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Road types

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'''''Note{{mbox| type = critical | imageright = [[File: Alley.gif|100px|alt=alley]]| imagerightwidth=100px| textstyle There = color: red; font-weight: bold; font-style: italic;| text = {{As of |2018|10|31|df=us}}, the new road type {{Passageway}} is always an exception to every rulenot suitable for use in the US.At this time, DO NOT use the {{Passageway}} road type in the USA without explicit champ approval for each instance.'''''}}
==Overview=='''Road type designations types''' in Waze should the United States can be determined by the physical layout divided into three categories: public roads, other drivable roads, and use of the road, not by the name of a roadnon-drivable roads.
Road Public road types do not affect naming. A dirt in Waze are determined by the FHWA functional classification of the road and, where applicable, by the highway system to which the road that is a US Highway would still be named as “US Hwy #belongs.” See [[Road Naming (USA)]]
Some road type classifications are influenced by city size, traffic density, and regional conventions. For example, in a very large city a primary street may have three or more lanes in each direction on a divided road. While in a town of dirt roads, the only paved single lane street could be a primary street.{{LocalGuidance|link=Mapping resources/States}}<br/>== {{@|Overview}} ==
While editing the maps, you may notice that some === {{@|Importance of the roads are not labeled properly. This means, the road type might be wrong (a highway is marked as a street) or that one road has a few road types (a highway is marked as Freeway, highway and primary at different segments).}} ===
The importance Road types are important for both routing and map display:# When planning a route, major roads will sometimes get priority over smaller roads.#* For longer routes, some lower road types will often be ignored outright in favor of proper labeling higher-type roads.#* Since freeways are given the highest priority of all, having other high-type roads is necessary to provide viable alternatives to the routing server in two aspects: case freeways are clogged with traffic.# When viewing the map, the 'bigger' more important roads should appear at the far zoom levels. Without proper labelstypes, the 'zoomed out' display can be very confusingmisleading. # When planning Certain [[#Other drivable roads|other drivable road types]] generate [[Routing penalties#Segment properties|transition penalties]] when a route, major roads will get priority over smaller roadsleaves them onto a different road type.#* This can be useful for areas like [[Private Installations|private installations]] but can also cause dramatic and unexpected routing results. ==={{@|Before editing}} ===
Be sure that you are completely familiar with the articles on:
* [[Waze Map Editor|The Waze Map Editor]]
* [[Creating and Editing street editing road segments]]
* [[Junction Style Guide]]
* [[Creating and Editing a roundabout]]* [[At-grade connectors]] Road types do not affect naming. See [[Road names]]. ===Starting Point={{@|Public roads}} ==Naming conventions Public roads are those that can be useful driven by anyone. Naturally, they are by far the most important roads on the Waze map. The {{Freeway}} and {{Ramp}} road types each have their own special rules. The {{Major Highway}}, {{Minor Highway}}, and {{Primary Street}} types are designated using a set of minimum criteria, as starting point when determining explained [[#Highways|below]]. {{mbox | type = warning | text = <div style="font-size:smaller">Public roads are designated by a series of '''minimum criteria'''. If a road meets '''any one''' criterion for a type, the road must be '''at least''' that type. Be aware  For example,* a county highway (Waze: at least primary street) that is classified as a principal arterial (Waze: at least major highway) would be classified in Waze as a {{Major Highway}}.* a state highway (Waze: at least minor highway) that there are many regional naming variationsis classified as a major collector (Waze: at least primary street) would be classified in Waze as a {{Minor Highway}}. Remember * a locally maintained road (Waze: at least street) that this is only guide classified as an other arterial (Waze: at least minor highway) would be classified in Waze as a {{Minor Highway}}. If a road meets the criteria for multiple types, the highest of those types must be used, to satisfy every "at least" rule.</div>}} === {{@|A hybrid system}} === Public road types in the United States are determined through a hybrid system of FHWA functional classification and U.S., state, and sometimes county highway systems. These systems work together to create a harmonious Waze map with excellent routing characteristics. Neither of these two facets of the road type system should be considered sufficient on where its own, without the other. The road type guidance has been carefully crafted to start when determining a join these two systems into one single contiguous Waze road typesystem.*Interstate ~ Freeway ==== {{@|Functional classification}} ==== Functional classifications (FC) are determined using a set of criteria selected by the [[Imagewikipedia:RoadBlue.pngFederal Highway Administration|180pxFederal Highway Administration]]*US Hwy ~ (FHWA). These criteria include not only the physical attributes of the road but also efficiency of travel, number of access points, speed limits, route spacing, actual usage, and continuity. This can lead to quite different classifications for roads that appear similar. For example, a six-lane divided road in an urbanized area may be a Collector (Primary Street); a two-lane road through the middle of a town may be a principal arterial (Major Highway ). Functional classification is a national standard, but functional classification maps are published by state departments of transportation. Links to functional classification maps for each state can be found on [[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png National resources/Functional classification|200pxthe functional classification page]].*State Hwy ~ Minor ==== {{@|Highway systems}} ==== The '''[[Imagewikipedia:RoadYellInterstate Highway System|Interstate Highway System]]''' (formally, the Dwight D.png Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways) is a nationwide network of freeways designated by Congress and administered by the FHWA and [[wikipedia:American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials|200pxAASHTO]], a nationwide organization of state departments of transportation with governmental support. The system facilitates high-speed travel throughout the nation. *County Road ~ Primary Street. The [[Imagewikipedia:Primary street.pngUnited States Numbered Highways|200pxUnited States Numbered Highways]], or '''U.S. Highways''', system is a nationwide integrated network of roads also designated by Congress and administered by the FHWA and AASHTO. While many of the routes in this system have been superseded by the Interstate Highway System, they remain important as direct links between regions not served by the new system, and as alternatives to Interstate travel in the case of heavy traffic or incident. *City street ~ Street. Each of the fifty states (along with the District of Columbia and some of the United States's overseas territories) has a numbered '''[[Imagewikipedia:Street.pngstate highway|200pxstate highway]]system'''. These systems are designated and administered by their respective state legislatures and departments of transportation as statewide networks of important travel links between cities and communities of those states. The roads in these systems, while of lesser national importance, are nevertheless essential for travel within the state. *Exit ~ Ramp In addition to their state highway systems, some states designate [[Imagewikipedia:Ramp.png County highway|200pxcounty routes]]which are important for travel within a county. These routes serve important functions in a short-distance capacity. === {{@|Highways}} === A '''highway''' is an arterial road. Highways roads are the backbone of the traffic network. They serve a dual purpose:*to carry traffic over long distances, from one city to another, and*to carry traffic from collector roads to freeways, where applicable. Several systems of numbered highways exist in the United States:*Unnamed ~ Parking Lot Road the Interstate Highway System*the United States Numbered Highways*various [[Imagewikipedia:Service road.pngNumbered_highways_in_the_United_States#State_highways_and_other_similar_systems|200pxState Highway systems]]*various County (or Parish) Highway systems, in some states Waze's definition of "highways" includes Interstate, US and state highways, but it also includes all other roads that are classified as arterial roads under the FHWA functional classification lists maintained by state governments, even though they may not be part of any numbered highway system. Functional classification of roads is determined more by how the roads are used than by how they are constructed, and the criteria are slightly different between urban and rural areas. Because of this, some urban roads may be classified as arterials and have highway types in Waze, even though they appear very similar to other non-highway roads. In using functional classification and numbered highway systems, the decision on which roads should be classified as highways rests ultimately with the governments that build and maintain the roads. Waze distinguishes three classes of highway: {{Freeway}}, {{Major Highway}}, and {{Minor Highway}}.  ==== Freeway {{Freeway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Fwy|freeway|fwy}} {{@||Freeway}} ====
==Road Type Classifications:==
===Freeway [[Image:RoadBlue.png|180px]]===
[[Image:RoadPicN.jpg|right|400px]]
Although it is currently listed under Highways, a freeway does not have to be a highway.
Freeways have strict classification rulesA '''freeway''' is a highway designed for high speed traffic, with fully controlled access over entrance to, and exit from, the highway. Freeway is the highest functional class of road.  The following roads shall be classified as {{Freeway}}:*All '''Interstate Highways'''.*Almost *This includes all US roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Interstates are Freeways '''.**This includes three-digit Interstate spurs and loops (exceptions e.g., I-610; I-585).**This includes the [[httpswikipedia://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gaps_in_Interstate_HighwaysList of gaps in Interstate Highways#At-grade_intersections_and_traffic_lights Wikipedia Linkgrade intersections and traffic lights|few grade-intersected, undivided, and/or narrow portions of the Interstate Highway System])].*Multi*This does ''not'' include Interstate Business Loops and Business Spurs (e.g., I-Lane69 Business Loop), divided road (with rare exceptions unless they meet the standards for Other Freeways and Expressways defined below.*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Other Freeways and Expressways''' which meet the criteria of a [[httpswikipedia:controlled-access highway|controlled-access highway]]://en**No at-grade crossings.wikipedia**No at-grade intersections.org/wiki/List_of_gaps_in_Interstate_Highways#Undivided_and_narrow_freeways Wikipedia link])**No cross trafficdirect property access.**No stop lights (except for ramp meterssometimes on ramps).**No stop signs. *No parking*Except at the beginning or end of the controlled-access roadway, connected to other roads exclusively by [[Limited Access Interchange Style Guide|interchanges]]:***Entrance via ramps only, typically with acceleration zones. *No stopping (except for toll booths**Exit via ramps only, freeway typically with deceleration zones.***Note: Many freeways continue as non-controlled-access roadways; the road should be set as Freeway until the point at which access meteringbecomes non-controlled.**Note: Some states refer to this class as '''Other Freeways'''. In these states, movable briges every road in this class is a Freeway. For information on how to best layout freeways and their junctions, please review the section on [[Junction_Style_Guide#Highway.2FFreeway_Junctions|freeways]] in the [[Junction Style Guide]]. For specific guidelines in other countries refer to [[How_to_label_and_name_roads|this page for more information]]. ==== Major Highway {{Major Highway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Major highway|major highway|MH}} {{@||Major Highway}} ==== [https[Image://enMaj-hwy.jpg|thumb|right|450px|A partially-limited-access roadway, or "expressway".wikipediaNote the interchange to the left and the at-grade intersection to the right.org/wiki/List_of_gaps_in_Interstate_Highways#Movable_bridges Wikipedia link]] '''Principal arterials''' are the primary routes for traveling throughout the country, from one city to another, over long distances. Many principal arterials are freeways or expressways, but many others are not. As a nationwide system, the United States Numbered Highways, or '''U.S. Highways''', system provides a direct links between regions not served by the Interstate Highway System, and as alternatives to Interstate travel in the case of heavy traffic congestionor incident.  The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Major Highway}}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Principal Arterials''' or '''Other Principal Arterials'''.*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classifications as '''Other Freeways and Expressways''' ''which do not meet the criteria for Freeway''.**This includes partially-limited-access roadways (or "expressways"). These are roads that have a lot of the characteristics of freeways, but also have occasional at-grade intersections with other roads.*Highest speed limits*Note: Every partially-limited-access roadway is a Major Highway; this does not mean that every Major Highway must be partially-limited-access.**Note: "Expressway" is used as a shorthand term for partially-limited-access roads. This does not mean every road ''named'' "Expressway" is a Major Highway.**Note: Some states refer to this class as '''Other Freeways'''. In these states, every road in this class is a Freeway.*Roads in the '''United States Numbered Highways''' system (US Highways). **This includes Alternate (ALT), Bypass (BYP), Connector (relative to regionCONN), Truck, and Scenic US Highways.*Some have *This does ''not'' include Business, Spur, and Loop US Highways.*Business routes (Spurs and Loops) in the Interstate Highway System (e.g., I-69 Business Loop). ==== Minor Highway {{Minor Highway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Minor highway|minor highway|mH|mh}} {{@||Minor Highway}} ==== '''Minor arterials''' (or '''other arterials''') are secondary routes for traveling between cities over moderately long distances. Minor or other arterials are classified in Waze as Minor Highways. Each of the fifty states (along with the District of Columbia and some of the United States's overseas territories) has a numbered '''state highway system'''. Roads in these systems are designated and selected by their respective State Departments of Transportation as part of statewide networks of important travel links between cities and communities of those states. These roads, while of lesser national importance, are nevertheless essential for travel within the state.  The following roads are to be classified, at minimum speed limits, as {{Minor Highway}}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Minor Arterials''' or '''Other Arterials'''.*Signed, numbered routes in '''state, D.C., and territorial highway systems'''. *Limited access*This includes Alternate (ALT), Bypass (BYP), Connector (CONN), Truck, and Scenic state highways.**Access restrictions vary by This includes Spur state highways when they are used to connect state highways with other state but some typical restrictions highways, US Highways, or Interstates; i.e., Spur highways which areused like Connector (CONN) highways.**This does ''not'' include Business (BUS), Loop, and other Spur state highways.*No pedestriansBusiness (BUS), Loop, and Spur US Highways. Note: Not every state highway system is the same. Some state systems may be overinclusive, whether because of differing standards or because of political corruption and pork barrel spending; as such, your state may make exceptions where some lesser state highways are better represented by the Primary Street type. Contact your regional coordinator before making these decisions. ==== Ramps {{Ramp|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{@||Ramps}} ==== [[File:RoadPicN2.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN2.jpg]] [[File:HBlue.png|right|300px|HBlue.png]] The following are to be classified as {{Ramp}}. *Roads which connect roadways to other roadways as part of an [[Limited Access Interchange Style Guide|interchange]]. This includes all freeway exits and entrances.*Roads connecting freeways and highways with [[Rest areas]], parking areas, and service plazas (e.g., "to Service Area").*No bicyclesJughandles.*Median U-turn Intersection (MUTI) and "Michigan left" segments.*J-turn (RCUT/"Superstreet") segments.*No mopedsDisplaced Left Turn (DLT) left turn segments. The following are '''not''' to be classified as {{Ramp}}. *[[At-grade connectors]], unless they fit into one of the exceptions (see article).*Turn lanes. Ramp names do not appear on the client application map, but do appear in the text for routing directions. Entrance and exit ramps often contain a lot of text which is duplicative of roads already in the area, so this text is suppressed until the user actually needs it. This is also the reason for using the ramp type for named MUTI and jughandle segments—the text is needed for effective navigation instructions but would needlessly clutter the ramp. Information on how to lay out ramps and set the proper angles from the main road can be found in the [[Junction Style Guide]]. {{clear}} === {{@|Streets}} === The Street types are typically designed for local and short-distance travel. Street types are used at the beginning and end of long routes as well.  ==== Primary Street {{Primary Street|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Primary street|primary street|PS|PS}} {{@||Primary Street}} ==== '''Collectors''' are roads used with an acceleration zone so that cars can accelerate up medium-low traffic densities which are used to freeway speeds before merging into freeway bring trafficfrom local streets to arterials and vice versa. Collectors are classified in Waze as Primary Streets. Some states designate [[wikipedia:County highway|county routes]] which are important for travel within a county. These routes serve important functions in a short-distance capacity.  The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Primary Street}}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Major Collectors''' or '''Minor Collectors''' and paved with a hard surface. *Signed, numbered '''county routes''' (and, in Louisiana, parish routes) paved with a hard surface.*Exit ramps Business (BUS) and Loop state highways, and Spur state highways which are typically designed not used as connectors, paved with a deceleration zone so hard surface.*{{Anchor|Frontage road|Frontage roads|Frontage Road|Frontage Roads}}'''[[wikipedia:Frontage road|Frontage road]]s''' which serve as the means of access between freeways/expressways and surface streets, if not otherwise classified.**Some functional classification maps are not produced in high enough detail to determine the class of frontage roads. On maps that traffic can exit are produced in high detail, frontage roads are almost universally classified as Major Collectors or higher.  Unpaved roads – including gravel, macadam, and dirt roads – are considered on a regional basis. Check your [[Mapping resources|state page]] or contact your regional coordinator. Note: Some states or counties may designate county routes differently than others. Check your state's page for possible exceptions to this rule.{{clear}}  As stated above, [[wikipedia:Frontage road|frontage road]]s should generally be set to at least {{Primary Street}}, if not marked as a higher type on a functional class map. Many frontage roads are used as "feeder roads" or "access roads", often the primary or only means of entering and exiting a freeway . Setting these to the "street" type, as has been done in the past, has the potential to invalidate good routes which use freeways and major/minor highways. To ensure that routing works, always use at least "primary street" for frontage roads that are used in this way. It may be desirable to set the entire frontage road to the same type to achieve a more contiguous map appearance.{{clear}} ====Street {{Street|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|street|St|st}} {{@||Street}} ==== [[Image:RoadPicN4.jpg|right|200px]] Any road for public travel which does not meet the criteria for any other type shall be classified as a {{Street}}. Shown as "local roads" in some functional classification maps; not shown at freeway speeds all in others.{{clear}} ===={{@|Passageway}}===={{Anchor|Narrow Street}}[[File:Alley.gif|right|200px|alt=alley]]{{As of |2018|10|31|df=us}}, the new road type {{Passageway}} should not be used in the USA. This road type is designed for other parts of the world, where some public roads accomodate only vehicles narrower than cars. At this time, DO NOT use the {{Passageway}} road type in the USA without obstructing trafficexplicit champ approval for each instance. ==== {{@|Service Road}} ==== {{mbox| type = warning| text = The Service Road type is no longer available. '''Use other road types for service roads.'''}}:For guidance on mapping service roads AKA frontage roads, see the [[House_Numbers_on_Service_Roads|service road page]] and the [[#Frontage roads|section above]].{{clear}} === {{Anchor|FC cross reference}} {{@|Quick reference chart}} === Refer to this chart to determine the road type of a given paved public road based on the functional class. To use this chart, first determine the functional class of a road, and whether it is a signed, numbered highway in a particular highway system. Where the column for the road's highway system and the row for the road's functional class meet, you will find the proper road type for that particular road. A number of examples are given below the chart.  <div style="font-size:smaller">{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse; text-align:center"! scope="row" rowspan="2" colspan="2"| ! colspan="8"| <big>Highway Systems</big>|-! Interstate! Interstate Business Loop/Spur! US Hwy (incl. some [[wikipedia:special routes|special routes]])! US Hwy BUS, SPUR, LOOP! State Hwy (incl. some special routes)! State Hwy BUS, SPUR{{ref label|a|a}}, then have sufficient distance LOOP! County Route! Locally-maintained|-|| ''example''| I-10 E| I-94 Business| US-190| US-460 Business| SR-23| SR-400 Loop| CR-15| Robertson St|- ! scope="row" rowspan="8" style="width:28px"| <big>F<br>u<br>n<br>c<br>t<br>i<br>o<br>n<br>a<br>l<br> <br>C<br>l<br>a<br>s<br>s</big><!-- Temp placeholder -->| '''Interstate'''{{ref label|b|b}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a|- | '''Other Freeway'''{{ref label|c|c}}||n/a||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}|- | '''Other Expressway'''{{ref label|d|d}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | '''Other Principal Arterial'''{{ref label|e|e}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | '''Minor Arterial'''{{ref label|f|f}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}|- | '''Major Collector'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | '''Minor Collector'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | '''Local/not mapped'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Street}}|}{{note|a|a}} When a state highway "SPUR" route is used to slow down before any turnsconnect a state highway with another state highway, a US highway, or an Interstate (i.e., when it is used as a connector/CONN route), use the first state highway column. {{note|b|b}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Interstate'''. {{note|c|c}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Freeway'''. {{note|d|d}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Expressway'''.
For information on how to best layout freeways and their junctions, please review the section on [[Junction_Style_Guide#Highway{{note|e|e}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial'''.2FFreeway_Junctions|freeways]] in the [[Junction Style Guide]]
{{note|f|f}} Also known as '''Other Arterial'''.
<br style="clear: both" />
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===Highways[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png |150px]][[Image:RoadYell.png |150px]]===
Highways are typically numbered or named roads that can be followed to get from one city to another. If the cities are in different states, it will likely be named as a US highway. If they are in the same state, it will likely be named as a State Highway. If they are in the same county, they may be named as a County Highway. There are two main Highway labels in Waze, Major and Minor. Their use may depend on regional population or traffic densities.
One differentiation between Major and For example,* An Interstate Business Loop classified as a Minor Arterial is the design and use of the road. A a {{Major Highway is purpose built for the expedience of thru traffic}}. * A US Highway classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Major Highway could have a diverse range of priority placed on the flow of thru traffic}}. *A US Highways should typically have Highway Spur route classified as a Minor Arterial is a Major Highway or {{Minor Highway road type}}. *A State Highways differ by regionHighway classified as an Other Freeway is a {{Freeway}}. In some states all * A State Highways deserve Highway classified as a Collector is a {{Minor Highway road type}}. In others the “State Highway” term * A County Route classified as a Minor Arterial is used very loosely, or every road in a town may have {{Minor Highway}}.* A County Route classified as a state highway name. In those cases many state highways will not be Collector is a highway {{Primary Street}}* A locally-maintained road typeclassified as an Other Principal Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.*County Highways vary greatly, some may deserve A locally-maintained road classified as a Collector is a highway designation{{Primary Street}}.<br style="clear: both" />
{| border="1" style===Major Highway[[Image"border-collapse:collapse;margin: 1em auto 1em auto; text-align:Majorhighwayseg.png center"|200px]]====+ '''Legend'''[[Image:Maj|-hwy.jpg| {{Freeway|Fw}}||right{{Freeway}}|500px]]-Purposely built as a major throughway. | {{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway}}*Higher speeds. Speed limits should be near or equal to Interstate or Freeway speed limits in the same area. (typically within 5|-10mph)*Multiple lanes in each direction. | {{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway}}*Separated directions of travel. |- *Turning traffic is typically limited to specified turn lanes or freeway style ramps to minimize obstructions to thru traffic.| {{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street}}*Partially limited access with few minor streets intersecting with this road. Intersections are most often with primary roads or other highways.|-*Can have stoplights or freeway style interchanges. | {{Street|Street}}||{{Street}}*No stop signs*Pedestrian crossings may be limited. |}*Local business access is often restricted to frontage roads or other streets. </div>
Typically roads with numerous side streets, parking lot accesses, residential driveways, low speed limits, undivided, or shared center turn lanes (suicide lanes) are not Major Highways. <br style="clear: both" />==Exceptions===
====Minor HighwayIf a road has a higher or lower type than what's specified in these rules, there may be a reason for it. Special rules are used to determine the road types of [[Image:RoadYell.png Creating and Editing a roundabout#Road type|200pxroundabouts]]====and [[Image:Screen134.png|rightAt-grade connectors#How to label the connector type|300pxat-grade connectors]]While still a labeled route that can be followed to get from one city/town/neighborhood to another, routing of thru traffic is not always a priority in the street design. Some minor highways are built with a higher priority on through traffic, while other minor highways are nothing more than a label dropped onto existing residential streets.
Minor Highways vary widely ==== Routing road type ====Apart from large multi-lane roads with stoplights changing the nominal road type, level {{rank|routing}} editors can also change the [[Creating and editing road segments#Special properties|routing road type]] (also known as routing preference) to one type higher speed limitsor lower, which only affects [[Routing server#Changes in routes due to different route lengths|long-distance aspects]] of road type behavior while maintaining the same appearance, [[How Waze determines turn / keep / exit maneuvers#Best Continuation|best continuation]] and [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms|detour prevention behavior]] of the nominal road type. These exceptions to small residential streets the rules should be reviewed with stops signslocal leadership before implementation.
Some minor highways may zigzag thru an area ====Continuity====[[File:35-71.png|thumb|300x300px|SR-435 has the Minor Arterial functional class , so it would normally have the Minor Highway road type in Waze. Since it is signed as the way from one Freeway (US-35) to another (I-71), its routing road type has been promoted to Major Highway, enabling the routing server to use it on routes from WV to IL. It's nominal road type remains Minor Highway to preserve appearance and detour prevention.]][[File:M55-66.png|thumb|300x300px|These Michigan State Trunkline Highways have the Minor Arterial functional class, so they would normally have the Minor Highway road type. However, even without signage indicating their longer-distance use, they have been upgraded to Major Highway in order to be used in routes between southwestern Michigan and the Upper Peninsula.]]One common reason for a road to be set to a higher type is for the purpose of maintaining '''continuity''' between two roads with many turns on local streetshigher types. Promotion for continuity is usually indicated by signage: A certain less important road is signed as the way to get between two different more important roads.
A For example, a freeway exit from I-70 is signed as "Exit 142: US-40 / Gratiot", indicating that this is the intended way to get to US-40, with Principal Arterial functional class. Between the ramps and US-40 is CR-30 with Local functional class. The rules on this page would normally dictate that this road be set to Primary Street, but in long-distance routing it may be removed from consideration, or '''[[Routing server#Pruning|pruned]]'''. This can be prevented either by assigning the Major Highway type outright or by assigning the Minor Highway thru the main street type with a +1 routing road type, which would cause it to be treated like a Major Highway for long-distance routing. Use of a small town often retains focus routing road type is preferable to avoid unintended side effects on local access with pedestrian traffic the behavior and on street parkingdisplay of the road.
As a good noteCertain situations may require continuity upgrades even without signage to support them. Examples include but are not limited to:* Sparsely populated areas connected by long roads with lower functional class* Places where highway designations end abruptly, remember that in major construction zones such as jurisdictional boundaries* Alternate routes used as detours for Highways under construction, often Waze will try main highways subject to route you through frequent or long-term closures* Urban or suburban areas in the constructionmidst of redevelopment, as if its the only route, since it prefers highways.where functional class may be out of date<br style="clear: both" />* Connecting roads that may be too short to be noticed during state functional class assignment
When promoting for continuity, the effective road type of the connecting road should match the ''lower'' of the two roads that it connects, similar to type selection for at-grade connectors, up to Major Highway. Since Major Highway is never pruned, there is no need to promote something to Freeway with routing road type for continuity reasons alone, and the nominal Freeway road type should only be used for controlled-access highways that meet the criteria [[#Freeway|above]].
Continuity upgrades prevent Waze from pruning out valid routes, and in extreme cases they can mean the difference between getting a good route and getting no route at all.====RampsUnpaved checkbox [[ImageFile:RampCheckbox.png |200px50px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN2.jpg|right|300px]][[Image:HBlue.png|right|300px]]*All entrances to or exits from freeways. *A proper freeway style ramp onto or off of a Highway. *Not for at grade "street" connectors.*Not for turn lanes.*Roads connecting a highway with a rest/service/parking area should be treated as ramps as well and named accordingly (e.g. "Exit to Service Area").<br style="clear: both" />
Ramp names do The [[FIle:Unpaved attribute.png|90px]] checkbox is an attribute that can be applied to any road type. It indicates that a road is not appear paved with asphalt or concrete. The unpaved attribute affects routing over drivable road types; it does not really affect non-drivable road types, since the client does not use them for routing. Based on user preference, destination, and other settings options, the Waze client application map, but only in may avoid routing them over otherwise drivable segments when the text for route directions'unpaved' attribute is checked. [[File:RoadPicN6.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN6.jpg]]==== When to select the Unpaved attribute ====
Information on how to lay out ramps and set the proper angles from the main '''Any drivable road can be found in which is not paved with asphalt or concrete''' should have the [[Junction Style Guide]]Unpaved attribute box checked.
-----<sub>Check your [[Mapping resources|state's page]] for details on whether there are additional guidelines for roads that are in '''''uncommonly poor condition by local standards''''' or contact your [[Regional Coordinator]] for further guidance.</sub>
===Streets[[Image= User setting options for the Unpaved attribute ====This attribute has the unique property in that Waze users may select when not to be routed over unpaved road segments. Users may choose:Primary street* 'Dirt roads - Don't allow' - Avoids through-routing on all unpaved roads* 'Dirt roads - Avoid long ones' - Avoids through-routing on long unpaved roads* 'Dirt roads - Allow' - Allows through-routing that could include unpaved road(s) (i.png|150px]][[Imagee. ignores whether roads have the unpaved attribute checked) :Street''The Client still refers to these settings as "Dirt Roads", but it will be updated soon to read "Unpaved Roads".png|150px]]Rest assured they apply to this [[ImageFIle:Service roadUnpaved attribute.png|150px90px]]===Usually for local travel within a townattribute, and not to the {{Off-road}} type. <br style="clear: both" />
== {{@|Other drivable roads}} ==
====Primary Street[[Image:Primary street.pngOff-road / Not maintained Road {{Off-road|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Dirt|Dirt Road|Dirt road|Dirt road / 4X4 trail|4X4 Trail|4X4 trail|4x4 Trail|4x4 trail|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN3.jpgdirt road}} {{@|right|300px]] Major roads or boulevards used to get across a neighborhood or city. *Usually given higher priority for right of way with traffic controls. *Primary streets may have less residential driveways. *A town’s “Main Street,” if it is not a highway, is typically a primary street. *In some regions “County Roads” are typically primary streets. A primary designation is very relative to population and traffic densities. In the smallest rural town, a primary street may barely be wide enough for two cars heading opposite directions to pass each other. In dense urban areas primary streets may need to be a divided Off-road / Not maintained road with multiple lanes of traffic in each direction having traffic controls at every intersection.<br style}} ==="clear: both" />
{{mbox
| type = critical
| textstyle = font-style: italic;
| text = Use extreme caution when mapping '''through roads''' with this type! In an emergency, such as wildfire or flooding, Waze responders may mark primary through roads in an area as closed on behalf of public safety. However, if off-road segments appear to provide alternate through routes, and responders miss closing them, Waze may offer those segments instead '''regardless of penalty'''. Waze may also route using off-road segments if they appear to bypass private or fee-collection gates.
{{As of|2018|10}} '''do not map through roads using this type''' unless you make certain that the roads (1) are passable, if only barely, by ordinary passenger vehicles or (2) would not be routed as alternate routes in emergencies or into restricted areas.
}}
====Service Road[[ImageFile:Service road.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN5bOff_Road_Not_Maintained.jpg|right|300px|Off_Road_Not_Maintained.jpg]]Also often known as a frontage road. *A smaller street found running alongside a limited access highway or other primary street. *Service roads allow local traffic to enter and exit driveways, parking lots, and intersecting streets without congesting thoroughfare traffic.*(NOTE: Service Roads should NOT be confused with what is often called a "service alley". Service Roads will not prevent routing.)<br style="clear: both" />
====Street[[Image:Street.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN4.jpg|right|400px]]*Any The {{Off-road }} (formerly Dirt Road / 4x4 and Unpaved) segment type had the unique property that traffic will Waze users could ask not to be routed ontoover it. *At grade connectors & turn lanes when separated by enough distance from That function has now shifted to the streets that one is needed for proper GPS trackingUnpaved attribute check box (see above).<br style="clear: both" />
{{Off-----===Other===<br style="clear: both" road}} roads are typically deeply rutted with thick mud, irregularly shaped rocks, fallen trees, branches, and deep streams, creeks, or river crossings. A typical car would bottom out, get stuck, or even break an axle trying to traverse these types of road segments. The vast majority of vehicles would not be traveling down these roads. This segment type should strictly be used by a type of hard terrain/>special vehicle.
Any road for which high-clearance vehicles are recommended or required should be assigned the {{Off-road}} type, if it is mapped at all, regardless of its maintenance status.
====Dirt[[Image:Service road.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN6Currently, Waze does not plan to support a 4X4 vehicle type in the client app, but the developers have left this option for editors to map these paths, so they can be displayed on the map.jpg |right|300px]]A road that is They have an extremely high penalty associated with them and will not pavedbe suggested for any through routes in most ordinary circumstances.<br />
Marking a road as "Dirt Road" will have the following consequences:<br Check your [[Mapping resources|state page]] for details on whether your state follows unique guidelines for hard terrain/>- Road name will not display in client.<br />- Routing will be restricted to avoid this road if user has disabled the use of dirt special vehicle roads in client settings, or contact your [[Regional Coordinator]] for further guidance.<br /><br style="{{clear: both" />}}
====Parking Lot Road[[Image:Service {{PLR|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Parking lot road.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN7.jpg PLR|plr|rightPlr}} {{@|300px]]Parking lots, along with other publicly accessible roads such as alleys that should not be used for traffic routing unless directly at the start or end point of a route. *Do not map the rows within parking lots because it clutters the map. See this additional page for [[Best_map_editing_practice#Parking_Lots|more details on how to map parking lots]].*Parking Lot roads have a transition penalty when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot as a shortcut.*Use Parking Lot road type for all necessary segments in the Parking Lot.*The proper use of parking lot roads can also help to avoid automated traffic jam reports as well as Map Problems related to Wazers driving in unmapped parking lots. Draw in the drivable portions of the parking lot that are near streets and other roadways. This will prevent the Waze routing server from assuming you must be on the main road when in fact you are stopped in the parking lot stopped.Road}} ===
[https[File://wwwRoadPicN7.wazejpg|right|300px|RoadPicN7.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=13825&start=20#p117202 Additional information on this topic can jpg]] Parking lots, along with other publicly accessible roads such as '''alleys''' that should not be reviewed in used for traffic routing unless directly at the forumsstart or end point of a route.]<br style="clear: both" />
====Private Road*See this additional page for [[Image:Service road.pngBest map editing practice#Parking Lots|200pxmore details on how to map parking lots]]====Private roads are useful for the following situations:* Gated communities with controlled access* Schools and Universities* Military Bases* Roads within apartment complexes and trailer parks* Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard).
Private roads function in a similar way {{mbox|type=caution|text=This section was updated {{As of |2015|01|14|df=us|lc=yes}} to Parking Lot roads using a transition penalty clarify when leaving the to use {{PLR|PLR}} vs {{Private Road|Private Roads}}. This transition penalty to keep Waze from incorrectly routing Wazers through a private area as a shortcut.}}
When mapping Private roads, *Use {{Parking Lot Road}} type for all of the road [[Best map editing practice#Parking Lots|necessary segments within ]] in the Private area Parking Lot.*{{Parking Lot Road}} type should be of used inside Apartment Complexes, Schools, and Universities unless it meets the criteria for Private Road typefound in the next section below.*{{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} have a [[Routing penalties|transition penalty]] when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot or an alley as a shortcut. Private roads do not suppress * {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} can be used to avoid "missing road" automated Map Problem reports.* {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} can be used to prevent Waze from assuming drivers driving slowly or parked in the parking lot are in a traffic jams jam on the main road -- draw in the Waze applicationdrivable portions of the parking lot that are near outside roadways.<br style="clear: both" />* Waze will not highlight slow speeds (automatically detected traffic jams) on {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}
-----[http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=13825&start=20#p117202 Additional information on this topic can be reviewed in the forums.] {{clear}}
===Non-drivable==='''Your car should not be here!'''*These may be useful for points of reference when navigating such as seeing Information on mapping a map where a turn parking lot landmark "place" is in relation to a railroad crossing. *When Waze users travel on a non-vehicle route such as a bicyclist or mass-transit rider, marking these routes can be useful to explain the GPS traces that result. *If a base map scan has non-drivable routes on it, it is important to mark these to prevent traffic routing onto them.*Non-drivable routes should not have any type of junction with a drivable roadcovered [[Places#Parking Lot|here]]. When crossing a drivable road, the non-drivable road should be bridged across without a junction between them and set at a different level.<br style="clear: both" />
=== Private Road {{Private Road|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Private road|private road|private|Private|PVT|PR|pr|pvt|Pvt}} {{@||Private Road}} ===
====Walking Trails[[ImageFile:Service road.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN9Pi gated-community1.jpg |right|300px|Pi gated-community1.jpg]]Also bike trails<br style="clear{{Private Road|Private roads}} are useful for the following situations: both" />
*Gated communities with controlled access
*Schools and Universities (gates / guard)
*Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard)
*Campgrounds or trailer parks (designed for short term guests)
====Pedestrian BoardwalksHowever, using private roads in some of these situations may require more complex mapping as covered in the article [[Image:Service road.png|200pxPrivate Installations]]====[[Image:RoadPicN10.jpg|right|300px]]<br style="clear: both" />Be sure to read through that article before setting a whole neighborhood to all private roads.
As with {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, a route over a {{Private Road}} will incur a [[Routing penalties|transition penalty]] upon leaving it for another road type. This transition penalty keeps Waze from routing Wazers through a private area as a shortcut. Unlike {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, however, {{Private Road|Private Roads}} do not suppress automated traffic-jam detection.
====Stairway[[Image:Service road* Never use the {{Private Road}} type for unrestricted public roads* Do not use the {{Private Road}} type to try to force waze to route around slow (damaged or under construction) public roads. Talk to a routing expert to find out if there are any good solutions.* {{Private Road}} may be used for a public street that has a legally enforceable sign for local traffic only.png* Waze handles {{Private Road|200px]]====Private Roads}} similarly to how it handles {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, but not exactly the same.[[Image** Similarity:RoadPicN11Waze routing adds a penalty to a route that goes from a {{Private Road}} segment to a segment of a different type.jpg** Difference: Waze will highlight traffic slowdowns on {{Private Road|right|300px]]Private Roads}}.<br style="{{clear: both" />}}
==== {{@|Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service Roads}} ====
====Railroad[[ImageFile:Service roadEmergency.pngjpg|right|300px|200pxEmergency.jpg]]Limited-access service roads, such as those marked for "emergency and authorized vehicles only" should not generally be mapped, and if there is a need to map them, they should not support routing nor appear like other roads. The clearest way to do this is to map them using the {{Private Road}} type, add [[partial restrictions]] on them to prohibit routing for all times and vehicle types and include a description within the restriction to explain the reason for mapping. Another, older method also involves using the {{Private Road}} type, disconnecting the limited-access road and locking as high as possible. This is also valid. Examples of such roads include fire roads prohibited to all non-service motor vehicles, patrol roads for park service vehicles, and service cutoffs across the medians of divided highways.{{clear}}=== {{@|Ferry}} ==={{Ferry|&nbsp;}}{{mbox| type =importantTrains| text = {{As of|2016|alt= Prior to 2016}} the Ferry Road type was not to be used. Since that time, Light Rail (does not appear in Waze client)there have been changes to the [[Routing server]] that allow the use of the Ferry Road type.<br style="clear: both" />}}
====Runway/TaxiwayThe ferry road type should only be used where a road crosses a body of water through the use of an automotive ferry. For more on how to map ferries see [[Image:Service Ferries]]. The ferry roadtype is useful because it causes the Waze client to display a "ferry" symbol for routes that include a ferry segment.png|200px]]====For aircraft at airports
The ferry road type is treated by the [[routing server]] as a minor highway. The speed for the ferry road type is fixed at a very slow speed typical of watercraft, and not estimated from user speeds.
-----{{mbox|type=important|text== Types of segments (Roundabouts) If the ferry you are working on crosses an area well covered with GPS traces, OR [[ImageWikipedia:Round.png List_of_HSC_ferry_routes|50pxtravels at higher than normal speeds]]===<br style="clear: both" />, please notify your [[Image:RoadPicN8Regional Coordinator]].jpg |right|300px'''Additionally, if you have issues with routes passing thru a ferry segment, please contact your [[Regional Coordinator]] .'''}}
Roundabouts have few principals:== {{@|Non-drivable roads}} ==
The first one, each node on the roundabout can only be connected to no more than one segment.=== {{Anchor|Pedestrian Boardwalks|Stairways}}{{@|Walking Trails}} ===
Each connection has a spectrum that exists in order to notify the Client For further information on how to define the message mapping of {{Walking Trail}} (Go straightknown as '''routable pedestrian path''' in US English), exit through the 2nd / 3rd / 4th exit){{Pedestrian Boardwalk}} (known as '''non-routable pedestrian path''' in US English or {{Stairway}} road types, see [[pedestrian path]].<br style="clear: both" />
[[Image:Round2=== {{@|Railroad}} ==={{Railroad|&nbsp;}}{{mbox| type = important| text = The guidelines below have been updated to reflect new standards on naming of railroads as of June 28th, 2016.png }}{{mbox|righttype = important|200px]]text = The guidelines below have been updated to reflect new standards on junctioning of railroad grade crossings as of September 19, 2018.}}
Each connection has a spectrum that exists [[File:RailroadTracksVanishingPoint.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN11.jpg]]The railroad road type serves two purposes in order Waze. First, it provides drivers with visual orientation relative to notify railroad and light-rail tracks. More importantly, in the Client common case where passenger-carrying tracks lie parallel with roads, mapping the tracks allows Waze to recognize and discard spurious speed data from people Wazing on how to define the message (Go straight, exit through train. This prevents corruption of speed data for the 2nd / 3rd / 4th exit)adjacent road.{{clear}}
Use the following guidelines when '''mapping''' railroad segments:* '''Do NOT''' enter a name for the railroad segment unless the tracks are historical in nature, a major landmark, or a routine destination for Wazers and your local state/regional wiki guidelines allow for such naming. The system will include Waze app now renders railroad tracks as such so naming serves little purpose any longer. (See more below on Naming railroad segments.)* Always select "None" for the city name. This avoids [[City smudge|city smudging]].* Lock the segment at L2.* Do not map railroads below ground, as they do not serve either of the two purposes outlined above. This is especially true in urban areas where underground rail lines are common, and their appearance on the map would be confusing to drivers.* Set the elevation just as you would a drivable segment. When tracks junction a road on the ground, the radius border from Elevation should be set to Ground.* In specific circumstances, create junctions between drivable roads and railroads at grade crossings.{{ref label|rr|rr}} Otherwise, do not junction grade crossings. The resulting elevation conflicts are acceptable.* Set railroad to 2-way directionality* When mapping railroad tracks, focus on those near drivable roads.* Map rail yards simply, with one railroad segment along either edge of the center yard's tracks.* Map industrial spurs only if they cross drivable roads.* Do not map '''every''' piece of parallel track, such as in sidings or yards, or industrial spurs that do not cross any roads. Your work may otherwise be seen as clutter.* Multiple parallel lines at crossings:** At most crossings, there should be only one railroad segment mapped and notify no more than two parallel railroads mapped at any crossing.** Parallel lines are to be at least 5m apart** In general, there is no reason to have multiple lines mapped. When not at a crossing, even four parallel lines can be easily mapped as a single railroad segment in Waze.* Keep segment lengths under 10,000 meters – the longer the segment length, the more sluggish the user accordinglyeditor is to respond to changes.* {{Red|Do not map railroads using a drivable road type}} (streets, primary streets, etc.); it could be a hazard to human life if drivers were routed to them.
For more information <small>{{note|rr|rr}} ''Adding a junction node for a grade crossing only benefits routing if both (1) between the existing junction nodes on the drivable road on either side of the grade crossing, there is at least one destination on when one side of the crossing '''and''' room for cars to create back up waiting on the other; '''and''' (2) the tracks support regular, scheduled train traffic. If either of these elements is missing, adding a Roundabout or a loop insteadjunction node for the grade crossing will not benefit routing and may in some cases degrade routing. If it is difficult to determine whether regular, scheduled trains use the tracks, please review you may assume they do if the [[Junction Style Guide]]tracks appear active and well maintained.''<br style="clear: both" /small>
Use the following guidelines when '''naming''' railroad segments, only if allowed by your local wiki guidelines:* For urban rapid transit and light rail systems you may optionally use the name of the transit authority and the name of the line, separated by a hyphen (e.g., "MBTA - Green Line", "RTA - Riverfront Streetcar").** If a system has only one line, of course, use its name alone (e.g., "Detroit People Mover").** If multiple lines share the same track or run on parallel tracks, include all lines (e.g., "Metro Rail - Red/Purple Lines").** However, if a rapid transit system is so complex that including all line names would lead to an absurd result on some railroad segments, use the name of the system alone (e.g., "BART", "MTA") throughout the system.* Federal DOT Railroad GIS: http://fragis.fra.dot.gov/Apps/GISFRASafety/<br>For specific recommendations in other countries outside the United States, please see the [[Road types and names|entry for the country in question here]]. {{clear}} === {{@|Runway/Taxiway}} ===[[File:Runways.png|right|300px]]{{Runway/Taxiway|&nbsp;}}Airport runways and private airstrips may be mapped using the Runway/Taxiway road type. The Runway/Taxiway type is for display only and must never connect to drivable road segments. If a drivable road and a runway cross, set the [[elevation]] of the road below that of the runway and ensure there is no connection. Draw each runway as a single segment and lock it to prevent lower-ranking editors from attaching a road. Do not form junctions where runways cross each other. Name each runway using the word ''Runway'' and the runway designations with the lower number first and a hyphen between runway numbers (e.g., "Runway 16R-34L".) <!-- The preferred airport identifier is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Air_Transport_Association_airport_code IATA] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports 3-letter code], for example "SFO", "LAX", "JFK", etc. If the airport in question is not included in that list, use the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Civil_Aviation_Organization_airport_code ICAO] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Civil_Aviation_Organization_airport_code#Prefixes 4-letter code] instead. If the airport is not included in that list use the [http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/publications/atpubs/lid/lidhme.htm FAA identifier]. --> For the "City" field of runway segments, check "None" to avoid any chance of [[City smudge|city smudging]]. {{clear}}  Despite its title, the Runway/Taxiway road type should never be used for an aircraft taxiway because it would render the same as a runway and confuse the display. Taxiways not intended for frequent access by street vehicles should not be mapped at all with any road type. Taxiways that do commonly serve street vehicles as well as aircraft, for example at [http://www.waze.com/editor/?zoom=5&lat=38.68054&lon=-120.98836&env=usa&layers=389 fly-in communities], may be mapped as Streets provided they remain disconnected from any runway.{{clear}} == {{@|Special case roads not covered}} ==
There are a number of other types of roadways and lane types which are not directly covered with the current options above. In some cases there are plans to add some of these special cases, but in the mean time the following guidelines are the best that can be done with the current settings.
===Bus or cab only lanes===
When a road or lane is designated for bus or cab use only, mark that road segment(s) as a '''Private Road''' to prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic, since the majority of the users will not be able to use that lane. It is also advisable to set the turn restrictions to prevent turns into that segment(s), but permit turns exiting the segment.
=== {{@|Bus or taxi only lanes}} ===When a road or lane is designated for bus or taxi use only, mark that road segment(s) with an allowed time based segment restriction for bus and/or taxi. The entire segment, right lane, center lane, or middle lane can be selected as appropriate on the second pop up window of the time based segment restriction. This will prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic, since the majority of the users will not be able to use that lane. It will only route if the taxi or bus type of vehicle is set in the user's settings. (Taxi is currently available but bus is a potential future selection). Set the turn restrictions as appropriate for the legal usage by taxi and/or bus vehicles. Change the road segment(s) to the proper road type based on the functional classification and the Waze correlation table. A {{Private Road|Private Road}} segment is '''no longer required'''. If a road is one-way, but allows bus or cab taxi traffic to flow the other direction, leave the road as one-way with the normal flow of traffic, add the time based segment restriction for the Bus and/or Taxi in the appropriate direction. There is no need to create a second road traveling the opposite direction for the bus and cabtaxi-only traffic. === {{@|Driveways}} ===Many residents of urban communities have very short driveways between the named road that they live on and the garage or carport on their property. In general these very short segments should not be mapped, because they have no name, would clutter the map in the client app, take a lot of time to draw, and would greatly increase the overall size of the Waze mapping database with very little return.
==Legend==In the case of very long driveways, it may be helpful to a driver to see the driveway mapped on the client app or even necessary for Waze to determine how to reach the destination. In those cases it may be prudent to add a road. See the article on [[Image:Tbl.png|720pxDriveways]]<br style="clear: both" />for more information.
=={{@|See Also}} ==* [[Road Naming (USA)names]]<br>* [[Junction Style Guide]]<br>[[How to label and name roads (United Kingdom)]]<br>
[[Category:USAStyle guide]]
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