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Cameras

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{{UpdatedBanner[[File:Sign Enforcement-cameras.png|otherDate=2015/11/24right]]Waze supports numerous types of enforcement cameras and can provide client alerts when approaching a [[#Approval|otherForum=http://wwwvalidated camera installation]].waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=276&t=127136Also review the article on [[Map_Editing_Tips_and_Hints#p1248120Speed_cams|otherSection=Adding Cameras}}tips and hints for speed cameras]].
Waze supports numerous types of cameras and can provide client alerts when approaching a [[#Camera_Approval|validated camera installation]]. Also review the article on [[Map_Editing_Tips_and_Hints#Speed_cams|tips and hints for speed cameras]].
 == {{anchor|Know your Cameras }}Recognition ==
''Also known as "What is '''NOT''' a Red Light Camera".''
Before adding any cameras to the Waze map, you must be sure you are accurately reporting a true Waze tracked camera installation. Many devices may have similar appearances, but very different functions.
The following devices all serve different purposes, but may all be installed at the same intersection.
=== Not tracked ======= Signal Preemption Systems ====
[[Image:Opticom2.jpeg|right]][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traffic_signal_preemption Traffic signal preemption] is a type of system that allows the normal operation of traffic lights to be preempted, often to assist emergency vehicles. A very common system in the United States is the Opticom™ system by [http://www.gtt.com/ Global Traffic Technologies (GTT)].
These devices have a few things in common:
# * They are small and compact# * They are mounted facing the traffic they are monitoring# * They are typically mounted on the structures supporting the traffic signals:[[Image:Opticom1.jpeg|center]] [[Image:Opticom2.jpeg]]{{clear}} 
=== = {{anchor|Traffic Cameras }}Traffic ====
[[Image:Cam_traffic3.jpeg|right]][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traffic_camera Traffic cameras] monitor the flow of traffic or the depth of a queue waiting for a signal. They allow for automated optimization of traffic signal timing, real time monitoring by police and highway departments, and public feeds to news outlets and the Internet.
These "cameras" may be video cameras, Radar transceivers, or a combination of the two. If Radar is used, it may trigger peopledrivers's Radar Detectors and they . They may assume they are being monitored for speeding or other traffic violations although , that is not the case unless additional camera equipment is also installed. Also note that some pedestrian cross walk equipment similarly uses may also use Radar and may might set off Radar Detectors.
Traffic cameras have a few main things in common:
# * They are larger than Opticom type systems, but are still fairly compact# * They may point in any direction depending on what they are monitoring{{clear}}{| class="floatright"|[[Image:Cam_traffic1.jpeg]][[Image:Cam_traffic2.jpeg]]|}<!--{{clear}}-->{{mbox| type = note| text = Traffic cameras may be installed along side of Red Light Cameras to provide additional views of suspected violations. <br /><br />Be sure to validate the existence or absence of Red Light Camera equipment as well.}}{{clear}}
: [[Image:Cam_traffic1.jpeg]] [[Image:Cam_traffic2.jpeg]] [[Image:Cam_traffic3.jpeg]]
'''NOTE:''' Traffic cameras may be installed along side of Red Light Cameras to provide additional views of suspected violations. Be sure to validate the existence or absence of Red Light Camera equipment as well.==== Driver Feedback Signs ====
=== Red Light Cameras [[Image:Speed_feedback_perm.jpeg|right]][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar_speed_sign Driver Feedback signs] (in generala.k.a. radar speed sign, radar sign, Vehicle Activated Sign, Your Speed sign, traffic calming sign, etc.) ===can be either permanently installed or they may be mounted to a trailer which may be moved between locations.
[http://enDon't confuse a Driver Feedback Sign with a "Speed Camera".wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_light_camera Red light cameras] monitor an intersection and trigger when traffic proceeds through the intersection on Driver Feedback signs don't have a camera, therefore it is not a red signal"Speed Camera". One Driver Feedback signs also don't issue citations or more approaches to the intersection may be monitoredtickets.
It [[Image:Speed_feedback_trailer.jpeg]]{{mbox| type = note| text = There may be a Driver Feedback Sign installed as part of a Speed Camera installation, but a Driver Feedback Sign alone is also common for '''NOT''' a Red Light Speed Camera installation to monitor for speed limit violations.}}{{clear}}
Red light cameras have a few main things in common:
# They have multiple lenses=== Tracked ===# They tend to be bulky<br />[[Image:RedLightCameraNYC.png==== {{anchor|right]][[Image:Rlc_white.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_black.jpeg]]<br />[[Image:Rlc_gatso_rlc.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_gatso_US.png]]# They have an external flash Red Light Cameras (and possibly multiple flash units mounted on multiple polesin general)<br />[[Image:Rlc_flash_1.png]]# They have at least some equipment located behind the monitored intersection (there may be equipment on the other side of the intersection as well)<br />[[Image:Rlc_position.jpeg]]# They are clearly marked <br />[[Image:Rlc_sign1.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_sign2.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_sign3.jpeg‎]] [[Image:Rlc_sign4.png]]}}Red light examples ====
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_light_camera Red light cameras] monitor an intersection and trigger when traffic proceeds through the intersection on a red signal. One or more approaches to the intersection may be monitored.
'''NOTE:''' There may be signs warning of It is also common for a Red Light Cameras for directions NOT monitored by cameras. See the discussion on [[#Camera_Placement|Camera Placement]] installation to monitor for detailsspeed limit violations.
=== Driver Feedback Signs === [httpRed light cameras have a few main things in common://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar_speed_sign Driver Feedback signs] (a.k.a. radar speed sign, radar sign, Vehicle Activated Sign, Your Speed sign, traffic calming sign, etc.) can be either permanently installed or they may be mounted to a trailer which may be moved between locations.
Don't confuse a Driver Feedback Sign with a "Speed Camera"* They have multiple lenses* They tend to be bulky<br />[[Image:RedLightCameraNYC.png|right]][[Image:Rlc_white.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_black.jpeg]]<br />[[Image:Rlc_gatso_rlc. jpeg]] Driver Feedback signs don't [[Image:Rlc_gatso_US.png]]* They have an external flash (and possibly multiple flash units mounted on multiple poles)<br />[[Image:Rlc_flash_1.png]]* There may be two or three physical cameras and additional equipment (front, rear, side) monitoring a camera, therefore it is single direction of traffic flow: these should not a "Speed Camera"be confused for monitoring of more than one direction of traffic flow. <br />[[Image:Rlc_position.jpeg]]* They are clearly marked <br />[[Image:Rlc_sign1.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_sign2.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_sign3. Driver Feedback signs also don't issue citations or ticketsjpeg‎]] [[Image:Rlc_sign4.png]]
: [[Image:Speed_feedback_perm.jpeg]] [[Image:Speed_feedback_trailer.jpeg]]
'''NOTE:''' {{mbox| type = note| text = There may be a Driver Feedback Sign installed as part signs warning of a Speed Camera installation, but a Driver Feedback Sign alone is '''Red Light Cameras for directions NOT''' a Speed Cameramonitored by cameras. See the discussion on [[#Placement|Placement]] for details.}}
=== = {{anchor|Speed Cameras (in general) }}Speed examples ====
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_camera Speed Cameras] are devices which monitor traffic for vehicles exceeding a set maximum instantaneous speed or for exceeding a maximum average speed over a fixed distance. Detection may be facilitated with Radar or wire loops embedded in the road surface.
They can be permanently installed or mounted temporarily. Temporary deployments include mounted on trailers, hidden within vehicles, mounted to marked police vehicles, and handheld units.
Permanent installations often use similar equipment as Red Light Cameras, including the ubiquitous yellow/orange Gatso in the UK.
: [[Image:Rlc_gatso.jpeg]] [[Image:Rlc_truvelo_speed_cam.jpeg]]
'''NOTE:''' {{mbox| type = note| text = Within Waze, the definition of a Speed Camera is limited to '''only permanent installations'''. See the [[#Speed_Cameras|Speed Cameras under Waze Camera Types]] section for details.}}
 == {{anchor|Waze Camera Types}}Types ==
The camera type is set and changed in the Map Editor by selecting the camera and changing the camera type in the drop down box in the [[Map_Editor_Interface_and_Controls#Left_Pane_when_a_Camera_is_selected|left pane]].
=== {{anchor|Speed Cameras }}Speed icons === : [[Image:camera2false.png]] [[Image:camera2true.png]]
{| class="floatleft"| [[Image:camera2false.png]] [[Image:camera2true.png]]|-| &nbsp;|} These '''permanently mounted''' cameras monitor for instantaneous violations of maximum speeds. Systems that monitor average speed over a set distance (such as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPECS_(speed_camera) SPECS]) are '''NOT''' supported at this time.
If a Red Light Camera Installation monitors Speed Limit Violations, there is no need to add a separate Speed Camera. The speed limit can be applied directly to the Red Light Camera. See the section on [[#Camera_Speed|Camera Speed]] for details.
'''NOTE:''' {{mbox| type = note| text = Temporary or portable Speed Camera installations should '''NEVER''' be reported in the client or added to the map. It takes from a few days to many weeks for a new camera to show up in the client application on people's phones. Therefore a movable camera will be long gone before anyone ever gets an alert about it. These non-permanent situations should be reported as a Police hazard for this reason.}}{{clear}}
=== Red Light Cameras ===
: [[Image:camera4false.png]] [[Image:camera4true.png]]=== {{anchor|Red Light Cameras}}Red light icons ===
{| class="floatleft"|[[Image:camera4false.png]] [[Image:camera4true.png]]|} Please make sure you only report true Red Light Camera installations and do not confuse other device types. See [[#Know your Cameras|Know your Cameras]] above.
If a Red Light Camera installation monitors for Speed Limit Violations as well, be sure the speed limit is set as described in the [[#Camera_Speed|Camera Speed]] section.
{{clear}}
 
=== {{Anchor|Fake/Dummy Cameras }}Fake/dummy icons ===
: {| class="floatleft"| [[Image:camera3false.png]] [[Image:camera3true.png]]|} Some locations may have authorities install poles and enclosures for traffic enforcement camera which do not contain functional devices.{{clear}}
It is common in the UK for authorities to install poles and enclosures for traffic enforcement camera which do not contain functional devices.
== {{anchor|Camera Placement}}Placement ==
Cameras should be placed over the roadway they are monitoring. The exact location depends on the type of camera:
* Speed Cameras should be placed at the location of the camera itself.
* You need one Red Light Camera per monitored direction. So if you have a 4-way intersection with camera watching every direction, you need FOUR cameras. (See note below.)
'''NOTE:''' {{mbox| type = note| text = It is common to have signs warning of red light cameras at all approaches to the intersection although only a subset of those approaches may be monitored. For example, there may be signs on all 4 approaches to a 4-way intersection even if 3, 2, or even only 1 of the directions is actually monitored by a camera. Only the directions which are actually monitored by cameras should be added to the map.}} 
=== Shutter Direction ===
[[File:RLCplacement.jpg|thumb|right|Red Light Camera example]]
When the camera icon is selected in the Map Editor, the red dot should point in the direction of travel a car will '''pass''' the camera. It does not matter if the real-life camera will take a picture of the front of the offending vehicle.
Where a camera records a turn during a red signal, the monitored direction is the starting road even though the camera faces the road onto which you turn.
=== {{anchor|Adding Cameras }}Adding ===
====From The App====
The ability to report Cameras of all types can be added to in the map from the client applicationApp is no longer supported. You They must be driving past entered from the location of the camera installation (preferably on the correct road and in the correct direction) to issue this report. Once you have submitted the camera report, it will appear on your client screen Map Editor (and yours ONLYsee below). Once that day's drives have been processed by the Waze servers, the camera will appear in the Map Editor where it can be approved. It must be approved for other drivers to be alerted of its presence.
====From The Map Editor====
Cameras of all types can must be added to the map from the Map Editor. Cameras are added by selecting camera from the [[Map_Editor_Interface_and_Controls#Draw_segments_menu|draw segments menu]]. In some countries the US, the ability to add a camera is restricted to editors of advanced rank; see the [[Editing_restrictions#Enforcement_camera_lock|Editing restrictions]] page for details.
=== {{anchor|Moving Cameras }}Relocating ===
If a reported camera is not in quite the right location, it can be moved within the Map Editor.
When you click on the camera icon, a circle appears; the camera can be moved anywhere within that circle. (After saving, you will be able to move the camera again within a re-centered circle.) Take care to ensure the red dot is facing in the proper direction after moving a camera.
== {{anchor|Camera Speed }}Speed setting ==
<!--related: https://wiki.waze.com/wiki/Map_Editor_Interface_and_Controls#Draw_segments_menu-->
The Max Speed for a camera should be set to the speed limit for the road which the speed camera is monitoring.
The Max Speed can also be set for a Red Light Camera if it monitors for speed limit violations as well as red light violation. Leave the max speed set to blank if speed is not monitored. Zero is not blank; a max speed of zero will cause the camera to always generate an audible alert as discussed below.
While a Red Light Camera will always give an alert in the client as a driver approaches, a Speed Camera will always show a pop-up alert, but will only generate an audible alert if the driver is '''exceeding''' the set speed limit as the vehicle crosses an invisible threshold one-half (1/2) mile from the camera's placement. A situation can arise where a camera placed precisely one half mile from an intersection requiring vehicle to slow or stop will not be announced, because the vehicle is traveling at less than the speed limit. In cases like this, editors should consider setting the max speed speed to 0 to alert all drivers approaching the camera, no matter their speed. {{mbox| type = important| imageright = [[Image:camera2true.png|40 px|alt=Camera with 30]]| text = The icon in the editor for a Speed Limit as they approach Camera shows the number 30, but that does NOT have anything to do with the actual speed set for the camera.}}
[[Image:camera2true.png|right]] == {{Redanchor|'''NOTE:''' The icon Camera Lock}}Lock setting ==A camera can be locked in the same manner as other map elements like segments or places. An editor for must have a rank equal-to or greater-than the lock level to edit or remove a Speed Camera shows locked camera. In the USA, cameras should be locked to the same level as the number 30 but nearest segment, with a minimum lock of 2 for cameras that does NOT have anything been confirmed via an on-the-ground visit, or through official sources. For example:* for a minor highway with a segment lock of 3, a camera should also be locked to do 3* for a local street with a segment lock of 1 or Auto(1), a camera would be locked to 2, the actual speed set for the cameraminimum.}}<br />
{{mbox| type =protection| text = Camera Approval ==All The lock levels above are minimums, meaning that cameras must be approved in the Map Editor in order to appear in the client applicationmay have higher locks. Once approvedAdditionally, there is no need to make a campaign of lowering all camera locks; rather, the map tiles must lowering of camera lock levels should primarily be updated for this change to propagate out done when needed to resolve another issue with the userscamera. However, the approval itself will not trigger the tile update, so make sure that some other edit to the nearby roads is made so that the tile will be sure to update.}}
The [[Your_Rank_and_Points#Map_editing_rank== {{anchor|Editing Rank]] of the editor who approves the camera Camera Verification}}Verification==No additional verification or approval is used in determining how many reports of "Not There" from the client are required to remove when a camerais added via the WME. See Camera updates will not be seen until the tile is updated. To expedite the process, perform a [[Map_tiles#From_the_ClientTrigger_updates|Camera Removal, From the ClientTrigger Update]] section belowon the same tile.
== {{anchor|Camera Removal ===== From the Client =}}Removal ==
{{Redmbox|The following applies only to countries outside the United States and Canada. | type = important| text = Within the United States and Canada, the "Not There" function in the client app has no effect on cameras.Cameras can only be removed through the WME interface by an editor with sufficient rank as noted below.}}
When a driver receives a camera alert there is a "Not There" button in the client. This button will not instantly remove the camera, but submits a "vote" that the camera should be removed. Each time a Wazer uses the "Not There" button for a specific camera, a number of votes equal to that Wazer's current [[Your_Rank_and_Points#Map_editing_rank|Editing Rank]] is submitted. Each time a Wazer passes the camera they can submit their votes. Votes are counted once the driving session during which the vote was cast is processed by the Waze servers. '''NOTE:''' Wazers with an Editing Rank of zero (0) submit zero votes so their "Not There" reports are in effect ignored. Once the number of votes submitted is equal to or exceeds the [[Your_Rank_and_Points#Map_editing_rank|Editing Rank]] of the Wazer who approved the camera, the camera will be '''demoted''' to an un-approved camera. No change will be made in the client until Map Tiles are re-processed after the demotion and those updated tiles are made available to and downloaded by the client. From the Map Editor an editor may delete the now-unapproved camera or it may be approved again. '''NOTE:''' Each vote by each Wazer is counted, so a Wazer with a level 1 Editing Rank can demote a camera approved by a level 5 editor by reporting "Not There" every day for a week. === From the Editor === Cameras are "locked" to the Editor rank of the approving editor. An editor must be at least the same rank as the approving editor to delete an approved camera. An unapproved camera does not have this restriction. Cameras can be removed in the same manner as other map elements in the Editor -- select the camera and press the trash can icon in the menu bar. An editor must have a rank equal-to or greater-than the lock level to remove a locked camera. Once deleted, the [[map tile update|map tiles must be updated]] for this change to propagate out to the users. However, the deletion itself will not trigger the tile update, so make sure that some other edit to the nearby roads is made so that the tile will be sure to update.
Be sure you have confirmed the camera is not present and if there are multiple cameras in the area, be sure you are deleting the correct one.
'''NOTE:''' Unapproved cameras appear in the editor for about three weeks and then are automatically discarded by the system. Therefore it is not necessary to spend time removing unapproved cameras from the map. == {{anchor|Legality of cameras }}Legality ==
The legality of cameras is different in each state. Review the specific regulations in your state through the link below.
* [[Cameras/Legality|Camera Legality by State]]
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