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Road types

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Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service Roads: typo
'''''Note{{mbox| type = critical | imageright = [[File: Alley.gif|100px|alt=alley]]| imagerightwidth=100px| textstyle There = color: red; font-weight: bold; font-style: italic;| text = {{As of |2018|10|31|df=us}}, the new road type {{Passageway}} is always an exception to every rulenot suitable for use in the US. If in doubtAt this time, consult with a Waze Champ or Country Manager (Indicated by Level 6 next to their name DO NOT use the {{Passageway}} road type in the editor) before making exceptionsUSA without explicit champ approval for each instance.'''''}}
==Overview=='''Road type designations types''' in Waze should the United States can be determined by the physical layout divided into three categories: public roads, other drivable roads, and use of the road, not by the name of a roadnon-drivable roads.
Road Public road types do not affect naming. A dirt in Waze are determined by the FHWA functional classification of the road and, where applicable, by the highway system to which the road that is a US Highway would still be named as “US Hwy #belongs.” See [[Road Naming (USA)]]
Some road type classifications are influenced by city size, traffic density, and regional conventions. For example, in a very large city a primary street may have three or more lanes in each direction on a divided road. While in a town of dirt roads, the only paved single lane street could be a primary street.{{LocalGuidance|link=Mapping resources/States}}<br/>== {{@|Overview}} ==
While editing the maps, you may notice that some === {{@|Importance of the roads are not labeled properly. This means, the road type might be wrong (a highway is marked as a street) or that one road has a few road types (a highway is marked as Freeway, highway and primary at different segments).}} ===
The importance Road types are important for both routing and map display:# When planning a route, major roads will sometimes get priority over smaller roads.#* For longer routes, some lower road types will often be ignored outright in favor of proper labeling higher-type roads.#* Since freeways are given the highest priority of all, having other high-type roads is necessary to provide viable alternatives to the routing server in two aspects: case freeways are clogged with traffic.# When viewing the map, the 'bigger' more important roads should appear at the far zoom levels. Without proper labelstypes, the 'zoomed out' display can be very confusingmisleading. # When planning Certain [[#Other drivable roads|other drivable road types]] generate [[Routing penalties#Segment properties|transition penalties]] when a route, major roads will get priority over smaller roadsleaves them onto a different road type.#* This can be useful for areas like [[Private Installations|private installations]] but can also cause dramatic and unexpected routing results. ==={{@|Before editing}} ===
Be sure that you are completely familiar with the articles on:
* [[Waze Map Editor|The Waze Map Editor]]
* [[Creating and Editing street editing road segments]]
* [[Junction Style Guide]]
* [[Creating and Editing a roundabout]]
* [[At-grade connectors]]
 
Road types do not affect naming. See [[Road names]].
 
== {{@|Public roads}} ==
Public roads are those that can be driven by anyone. Naturally, they are by far the most important roads on the Waze map.
 
The {{Freeway}} and {{Ramp}} road types each have their own special rules. The {{Major Highway}}, {{Minor Highway}}, and {{Primary Street}} types are designated using a set of minimum criteria, as explained [[#Highways|below]].
 
{{mbox | type = warning | text = <div style="font-size:smaller">Public roads are designated by a series of '''minimum criteria'''.
 
If a road meets '''any one''' criterion for a type, the road must be '''at least''' that type.
 
For example,
* a county highway (Waze: at least primary street) that is classified as a principal arterial (Waze: at least major highway) would be classified in Waze as a {{Major Highway}}.
* a state highway (Waze: at least minor highway) that is classified as a major collector (Waze: at least primary street) would be classified in Waze as a {{Minor Highway}}.
* a locally maintained road (Waze: at least street) that is classified as an other arterial (Waze: at least minor highway) would be classified in Waze as a {{Minor Highway}}.
 
If a road meets the criteria for multiple types, the highest of those types must be used, to satisfy every "at least" rule.</div>}}
 
=== {{@|A hybrid system}} ===
 
Public road types in the United States are determined through a hybrid system of FHWA functional classification and U.S., state, and sometimes county highway systems. These systems work together to create a harmonious Waze map with excellent routing characteristics. Neither of these two facets of the road type system should be considered sufficient on its own, without the other. The road type guidance has been carefully crafted to join these two systems into one single contiguous Waze road type system.
 
==== {{@|Functional classification}} ====
 
Functional classifications (FC) are determined using a set of criteria selected by the [[wikipedia:Federal Highway Administration|Federal Highway Administration]] (FHWA). These criteria include not only the physical attributes of the road but also efficiency of travel, number of access points, speed limits, route spacing, actual usage, and continuity. This can lead to quite different classifications for roads that appear similar. For example, a six-lane divided road in an urbanized area may be a Collector (Primary Street); a two-lane road through the middle of a town may be a principal arterial (Major Highway).
 
Functional classification is a national standard, but functional classification maps are published by state departments of transportation. Links to functional classification maps for each state can be found on [[National resources/Functional classification|the functional classification page]].
 
==== {{@|Highway systems}} ====
 
The '''[[wikipedia:Interstate Highway System|Interstate Highway System]]''' (formally, the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways) is a nationwide network of freeways designated by Congress and administered by the FHWA and [[wikipedia:American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials|AASHTO]], a nationwide organization of state departments of transportation with governmental support. The system facilitates high-speed travel throughout the nation.
 
The [[wikipedia:United States Numbered Highways|United States Numbered Highways]], or '''U.S. Highways''', system is a nationwide integrated network of roads also designated by Congress and administered by the FHWA and AASHTO. While many of the routes in this system have been superseded by the Interstate Highway System, they remain important as direct links between regions not served by the new system, and as alternatives to Interstate travel in the case of heavy traffic or incident.
 
Each of the fifty states (along with the District of Columbia and some of the United States's overseas territories) has a numbered '''[[wikipedia:state highway|state highway]] system'''. These systems are designated and administered by their respective state legislatures and departments of transportation as statewide networks of important travel links between cities and communities of those states. The roads in these systems, while of lesser national importance, are nevertheless essential for travel within the state.
 
In addition to their state highway systems, some states designate [[wikipedia:County highway|county routes]] which are important for travel within a county. These routes serve important functions in a short-distance capacity.
 
=== {{@|Highways}} ===
 
A '''highway''' is an arterial road.
 
Highways roads are the backbone of the traffic network. They serve a dual purpose:
*to carry traffic over long distances, from one city to another, and
*to carry traffic from collector roads to freeways, where applicable.
 
Several systems of numbered highways exist in the United States:
*the Interstate Highway System
*the United States Numbered Highways
*various [[wikipedia:Numbered_highways_in_the_United_States#State_highways_and_other_similar_systems|State Highway systems]]
*various County (or Parish) Highway systems, in some states
 
Waze's definition of "highways" includes Interstate, US and state highways, but it also includes all other roads that are classified as arterial roads under the FHWA functional classification lists maintained by state governments, even though they may not be part of any numbered highway system.
 
Functional classification of roads is determined more by how the roads are used than by how they are constructed, and the criteria are slightly different between urban and rural areas. Because of this, some urban roads may be classified as arterials and have highway types in Waze, even though they appear very similar to other non-highway roads. In using functional classification and numbered highway systems, the decision on which roads should be classified as highways rests ultimately with the governments that build and maintain the roads.
 
Waze distinguishes three classes of highway: {{Freeway}}, {{Major Highway}}, and {{Minor Highway}}.
===Starting Point===
Naming conventions can be useful as starting point when determining a road type. Be aware that there are many regional naming variations. Remember that this is only guide on where to start when determining a road type.
*Interstate ~ Freeway [[Image:RoadBlue.png|180px]]
*US Hwy ~ Major Highway [[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png |200px]]
*State Hwy ~ Minor Highway [[Image:RoadYell.png |200px]]
*County Road ~ Primary Street. [[Image:Primary street.png|200px]]
*City street ~ Street. [[Image:Street.png|200px]]
*Exit ~ Ramp [[Image:Ramp.png |200px]]
*Unnamed ~ Parking Lot Road [[Image:Service road.png|200px]]
==Road Type Classifications:=====Freeway [[Image:RoadBlue.png{{Freeway|180px]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Fwy|freeway|fwy}} {{@||Freeway}} ==== 
[[Image:RoadPicN.jpg|right|400px]]
Although it is currently listed under Highways, a freeway does not have to be a highway.
Freeways have strict classification rulesA '''freeway''' is a highway designed for high speed traffic, with fully controlled access over entrance to, and exit from, the highway. Freeway is the highest functional class of road.  The following roads shall be classified as {{Freeway}}:*All '''Interstate Highways'''.*Almost *This includes all US roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Interstates are Freeways '''.**This includes three-digit Interstate spurs and loops (exceptions [https://ene.wikipediag.org/wiki/List_of_gaps_in_Interstate_Highways#At, I-610; I-grade_intersections_and_traffic_lights Wikipedia Link]585).*Multi*This includes the [[wikipedia:List of gaps in Interstate Highways#At-Lanegrade intersections and traffic lights|few grade-intersected, undivided, divided road (with rare exceptions [https:and//en.wikipediaor narrow portions of the Interstate Highway System]].org/wiki/List_of_gaps_in_Interstate_Highways#Undivided_and_narrow_freeways Wikipedia link])*No cross traffic.*No stop lights This does ''not'' include Interstate Business Loops and Business Spurs (except for ramp meters)e.*No stop signsg. *No parking, I-69 Business Loop), unless they meet the standards for Other Freeways and Expressways defined below. *No stopping (except for Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Other Freeways and Expressways''' which meet the criteria of a [[toll roadswikipedia:controlled-access highway|toll boothscontrolled-access highway]], freeway access metering, movable briges [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gaps_in_Interstate_Highways#Movable_bridges Wikipedia link], and traffic congestion.)*Highest speed limits. (relative to region)*Some have minimum speed limitsNo at-grade crossings. *Limited access**Access restrictions vary by state but some typical restrictions areNo at-grade intersections.***No pedestriansdirect property access.***No bicyclesstop lights (except sometimes on ramps).***No mopedsstop signs.***No AnimalExcept at the beginning or end of the controlled-Drawn Vehiclesaccess roadway, connected to other roads exclusively by [[Limited Access Interchange Style Guide|interchanges]]:***Entrance via ramps are only, typically designed with an acceleration zone so that cars can accelerate up to freeway speeds before merging into freeway trafficzones. ***Exit via ramps are only, typically designed with a deceleration zone so that traffic can exit zones.***Note: Many freeways continue as non-controlled-access roadways; the road should be set as Freeway until the freeway point at freeway speeds without obstructing trafficwhich access becomes non-controlled.**Note: Some states refer to this class as '''Other Freeways'''. In these states, then have sufficient distance to slow down before any turnsevery road in this class is a Freeway.
For information on how to best layout freeways and their junctions, please review the section on [[Junction_Style_Guide#Highway.2FFreeway_Junctions|freeways]] in the [[Junction Style Guide]]. For specific guidelines in other countries refer to [[How_to_label_and_name_roads|this page for more information]].
==== Major Highway {{Major Highway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Major highway|major highway|MH}} {{@||Major Highway}} ====
<br style="clear[[Image: both" />-Maj-hwy.jpg|thumb|right|450px|A partially-limited-access roadway, or "expressway". Note the interchange to the left and the at-grade intersection to the right.]]
===Highways[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png |150px]][[Image:RoadYell.png |150px]]===Highways '''Principal arterials''' are typically numbered or named roads that can be followed to get the primary routes for traveling throughout the country, from one city to another. If the cities are in different states, it will likely be named as a US highwayover long distances. If they Many principal arterials are in the same state, it will likely be named as a State Highway. If they are in the same countyfreeways or expressways, they may be named as a County Highway. There but many others are two main Highway labels in Waze, Major and Minor. Their use may depend on regional population or traffic densitiesnot.
One differentiation between Major and Minor is the design and use of the road. A Major Highway is purpose built for the expedience of thru traffic. A Minor Highway could have As a diverse range of priority placed on nationwide system, the flow of thru traffic. *US United States Numbered Highways should typically have a Major Highway , or Minor Highway road type'''U. *State Highways differ by regionS. In some states all State Highways deserve ''', system provides a direct links between regions not served by the Interstate Highway road type. In others System, and as alternatives to Interstate travel in the “State Highway” term is used very loosely, case of heavy traffic or every road in a town may have a state highway name. In those cases many state highways will not be a highway road type.*County Highways vary greatly, some may deserve a highway designationincident.<br style="clear: both" />
====The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Major Highway[[Image}}:Majorhighwayseg.png |200px]]====[[Image:Maj-hwy.jpg|right|500px]]Purposely built *Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as a major throughway'''Principal Arterials''' or '''Other Principal Arterials'''. *Higher speeds. Speed limits should be near or equal to Interstate or Freeway speed limits Roads classified in FHWA's functional classifications as '''Other Freeways and Expressways''' ''which do not meet the same areacriteria for Freeway''. **This includes partially-limited-access roadways (typically within 5-10mphor "expressways")*Multiple lanes in each direction. *Separated directions These are roads that have a lot of the characteristics of travelfreeways, but also have occasional at-grade intersections with other roads. *Turning traffic *Note: Every partially-limited-access roadway is typically a Major Highway; this does not mean that every Major Highway must be partially-limited to specified turn lanes or freeway style ramps to minimize obstructions to thru traffic-access.*Partially *Note: "Expressway" is used as a shorthand term for partially-limited -access with few minor streets intersecting with roads. This does not mean every road ''named'' "Expressway" is a Major Highway.**Note: Some states refer to this class as '''Other Freeways'''. In these states, every roadin this class is a Freeway. Intersections are most often with primary roads or other highways*Roads in the '''United States Numbered Highways''' system (US Highways).*Can have stoplights or freeway style interchanges*This includes Alternate (ALT), Bypass (BYP), Connector (CONN), Truck, and Scenic US Highways. *No stop signs*Pedestrian crossings may be limitedThis does ''not'' include Business, Spur, and Loop US Highways. *Local business access is often restricted to frontage roads or other streetsBusiness routes (Spurs and Loops) in the Interstate Highway System (e.g., I-69 Business Loop).
Typically roads with numerous side streets, parking lot accesses, residential driveways, low speed limits, undivided, or shared center turn lanes (suicide lanes) are not Major Highways. <br style="clear: both" />=== Minor Highway {{Minor Highway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Minor highway|minor highway|mH|mh}} {{@||Minor Highway}} ====
===='''Minor Highway[[Image:RoadYellarterials''' (or '''other arterials''') are secondary routes for traveling between cities over moderately long distances.png |200px]]====[[Image:Screen134.png|right|300px]]While still a labeled route that can be followed to get from one city/town/neighborhood to another, routing of thru traffic is not always a priority in the street design. Some minor highways are built with a higher priority on through traffic, while Minor or other minor highways arterials are nothing more than a label dropped onto existing residential streetsclassified in Waze as Minor Highways.
Minor Highways vary widely from large multi-lane roads Each of the fifty states (along with stoplights the District of Columbia and some of the United States's overseas territories) has a numbered '''state highway system'''. Roads in these systems are designated and selected by their respective State Departments of Transportation as part of statewide networks of important travel links between cities and higher speed limitscommunities of those states. These roads, while of lesser national importance, to small residential streets with stops signsare nevertheless essential for travel within the state.
Some minor highways may zigzag thru an area with many turns on local streets.
A The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Minor Highway thru the main street of a small town often retains focus on local access }}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Minor Arterials''' or '''Other Arterials'''.*Signed, numbered routes in '''state, D.C., and territorial highway systems'''.**This includes Alternate (ALT), Bypass (BYP), Connector (CONN), Truck, and Scenic state highways.**This includes Spur state highways when they are used to connect state highways with pedestrian traffic other state highways, US Highways, or Interstates; i.e., Spur highways which are used like Connector (CONN) highways.**This does ''not'' include Business (BUS), Loop, and other Spur state highways.*Business (BUS), Loop, and on street parkingSpur US Highways.
As a good note, remember that in major construction zones for Highways under construction, often Waze will try to route you through Note: Not every state highway system is the constructionsame. Some state systems may be overinclusive, whether because of differing standards or because of political corruption and pork barrel spending; as if its the only routesuch, since it prefers your state may make exceptions where some lesser state highwaysare better represented by the Primary Street type. Contact your regional coordinator before making these decisions.<br style="clear: both" />
==== Ramps {{Ramp|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{@||Ramps}} ====
====Ramps[[Image:Ramp.png |200px]]====[[ImageFile:RoadPicN2.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN2.jpg]][[ImageFile:HBlue.png|right|300px|HBlue.png]]*All entrances to or exits from freeways. *A proper freeway style ramp onto or off of a Highway. *Not for at grade "street" connectors.*Not for turn lanes.*Roads connecting a highway with a rest/service/weigh station/parking area should be treated as ramps as well and named accordingly (e.g. "Exit to Service Area").
The following are to be classified as {{Ramp names do not appear on the client application map, but do appear in the text for routing directions}}.<br style="clear: both" />
Additional details on when *Roads which connect roadways to use the Ramp type vsother roadways as part of an [[Limited Access Interchange Style Guide|interchange]]. any other road type for intersections is covered in the This includes all freeway exits and entrances.*Roads connecting freeways and highways with [[At-Grade ConnectorsRest areas]] article, parking areas, and service plazas (e.g., "to Service Area").*Jughandles.*Median U-turn Intersection (MUTI) and "Michigan left" segments.*J-turn (RCUT/"Superstreet") segments.*Displaced Left Turn (DLT) left turn segments.
Information on how The following are '''not''' to lay out ramps and set the proper angles from the main road can be found in the [[Junction Style Guide]]classified as {{Ramp}}.
For other countries see *[[How_to_label_and_name_roads|this articleAt-grade connectors]], unless they fit into one of the exceptions (see article).*Turn lanes.
-----Ramp names do not appear on the client application map, but do appear in the text for routing directions. Entrance and exit ramps often contain a lot of text which is duplicative of roads already in the area, so this text is suppressed until the user actually needs it. This is also the reason for using the ramp type for named MUTI and jughandle segments—the text is needed for effective navigation instructions but would needlessly clutter the ramp.
===StreetsInformation on how to lay out ramps and set the proper angles from the main road can be found in the [[Image:Primary street.png|150px]][[Image:Street.png|150px]][[Image:Service road.png|150pxJunction Style Guide]]===Usually for local travel within a town. <br style="{{clear: both" />}}
=== {{@|Streets}} ===
====Primary The Street[[Image:Primary street.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN3.jpg|right|300px]] Major roads or boulevards used to get across a neighborhood or city. *Usually given higher priority types are for right of way with traffic controls. *Primary streets may have less residential drivewayslocal and short-distance travel. *A town’s “Main Street,” if it is not a highway, is typically a primary street. *In some regions “County Roads” types are typically primary streets. A primary designation is very relative to population used at the beginning and traffic densities. In the smallest rural town, a primary street may barely be wide enough for two cars heading opposite directions to pass each other. In dense urban areas primary streets may need to be a divided road with multiple lanes end of traffic in each direction having traffic controls at every intersectionlong routes as well.<br style="clear: both" />
====Service Road[[Image:Service road.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN5b.jpgPrimary Street {{Primary Street|right&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|300px]]Also often known as a frontage road. *A smaller Primary street found running alongside a limited access highway or other |primary street. *Service roads allow local traffic to enter and exit driveways, parking lots, and intersecting streets without congesting thoroughfare traffic.*(NOTE: Service Roads should NOT be confused with what is often called a "service alley". Service Roads will not prevent routing.)* March, 2013 - it was agreed at the second U.S. Waze Conference that the "Service Road" classification would be phased out and existing Service Roads would be automatically converted to |PS|PS}} {{@||Primary Street type. Therefore please change any Service Roads to other types if they should not be Streets.<br style}} ===="clear: both" />
====Street[[Image:Street.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN4.jpg|right|400px]]*Any road that '''Collectors''' are roads used with medium-low traffic densities which are used to bring traffic will be routed onto. *At grade connectors & turn lanes when separated by enough distance from the local streets that one is needed for proper GPS trackingto arterials and vice versa. Collectors are classified in Waze as Primary Streets.<br style="clear: both" />
Some states designate [[wikipedia:County highway|county routes]] which are important for travel within a county. These routes serve important functions in a short-----===Other===distance capacity.
====Dirt[[Image:Service road.png|200px]]====
[[Image:RoadPicN6.jpg |right|300px]]
A road that is not paved.<br />
Marking The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Primary Street}}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Major Collectors''' or '''Minor Collectors''' and paved with a hard surface.*Signed, numbered '''county routes''' (and, in Louisiana, parish routes) paved with a hard surface.*Business (BUS) and Loop state highways, and Spur state highways which are not used as connectors, paved with a hard surface.*{{Anchor|Frontage road|Frontage roads|Frontage Road|Frontage Roads}}'''[[wikipedia:Frontage road |Frontage road]]s''' which serve as "Dirt Road" will have the following consequences:<br means of access between freeways/>expressways and surface streets, if not otherwise classified.- Road name will **Some functional classification maps are not display produced in client.<br />- Routing will be restricted high enough detail to avoid this road if user has disabled determine the use class of dirt frontage roads . On maps that are produced in client settingshigh detail, frontage roads are almost universally classified as Major Collectors or higher.<br /><br style="clear: both" />
====Parking Lot Road[[Image:Service road.png|200px]]====
[[Image:RoadPicN7.jpg |right|300px]]
Parking lots, along with other publicly accessible roads such as alleys that should not be used for traffic routing unless directly at the start or end point of a route.
*Do not map the rows within parking lots because it clutters the map. See this additional page for [[Best_map_editing_practice#Parking_Lots|more details on how to map parking lots]].
*Parking Lot roads have a [[Routing_penalties|transition penalty]] when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot as a shortcut.
*Use Parking Lot road type for all necessary segments in the Parking Lot.
*The proper use of parking lot roads can also help to avoid automated traffic jam reports as well as Map Problems related to Wazers driving in unmapped parking lots. Draw in the drivable portions of the parking lot that are near streets and other roadways. This will prevent the Waze routing server from assuming you must be on the main road when in fact you are stopped in the parking lot.
[https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=13825&start=20#p117202 Additional information Unpaved roads – including gravel, macadam, and dirt roads – are considered on this topic can be reviewed in the forumsa regional basis.Check your [[Mapping resources|state page]]<br style="clear: both" />or contact your regional coordinator.
Information on mapping a parking lot landmark is covered [[Landmarks_by_Type_(US)#Parking_Lot|here]]Note: Some states or counties may designate county routes differently than others.Check your state''s page for possible exceptions to this rule.{{clear}}
====Private Road[[Image:Service road.png|200px]]====
[[File:pi_gated-community1.jpg|right|300px]]Private roads are useful for the following situations:
* Gated communities with controlled access
* Schools and Universities
* Military Bases
* Roads within apartment complexes and trailer parks
* Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard)
HoweverAs stated above, using private [[wikipedia:Frontage road|frontage road]]s should generally be set to at least {{Primary Street}}, if not marked as a higher type on a functional class map. Many frontage roads in some are used as "feeder roads" or "access roads", often the primary or only means of entering and exiting a freeway. Setting these situations may require more complex mapping to the "street" type, as covered has been done in the article [[Private Installations]]past, has the potential to invalidate good routes which use freeways and major/minor highways. To ensure that routing works, always use at least "primary street" for frontage roads that are used in this way. Be sure It may be desirable to set the entire frontage road to read through that article before setting the same type to achieve a whole neighborhood to all private roadsmore contiguous map appearance.{{clear}} ====Street {{Street|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|street|St|st}} {{@||Street}} ====
Private roads function in a similar way to Parking Lot roads using a [[Routing_penaltiesImage:RoadPicN4.jpg|right|transition penalty200px]] when leaving the Private Road. This transition penalty keeps Waze from incorrectly routing Wazers through a private area as a shortcut.
Private Any road for public travel which does not meet the criteria for any other type shall be classified as a {{Street}}. Shown as "local roads do " in some functional classification maps; not suppress automated traffic jams shown at all in the Waze applicationothers.
{{clear}}
===={{@|Passageway}}===={{Anchor|Narrow Street}}[[File:Alley.gif|right|200px|alt=alley]]{{As of |2018|10|31|df=us}}, the new road type {{Passageway}} should not be used in the USA. This road type is designed for other parts of the world, where some public roads accomodate only vehicles narrower than cars. At this time, DO NOT use the {{Passageway}} road type in the USA without explicit champ approval for each instance. ==== {{@|Service Road}} ==== {{mbox| type = warning| text = The Service Road type is no longer available. '''Use other road types for service roads.'''}}:For guidance on mapping service roads AKA frontage roads, see the [[House_Numbers_on_Service_Roads|service road page]] and the [[#Frontage roads|section above]].{{clear}} === {{Anchor|FC cross reference}} {{@|Quick reference chart}} === Refer to this chart to determine the road type of a given paved public road based on the functional class. To use this chart, first determine the functional class of a road, and whether it is a signed, numbered highway in a particular highway system. Where the column for the road's highway system and the row for the road's functional class meet, you will find the proper road type for that particular road. A number of examples are given below the chart.  <div style="font-size:smaller">{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse; text-align:center"! scope="row" rowspan="2" colspan="2"| ! colspan="8"| <big>Highway Systems</big>|-! Interstate! Interstate Business Loop/Spur! US Hwy (incl. some [[wikipedia:special routes|special routes]])! US Hwy BUS, SPUR, LOOP! State Hwy (incl. some special routes)! State Hwy BUS, SPUR{{ref label|a|a}}, LOOP! County Route! Locally-maintained|-|| ''example''| I-10 E| I-94 Business| US-190| US-460 Business| SR-23| SR-400 Loop| CR-15| Robertson St|- ! scope="row" rowspan="8" style="width:28px"| <big>F<br>u<br>n<br>c<br>t<br>i<br>o<br>n<br>a<br>l<br> <br>C<br>l<br>a<br>s<br>s</big><!-- Temp placeholder -->| '''Interstate'''{{ref label|b|b}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a|- | '''Other Freeway'''{{ref label|c|c}}||n/a||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}|- | '''Other Expressway'''{{ref label|d|d}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | '''Other Principal Arterial'''{{ref label|e|e}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | '''Minor Arterial'''{{ref label|f|f}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}|- | '''Major Collector'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | '''Minor Collector'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | '''Local/not mapped'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Street}}|}{{note|a|a}} When a state highway "SPUR" route is used to connect a state highway with another state highway, a US highway, or an Interstate (i.e., when it is used as a connector/CONN route), use the first state highway column. {{note|b|b}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Interstate'''. {{note|c|c}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Freeway'''. {{note|d|d}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Expressway'''. {{note|e|e}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial'''. {{note|f|f}} Also known as '''Other Arterial'''.  For example,* An Interstate Business Loop classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.* A US Highway classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.* A US Highway Spur route classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Minor Highway}}.* A State Highway classified as an Other Freeway is a {{Freeway}}.* A State Highway classified as a Collector is a {{Minor Highway}}.* A County Route classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Minor Highway}}.* A County Route classified as a Collector is a {{Primary Street}}* A locally-maintained road classified as an Other Principal Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.* A locally-maintained road classified as a Collector is a {{Primary Street}}.  {| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse;margin: 1em auto 1em auto; text-align:center"|+ '''Legend'''|- | {{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway}}|-| {{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway}}|- | {{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway}}|- | {{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street}}|-| {{Street|Street}}||{{Street}}|}</div> ===Exceptions=== If a road has a higher or lower type than what's specified in these rules, there may be a reason for it. Special rules are used to determine the road types of [[Creating and Editing a roundabout#Road type|roundabouts]] and [[At-grade connectors#How to label the connector type|at-grade connectors]]. ==== Routing road type ====Apart from changing the nominal road type, level {{rank|routing}} editors can also change the [[Creating and editing road segments#Special properties|routing road type]] (also known as routing preference) to one type higher or lower, which only affects [[Routing server#Changes in routes due to different route lengths|long-distance aspects]] of road type behavior while maintaining the same appearance, [[How Waze determines turn / keep / exit maneuvers#Best Continuation|best continuation]] and [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms|detour prevention behavior]] of the nominal road type. These exceptions to the rules should be reviewed with local leadership before implementation. ====Continuity====[[File:35-71.png|thumb|300x300px|SR-435 has the Minor Arterial functional class , so it would normally have the Minor Highway road type in Waze. Since it is signed as the way from one Freeway (US-35) to another (I-71), its routing road type has been promoted to Major Highway, enabling the routing server to use it on routes from WV to IL. It's nominal road type remains Minor Highway to preserve appearance and detour prevention.]][[File:M55-66.png|thumb|300x300px|These Michigan State Trunkline Highways have the Minor Arterial functional class, so they would normally have the Minor Highway road type. However, even without signage indicating their longer-distance use, they have been upgraded to Major Highway in order to be used in routes between southwestern Michigan and the Upper Peninsula.]]One common reason for a road to be set to a higher type is for the purpose of maintaining '''continuity''' between two roads with higher types. Promotion for continuity is usually indicated by signage: A certain less important road is signed as the way to get between two different more important roads. For example, a freeway exit from I-70 is signed as "Exit 142: US-40 / Gratiot", indicating that this is the intended way to get to US-40, with Principal Arterial functional class. Between the ramps and US-40 is CR-30 with Local functional class. The rules on this page would normally dictate that this road be set to Primary Street, but in long-distance routing it may be removed from consideration, or '''[[Routing server#Pruning|pruned]]'''. This can be prevented either by assigning the Major Highway type outright or by assigning the Minor Highway type with a +1 routing road type, which would cause it to be treated like a Major Highway for long-distance routing. Use of routing road type is preferable to avoid unintended side effects on the behavior and display of the road. Certain situations may require continuity upgrades even without signage to support them. Examples include but are not limited to:* Sparsely populated areas connected by long roads with lower functional class* Places where highway designations end abruptly, such as jurisdictional boundaries* Alternate routes used as detours for main highways subject to frequent or long-term closures* Urban or suburban areas in the midst of redevelopment, where functional class may be out of date* Connecting roads that may be too short to be noticed during state functional class assignment When promoting for continuity, the effective road type of the connecting road should match the ''lower'' of the two roads that it connects, similar to type selection for at-grade connectors, up to Major Highway. Since Major Highway is never pruned, there is no need to promote something to Freeway with routing road type for continuity reasons alone, and the nominal Freeway road type should only be used for controlled-access highways that meet the criteria [[#Freeway|above]]. Continuity upgrades prevent Waze from pruning out valid routes, and in extreme cases they can mean the difference between getting a good route and getting no route at all.=== Unpaved checkbox [[File:Checkbox.png|50px]]=== The [[FIle:Unpaved attribute.png|90px]] checkbox is an attribute that can be applied to any road type. It indicates that a road is not paved with asphalt or concrete. The unpaved attribute affects routing over drivable road types; it does not really affect non-drivable road types, since the client does not use them for routing. Based on user preference, destination, and other settings options, the Waze client may avoid routing them over otherwise drivable segments when the 'unpaved' attribute is checked. [[File:RoadPicN6.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN6.jpg]]==== When to select the Unpaved attribute ==== '''Any drivable road which is not paved with asphalt or concrete''' should have the Unpaved attribute box checked. <sub>Check your [[Mapping resources|state's page]] for details on whether there are additional guidelines for roads that are in '''''uncommonly poor condition by local standards''''' or contact your [[Regional Coordinator]] for further guidance.</sub> ==== User setting options for the Unpaved attribute ====This attribute has the unique property in that Waze users may select when not to be routed over unpaved road segments. Users may choose:* 'Dirt roads - Don't allow' - Avoids through-routing on all unpaved roads* 'Dirt roads - Avoid long ones' - Avoids through-routing on long unpaved roads* 'Dirt roads - Allow' - Allows through-routing that could include unpaved road(s) (i.e. ignores whether roads have the unpaved attribute checked) :''The Client still refers to these settings as "Dirt Roads", but it will be updated soon to read "Unpaved Roads". Rest assured they apply to this [[FIle:Unpaved attribute.png|90px]] attribute, and not to the {{Off-road}} type. == {{@|Other drivable roads}} == === Off-road / Not maintained Road {{Off-road|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Dirt|Dirt Road|Dirt road|Dirt road / 4X4 trail|4X4 Trail|4X4 trail|4x4 Trail|4x4 trail|dirt road}} {{@||Off-road / Not maintained road}} === {{mbox| type = critical| textstyle = font-style: italic;| text = Use extreme caution when mapping '''through roads''' with this type! In an emergency, such as wildfire or flooding, Waze responders may mark primary through roads in an area as closed on behalf of public safety. However, if off-road segments appear to provide alternate through routes, and responders miss closing them, Waze may offer those segments instead '''regardless of penalty'''. Waze may also route using off-road segments if they appear to bypass private or fee-collection gates.{{As of|2018|10}} '''do not map through roads using this type''' unless you make certain that the roads (1) are passable, if only barely, by ordinary passenger vehicles or (2) would not be routed as alternate routes in emergencies or into restricted areas.}}
===Non-drivable===[[File:Off_Road_Not_Maintained.jpg|right|300px|Off_Road_Not_Maintained.jpg]]'''Your car should not be here!'''*These may be useful for points of reference when navigating such as seeing on a map where a turn is in relation to a railroad crossing. *When The {{Off-road}} (formerly Dirt Road / 4x4 and Unpaved) segment type had the unique property that Waze users travel on a non-vehicle route such as a bicyclist or mass-transit rider, marking these routes can could ask not to be useful routed over it. That function has now shifted to explain the GPS traces that resultUnpaved attribute check box (see above). *If a base map scan has non{{Off-drivable routes on itroad}} roads are typically deeply rutted with thick mud, irregularly shaped rocks, fallen trees, branches, and deep streams, creeks, or river crossings. A typical car would bottom out, get stuck, it is important or even break an axle trying to mark traverse these to prevent traffic routing onto them.*Non-drivable routes should '''not have any type types of junction with a drivable road'''segments. Because The vast majority of the way the routing engine uses a [[Routing penalties|penalty system]], Waze '''will''' route users to drive on vehicles would not be traveling down these "Non-drivable" road types if they are connected to drivable roads. When crossing This segment type should strictly be used by a drivable type of hard terrain/special vehicle.  Any road, the nonfor which high-drivable road clearance vehicles are recommended or required should be bridged across without a junction between them and set at a different Elevation.assigned the {{clearOff-road}}type, if it is mapped at all, regardless of its maintenance status.
====Emergency Vehicle & Dot Service Roads [[Image:Service road.png|200px]]====[[Image:Emergency.jpg |right|300px]]"Emergency and Authorized Vehicles Only" and DOT Service Roads are Currently, Waze does not plan to support a 4X4 vehicle type in the client app, but the developers have left this option for editors to map these paths, so they can be treated as Non-drivable roads as well. You primarily see these between interstate roads and displayed on the turnpikemap. If mapped, they should They have an extremely high penalty associated with them and will not be connected to suggested for any drivable road, the road type should be set as Private Road and locked at the highest rank of the editorthrough routes in most ordinary circumstances.{{clear}}
====Walking Trails Check your [[Image:Service road.pngMapping resources|200pxstate page]]====for details on whether your state follows unique guidelines for hard terrain/special vehicle roads, or contact your [[Image:RoadPicN9.jpg |right|300pxRegional Coordinator]]Also bike trailsfor further guidance. {{clear}}
=== Parking Lot Road {{PLR|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Parking lot road|PLR|plr|Plr}} {{@||Parking Lot Road}} ===
====Pedestrian Boardwalks [[ImageFile:Service road.png|200px]]====[[Image:RoadPicN10RoadPicN7.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN7.jpg]]{{clear}}Parking lots, along with other publicly accessible roads such as '''alleys''' that should not be used for traffic routing unless directly at the start or end point of a route.
*See this additional page for [[Best map editing practice#Parking Lots|more details on how to map parking lots]].
{{mbox|type=caution|text=This section was updated {{As of |2015|01|14|df==Stairway [[Image:Service road.pngus|200px]]lc====[[Image:RoadPicN11.jpgyes}} to clarify when to use {{PLR|right|300px]]PLR}} vs {{clearPrivate Road|Private Roads}}.}}
*Use {{Parking Lot Road}} type for all [[Best map editing practice#Parking Lots|necessary segments]] in the Parking Lot.
*{{Parking Lot Road}} type should be used inside Apartment Complexes, Schools, and Universities unless it meets the criteria for Private Road found in the next section below.
*{{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} have a [[Routing penalties|transition penalty]] when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot or an alley as a shortcut.
* {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} can be used to avoid "missing road" automated Map Problem reports.
* {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} can be used to prevent Waze from assuming drivers driving slowly or parked in the parking lot are in a traffic jam on the main road -- draw in the drivable portions of the parking lot that are near outside roadways.
* Waze will not highlight slow speeds (automatically detected traffic jams) on {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}
====Railroad [[Imagehttp:Service road//www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.png|200px]]=php?f=10&t=13825&start=Train and Light Rail tracks currently do not appear in Waze client, but may in a future release. For that reason some editors may map at least the portion of the railroad that cross drivable roads. However, DO NOT create a junction between the drivable road and the railroad. The Waze routing engine will properly calculate the average time through a segment regardless if the railroad creates a junction 20#p117202 Additional information on that segment or not. By not creating a junction, there is less chance for turn restrictions to this topic can be set incorrectly and potentially cause automated errors reviewed in the systemforums. ] {{clear}}
Currently all Railroad segments should be set to Elevation -5. This helps ensure the routing engine does not try to connect or route drivers from roads onto non-roads by mistake. It acts to prevent false system reporting that the roads should be connectedInformation on mapping a parking lot landmark "place" is covered [[Places#Parking Lot|here]].
=== Private Road {{Private Road|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Private road|private road|private|Private|PVT|PR|pr|pvt|Pvt}} {{@||Private Road}} ===
'''Waze [[File:Pi gated- Support'''community1.jpg|right|300px|Pi gated-community1.jpg]]{{Private Road|Private roads}} are useful for the following situations:
'''Railroads should be labeled as such in the editor. For the time being they won't make it to the client indeed, but in the future we might want to use them *Gated communities with controlled access*Schools and Universities (gates / guard)*Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard)*Campgrounds or trailer parks (designed for display purposes.'''short term guests)
'''The "railroad" road type However, using private roads in some of these situations may require more complex mapping as covered in the editor is under "non drivable" so it should not cause any issue article [[Private Installations]]. Be sure to read through that article before setting a whole neighborhood to the routingall private roads.'''
As with {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, a route over a {{Private Road}} will incur a [[Routing penalties|transition penalty]] upon leaving it for another road type. This transition penalty keeps Waze from routing Wazers through a private area as a shortcut. Unlike {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, however, {{Private Road|Private Roads}} do not suppress automated traffic-jam detection.
For specific recommendations in other countries outside * Never use the United States{{Private Road}} type for unrestricted public roads* Do not use the {{Private Road}} type to try to force waze to route around slow (damaged or under construction) public roads. Talk to a routing expert to find out if there are any good solutions.* {{Private Road}} may be used for a public street that has a legally enforceable sign for local traffic only.* Waze handles {{Private Road|Private Roads}} similarly to how it handles {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, please see but not exactly the [[How_to_label_and_name_roadssame.** Similarity: Waze routing adds a penalty to a route that goes from a {{Private Road}} segment to a segment of a different type.** Difference: Waze will highlight traffic slowdowns on {{Private Road|entry for the country in question here]]Private Roads}}.
{{clear}}
====Runway/Taxiway[[Image: {{@|Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service road.png|200px]]Roads}} ====For aircraft at airports. Where a street also serves as a taxiway (such as in a community with through-the-fence access) map the street as a street. No drivable road should connect to or cross over any runway. A road may cross ''under'' a runway.
Each runway may [[File:Emergency.jpg|right|300px|Emergency.jpg]] Limited-access service roads, such as those marked for "emergency and authorized vehicles only" should not generally be mapped as , and if there is a single segment need to map them, they should not support routing nor appear like other roads. The clearest way to do this is to map them using the {{Private Road}} type, add [[partial restrictions]] on them to prohibit routing for identification purposes all times and locked to prevent lower ranking editors from attaching vehicle types and include a road description within the restriction to explain the runwayreason for mapping. Do not form junctions where runways cross. Name each runway Another, older method also involves using the FAA airport identifier{{Private Road}} type, disconnecting the word ''runway'', limited-access road and the runway designations with the lower number first (elocking as high as possible.gThis is also valid.Examples of such roads include fire roads prohibited to all non-service motor vehicles, "KSMF Runway 16R-34L"patrol roads for park service vehicles, and service cutoffs across the medians of divided highways.)
{{clear}}
=== {{@|Ferry}} ===
{{Ferry|&nbsp;}}
{{mbox
| type = important
| text = {{As of|2016|alt= Prior to 2016}} the Ferry Road type was not to be used. Since that time, there have been changes to the [[Routing server]] that allow the use of the Ferry Road type.
}}
 
The ferry road type should only be used where a road crosses a body of water through the use of an automotive ferry. For more on how to map ferries see [[Ferries]]. The ferry road type is useful because it causes the Waze client to display a "ferry" symbol for routes that include a ferry segment.
 
The ferry road type is treated by the [[routing server]] as a minor highway. The speed for the ferry road type is fixed at a very slow speed typical of watercraft, and not estimated from user speeds.
 
{{mbox|type=important|text=If the ferry you are working on crosses an area well covered with GPS traces, OR [[Wikipedia:List_of_HSC_ferry_routes| travels at higher than normal speeds]], please notify your [[Regional Coordinator]]. '''Additionally, if you have issues with routes passing thru a ferry segment, please contact your [[Regional Coordinator]].'''}}
 
== {{@|Non-drivable roads}} ==
-----=== {{Anchor|Pedestrian Boardwalks|Stairways}}{{@|Walking Trails}} ===
=== Types For further information on the mapping of segments {{Walking Trail}} (Roundaboutsknown as '''routable pedestrian path''' in US English) , {{Pedestrian Boardwalk}} (known as '''non-routable pedestrian path''' in US English or {{Stairway}} road types, see [[Image:Round.png |50pxpedestrian path]]===<br style="clear: both" />[[Image:RoadPicN8.jpg |right|300px]]
Roundabouts === {{@|Railroad}} ==={{Railroad|&nbsp;}}{{mbox| type = important| text = The guidelines below have few principals:been updated to reflect new standards on naming of railroads as of June 28th, 2016.}}{{mbox| type = important| text = The guidelines below have been updated to reflect new standards on junctioning of railroad grade crossings as of September 19, 2018.}}
[[File:RailroadTracksVanishingPoint.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN11.jpg]]The first onerailroad road type serves two purposes in Waze. First, each node it provides drivers with visual orientation relative to railroad and light-rail tracks. More importantly, in the common case where passenger-carrying tracks lie parallel with roads, mapping the tracks allows Waze to recognize and discard spurious speed data from people Wazing on the roundabout can only be connected to no more than one segmenttrain. This prevents corruption of speed data for the adjacent road.{{clear}}
Each connection has Use the following guidelines when '''mapping''' railroad segments:* '''Do NOT''' enter a name for the railroad segment unless the tracks are historical in nature, a major landmark, or a spectrum that exists routine destination for Wazers and your local state/regional wiki guidelines allow for such naming. The Waze app now renders railroad tracks as such so naming serves little purpose any longer. (See more below on Naming railroad segments.)* Always select "None" for the city name. This avoids [[City smudge|city smudging]].* Lock the segment at L2.* Do not map railroads below ground, as they do not serve either of the two purposes outlined above. This is especially true in order urban areas where underground rail lines are common, and their appearance on the map would be confusing to notify drivers.* Set the Client elevation just as you would a drivable segment. When tracks junction a road on the ground, the Elevation should be set to Ground.* In specific circumstances, create junctions between drivable roads and railroads at grade crossings.{{ref label|rr|rr}} Otherwise, do not junction grade crossings. The resulting elevation conflicts are acceptable.* Set railroad to 2-way directionality* When mapping railroad tracks, focus on how those near drivable roads.* Map rail yards simply, with one railroad segment along either edge of the yard's tracks.* Map industrial spurs only if they cross drivable roads.* Do not map '''every''' piece of parallel track, such as in sidings or yards, or industrial spurs that do not cross any roads. Your work may otherwise be seen as clutter.* Multiple parallel lines at crossings:** At most crossings, there should be only one railroad segment mapped and no more than two parallel railroads mapped at any crossing.** Parallel lines are to define be at least 5m apart** In general, there is no reason to have multiple lines mapped. When not at a crossing, even four parallel lines can be easily mapped as a single railroad segment in Waze.* Keep segment lengths under 10,000 meters – the longer the segment length, the more sluggish the message editor is to respond to changes.* {{Red|Do not map railroads using a drivable road type}} (Go straightstreets, exit through the 2nd / 3rd / 4th exitprimary streets, etc.); it could be a hazard to human life if drivers were routed to them.<br style="clear: both" />
[[Image:Round2.png <small>{{note|rightrr|200px]]rr}} ''Adding a junction node for a grade crossing only benefits routing if both (1) between the existing junction nodes on the drivable road on either side of the grade crossing, there is at least one destination on one side of the crossing '''and''' room for cars to back up waiting on the other; '''and''' (2) the tracks support regular, scheduled train traffic. If either of these elements is missing, adding a junction node for the grade crossing will not benefit routing and may in some cases degrade routing. If it is difficult to determine whether regular, scheduled trains use the tracks, you may assume they do if the tracks appear active and well maintained.''</small>
The Use the following guidelines when '''naming''' railroad segments, only if allowed by your local wiki guidelines:* For urban rapid transit and light rail systems you may optionally use the name of the transit authority and the name of the line, separated by a hyphen (e.g., "MBTA - Green Line", "RTA - Riverfront Streetcar").** If a system will has only one line, of course, use its name alone (e.g., "Detroit People Mover").** If multiple lines share the same track or run on parallel tracks, include all lines (e.g., "Metro Rail - Red/Purple Lines").** However, if a rapid transit system is so complex that including all line names would lead to an absurd result on some railroad segments, use the name of the system alone (e.g., "BART", "MTA") throughout the system.* Federal DOT Railroad GIS: http://fragis.fra.dot.gov/Apps/GISFRASafety/<br>For specific recommendations in other countries outside the radius border from United States, please see the center [[Road types and notify names|entry for the user accordinglycountry in question here]].{{clear}}
For more information on when === {{@|Runway/Taxiway}} ===[[File:Runways.png|right|300px]]{{Runway/Taxiway|&nbsp;}}Airport runways and private airstrips may be mapped using the Runway/Taxiway road type. The Runway/Taxiway type is for display only and must never connect to create drivable road segments. If a Roundabout or drivable road and a loop insteadrunway cross, please review set the [[Junction Style Guideelevation]].<br/>For information on what type of the road to set below that of the runway and ensure there is no connection. Draw each runway as a Roundabout single segment and lock it to, please review [[Creating_and_Editing_a_roundabout#Road_Type|Creating and Editing prevent lower-ranking editors from attaching a Roundabout]]<br style="clear: both" />road. Do not form junctions where runways cross each other.
Name each runway using the word ''Runway'' and the runway designations with the lower number first and a hyphen between runway numbers (e.g., "Runway 16R-34L".) <!-- The preferred airport identifier is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Air_Transport_Association_airport_code IATA] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports 3-letter code], for example "SFO", "LAX", "JFK", etc. If the airport in question is not included in that list, use the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Civil_Aviation_Organization_airport_code ICAO] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Civil_Aviation_Organization_airport_code#Prefixes 4-letter code] instead. If the airport is not included in that list use the [http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/publications/atpubs/lid/lidhme.htm FAA identifier]. --> For the "City" field of runway segments, check "None" to avoid any chance of [[City smudge|city smudging]]. {{clear}}  Despite its title, the Runway/Taxiway road type should never be used for an aircraft taxiway because it would render the same as a runway and confuse the display. Taxiways not intended for frequent access by street vehicles should not be mapped at all with any road type. Taxiways that do commonly serve street vehicles as well as aircraft, for example at [http://www.waze.com/editor/?zoom=5&lat=38.68054&lon=-120.98836&env=usa&layers=389 fly-in communities], may be mapped as Streets provided they remain disconnected from any runway.{{clear}} =={{@|Special case roads not covered}} ==
There are a number of other types of roadways and lane types which are not directly covered with the current options above. In some cases there are plans to add some of these special cases, but in the mean time the following guidelines are the best that can be done with the current settings.
===Bus or cab only lanes===
When a road or lane is designated for bus or cab use only, mark that road segment(s) as a '''Private Road''' to prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic, since the majority of the users will not be able to use that lane. It is also advisable to set the turn restrictions to prevent turns into that segment(s), but permit turns exiting the segment.
If === {{@|Bus or taxi only lanes}} ===When a road or lane is one-waydesignated for bus or taxi use only, but allows mark that road segment(s) with an allowed time based segment restriction for bus and/or taxi. The entire segment, right lane, center lane, or cab middle lane can be selected as appropriate on the second pop up window of the time based segment restriction. This will prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic to flow , since the other direction, leave majority of the road as one-way with users will not be able to use that lane. It will only route if the normal flow taxi or bus type of trafficvehicle is set in the user's settings. There (Taxi is currently available but bus is no need to create a second road traveling potential future selection). Set the opposite direction turn restrictions as appropriate for the legal usage by taxi and/or bus vehicles. Change the road segment(s) to the proper road type based on the functional classification and cab-only trafficthe Waze correlation table. A {{Private Road|Private Road}} segment is '''no longer required'''.
===Driveways===Most urban communities have very short driveways between If a road is one-way, but allows bus or taxi traffic to flow the other direction, leave the named road they live on and as one-way with the garage or carport on their property. In general these very short segments should not be mapped because they have no namenormal flow of traffic, would clutter add the time based segment restriction for the map Bus and/or Taxi in the client app, take appropriate direction. There is no need to create a lot of time to draw, and would greatly increase second road traveling the overall size of opposite direction for the Waze mapping database with very little returnbus and taxi-only traffic.
In the case === {{@|Driveways}} ===Many residents of urban communities have very long short driveways, it may helpful to a driver to see between the driveway mapped named road that they live on and the client app garage or even necessary for Waze to determine how to reach the destinationcarport on their property. In those cases it may general these very short segments should not be prudent mapped, because they have no name, would clutter the map in the client app, take a lot of time to add a road. See draw, and would greatly increase the overall size of the article on [[Driveways]] for more informationWaze mapping database with very little return.
==Legend==In the case of very long driveways, it may be helpful to a driver to see the driveway mapped on the client app or even necessary for Waze to determine how to reach the destination. In those cases it may be prudent to add a road. See the article on [[Image:Tbl.png|720pxDriveways]]<br style="clear: both" />for more information.
=={{@|See Also}} ==* [[Road Naming (USA)names]]<br>* [[Junction Style Guide]]<br>[[How to label and name roads (United Kingdom)]]<br>
[[Category:USA]][[Category:Make SubpageStyle guide]]
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