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Road types

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Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service Roads: typo
For {{mbox| type = critical | imageright = [[File:Alley.gif|100px|alt=alley]]| imagerightwidth=100px| textstyle = color: red; font-weight: bold; font-style: italic;| text = {{As of |2018|10|31|df=us}}, the new road names type {{Passageway}} is not suitable for use in the US.At this time, DO NOT use the {{Passageway}} road type in the editor see [[Road names/USA]]without explicit champ approval for each instance.}}
'''Road types''Note' in the United States can be divided into three categories: There is always an exception to every rule. If in doubtpublic roads, other drivable roads, consult with a Waze Champ or Country Manager (Indicated by Level 6 next to their name in the editor) before making exceptionsand non-drivable roads.'''''
== Overview ==Road type designations Public road types in Waze should be are determined by the physical layout and use FHWA functional classification of the roadand, where applicable, not by the name of a highway system to which the roadbelongs.
Road types do not affect naming. A dirt road that is a US Highway would still be named as “US Hwy #.” See [[Road names{{LocalGuidance|link=Mapping resources/USA]]States}}<br/>== {{@|Overview}} ==
Some === {{@|Importance of road type classifications are influenced by city size, traffic density, and regional conventions. For example, in a very large city a primary street may have three or more lanes in each direction on a divided road. While in a town of dirt roads, the only paved single lane street could be a primary street.types}} ===
While editing the mapsRoad types are important for both routing and map display:# When planning a route, major roads will sometimes get priority over smaller roads.#* For longer routes, you may notice that some lower road types will often be ignored outright in favor of higher-type roads.#* Since freeways are given the highest priority of all, having other high-type roads is necessary to provide viable alternatives to the routing server in case freeways are not labeled properlyclogged with traffic. This means# When viewing the map, more important roads should appear at the far zoom levels. Without proper types, the zoomed out display can be misleading.# Certain [[#Other drivable roads|other drivable road type might be wrong (types]] generate [[Routing penalties#Segment properties|transition penalties]] when a highway is marked as route leaves them onto a street) or that one different road has a few road types (a highway is marked as Freeway, highway type.#* This can be useful for areas like [[Private Installations|private installations]] but can also cause dramatic and primary at different segments)unexpected routing results.
The importance of proper labeling is in two aspects: # When viewing the map, the 'bigger' roads should appear at the far zoom levels. Without proper labels, the 'zoomed out' display can be very confusing. # When planning a route, major roads will get priority over smaller roads. === {{@|Before editing }} ===
Be sure that you are completely familiar with the articles on:
* [[Waze Map Editor|The Waze Map Editor]]
* [[Creating and Editing street editing road segments]]
* [[Junction Style Guide]]
* [[Creating and Editing a roundabout]]
* [[At-grade connectors]]
Road types do not affect naming. See [[Road names]].
== {{@|Public roads}} ==
Public roads are those that can be driven by anyone. Naturally, they are by far the most important roads on the Waze map.
The {{Freeway}} and {{Ramp}} road types each have their own special rules. The {{Major Highway}}, {{Minor Highway}}, and {{Primary Street}} types are designated using a set of minimum criteria, as explained [[#Highways|below]].
{{mbox | type = warning | text = <div style="font-size:smaller">Public roads are designated by a series of '''minimum criteria'''.
If a road meets '''any one''' criterion for a type, the road must be '''at least''' that type.
For example,
* a county highway (Waze: at least primary street) that is classified as a principal arterial (Waze: at least major highway) would be classified in Waze as a {{Major Highway}}.
* a state highway (Waze: at least minor highway) that is classified as a major collector (Waze: at least primary street) would be classified in Waze as a {{Minor Highway}}.
* a locally maintained road (Waze: at least street) that is classified as an other arterial (Waze: at least minor highway) would be classified in Waze as a {{Minor Highway}}.
If a road meets the criteria for multiple types, the highest of those types must be used, to satisfy every "at least" rule.</div>}}
=== {{@|A hybrid system}} ===
Public road types in the United States are determined through a hybrid system of FHWA functional classification and U.S., state, and sometimes county highway systems. These systems work together to create a harmonious Waze map with excellent routing characteristics. Neither of these two facets of the road type system should be considered sufficient on its own, without the other. The road type guidance has been carefully crafted to join these two systems into one single contiguous Waze road type system.
==== {{@|Functional classification}} ====
Functional classifications (FC) are determined using a set of criteria selected by the [[wikipedia:Federal Highway Administration|Federal Highway Administration]] (FHWA). These criteria include not only the physical attributes of the road but also efficiency of travel, number of access points, speed limits, route spacing, actual usage, and continuity. This can lead to quite different classifications for roads that appear similar. For example, a six-lane divided road in an urbanized area may be a Collector (Primary Street); a two-lane road through the middle of a town may be a principal arterial (Major Highway).
Functional classification is a national standard, but functional classification maps are published by state departments of transportation. Links to functional classification maps for each state can be found on [[National resources/Functional classification|the functional classification page]].
==== {{@|Highway systems}} ====
The '''[[wikipedia:Interstate Highway System|Interstate Highway System]]''' (formally, the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways) is a nationwide network of freeways designated by Congress and administered by the FHWA and [[wikipedia:American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials|AASHTO]], a nationwide organization of state departments of transportation with governmental support. The system facilitates high-speed travel throughout the nation.
The [[wikipedia:United States Numbered Highways|United States Numbered Highways]], or '''U.S. Highways''', system is a nationwide integrated network of roads also designated by Congress and administered by the FHWA and AASHTO. While many of the routes in this system have been superseded by the Interstate Highway System, they remain important as direct links between regions not served by the new system, and as alternatives to Interstate travel in the case of heavy traffic or incident.
Each of the fifty states (along with the District of Columbia and some of the United States's overseas territories) has a numbered '''[[wikipedia:state highway|state highway]] system'''. These systems are designated and administered by their respective state legislatures and departments of transportation as statewide networks of important travel links between cities and communities of those states. The roads in these systems, while of lesser national importance, are nevertheless essential for travel within the state.
In addition to their state highway systems, some states designate [[wikipedia:County highway|county routes]] which are important for travel within a county. These routes serve important functions in a short-distance capacity.
=== {{@|Highways}} ===
A '''highway''' is an arterial road.
Highways roads are the backbone of the traffic network. They serve a dual purpose:
*to carry traffic over long distances, from one city to another, and
*to carry traffic from collector roads to freeways, where applicable.
Several systems of numbered highways exist in the United States:
*the Interstate Highway System
*the United States Numbered Highways
*various [[wikipedia:Numbered_highways_in_the_United_States#State_highways_and_other_similar_systems|State Highway systems]]
*various County (or Parish) Highway systems, in some states
Waze's definition of "highways" includes Interstate, US and state highways, but it also includes all other roads that are classified as arterial roads under the FHWA functional classification lists maintained by state governments, even though they may not be part of any numbered highway system.
Functional classification of roads is determined more by how the roads are used than by how they are constructed, and the criteria are slightly different between urban and rural areas. Because of this, some urban roads may be classified as arterials and have highway types in Waze, even though they appear very similar to other non-highway roads. In using functional classification and numbered highway systems, the decision on which roads should be classified as highways rests ultimately with the governments that build and maintain the roads.
Waze distinguishes three classes of highway: {{Freeway}}, {{Major Highway}}, and {{Minor Highway}}.
=== Starting point ===
Naming conventions can be useful as starting point when determining a road type. Be aware that there are many regional naming variations. Remember that this is only guide on where to start when determining a road type.
*Interstate ~ Freeway [[Image:RoadBlue.png|180px]]
*US Hwy ~ Major Highway [[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png |200px]]
*State Hwy ~ Minor Highway [[Image:RoadYell.png |200px]]
*County Road ~ Primary Street. [[Image:Primary street.png|200px]]
*City street ~ Street. [[Image:Street.png|200px]]
*Exit ~ Ramp [[Image:Ramp.png |200px]]
*Unnamed ~ Parking Lot Road [[Image:Service road.png|200px]]
== Road type classifications ===== Freeway [[Image:RoadBlue.png{{Freeway|180px]] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Fwy|freeway|fwy}} {{@||Freeway}} ==== 
Although it is currently listed under Highways, a freeway does not have to be a highway.
Freeways have strict classification rulesA '''freeway''' is a highway designed for high speed traffic, with fully controlled access over entrance to, and exit from, the highway. Freeway is the highest functional class of road.  The following roads shall be classified as {{Freeway}}:*All '''Interstate Highways'''.*Almost *This includes all US roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Interstates are Freeways '''.**This includes three-digit Interstate spurs and loops (exceptions e.g., I-610; I-585).**This includes the [[httpswikipedia:// of gaps in Interstate Highways#At-grade_intersections_and_traffic_lights Wikipedia Linkgrade intersections and traffic lights|few grade-intersected, undivided, and/or narrow portions of the Interstate Highway System])].*Multi*This does ''not'' include Interstate Business Loops and Business Spurs (e.g., I-Lane69 Business Loop), divided road (with rare exceptions unless they meet the standards for Other Freeways and Expressways defined below.*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Other Freeways and Expressways''' which meet the criteria of a [[httpswikipedia:controlled-access highway|controlled-access highway]]://en**No at-grade crossings.wikipedia**No at-grade Wikipedia link])**No cross trafficdirect property access.**No stop lights (except for ramp meterssometimes on ramps).**No stop signs. *No parking. *No stopping (except for Except at the beginning or end of the controlled-access roadway, connected to other roads exclusively by [[toll roadsLimited Access Interchange Style Guide|toll boothsinterchanges]]:***Entrance via ramps only, freeway typically with acceleration zones.***Exit via ramps only, typically with deceleration zones.***Note: Many freeways continue as non-controlled-access roadways; the road should be set as Freeway until the point at which access meteringbecomes non-controlled.**Note: Some states refer to this class as '''Other Freeways'''. In these states, movable briges every road in this class is a Freeway. For information on how to best layout freeways and their junctions, please review the section on [[httpsJunction_Style_Guide#Highway.2FFreeway_Junctions|freeways]] in the [[Junction Style Guide]]. For specific guidelines in other countries refer to [[How_to_label_and_name_roads|this page for more information]]. ==== Major Highway {{Major Highway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Major highway|major highway|MH}} {{@||Major Highway}} ==== [[Image://enMaj-hwy.jpg|thumb|right|450px|A partially-limited-access roadway, or "expressway".wikipediaNote the interchange to the left and the at-grade intersection to the Wikipedia link]] '''Principal arterials''' are the primary routes for traveling throughout the country, from one city to another, over long distances. Many principal arterials are freeways or expressways, but many others are not. As a nationwide system, the United States Numbered Highways, or '''U.S. Highways''', system provides a direct links between regions not served by the Interstate Highway System, and as alternatives to Interstate travel in the case of heavy traffic congestionor incident.  The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Major Highway}}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Principal Arterials''' or '''Other Principal Arterials'''.)*Highest speed limitsRoads classified in FHWA's functional classifications as '''Other Freeways and Expressways''' ''which do not meet the criteria for Freeway''. **This includes partially-limited-access roadways (relative to regionor "expressways"). These are roads that have a lot of the characteristics of freeways, but also have occasional at-grade intersections with other roads.*Some have minimum speed limits*Note: Every partially-limited-access roadway is a Major Highway; this does not mean that every Major Highway must be partially-limited-access. *Limited *Note: "Expressway" is used as a shorthand term for partially-limited-accessroads. This does not mean every road ''named'' "Expressway" is a Major Highway.**Access restrictions vary by state but some typical restrictions areNote: Some states refer to this class as '''Other Freeways'''. In these states, every road in this class is a Freeway.*Roads in the '''United States Numbered Highways''' system (US Highways).**No pedestriansThis includes Alternate (ALT), Bypass (BYP), Connector (CONN), Truck, and Scenic US Highways.**This does ''not'' include Business, Spur, and Loop US Highways.*No bicyclesBusiness routes (Spurs and Loops) in the Interstate Highway System (e.g., I-69 Business Loop). ==== Minor Highway {{Minor Highway|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Minor highway|minor highway|mH|mh}} {{@||Minor Highway}} ==== '''Minor arterials''' (or '''other arterials''') are secondary routes for traveling between cities over moderately long distances. Minor or other arterials are classified in Waze as Minor Highways. Each of the fifty states (along with the District of Columbia and some of the United States's overseas territories) has a numbered '''state highway system'''. Roads in these systems are designated and selected by their respective State Departments of Transportation as part of statewide networks of important travel links between cities and communities of those states. These roads, while of lesser national importance, are nevertheless essential for travel within the state.  The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Minor Highway}}:*Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as '''Minor Arterials''' or '''Other Arterials'''.**No mopedsSigned, numbered routes in '''state, D.C., and territorial highway systems'''.***No Animal-Drawn VehiclesThis includes Alternate (ALT), Bypass (BYP), Connector (CONN), Truck, and Scenic state highways.**Entrance ramps This includes Spur state highways when they are typically designed used to connect state highways with an acceleration zone so that cars can accelerate up to freeway speeds before merging into freeway trafficother state highways, US Highways, or Interstates; i.e., Spur highways which are used like Connector (CONN) highways. **Exit ramps This does ''not'' include Business (BUS), Loop, and other Spur state highways.*Business (BUS), Loop, and Spur US Highways. Note: Not every state highway system is the same. Some state systems may be overinclusive, whether because of differing standards or because of political corruption and pork barrel spending; as such, your state may make exceptions where some lesser state highways are typically designed with a deceleration zone so that traffic can exit better represented by the Primary Street type. Contact your regional coordinator before making these decisions. ==== Ramps {{Ramp|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{@||Ramps}} ==== [[File:RoadPicN2.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN2.jpg]] [[File:HBlue.png|right|300px|HBlue.png]] The following are to be classified as {{Ramp}}. *Roads which connect roadways to other roadways as part of an [[Limited Access Interchange Style Guide|interchange]]. This includes all freeway at freeway speeds without obstructing trafficexits and entrances.*Roads connecting freeways and highways with [[Rest areas]], parking areas, and service plazas (e.g., then have sufficient distance "to slow down before any turnsService Area").*Jughandles.*Median U-turn Intersection (MUTI) and "Michigan left" segments.*J-turn (RCUT/"Superstreet") segments.*Displaced Left Turn (DLT) left turn segments.
For information The following are '''not''' to be classified as {{Ramp}}. *[[At-grade connectors]], unless they fit into one of the exceptions (see article).*Turn lanes. Ramp names do not appear on the client application map, but do appear in the text for routing directions. Entrance and exit ramps often contain a lot of text which is duplicative of roads already in the area, so this text is suppressed until the user actually needs it. This is also the reason for using the ramp type for named MUTI and jughandle segments—the text is needed for effective navigation instructions but would needlessly clutter the ramp. Information on how to best layout freeways lay out ramps and their junctions, please review set the proper angles from the main road can be found in the section on [[Junction_Style_Guide#HighwayJunction Style Guide]].2FFreeway_Junctions{{clear}} === {{@|freewaysStreets}} === The Street types are for local and short-distance travel. Street types are used at the beginning and end of long routes as well.  ==== Primary Street {{Primary Street|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|Primary street|primary street|PS|PS}} {{@||Primary Street}} ==== '''Collectors''' are roads used with medium-low traffic densities which are used to bring traffic from local streets to arterials and vice versa. Collectors are classified in Waze as Primary Streets. Some states designate [[wikipedia:County highway|county routes]] which are important for travel within a county. These routes serve important functions in a short-distance capacity.  The following roads are to be classified, at minimum, as {{Primary Street}}:*Roads classified in the FHWA's functional classification as '''Major Collectors''' or '''Minor Collectors''' and paved with a hard surface.*Signed, numbered '''county routes''' (and, in Louisiana, parish routes) paved with a hard surface.*Business (BUS) and Loop state highways, and Spur state highways which are not used as connectors, paved with a hard surface.*{{Anchor|Frontage road|Frontage roads|Frontage Road|Frontage Roads}}'''[[Junction Style Guidewikipedia:Frontage road|Frontage road]]s''' which serve as the means of access between freeways/expressways and surface streets, if not otherwise classified. For specific guidelines **Some functional classification maps are not produced in other countries refer high enough detail to determine the class of frontage roads. On maps that are produced in high detail, frontage roads are almost universally classified as Major Collectors or higher.  Unpaved roads – including gravel, macadam, and dirt roads – are considered on a regional basis. Check your [[Road types and namesMapping resources|this state page for more information]]or contact your regional coordinator. Note: Some states or counties may designate county routes differently than others. Check your state's page for possible exceptions to this rule.
=== Highways[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png |150px]][[Image:RoadYell.png |150px]] ===
Highways are typically numbered or named roads that can be followed to get from one city to another. If the cities are in different states, it will likely be named as a US highway. If they are in the same state, it will likely be named as a State Highway. If they are in the same county, they may be named as a County Highway. There are two main Highway labels in Waze, Major and Minor. Their use may depend on regional population or traffic densities.
One differentiation between Major and Minor is the design and use of the As stated above, [[wikipedia:Frontage road|frontage road. A Major Highway is purpose built for the expedience of thru traffic. A Minor Highway could have ]]s should generally be set to at least {{Primary Street}}, if not marked as a diverse range of priority placed higher type on a functional class map. Many frontage roads are used as "feeder roads" or "access roads", often the flow primary or only means of thru traffic. *US Highways should typically have entering and exiting a Major Highway or Minor Highway road typefreeway. *State Highways differ by region. In some states all State Highways deserve a Highway road Setting these to the "street" type, as has been done in the past, has the potential to invalidate good routes which use freeways and major/minor highways. In others the “State Highway” term is To ensure that routing works, always use at least "primary street" for frontage roads that are used very loosely, or every road in a town this way. It may have a state highway name. In those cases many state highways will not be a highway desirable to set the entire frontage road to the same type.*County Highways vary greatly, some may deserve to achieve a highway designationmore contiguous map appearance.
==== Major Highway[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png Street {{Street|200px]] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{Anchor|street|St|st}} {{@||Street}} ====[[Image:Maj-hwy.jpg|right|500px]]Purposely built as a major throughway. *Higher speeds. Speed limits should be near or equal to Interstate or Freeway speed limits in the same area. (typically within 5-10mph)*Multiple lanes in each direction. *Separated directions of travel. *Turning traffic is typically limited to specified turn lanes or freeway style ramps to minimize obstructions to thru traffic.*Partially limited access with few minor streets intersecting with this road. Intersections are most often with primary roads or other highways.*Can have stoplights or freeway style interchanges. *No stop signs*Pedestrian crossings may be limited. *Local business access is often restricted to frontage roads or other streets.
Typically [[Image:RoadPicN4.jpg|right|200px]] Any road for public travel which does not meet the criteria for any other type shall be classified as a {{Street}}. Shown as "local roads with numerous side streets, parking lot accesses, residential driveways, low speed limits, undivided, or shared center turn lanes (suicide lanes) are " in some functional classification maps; not Major Highwaysshown at all in others.
==== Minor Highway{{@|Passageway}}===={{Anchor|Narrow Street}}[[ImageFile:RoadYellAlley.png gif|right|200px|alt=alley]] {{As of |2018|10|31|df=us}}, the new road type {{Passageway}} should not be used in the USA. This road type is designed for other parts of the world, where some public roads accomodate only vehicles narrower than cars. At this time, DO NOT use the {{Passageway}} road type in the USA without explicit champ approval for each instance. ==== {{@|Service Road}} ==== {{mbox| type =warning| text =The Service Road type is no longer available. '''Use other road types for service roads.'''}}:For guidance on mapping service roads AKA frontage roads, see the [[Image:Screen134.pngHouse_Numbers_on_Service_Roads|rightservice road page]] and the [[#Frontage roads|300pxsection above]].{{clear}} === {{Anchor|FC cross reference}} {{@|Quick reference chart}} === While still a labeled route that can be followed Refer to get from one city/town/neighborhood this chart to anotherdetermine the road type of a given paved public road based on the functional class. To use this chart, routing first determine the functional class of thru traffic a road, and whether it is not always a priority signed, numbered highway in a particular highway system. Where the column for the road's highway system and the row for the road's functional class meet, you will find the street designproper road type for that particular road. Some minor highways A number of examples are built with a higher priority on through traffic, while other minor highways are nothing more than a label dropped onto existing residential streetsgiven below the chart.  
<div style="font-size:smaller">{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse; text-align:center"! scope="row" rowspan="2" colspan="2"| ! colspan="8"| <big>Highway Systems</big>|-! Interstate! Interstate Business Loop/Spur! US Hwy (incl. some [[wikipedia:special routes|special routes]])! US Hwy BUS, SPUR, LOOP! State Hwy (incl. some special routes)! State Hwy BUS, SPUR{{ref label|a|a}}, LOOP! County Route! Locally-maintained|-|| ''example''| I-10 E| I-94 Business| US-190| US-460 Business| SR-23| SR-400 Loop| CR-15| Robertson St|- ! scope="row" rowspan="8" style="width:28px"| <big>F<br>u<br>n<br>c<br>t<br>i<br>o<br>n<br>a<br>l<br> <br>C<br>l<br>a<br>s<br>s</big><!-- Temp placeholder -->| '''Interstate'''{{ref label|b|b}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a||n/a|- | '''Other Freeway'''{{ref label|c|c}}||n/a||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway|Fw}}|- | '''Other Expressway'''{{ref label|d|d}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | '''Other Principal Arterial'''{{ref label|e|e}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}|- | '''Minor Highways vary widely from large multiArterial'''{{ref label|f|f}}||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}|- | '''Major Collector'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|- | '''Minor Collector'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}|-lane roads | '''Local/not mapped'''||n/a||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Street}}|}{{note|a|a}} When a state highway "SPUR" route is used to connect a state highway with stoplights and higher speed limitsanother state highway, to small residential streets with stops signsa US highway, or an Interstate (i.e., when it is used as a connector/CONN route), use the first state highway column.
Some minor highways may zigzag thru an area with many turns on local streets{{note|b|b}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Interstate'''.
A Minor Highway thru the main street of a small town often retains focus on local access with pedestrian traffic and on street parking{{note|c|c}} Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Freeway'''.
As a good note, remember that in major construction zones for Highways under construction, often Waze will try to route you through the construction, as if its the only route, since it prefers highways.{{clearnote|d|d}}Also known as '''Principal Arterial - Expressway'''.
==== Ramps[[Image:Ramp.png {{note|200px]] ====[[Image:RoadPicN2.jpge|right|300px]][[Image:HBlue.png|right|300px]]*All entrances to or exits from freeways. *A proper freeway style ramp onto or off of a Highway. *Not for at grade "street" connectors.*Not for turn lanes.*Roads connecting a highway with a rest/service/weigh station/parking area should be treated e}} Also known as ramps as well and named accordingly (e.g. "Exit to Service Area")'''Principal Arterial'''.
Ramp names do not appear on the client application map, but do appear in the text for routing directions.{{clearnote|f|f}}Also known as '''Other Arterial'''.
Additional details on when to use the Ramp type vs. any other road type for intersections is covered in the [[at-grade connectors]] article.
Information on how to lay out ramps and set the proper angles from the main For example,* An Interstate Business Loop classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.* A US Highway classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.* A US Highway Spur route classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Minor Highway}}.* A State Highway classified as an Other Freeway is a {{Freeway}}.* A State Highway classified as a Collector is a {{Minor Highway}}.* A County Route classified as a Minor Arterial is a {{Minor Highway}}.* A County Route classified as a Collector is a {{Primary Street}}* A locally-maintained road can be found in the [[Junction Style Guide]]classified as an Other Principal Arterial is a {{Major Highway}}.* A locally-maintained road classified as a Collector is a {{Primary Street}}.
For other countries see [[Road types and names|this article]].
{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse;margin: 1em auto 1em auto; text-align:center"|+ '''Legend'''|-| {{Freeway|Fw}}||{{Freeway}}|-| {{Major Highway|Major}}||{{Major Highway}}|-| {{Minor Highway|Minor}}||{{Minor Highway}}|- | {{Primary Street|PS}}||{{Primary Street}}|-| {{Street|Street}}||{{Street}}|}</div>
=== Streets[[Image:Primary street.png|150px]][[Image:Street.png|150px]][[Image:Service road.png|150px]] Exceptions===Usually for local travel within a town. {{clear}}
==== Primary Street[[Image:Primary street.png|200px]] ====[[Image:RoadPicN3.jpg|right|300px]] Major roads If a road has a higher or boulevards used to get across lower type than what's specified in these rules, there may be a neighborhood or city. *Usually given higher priority reason for right of way with traffic controls. *Primary streets may have less residential driveways. *A town’s “Main Street,” if it is not a highway, is typically a primary street. *In some regions “County Roads” Special rules are typically primary streets. A primary designation is very relative used to population determine the road types of [[Creating and traffic densities. In the smallest rural town, Editing a primary street may barely be wide enough for two cars heading opposite directions roundabout#Road type|roundabouts]] and [[At-grade connectors#How to pass each other. In dense urban areas primary streets may need to be a divided road with multiple lanes of traffic in each direction having traffic controls label the connector type|at every intersection-grade connectors]].{{clear}}
==== Service Road[[Image:Service Routing road.png|200px]] type ====Apart from changing the nominal road type, level {{rank|routing}} editors can also change the [[Image:RoadPicN5b.jpgCreating and editing road segments#Special properties|right|300pxrouting road type]]Also often (also known as a frontage road routing preference) to one type higher or outer road. *A smaller street found running alongside a limited access highway or other primary street. *Service roads allow local traffic lower, which only affects [[Routing server#Changes in routes due to enter and exit driveways, parking lots, and intersecting streets without congesting thoroughfare traffic.*(NOTE: Service Roads should NOT be confused with what is often called a "service alley". Service Roads different route like streets.)* At lengths|long-distance aspects]] of road type behavior while maintaining the second U.S. same appearance, [[How Waze Conference in March 2013, it was agreed that determines turn / keep / exit maneuvers#Best Continuation|best continuation]] and [[Detour Prevention Mechanisms|detour prevention behavior]] of the "Service Road" classification will be phased out and existing Service Roads will be converted automatically to nominal road type Street. Therefore please change any Service Roads These exceptions to other types if they the rules should not be Streetsreviewed with local leadership before implementation.{{clear}}
==== StreetContinuity====[[ImageFile:Street35-71.png|200pxthumb|300x300px|SR-435 has the Minor Arterial functional class , so it would normally have the Minor Highway road type in Waze. Since it is signed as the way from one Freeway (US-35) to another (I-71), its routing road type has been promoted to Major Highway, enabling the routing server to use it on routes from WV to IL. It's nominal road type remains Minor Highway to preserve appearance and detour prevention.]] ====[[ImageFile:RoadPicN4M55-66.jpgpng|rightthumb|400px300x300px|These Michigan State Trunkline Highways have the Minor Arterial functional class, so they would normally have the Minor Highway road type. However, even without signage indicating their longer-distance use, they have been upgraded to Major Highway in order to be used in routes between southwestern Michigan and the Upper Peninsula.]]* Any One common reason for a road onto which traffic may to be routedset to a higher type is for the purpose of maintaining '''continuity''' between two roads with higher types. * At grade connectors and turn lanes when separated Promotion for continuity is usually indicated by enough distance from signage: A certain less important road is signed as the intersecting streets that a connector is needed for proper GPS trackingway to get between two different more important roads.{{clear}}
For example, a freeway exit from I-70 is signed as "Exit 142: US-40 / Gratiot", indicating that this is the intended way to get to US-40, with Principal Arterial functional class. Between the ramps and US-40 is CR-30 with Local functional class. The rules on this page would normally dictate that this road be set to Primary Street, but in long-distance routing it may be removed from consideration, or '''[[Routing server#Pruning|pruned]]'''. This can be prevented either by assigning the Major Highway type outright or by assigning the Minor Highway type with a +1 routing road type, which would cause it to be treated like a Major Highway for long-distance routing. Use of routing road type is preferable to avoid unintended side effects on the behavior and display of the road.
=== Other ===Certain situations may require continuity upgrades even without signage to support them. Examples include but are not limited to:* Sparsely populated areas connected by long roads with lower functional class* Places where highway designations end abruptly, such as jurisdictional boundaries* Alternate routes used as detours for main highways subject to frequent or long-term closures* Urban or suburban areas in the midst of redevelopment, where functional class may be out of date* Connecting roads that may be too short to be noticed during state functional class assignment
==== Dirt[[Image:Service When promoting for continuity, the effective road type of the connecting roadshould match the ''lower'' of the two roads that it connects, similar to type selection for at-grade connectors, up to Major Highway.png|200px]] ====Since Major Highway is never pruned, there is no need to promote something to Freeway with routing road type for continuity reasons alone, and the nominal Freeway road type should only be used for controlled-access highways that meet the criteria [[Image:RoadPicN6.jpg |right#Freeway|300pxabove]]A road that is not paved.
Marking Continuity upgrades prevent Waze from pruning out valid routes, and in extreme cases they can mean the difference between getting a road as "Dirt Road" will have the following consequences:- Road name will not display in clientgood route and getting no route at all.- Routing will be restricted to avoid this road if user has disabled the use of dirt roads in client settings=== Unpaved checkbox [[File:Checkbox.{{clear}}png|50px]]===
==== Parking Lot RoadThe [[FIle:Unpaved attribute.png|90px]] checkbox is an attribute that can be applied to any road type. It indicates that a road is not paved with asphalt or concrete. The unpaved attribute affects routing over drivable road types; it does not really affect non-drivable road types, since the client does not use them for routing. Based on user preference, destination, and other settings options, the Waze client may avoid routing them over otherwise drivable segments when the 'unpaved' attribute is checked. [[File:Service roadRoadPicN6.pngjpg|right|200px300px|Service roadRoadPicN6.pngjpg]] ==== When to select the Unpaved attribute ====
[[File:RoadPicN7.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN7.jpg]] Parking lots, along '''Any drivable road which is not paved with other publicly accessible roads such as alleys that asphalt or concrete''' should not be used for traffic routing unless directly at have the start or end point of a routeUnpaved attribute box checked.
*Do not map the rows within parking lots because it clutters the map. See this additional page for <sub>Check your [[Best map editing practice#Parking LotsMapping resources|more state's page]] for details on how to map parking lots]].*Parking Lot whether there are additional guidelines for roads have a that are in '''''uncommonly poor condition by local standards''''' or contact your [[Routing penalties|transition penaltyRegional Coordinator]] when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot as a shortcut.*Use Parking Lot road type for all necessary segments in the Parking Lot.*The proper use of parking lot roads can also help to avoid automated traffic jam reports as well as Map Problems related to Wazers driving in unmapped parking lots. Draw in the driveable portions of the parking lot that are near streets and other roadways. This will prevent the Waze routing server from assuming you must be on the main road when in fact you are stopped in the parking lotfurther guidance.</sub>
[http==== User setting options for the Unpaved attribute ====This attribute has the unique property in that Waze users may select when not to be routed over unpaved road segments. Users may choose://www* 'Dirt roads - Don't allow' - Avoids through-routing on all unpaved roads* 'Dirt roads - Avoid long ones' - Avoids through-routing on long unpaved roads* 'Dirt roads - Allow' - Allows through-routing that could include unpaved road(s) ( whether roads have the unpaved attribute checked) :''The Client still refers to these settings as "Dirt Roads", but it will be updated soon to read "Unpaved Roads".php?f=10&t=13825&start=20#p117202 Additional information on Rest assured they apply to this topic can be reviewed in the forums[[FIle:Unpaved attribute.png|90px]] attribute, and not to the {{clearOff-road}}type.
Information on mapping a parking lot landmark is covered [[Places#Parking Lot== {{@|here]].Other drivable roads}} ==
==== Private Off-road / Not maintained Road {{Off-road|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Dirt|Dirt Road[[Image:Service |Dirt road|Dirt road / 4X4 trail|4X4 Trail|4X4 trail|4x4 Trail|4x4 trail|dirt road.png}} {{@||200px]] =Off-road / Not maintained road}} ===[[File:pi_gated-community1.jpg|right|300px]]Private roads are useful for the following situations:* Gated communities with controlled access* Schools and Universities* Military Bases* Roads within apartment complexes and trailer parks* Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard)
However{{mbox| type = critical| textstyle = font-style: italic;| text = Use extreme caution when mapping '''through roads''' with this type! In an emergency, such as wildfire or flooding, using private Waze responders may mark primary through roads in some an area as closed on behalf of these situations public safety. However, if off-road segments appear to provide alternate through routes, and responders miss closing them, Waze may require more complex mapping as covered in the article [[Private Installations]]offer those segments instead '''regardless of penalty'''. Be sure Waze may also route using off-road segments if they appear to read bypass private or fee-collection gates.{{As of|2018|10}} '''do not map through roads using this type''' unless you make certain that article before setting a whole neighborhood to all private the roads(1) are passable, if only barely, by ordinary passenger vehicles or (2) would not be routed as alternate routes in emergencies or into restricted areas.}}
Private roads function in a similar way to Parking Lot roads using a [[Routing_penaltiesFile:Off_Road_Not_Maintained.jpg|right|300px|transition penaltyOff_Road_Not_Maintained.jpg]] when leaving the Private Road. This transition penalty keeps Waze from incorrectly routing Wazers through a private area as a shortcut.
Private roads do not suppress automated traffic jams in the Waze application.The {{clearOff-road}}(formerly Dirt Road / 4x4 and Unpaved) segment type had the unique property that Waze users could ask not to be routed over it. That function has now shifted to the Unpaved attribute check box (see above).
{{Off-----road}} roads are typically deeply rutted with thick mud, irregularly shaped rocks, fallen trees, branches, and deep streams, creeks, or river crossings. A typical car would bottom out, get stuck, or even break an axle trying to traverse these types of road segments. The vast majority of vehicles would not be traveling down these roads. This segment type should strictly be used by a type of hard terrain/special vehicle.
=== Non-driveable ==='''Your car should not be here!'''*These may be useful Any road for points of reference when navigating such as seeing on a map where a turn is in relation to a railroad crossing. *When Waze users travel on a nonwhich high-vehicle route such as a bicyclist clearance vehicles are recommended or mass-transit rider, marking these routes can required should be useful to explain assigned the GPS traces that result. *If a base map scan has non{{Off-driveable routes on itroad}} type, if it is important to mark these to prevent traffic routing onto them.*Non-driveable routes should '''not have any type mapped at all, regardless of junction with a driveable road'''its maintenance status. Because of the way the routing engine uses a [[Routing penalties|penalty system]], Waze '''will''' route users to drive on these "Non-driveable" road types if they are connected to driveable roads. When crossing a driveable road, the non-driveable road should be bridged across without a junction between them and set at a different Elevation.{{clear}}
==== Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service Roads [[Image:Service road.png|200px]] ====[[Image:Emergency.jpg |right|300px]]"Emergency and Authorized Vehicles Only" and DOT Service Roads are Currently, Waze does not plan to be treated as Non-driveable roads. These are found primarily through support a 4X4 vehicle type in the client app, but the median of divided highways developers have left this option for editors to connect opposite direction lanes. If mappedmap these paths, so they should can be displayed on the map. They have an extremely high penalty associated with them and will not be connected to suggested for any driveable road with properties set to road type Private Road, elevation -5, and lock at the highest rank of the editor up to 5through routes in most ordinary circumstances.{{clear}}
==== Walking Trails Check your [[Image:Service road.pngMapping resources|200pxstate page]] ====for details on whether your state follows unique guidelines for hard terrain/special vehicle roads, or contact your [[Image:RoadPicN9.jpg |right|300pxRegional Coordinator]]Also bike trailsfor further guidance. {{clear}}
=== Parking Lot Road {{PLR|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Parking lot road|PLR|plr|Plr}} {{@||Parking Lot Road}} ===
==== Pedestrian Boardwalks [[ImageFile:Service road.png|200px]] ====[[Image:RoadPicN10RoadPicN7.jpg|right|300px|RoadPicN7.jpg]]{{clear}}Parking lots, along with other publicly accessible roads such as '''alleys''' that should not be used for traffic routing unless directly at the start or end point of a route.
*See this additional page for [[Best map editing practice#Parking Lots|more details on how to map parking lots]].
{{mbox|type=caution|text=This section was updated {{As of |2015|01|14|df== Stairway [[Image:Service road.pngus|200px]] lc====[[Image:RoadPicN11.jpgyes}} to clarify when to use {{PLR|right|300px]]PLR}} vs {{clearPrivate Road|Private Roads}}.}}
*Use {{Parking Lot Road}} type for all [[Best map editing practice#Parking Lots|necessary segments]] in the Parking Lot.
*{{Parking Lot Road}} type should be used inside Apartment Complexes, Schools, and Universities unless it meets the criteria for Private Road found in the next section below.
*{{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} have a [[Routing penalties|transition penalty]] when exiting the Parking Lot road segment. This should prevent Waze from routing you through a Parking Lot or an alley as a shortcut.
* {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} can be used to avoid "missing road" automated Map Problem reports.
* {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}} can be used to prevent Waze from assuming drivers driving slowly or parked in the parking lot are in a traffic jam on the main road -- draw in the drivable portions of the parking lot that are near outside roadways.
* Waze will not highlight slow speeds (automatically detected traffic jams) on {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}
==== Railroad [[Imagehttp:Service road//|200px]] =php?f=10&t=13825&start=Train and Light Rail tracks currently do not appear in Waze client, but may in a future release. For that reason some editors may map at least the portion of the railroad that cross driveable roads. However, DO NOT create a junction between the driveable road and the railroad. The Waze routing engine will properly calculate the average time through a segment regardless if the railroad creates a junction 20#p117202 Additional information on that segment or not. By not creating a junction, there is less chance for turn restrictions to this topic can be set incorrectly and potentially cause automated errors reviewed in the systemforums. ] {{clear}}
Currently all Railroad segments should be set to Elevation -5. This helps ensure the routing engine does not try to connect or route drivers from roads onto non-roads by mistake. It acts to prevent false system reporting that the roads should be connectedInformation on mapping a parking lot landmark "place" is covered [[Places#Parking Lot|here]].
=== Private Road {{Private Road|&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}} {{anchor|Private road|private road|private|Private|PVT|PR|pr|pvt|Pvt}} {{@||Private Road}} ===
'''Waze [[File:Pi gated- Support'''community1.jpg|right|300px|Pi gated-community1.jpg]]{{Private Road|Private roads}} are useful for the following situations:
'''Railroads should be labeled as such in the editor. For the time being they won't make it to the client indeed, but in the future we might want to use them *Gated communities with controlled access*Schools and Universities (gates / guard)*Businesses with controlled access (gates / guard)*Campgrounds or trailer parks (designed for display purposes.'''short term guests)
'''The "railroad" road type However, using private roads in some of these situations may require more complex mapping as covered in the editor is under "non driveable" so it should not cause any issue article [[Private Installations]]. Be sure to read through that article before setting a whole neighborhood to the routingall private roads.'''
As with {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, a route over a {{Private Road}} will incur a [[Routing penalties|transition penalty]] upon leaving it for another road type. This transition penalty keeps Waze from routing Wazers through a private area as a shortcut. Unlike {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, however, {{Private Road|Private Roads}} do not suppress automated traffic-jam detection.
For specific recommendations in other countries outside * Never use the United States{{Private Road}} type for unrestricted public roads* Do not use the {{Private Road}} type to try to force waze to route around slow (damaged or under construction) public roads. Talk to a routing expert to find out if there are any good solutions.* {{Private Road}} may be used for a public street that has a legally enforceable sign for local traffic only.* Waze handles {{Private Road|Private Roads}} similarly to how it handles {{Parking Lot Road|Parking Lot Roads}}, please see but not exactly the [[same.** Similarity: Waze routing adds a penalty to a route that goes from a {{Private Road}} segment to a segment of a different type.** Difference: Waze will highlight traffic slowdowns on {{Private Road types and names|entry for the country in question here]]Private Roads}}.
==== Runway/Taxiway[[Image: {{@|Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service road.png|200px]] Roads}} ====For aircraft at airports. Where a street also serves as a taxiway (such as in a community with through-the-fence access) map the street as a street. No driveable road should connect to or cross over any runway. A road may cross ''under'' a runway.
Each runway may [[File:Emergency.jpg|right|300px|Emergency.jpg]] Limited-access service roads, such as those marked for "emergency and authorized vehicles only" should not generally be mapped as , and if there is a single segment need to map them, they should not support routing nor appear like other roads. The clearest way to do this is to map them using the {{Private Road}} type, add [[partial restrictions]] on them to prohibit routing for identification purposes all times and locked to prevent lower ranking editors from attaching vehicle types and include a road description within the restriction to explain the runwayreason for mapping. Do not form junctions where runways cross. Name each runway Another, older method also involves using the FAA airport identifier{{Private Road}} type, disconnecting the word ''runway'', limited-access road and the runway designations with the lower number first (elocking as high as possible.gThis is also valid.Examples of such roads include fire roads prohibited to all non-service motor vehicles, "KSMF Runway 16R-34L"patrol roads for park service vehicles, and service cutoffs across the medians of divided highways.)
=== {{@|Ferry}} ===
| type = important
| text = {{As of|2016|alt= Prior to 2016}} the Ferry Road type was not to be used. Since that time, there have been changes to the [[Routing server]] that allow the use of the Ferry Road type.
The ferry road type should only be used where a road crosses a body of water through the use of an automotive ferry. For more on how to map ferries see [[Ferries]]. The ferry road type is useful because it causes the Waze client to display a "ferry" symbol for routes that include a ferry segment.
The ferry road type is treated by the [[routing server]] as a minor highway. The speed for the ferry road type is fixed at a very slow speed typical of watercraft, and not estimated from user speeds.
-----{{mbox|type=important|text=If the ferry you are working on crosses an area well covered with GPS traces, OR [[Wikipedia:List_of_HSC_ferry_routes| travels at higher than normal speeds]], please notify your [[Regional Coordinator]]. '''Additionally, if you have issues with routes passing thru a ferry segment, please contact your [[Regional Coordinator]].'''}}
== {{@|Non-drivable roads}} == === {{Anchor|Pedestrian Boardwalks|Stairways}}{{@|Walking Trails}} == Types = For further information on the mapping of segments {{Walking Trail}} (Roundaboutsknown as '''routable pedestrian path''' in US English) , {{Pedestrian Boardwalk}} (known as '''non-routable pedestrian path''' in US English or {{Stairway}} road types, see [[Image:Roundpedestrian path]].png  === {{@|50px]] Railroad}} ==={{clearRailroad|&nbsp;}}{{mbox| type = important| text = The guidelines below have been updated to reflect new standards on naming of railroads as of June 28th, 2016.}}{{mbox| type = important| text = The guidelines below have been updated to reflect new standards on junctioning of railroad grade crossings as of September 19, 2018.}} [[ImageFile:RoadPicN8RailroadTracksVanishingPoint.jpg |right|300px|RoadPicN11.jpg]] The railroad road type serves two purposes in Waze. First, it provides drivers with visual orientation relative to railroad and light-rail tracks. More importantly, in the common case where passenger-carrying tracks lie parallel with roads, mapping the tracks allows Waze to recognize and discard spurious speed data from people Wazing on the train. This prevents corruption of speed data for the adjacent road.{{clear}}
Roundabouts Use the following guidelines when '''mapping''' railroad segments:* '''Do NOT''' enter a name for the railroad segment unless the tracks are historical in nature, a major landmark, or a routine destination for Wazers and your local state/regional wiki guidelines allow for such naming. The Waze app now renders railroad tracks as such so naming serves little purpose any longer. (See more below on Naming railroad segments.)* Always select "None" for the city name. This avoids [[City smudge|city smudging]].* Lock the segment at L2.* Do not map railroads below ground, as they do not serve either of the two purposes outlined above. This is especially true in urban areas where underground rail lines are common, and their appearance on the map would be confusing to drivers.* Set the elevation just as you would a drivable segment. When tracks junction a road on the ground, the Elevation should be set to Ground.* In specific circumstances, create junctions between drivable roads and railroads at grade crossings.{{ref label|rr|rr}} Otherwise, do not junction grade crossings. The resulting elevation conflicts are acceptable.* Set railroad to 2-way directionality* When mapping railroad tracks, focus on those near drivable roads.* Map rail yards simply, with one railroad segment along either edge of the yard's tracks.* Map industrial spurs only if they cross drivable roads.* Do not map '''every''' piece of parallel track, such as in sidings or yards, or industrial spurs that do not cross any roads. Your work may otherwise be seen as clutter.* Multiple parallel lines at crossings:** At most crossings, there should be only one railroad segment mapped and no more than two parallel railroads mapped at any crossing.** Parallel lines are to be at least 5m apart** In general, there is no reason to have few principals:multiple lines mapped. When not at a crossing, even four parallel lines can be easily mapped as a single railroad segment in Waze.* Keep segment lengths under 10,000 meters – the longer the segment length, the more sluggish the editor is to respond to changes.* {{Red|Do not map railroads using a drivable road type}} (streets, primary streets, etc.); it could be a hazard to human life if drivers were routed to them.
The first <small>{{note|rr|rr}} ''Adding a junction node for a grade crossing only benefits routing if both (1) between the existing junction nodes on the drivable road on either side of the grade crossing, there is at least one destination on oneside of the crossing '''and''' room for cars to back up waiting on the other; '''and''' (2) the tracks support regular, scheduled train traffic. If either of these elements is missing, each adding a junction node on for the roundabout can only be connected grade crossing will not benefit routing and may in some cases degrade routing. If it is difficult to no more than one segmentdetermine whether regular, scheduled trains use the tracks, you may assume they do if the tracks appear active and well maintained.''</small>
Each connection Use the following guidelines when '''naming''' railroad segments, only if allowed by your local wiki guidelines:* For urban rapid transit and light rail systems you may optionally use the name of the transit authority and the name of the line, separated by a hyphen (e.g., "MBTA - Green Line", "RTA - Riverfront Streetcar").** If a system has only one line, of course, use its name alone (e.g., "Detroit People Mover").** If multiple lines share the same track or run on parallel tracks, include all lines (e.g., "Metro Rail - Red/Purple Lines").** However, if a spectrum rapid transit system is so complex that exists in order including all line names would lead to notify an absurd result on some railroad segments, use the Client on how to define name of the message system alone (Go straighte.g., "BART", exit through "MTA") throughout the 2nd system.* Federal DOT Railroad GIS: http:/ 3rd / 4th exit)<br>For specific recommendations in other countries outside the United States, please see the [[Road types and names|entry for the country in question here]]. {{clear}}
=== {{@|Runway/Taxiway}} ===[[ImageFile:Round2Runways.png |right|200px300px]]{{Runway/Taxiway|&nbsp;}}Airport runways and private airstrips may be mapped using the Runway/Taxiway road type. The Runway/Taxiway type is for display only and must never connect to drivable road segments. If a drivable road and a runway cross, set the [[elevation]] of the road below that of the runway and ensure there is no connection. Draw each runway as a single segment and lock it to prevent lower-ranking editors from attaching a road. Do not form junctions where runways cross each other.
Name each runway using the word ''Runway'' and the runway designations with the lower number first and a hyphen between runway numbers (e.g., "Runway 16R-34L".) <!-- The system will include preferred airport identifier is the [ IATA] [ 3-letter code], for example "SFO", "LAX", "JFK", etc. If the radius border from airport in question is not included in that list, use the center and notify [ ICAO] [ 4-letter code] instead. If the airport is not included in that list use the [ FAA identifier]. --> For the user accordingly"City" field of runway segments, check "None" to avoid any chance of [[City smudge|city smudging]]. {{clear}}
For more information on when to create a Roundabout or a loop insteadDespite its title, please review the [[Junction Style Guide]].<brRunway/>For information on what Taxiway road type of should never be used for an aircraft taxiway because it would render the same as a runway and confuse the display. Taxiways not intended for frequent access by street vehicles should not be mapped at all with any road to set a Roundabout totype. Taxiways that do commonly serve street vehicles as well as aircraft, please review for example at [[Creating_and_Editing_a_roundabout#Road_Type|Creating and Editing a Roundabout] fly-in communities], may be mapped as Streets provided they remain disconnected from any runway.
== {{@|Special case roads not covered }} ==
There are a number of other types of roadways and lane types which are not directly covered with the current options above. In some cases there are plans to add some of these special cases, but in the mean time the following guidelines are the best that can be done with the current settings.
=== Bus or cab only lanes ===
When a road or lane is designated for bus or cab use only, mark that road segment(s) as a '''Private Road''' to prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic, since the majority of the users will not be able to use that lane. It is also advisable to set the turn restrictions to prevent turns into that segment(s), but permit turns exiting the segment.
If === {{@|Bus or taxi only lanes}} ===When a road or lane is one-waydesignated for bus or taxi use only, but allows mark that road segment(s) with an allowed time based segment restriction for bus and/or taxi. The entire segment, right lane, center lane, or cab middle lane can be selected as appropriate on the second pop up window of the time based segment restriction. This will prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic to flow , since the other direction, leave majority of the road as one-way with users will not be able to use that lane. It will only route if the normal flow taxi or bus type of trafficvehicle is set in the user's settings. There (Taxi is currently available but bus is no need to create a second road traveling potential future selection). Set the opposite direction turn restrictions as appropriate for the legal usage by taxi and/or bus vehicles. Change the road segment(s) to the proper road type based on the functional classification and cab-only trafficthe Waze correlation table. A {{Private Road|Private Road}} segment is '''no longer required'''.
=== Driveways ===Most urban communities have very short driveways between If a road is one-way, but allows bus or taxi traffic to flow the other direction, leave the named road they live on and as one-way with the garage or carport on their property. In general these very short segments should not be mapped because they have no namenormal flow of traffic, would clutter add the time based segment restriction for the map Bus and/or Taxi in the client app, take appropriate direction. There is no need to create a lot of time to draw, and would greatly increase second road traveling the overall size of opposite direction for the Waze mapping database with very little returnbus and taxi-only traffic.
In the case === {{@|Driveways}} ===Many residents of urban communities have very long short driveways, it may helpful to a driver to see between the driveway mapped named road that they live on and the client app garage or even necessary for Waze to determine how to reach the destinationcarport on their property. In those cases it may general these very short segments should not be prudent mapped, because they have no name, would clutter the map in the client app, take a lot of time to add a road. See draw, and would greatly increase the overall size of the article on [[Driveways]] for more informationWaze mapping database with very little return.
== Legend ==In the case of very long driveways, it may be helpful to a driver to see the driveway mapped on the client app or even necessary for Waze to determine how to reach the destination. In those cases it may be prudent to add a road. See the article on [[Image:Tbl.png|720pxDriveways]]<br style="clear: both" />for more information.
== {{@|See Also }} ==* [[Road names/USA]]<br>* [[Junction Style Guide]]<br>[[How to label and name roads (United Kingdom)]]<br>
[[Category:USA]][[Category:Review redirectsStyle guide]]