1 Jalan Limbang - Pandaruan
- FQ1 Jalan Temburong - Lawas - Merapok - Sindumin
- FS13 Jalan Sandakan - Tawau
- FS22 Jalan Tamparuli - Sandakan
Arterials are primary and secondary routes for traveling between cities over moderately long distances. Primary and secondary roads are classified in Waze as Minor Highways.
Each of the thirteen states has a numbered State Roads systems. Roads in these systems are designated and selected by their respective State Departments of Works as part of statewide networks of important travel links between cities and communities of those states. These roads, while of lesser national importance, are nevertheless essential for travel within the state.
The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as Minor Highway :
- Roads classified in JKR Federal Roads as Major Federal Roads which do not meet the criteria for Major Highway.
- This includes all Major Federal Roads in Penang (Georgetown), Langkawi and Labuan.
- Roads classified in JKR Federal Roads as Industrial Federal Roads when they are used to connect Major Federal Roads or State Roads with other Major Federal Roads and/or State Roads.
- Roads classified as Major State Roads when they are used to connect Major Federal Roads or State Roads with other Major Federal Roads and/or State Roads.
- This does not include unpaved State Roads
The following are to be classified as Ramp :
- Roads which connect roadways to other roadways as part of an interchange. This includes all freeway exits and entrances.
- Roads connecting freeways and highways with Rest areas & parking areas (e.g., "to R&R xxx").
The following are not to be classified as Ramp:
- At-grade connectors, unless they are signed, numbered exits
- Turn lanes.
Ramp names do not appear on the client application map, but do appear in the text for routing directions. Entrance and exit ramps often contain a lot of text which is duplicative of roads already in the area, so this text is suppressed until the user actually needs it — the text is needed for effective navigation instructions but would needlessly clutter the map.
Collectors are roads used with medium-low traffic densities which are used to bring traffic from local streets to arterials and vice versa. Collectors are classified in Waze as Primary Streets.
The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as Primary Street :
- Roads classified in Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 8/86 Road Classification as Collectors and paved with a hard surface.
Any road for public travel which does not meet the criteria for any other type shall be classified as a Street .
Classified as Minor Roads and Local Streets in Arahan Teknik Jalan 8/86. Shown as "local roads" in some JKR functional classification maps; not shown at all in others.
Quick reference chart
Refer to this chart to determine the road type of a given paved public road based on the functional class.
To use this chart, first determine the functional class of a road, and whether it is a signed, numbered highway in a particular highway system.
Where the column for the road's category and the row for the road's functional class meet, you will find the proper road type for that particular road.
A number of examples are given below the chart.
||Major State Roads
||Other State Roads
||1-229, 500-599, 700-799, 800-899
||(State prefix followed by one or two numbers) J#, J##
||(State prefix followed by three numbers) J###
||250-499, 600-699, 900-999
||Color code in JKR FC Map
||Bold green line
||Bold red line
||Bold blue line
|Expressway (R, U)
|Primary Road (R)
|Secondary Road (R)
|Collectors (R, U)
|Minor Road (R)
|Local street (U)
Other Drivable Roads
Off-road / Not maintained Road
The Off-road / Not maintained (formerly Dirt Road / 4x4 and Unpaved) segment type had the unique property that Waze users could ask not to be routed over it. That function has now shifted to the Unpaved attribute check box (see above).
Off-road / Not maintained roads are typically deeply rutted with thick mud, irregularly shaped rocks, fallen trees, branches, and deep streams, creeks, or river crossings. A typical car would bottom out, get stuck, or even break an axle trying to traverse these types of road segments. The vast majority of vehicles would not be traveling down these roads. This segment type should strictly be used by a type of hard terrain/special vehicle.
Currently, Waze does not plan to support a 4X4 vehicle type in the client app, but the developers have left this option for editors to map these paths, so they can be displayed on the map. They have an extremely high penalty associated with them and will not be suggested in any routes in almost all circumstances.
Parking Lot Road
Parking lots, along with other publicly accessible roads such as alleys that should not be used for traffic routing unless directly at the start or end point of a route. Parking Lot Road
- Do not map the rows within parking lots because it clutters the map. See this additional page for more details on how to map parking lots.
- Use Parking Lot Road type for all necessary segments in the Parking Lot.
- Parking Lot Road type should be used inside Apartment Complexes, Schools, and Universities unless it meets the criteria for Private Road found in the next section below.
- Parking Lot Roads have a transition penalty when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot or an alley as a shortcut.
- Parking Lot Roads can be used to prevent Waze from assuming drivers driving slowly or parked in the parking lot are in a traffic jam on the main road -- draw in the drivable portions of the parking lot that are near outside roadways.
- Waze will not highlight slow speeds (automatically detected traffic jams) on Parking Lot Roads
Private Road are useful for the following situations:
- Gated communities with controlled access
- Schools, Universities, Police stations, Military Camps etc.. (gates / guard)
- Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard)
Ferry • • • • • • • •
The Ferry road type should only be used where a road crosses a body of water through the use of an automotive ferry. The Ferry Road type is useful because it causes the Waze App to display a "ferry" symbol for routes that include a • • • • Ferry • • • • segment.
Ferries that meet any of these conditions should generally not be mapped:
- Passenger ferries without vehicles
- Private ferries unavailable to the general public
The Ferry road type is treated by the Routing server as a Minor Highway .The speed for the ferry road type is fixed at a very slow speed typical of watercraft, and not estimated from user speeds.