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Nebraska/Major roads/Main

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Major_roads/Main: u-turn turning circle update
==== State highway naming ====
[[File:Nebraska-highway-blank.png|48px|left|frameless|Nebraska Highway]]
State highways are to be named '''N-###''' <{{ref>State highways never share the same number as any U.S. or Interstate highway that runs through the state.</label|a|a}}{{ref>label|b|b}}<br>(TTS pronunciation "Nebraska ###")<br><br>
[[File:Nebraska-link-blank.png|48px|left|frameless|Nebraska Link]]
State Links are to be named '''L-##X''' <{{ref>A Link is a highway that connects two major highways.</ref>label|c|c}}<br>(TTS pronunciation "Nebraska Link ##X")<br><br>
[[File:Nebraska-spur-blank.png|48px|left|frameless|Nebraska Spur]]
State Spurs are to be named '''S-##X''' <{{ref>A Spur is a highway that connects a major highway to a city or town where no other highway exists.</ref>label|d|d}}<br>(TTS pronunciation "Nebraska Spur ##X")<br><br>
[[File:Nebraska-recreation-blank.png|48px|left|frameless|Nebraska Recreation Road]]
State Recreation Roads are to be named '''R-##X''' <{{ref>Recreation Roads are the roads contained within a State Park and are almost never signed but do appear in NDOR and FC maps.</ref>label|e|e}}<br>(TTS pronunciation "Nebraska Recreation Road ##X")<br><br>
Additional<small>{{note|a|a}} State highways never share the same number as any U.S. or Interstate highway that runs through the state. {{note|b|b}} The exception to this format is [https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebraska_Highway_25#Highway_25A Nebraska Highway 25A] (N-25A) which acts as a spur but is not signed as such. {{note|c|c}} A Link is a highway that connects two major highways. {{note|d|d}} A Spur is a highway that connects a major highway to a city or town where no other highway exists. {{reflistnote|e|e}}Recreation Roads are the roads contained within a State Park and are almost never signed but do appear in NDOR and FC maps.</small>
==== County road naming ====
==== Roads named N, S, E or W ====
If you encounter any roads that are named N, S, E, or W, you must add a period (.) to the end of the letter. For example, West N Street is abbreviated as '''W N. St'''. County Road W is abbreviated as '''CR-W.''', and so on. This ensures the TTS system reads the road name as "County Road WWest EN Street" and not "County Road West.North Street" This does not apply to county roads or Nebraska state highways and spurs abbreviated as N-##X or Spurs abbreviated as and S-##X. Waze recognizes these as county roads, state highways and spurs, respectively, and pronounces them correctly.
==== Locking standard ====
{{Lock Standard State|NE}}
In === Nebraska, we observe a minimum standard for locking roads based on segment type. Any road of a certain segment type must be locked '''at least''' to the rank listed in the chart below. Roads may be locked higher for protection and special situations (construction, confusing design, frequent mistakes, image inaccuracies, etc.), but should not be locked lower.Functional Classification ===
For the most part, Nebraska's Functional Classification is pretty straightforward. For the purposes of FC, we use the National Function Classification maps. Nebraska divides its FC in to two classes, ''Urban'' and ''Rural,'' each has a separate table below. '''Interstates''' and '''Other Freeways & Expressways''' are always drawn as a {{Freeway}} even if listed under '''Principal Arterial'''.  <div style="font-size:smaller">{| classborder="wikitable1" style="border-collapse:collapse; text-align:center; margin: 1em auto 1em auto; width: 40%"|+ Nebraska Minimum Locking Ranks! Segment Type !! Rank
|-
| ! <span style="color: black; background-color: #E6E6E6; border:2px solid #3C3C3C; padding-left: 10px; padding-right: 10px; border-radius: 100px; white-space: nowrap;color: white; background-color: #5559B7;"big>&#160;Freeway&#160;FC Legend</spanbig> || 4
|-
| [[Image:NebraskaFCLegend.png|300px]]|}<span br>  Below is a modified table that matches the National Functional Classification system with the Waze Road Types as per Nebraska standards.  {| border="1" style="color: black; background-color: #E6E6E6; border:2px solid #3C3C3C; padding-leftcollapse: 10pxcollapse; paddingtext-rightalign: 10px; border-radius: 100px; white-space: nowrap;color: black; background-color: #A5B3A5;center"! scope="row" rowspan="2" colspan="2"| ! colspan="8"| <big>&#160;Ramp&#160;Nebraska Road Systems</spanbig> || 4-! Interstate! Interstate Business Loop/Spur! US Highway! US Hwy (Bannered) BUS, SPUR, LOOP! Nebraska Highway! Nebraska Link Highway! Nebraska Spur Highway! Local Road / County Road
|-
| | <small>''Example Road''</small>| I-80<span style="colorbr>[[Image: black; backgroundI-80.png|20px]]| I-color80 BUS{{ref label|f|f}}<br>[[Image: #E6E6E6; borderBusiness_Loop_80.png|20px]]| US-6<br>[[Image:1px solid #3C3C3C; paddingUS_6.png|20px]]| US-left30 BUS<br>[[Image: 10px; paddingUS_30BUS.png|20px]]| N-right92<br>[[Image: 10px; borderN-92.png|20px]]| L-radius28B<br>[[Image: 100px; whiteN_LINK_28B.png|20px]]| S-space55E<br>[[Image: nowrap;color: white; backgroundN_SPUR_55E.png|20px]]| Bell St / CR-20|-color! scope="row" rowspan="17" style="width: #398EAE;28px"| <big>&#160;Major Highway&#160;F<br>u<br>n<br>c<br>t<br>i<br>o<br>n<br>a<br>l<br> <br>C<br>l<br>a<br>s<br>s<br>i<br>f<br>i<br>c<br>a<br>t<br>i<br>o<br>n</spanbig><!-- Temp placeholder --> ! colspan="9"|| 4<big>Urban Classifications</big>
|-
| <span style="colorsmall>'''Interstate'''</small><br>[[Image: black; backgroundNebraskaInterstateFC.png|50px]]||{{Freeway|Fw}}||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a|-color| <small>'''Other Freeways & Expressways'''{{ref label|g|g}}</small><br>[[Image: #E6E6E6; border:2px solid #3C3C3C; paddingNebraskaOther_FreewayFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}|-left| <small>'''Other Principal Arterial'''</small><br>[[Image: 10px; paddingNebraskaConnecting_LinkFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|-right| <small>'''Minor Arterial'''</small><br>[[Image: 10px; borderNebraskaNonConnecting_LinkFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}|-radius| <small>'''Major Collector'''</small><br>[[Image: 100px; whiteNebraskaMajor_CollectorFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|-space: nowrap;color:white; background-color: #5AB676;"| <small>&#160;'''Minor Highway&#160;Collector'''</spansmall><br> [[Image:NebraskaCollectorFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street| 3PS}}
|-
| <span style="color: black; background-color: #E6E6E6; border:2px solid #3C3C3C; padding-left: 10px; padding-right: 10px; border-radius: 100px; white-space: nowrap;color: black; background-color: #FDFC97;"small>&#160;Primary Street&#160;'''Local/not mapped'''</spansmall> || 2n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Street}}
|-
| <span style! colspan="color: black; background-color: #E6E6E6; border:2px solid #3C3C3C; padding-left: 10px; padding-right: 10px; border-radius: 100px; white-space: nowrap;background-color: #D6D4FF;9">&#160;<span style="color:#3C3C3C; letter-spacing: -2.5px;">&#124;-&#124;-&#124;-&#124;</span>&#160;Railroad&#160;<span style="color:#3C3C3C; letter-spacing: -2.5px;">&#124;-&#124;-&#124;-&#124;| </spanbig>&#160;Rural Classifications</spanbig> || 2
|-
| All Others <small>''Example Road''</small>|I-80<br>[[Image:I-80.png| 120px]]| I-80 BUS{{ref label|f|f}}<br>[[Image:Business_Loop_80.png|20px]]| US-6<br>[[Image:US_6.png|20px]]| US-30 BUS<br>[[Image:US_30BUS.png|20px]]| N-92<br>[[Image:N-92.png|20px]]| L-28B<br>[[Image:N_LINK_28B.png|20px]]| S-55E<br>[[Image:N_SPUR_55E.png|20px]]| Bell St / CR-20|- | <small>'''Interstate'''</small><br>[[Image:NebraskaInterstateFC.png|50px]]||{{Freeway|Fw}}||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a|- | <small>'''Other Freeways & Expressways'''{{ref label|g|g}}</small><br>[[Image:NebraskaOther_FreewayFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}{{ref label|g|g}}|- | <small>'''Principal Arterial'''</small><br>[[Image:NebraskaConnecting_LinkFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | <small>'''Rural Minor Arterial'''</small><br>[[Image:NebraskaNonConnecting_LinkFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}|- | <small>'''Major Collector'''</small><br>[[Image:NebraskaMajor_CollectorFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}{{ref label|h|h}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | <small>'''Minor Collector'''</small><br>[[Image:NebraskaCollectorFC.png|50px]]||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | <small>'''Local/not mapped'''</small>||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Street}}
|}
{{note|f|f}} There are currently no bannered Interstates in Nebraska.
 
{{note|g|g}} A true '''controlled-access freeway''' should always be classified as a {{Freeway|Fw}}. Some expressways however, are only partially controlled-access and do not qualify for classification as a freeway. Use your best judgment on which to choose.
 
{{note|h|h}} See [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=634&t=189264 this forum thread] about the decision to upgrade State Spurs that are Rural Major Collectors to Minor Highway.
 
</div>
 
=== U-turns ===
U-turns are permitted in Nebraska except where prohibited by signage or restricted by local municipal law. {{ref label|1|1}}{{ref label|2|2}}
 
For Waze routing, u-turns should only be enabled where they provide the potential for improved routing, which includes recovering from missed turns. A common example is a median-divided primary street that has homes/businesses with their driveways/entrances directly on it, where reaching them would otherwise require lengthy, multi-turn deviations through side roads in order to end up on the correct side of the median.
 
The u-turn must also meet one of the following criteria:
 
# The u-turn is explicitly allowed by signage OR
# There is '''''at least''''' 15 meters (49 feet) from the right edge of the legal departure lane to the right edge of the "destination" curb (49 foot turning circle). This is to ensure the turn can be completed in one continuous movement, which is a legal requirement in many places.
 
Note that when editing, a functional u-turn can arise from more than just the u-turn flag on a road segment, such as with these common scenarios:
 
# Divided roads with box and partial-box intersections where the median segment is 15 m (49 feet) or longer.
# Divided roads with explicitly-mapped inside turn lanes unless the turn arrow in the u-turn direction is disabled.
 
{{note|1|1}} [http://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/statutes.php?statute=60-6,160 | Nebraska Statute 60-6,160]
 
{{note|2|2}} [http://lincoln.ne.gov/city/police/traffic/traffic.htm | Lincoln traffic laws]
 
=== Speed Limits ===
 
Nebraska follows the Waze [[Speed limits/USA|USA speed limits]] guidance. Please read that page carefully before editing any Speed Limits (SLs).
 
Nebraska does not alter speed limits for work zones.
 
Speed limit changes in NE should occur in both directions of travel at the same point (a slowdown from 65mph to 45mph in one direction has a matching 65mph sign in the opposite direction of travel).
* Opposing signs are often not exactly opposite the road from each other; place the speed change halfway between them.
* If there is a substantial distance separating opposing signs (multiple seconds of driving at full speed), bring it to the attention of a State Manager.
 
==== Speed Limit standards ====
The following are the [http://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/statutes.php?statute=60-6,186 speed limits laws of Nebraska], except where posted signs indicate differently (most commonly in/near urban areas).
 
* Residential district: '''25''' mph. These are generally unsigned unless a Primary Street type or higher.
* Business district: '''20''' mph. It is generally believed these are all signed, and no assumptions about what constitutes a "business district" must be made.
* Gravel or dirt city/county highway: '''50''' mph. The majority of these are ''not'' signed.
* Paved city/county highway: '''55''' mph. These are generally signed when leaving/entering an urban area, but may lack signs elsewhere.
* State highway: '''60''' mph, unless signed otherwise.
* State expressway or State freeway: '''65''' mph.
* (National) Interstate: '''75''' mph. There are slowdowns in/near some major urban areas.
 
==== Speed Limit Resources ====
* [https://dot.nebraska.gov/media/2766/speed-limit.pdf State highway speed limit map]
* [https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1rkfv2fJeqNrDR0tkUECFGQtwvrmFPWec9c_j5ihIKUw/edit?usp=sharing NDOR speed limit raw database information]
* [https://publicworks.cityofomaha.org/images/SPDLMTS_18.pdf City of Omaha speed limit list]
 
==== Useful Scripts For Editing Speed Limits ====
* [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=819&t=167387 WME Color Speeds]
* [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=819&t=178371 WME Context Menu]
* [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=819&t=166746 WME Speedhelper]
* [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=819&t=166497 WME Speeds]
 
 
Although common practice is to limit editing freeways to rank 5 or higher, we have determined that the experience required to reach editing rank 4 is sufficient to gain the privilege of editing freeway segments.
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