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Items for HOV wiki would expect to link [[High Occupancy Vehicle ]] with [[HOV]], [[High Occupancy Toll]], [[HOT]], [[Express Lanes]]. [[Clean Air Vehicle]]
==High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) ==
 
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' Until HOV and toll transponders are pushed to production you have to be careful to not adversely affect the production app users. If you haven't mapped the HOV lanes then probably best to just set up for HOV. If HOV lanes were already set up so that people can use HOV if they drive over the first segment then you can set it up to continue. Have the first segment set up properly using HOV allowed restriction and then add private vehicle and taxi to all the subsequent segments. If you have a toll road that only allows transponders then setting up for transponder use will prevent all production app users. Add private vehicle and taxi to all segments till transponders are pushed to production.}}
 
===Intro===
Waze has HOV routing! This feature puts Waze out in front of the other navigation systems, but we need to know how to properly configure the map for a great user routing experience. There are a lot of considerations for getting all the options properly included, ; warnings about bugs and some not so please take your time and read it through the entire article prior obvious requirements are discussed (ex. allowable restrictions need to editingcover all toll free restrictions). If you have questions, then please reach out to your State Manager or Regional Coordinator and we’ll get you some help.
===Definitions===
====HOT====
HOT – High Occupancy Toll. This is a combination of toll road and HOV. Sometimes called “Lexus Lanes” since people can buy their way onto roads with less congestion. Electronic toll roads often require a special transponder set to HOV which mode, when there are enough people in the car in order to drive toll-free. The transponder then broadcasts that the car meets the HOV requirements so that a toll is not charged.
====Express Lanes====
# Toll free restriction is enabled in second TBSR popup window
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' if there is not a restriction then '''{{button|format=bold|bgcolor=#FCE5A1|Add restrictions''' }} is shown; if there are TBSRs , then '''{{button|format=bold|bgcolor=#FCE5A1|Edit restrictions (#)''' }} is shown.}}
* Once a segment is marked as having the toll attribute on the first TBSR popup window, the toll attribute is displayed under the road segment name. You have to go to the TBSR to deselect the attribute.
* If at least one restriction is marked toll free, then it is assumed that all other vehicles not meeting the toll free requirements has have to pay a toll.
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' the toll attribute is not shown on the segment if toll free is selected, but it is assumed that there is a toll for the other vehicles.}}
*Select the Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute on all parallel road segments going the same direction as the HOV traffic.
{{needInfo|'''Note subs5 find out if ramps also need to be designated'''}}
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' for reversible HOV lanes there may be road segments on both sides of the HOV lane that require the Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute to be checked.}}
====Enter/exit anywhere HOV====
*HOV lanes that can be accessed or exited the entire time since drivers can cross the dashed line (or some areas a single solid white line) separations at any time. Usually the lane with will be noted marked with the white triangle diamond painted on the road way roadway and have regulatory signs on the shoulder. Example is US-95 HOV in Las Vegas, NV.
[[File:HOV_Diamond_and_sign.PNG‎|left|200px|border]][[File:HOV US95 LV.PNG|200px|border]][[File:I66_E_outside_beltway.PNG‎|right|200px|border]]
'''Bottom line up front - The HOV lane is mapped on the same segment(s) as the regular lanes.'''
{{mbox|type=important|text= Remember '''DO NOT''' mark any road segment(s) with HOV lane(s) with using the 'Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane ' attribute.}}
# Map the applicable road segment(s) for the road
====Limited enter/exit (transition zone) HOV====
*[[File:US-50_E_double_solid_line.PNG|right|250px|border]] Separated by solid or double solid lines from the normal lanes with periodic transition zones. Non-HOV travel is available on an adjacent parallel path (lane or segment).:Note for areas where it is legal to cross the single solid white line refer to [[#Enter/exit anywhere HOV|Enter/exit anywhere HOV section ]] above.:If all of the highway entrances and exits are accessible to the HOV lane, then there is no functional difference to the routing that these lanes have restricted access. You should also map this type of HOV using simple lane restrictions on a single set of segments as is done with [[File:US-50_E_double_solid_line.PNG#Enter/exit anywhere HOV|right|250px|borderEnter/exit anywhere HOV lanes]]Non-HOV travel is available on an adjacent parallel path (lane or segment).  Waze will only route on this road if the person acknowledges that they meet the HOV requirement for this trip. When HOV routes are available they will see this display.[[File:HOV_ROUTES.PNG|center|250px|border]]
The user then would select a route that designates how many passengers are required.
[[File:HOV_optionNew HOV symbol.PNG|center|250px|border]]
'''Bottom line up front: separate road segment(s) for the HOV with transition zone to/from regular lanes using ramps'''
# Add ramps for the transition zone as follows:
* Add a set of entrance/exit ramps to make a V at the entrance to HOV lanes
** Add a ramp with '''to [Road name/Route number] HOV''' coming from the regular lanes to the start of the transition zone (Prompts user to enter the HOV lane). **:Ramp should be about 6have an approximate angle of 20-7 m long 30° and flow traffic into the HOV lane at the start of the transition zone (start of dashed white lines).** Add :The ramp should have no name, unless there is a ramp [[BGS]] with '''to Return to [Road additional information other than the road name/Route number] Regular Lanes''' , restrictions, and transponders.** Add an exit transition ramp from the start of the transition zone (Prompts user to exit HOV lane either for upcoming exit or if traffic is faster in regular lanes). Ramp **:The ramp should originate at the start of the transition zone and be about 6have an approximate angle of 20-7 m long30° leading back onto the regular lanes.**:The ramp should have no name, unless there is a [[BGS]] with additional information other than the road name, restrictions, and transponders. * Only if the zone is over 0.5 miles ''(805 meters)'' long; Add another set of entrance/exit ramps following the above style to make a V at the end of the transition zone, if the zone is over 0.5 miles/xxxx meters long** Add a ramp with '''to [Road name/Route number] HOV''' coming from the regular lanes to flowing into the HOV lane at the end of the transition zone (Prompts user to enter the HOV lane). Ramp should be about 6-7 m long and flow traffic into ** Add a ramp from the HOV lane at the end of the transition zone (start of solid white lines).** Add a ramp with '''to Return to [Road name/Route number] Regular Lanes''' , flowing into the regular lanes (Prompts user to exit HOV lane either for upcoming exit or if traffic is faster in regular lanes). Ramp should originate at the end of the transition zone and be about 6-7 m long.
* For a very long transition zone, other set(s) of entrance/exit ramps to make a V can be added every 0.5 miles/xxxx meters
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' Map if If motorcycles are allowed , map the rule by adding them as an allowed restriction. Note that until motorcycle is a supported vehicle type, the motorcycle user should just indicate that they meet the HOV requirement(s).}}
====Separate parallel segment HOV====
HOV only on the separate road segment; separated by a physical distance from the normal lanes (ex. land, curbs, shoulders), a concrete barrier, or a flexible barrier from the normal lanes. Non-HOV travel is available on an adjacent parallel path (lane or segment). Waze will only route on this road if the person acknowledges that they meet the HOV requirement (and transducer transponder if required) for this trip. Example is I-395 by the Pentagon (Arlington, VA).
'''Bottom line up front: separate road segment(s) for separate parallel HOV'''
Follow the general guidance above for [[#Limited enter/exit (transition zone) HOV|Limited enter/exit (transition zone) HOV]] lanes as applicable:
# Map the applicable regular lane road segments
# Map parallel road segments for HOV lanes
====Whole road HOV====
All travel is HOV only on the road. Non-HOV travel is not available on an adjacent parallel path (lane or segment). Waze will only route on this road if the person acknowledges that they meet the HOV requirement (and transducer transponder if required) for this trip. There are not very many implementations of this type of set up. Example is I-66 inside the beltway in Northern Virginia; morning rush hour traffic is HOV-2+ only for eastbound traffic.
'''Bottom line up front: separate road segment(s) for whole road HOV'''
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' - '''ALL''' segments need to have the HOV/HOT/Express restrictions marked. This is required for the HOV algorithm to work. Do not just mark the entrance segment. Follow current guidance for mapping toll segments only where there is a toll booth, toll transponder, or other collection device. If there is any toll free travel then '''ALL''' segments need the toll free restriction. The HOV/HOT/Express/Bus/etc will be used for voice prompts in the app soon. It is best to have them all the same; make sure that none is not inadvertently selected since that will adversely affect routing.}}
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' Restrictions for Toll free/Allowed/Prohibited are treated as AND conditions when comparing the separate lines on the first popup window. Within in a single restriction type on the second popup window, the various restrictions are treated as OR conditions. So saying that private vehicles with HOV-2+ and taxis are allowed will route either type of conditions to be routed vehicle '''IF''' in the same restriction (on the second popup window). If they are entered as two separate restrictions on the first popup window then nothing will be routed since you have to simultaneously be both a private vehicle with HOV-2+ and a taxi; this is not possible.If something is an allowed restriction then only that type of condition(s) can pass on the road, all others are considered to be prohibitedDo not use conflicting restrictions - ex all vehicles with Sunpass are allowed but taxis are prohibited. A taxi can have a Sunpass and the algorithm is not set up to have a precedence preference or hierarchy yet, so improper routing can happen.}}
====Enter/exit anywhere HOV====
To mark a segment for HOV use including the required number of passengers:
# Select the applicable road segment(s), see Warning above
# Click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#FCE5A1|Add restrictions''' }} button in the sidebar , and receive the first restriction popup. [[File:Restriction_first_popup.PNG‎|center|250px|border]]
# If no toll is required for the segment, then skip to step 5
# If a toll is required for all vehicles including HOV vehicles, then select the '''toll attribute''' in bottom left corner (ex. I-93 N's HOV / Express to Airport / S Station in Boston, MA),
# Click the '''add {{Button|format=bold|Add new''' }} button at the bottom of the appropriate direction ('''A>B''', '''B>A''', or '''TWO WAY''') on the popup screen.# Second restriction popup screen appears. [[File:Applies_to_box.PNG|center|500px|border]]# Select appropriate '''Left lane/Middle Center lane/Right lane''' in the '''Applies to''' section . # Select '''HOV''' in the '''Applies to''' section. If locals call the lane one of the other options , then use that HOT/Express/Bus/etc, but one must be used and it should be consistent for the run of the road. May transition to another type if HOV changes to Express
# Select appropriate '''Days''' HOV restrictions apply
# Select appropriate '''Hours''' for time-based HOV or leave '''all day''' checked for 24-hr HOV lanes
# Ensure '''Every week''' is selected for normal use; Note '''Range''' can be used for planned time shifts between summer/winter or for holiday changes particularly on reversible segments
# '''Driving is _____ for'''[[File:Driving_is_allowed_for.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Select '''allowed''' for HOV vehicles
# Click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#AAE2C0|style=border-radius:.95em;| +'''  }} on the green add restriction rule banner and a drop down menu will appear [[File:Requires Pass Veh Type Min Pass.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Select '''Minimum passengers''' from the menu
# Default HOV allowance of '''At least 2 passengers''' appears[[File:Num_passengers_dropdown.PNG|center|500px|border]]# If more passengers are required to meet the HOV eligibility, then click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#AAE2C0|style=border-radius:.95em;|At least 2 passengers''' }} and select the appropriate number from a drop down menu that appears ('''At least 3 passengers''' or '''At least 4 passengers''')# If a transponder or tag is required to use the HOV for either certifying the appropriate number of people are present or to pay the toll, click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#AAE2C0|style=border-radius:.95em;| +'''  }} while remaining on the same restriction line and select '''Requires a pass'''# Default transponder of '''Sunpass''' is added to the restriction line[[File:Subscription_dropdown.PNG|center|500px|border]]# If another transponder is required, then click '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#AAE2C0|style=border-radius:.95em;|Sunpass''' }} and a drop down menu will appear with available companies, and passes# Select the applicable transponder company , pass, or permit # If a particular vehicle type is required to use the HOV lane, then click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#AAE2C0|style=border-radius:.95em;| +'''  }} while remaining on the same restriction line and select '''Vehicle type.'''# Default vehicle type '''Private''' is added to the restriction line[[File:Private HOV 3 EZPass.PNG|center|500px|border]]# If another type is required, then click '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#AAE2C0|style=border-radius:.95em;|Private''' }} and a drop down menu will appear with available vehicle types
# Select the applicable vehicle type
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' only private vehicle and taxi are currently available selections in the app{{as of|2017|11|lc=yes}}; you can add other allowed vehicle types motorcycles, bus, public transportation, but electric vehicle, etc for future compatibility. Waze Staff states that prohibited rules (eg for vehicle types not supported ) should not be added as a restriction if they may conflict with an allowed rule until we are notified that the programming is changedto handle such conflicts.}}# Click '''the {{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#78AFBE|{{color|Add''' |white}}}} button in bottom right corner
# Repeat for any additional HOV restrictions required for the segment(s) selected
# If the HOV lane is open to all traffic for the rest of day, then no other time restrictions are required (traffic travels in the same direction rest of the day)
#* Add the appropriate time restrictions for when the original direction is closed
#* Select '''"prohibited"''' in '''Driving is _____ for''', and leave '''"Any vehicle"''' selected: [[File:Driving_prohibited.PNG|center|500px|border]]
#* Add the appropriate HOV restrictions for the opposite directionas explained above at the end of the [[#Enter/exit anywhere HOV|Enter/exit anywhere HOV]] section.
#* Add the appropriate time restrictions for when the opposite direction is closed
#* While entering restrictions, remember there is often a transition time gap between traffic direction reversals to prevent collisions
# Click '''the {{Button|Save''' }} icon on the light blue waze Waze bar
{{mbox|type=important|text= '''Note''' be sure to add the '''Driving is Prohibited''' period(s) if a reversible lane does not allow traffic to prevent misrouting.}}
# Select the applicable road segment(s)
# Click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#FCE5A1|Add restrictions''' }}Add restrictions}} button# First restriction popup screen appears[[File:Restriction_first_popup.PNG‎|center|250px|border]]
# If no toll is required for HOV, then skip to step 6
# If a toll is required for HOV vehicles, then select the '''toll attribute''' in bottom left corner (ex. I-93 N's HOV / Express to Airport / S Station in Boston, MA)
# Select the appropriate direction ('''A>B''', '''B>A''', or '''TWO WAY''') on the popup screen
# Click the '''apply''' {{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#78AFBE|{{color|Apply|white}}}} button in the bottom right corner
# Second restriction popup screen appears[[File:I-66E_AM_HOV.PNG‎|center|200px|border]]
# Select '''Entire segment''' in the '''Applies to''' section [[File:Applies_to_box.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# If '''toll attribute''' is already selected, then skip to step 16
# Remember toll attribute must not be selected to be able to properly save a toll free TBSR
# Select '''toll free''' if free for HOV vehicles, restriction's background color should change to blue[[File:Driving_is_allowed_for_toll_free.PNG|center|500px|border]]#Select '''Minimum passengers''' by clicking the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#A6E3F1|style=border-radius:.95em;| +'''  }} on the blue add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear[[File:Toll_Free_initial_drop_down.PNG|center|500px|border]]# '''At least 2 passengers''' is added[[File:Toll_Free_Min_Pass_initial.PNG|center|500px|border]]# Select number of passengers required by clicking the ''' {{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#A6E3F1|style=border-radius:.95em;|At least 2 passengers''' }} and a drop down menu will appear with selections for '''At least 3 (/ 4) passengers'''[[File:HOV min passenger drop down.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# If toll free, then skip to step 24
# Click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#A6E3F1|style=border-radius:.95em;| +'''  }} again while remaining on the same restriction as the number of passengers to select '''Requires a pass'''# '''Sunpass''' is added to the restriction line[[File:Toll free requires passHOV Pass Sunpass.PNG|center|500px|border]]# Click the '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#A6E3F1|style=border-radius:.95em;|Sunpass''' }} area , and a drop down menu will appear with available companies, passes, and permits [[File:Toll free drop down pasess.PNG|center|200px|border]]# Select the applicable transponder company / pass # Click '''{{Button|format=bold|bgcolor=#78AFBE|{{color|Add''' |white}}}} button in bottom right corner# Click '''{{Button|format=bold|Save''' }} icon on the light blue waze Waze bar
# If HOV lane is only for part of the day, Open to all rest/part of day, or Reversible lane then set appropriate prohibited restriction(s)[[File:Driving_prohibited.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Make sure one restriction period is added for the segment(s) then add additional restrictions till all appropriate times are added for one direction
=====Adding HOT/Express lane restrictions=====
'''note to subs5 add discussion on the AND/OR relationship of restrictions''''''Validate if all segments need to be marked or just the ones with toll booth or transponder'''
# Select a segment that has a toll booth, transponder reader, or other tolling device
# Do not select a segment with the final toll booth, transponder reader, or other tolling device, unless at least one route does not have one previously marked
# Select '''Entire segment''' and '''HOT''' in the '''Applies to''' section
# Select '''toll free''' on the '''Driving is ____ for''' section [[File:Toll_free.PNG ‎|center|500px|border]]
# Select '''Minimum passengers''' by clicking the '''+''' on the green blue add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear [[File:Toll free min passengers.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# '''At least 2 passengers''' is added[[File:Toll_free_min_3_or_4.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Select number of passengers required by clicking the '''At least 2 passengers''' and a drop down menu will appear with selections for '''At least 3 (4) passengers'''
# Select '''Requires a pass''' by clicking the '''+''' on the green blue add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear[[File:Toll free requires pass.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Select applicable transponder company by clicking the '''Sunpass''' and a drop down menu will appear with all available companies[[File:Toll_free_drop_down.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Click '''Add''' button in bottom right corner
# Select '''Allowed''' on the '''Driving is ____ for''' section
# Note ALL vehicles that are '''Toll free''' MUST be listed in the '''Allowed''' section too. Vehicles that are not listed in the Allowed section will not be routed onto the segment.
# Select '''Requires a pass''' by clicking the '''+''' on the green add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear '''note to subs5 change picture'''[[File:HOT requires passRequires Pass Veh Type Min Pass.PNG|center|500px|border]]# Select applicable transponder company by clicking the '''Sunpass''' and a drop down menu will appear with all available companies'''note to subs5 change picture'''[[File:HOT_Req_Pass_DropdownSubscription_dropdown.PNG|center|500px|border]]
# Click '''Add''' button in bottom right corner
# Click '''Save''' icon on the light blue waze bar