Difference between revisions of "Michigan"
(Created new Michigan page)
Revision as of 23:30, 29 January 2015
This page serves as the primary resource for editors of Michigan. Review all the sections to better understand how the guidelines for this state might deviate from the overall USA or worldwide guidelines. If you have any comments or questions about this page or state refer to the community links below.
No general message at this time.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Mapping resources
- 3 Community
- 4 Cities and towns
- 5 Major roads
- 6 Locking standard
- 7 Special roads
- 8 Closures
- 9 Places
- 10 Cameras
- 11 To do list
- 12 Area Managers
- 13 Other states and territories
- 14 About this page
Michigan is a part of the Great Lakes region, which includes the states and/or territories of:
Before editing the maps in Michigan, be sure to fully review and understand the editing manual.
The Waze user community follows the Waze etiquette guidelines discussed in the Wiki. Be sure to familiarize yourself with these guiding principals while editing the maps and this Wiki, as well as when communicating with other Waze users.
- MDOT NFC Maps - MDOT National Functional Classification (NFC) maps by county and urban area. An effort was started in late 2013 to convert metro Detroit and other major cities to their corresponding NFC road classifications.
- MDOT maps
- Boundary and Annexation Survey Maps from US Census Bureau
- Michigan Census Designated Places from US Census.
- TIGERweb from US Census Bureau
- MDOT Physical Road (PR) Finder (also see the PR Finder Home page)
- MDOT's Major Road Projects
- MDOT's MiDrive live traffic cameras, accident reports, construction zones
- Airports (AirNav.com) IDs (hyperlinked to details), cities (alphabetical order), airport names
- Airports (aviationacres.com) Michigan Airparks, Airport Hangars and Aviation Homes For Sale
- Directory of county road commissions, many of which maintain a list of planned improvements or current projects
- Listing of all counties in Michigan and available GIS maps.
- Wayne County Construction, Traffic Cameras, etc. Information
- Auburn Hills Road Projects
- Detroit Construction Projects
- Detroit M-1 Rail Project
- Grand Rapids construction updates
- Rochester & Rochester Hills construction map
Recommended WME UI Enhancements
- WME Place Harmonizer
- WME Color Highlights
- WME Toolbox
- WME Magic
- WME Junction Angle Info
- WME Chat addon
- WME UR Comments Enhanced (URC-E)
- WME URComments Custom List
- UROverview Plus (URO+)
- WME UR-MP tracking
- WME Rapid House Numbers
- WME HN NavPoints
- WME Michigan
- Michigan County Overlay
- Open WME in Mi Drive (bookmarklet to open the current WME view in Mi Drive)
- WME Place Interface Enhancements
- Waze App Search Issues
- Stale Trafficast reports
- City Merge Form
- Mentor Request Form
- Michigan Waze Advertised Place Problems
The Waze forum is a great place to find answers to previously asked questions and also a place to ask new ones. Below are links to the forums specific to Michigan.
- Michigan section of Waze forum
- The Great Lakes region forum
- The USA section of Waze Forum
- The USA segment unlock requests
New editors should consider checking into the formal mentoring program available at no charge.
Cities and towns
One of the most common errors when editing the maps is when an editor creates a road and does not confirm the road by setting the city and road name (or stating it has none).
Please list cities smaller than 100,000 under their county.
County Highways versus County Roads
- Michigan has an "intercounty" highway system in addition to locally maintained county roads. In both cases, naming conventions should follow highway naming by state.
- Numbered county highways are prefixed with A through H based on geography. Naming convention should be "CR-[Letter Prefix][#]" (i.e. "CR-D19"). In all cases, local signage should be used to designate a primary name, while the county highway designation could be an alternate name if appropriate. While these roads could conceivably be classified higher, the lowest road type used should be Minor Highway regardless of appearance or functional classification.
- A small number of counties maintain numbered county roads that are not part of the statewide A-H highway system. These roads should be named CR-[#] (i.e. "CR-388") and would typically appear as Primary Street, Street, or even Dirt Road.
State Numbered Highway Naming
The following proposal for a new national state highway naming standard is currently under review by the GLR State Managers.
Primary Street Name: Use whatever name is in common usage in that area. (Check business addresses, GIS, etc). If the commonly used Primary Street name is not the state's Numbered Highway name (Example: M-59), include an alternate street name with the Numbered Highway name.
When to include a City Name on a State Numbered Highway:
- Primary Street Name: No City Name
- Alternate Street Names: No City Names
- mH/MH Numbered Highway
- divided roadway with limited access:
- Primary Street Name: No City Name
- Alternate Street Names: No City Names
- all other mH/MH Numbered State Highways
- Primary Street Name: Include a city name in locales that use city names.
- Alternate Street Names that use a state Numbered Highway name (Example: M-59): No City Name
Michigan follows the Waze Functional Classification (FC) standard for determining what Road Type to use for all paved roads.
The following defines a set of minimum locking standards proposed for all roads within Michigan. Any road of a certain type or category must be locked at least to the level in the chart below. Roads may be locked higher for protection and special situations (tricky design, frequent mistakes, imaging inaccuracies, and the like), but should not be locked lower.
It is understood that more rural or inactive areas may not yet meet this standard: editors are encouraged to recruit and mentor additional editors to build coverage.
A great time to implement these locks is while bringing the road types of an area into compliance with the current US road type standards (FC and highway systems). Lock the roads based on type after they've been set to current US Road Type Standards.
|Highest lock of connected segment|
|Other named types||1||2|
|Construction (outdated imagery)||3|
|Waze Beacons installed||6|
Note: One-way PLRs used outside of parking lots, such as alleys and streets through apartment complexes, should be locked at 2. See the GLR major roads page for additional information on the standards listed here.
Michigan follows the standard USA guidelines for all of the following special road types.
- Divided highways and roadways
- Carpool, HOV, Transit lanes
- Roundabouts and traffic circles
- Toll roads
- Partial and scheduled restrictions
- Private installations and military bases
Review the Wiki guidelines for non-drivable roads to ensure compliance with the general guidelines.
Guidelines that vary by state or territory
In Michigan the following are managed differently than USA Guidelines:
Dirt Road / 4x4 Trail
All dirt roads should have the unpaved checkbox marked.
This supports expectations of users who have disallowed dirt roads in their Waze routing preferences.
Michigan speed limits on dirt roads
Oakland County published the following sections regarding Absolute and Prima Facie speed limits. Even though Oakland County posted it, it applies to the entire state.
"Absolute" & "Prima Facie" Speed Limits
The Michigan Motor Vehicle Code allows for "absolute" and "prima facie" speed limits. Absolute speed limits are supported by traffic control orders issued by the Michigan State Police and are posted on signs along the road. On roads where there is no posted speed limit, or on gravel/unpaved roads, the speed limit is known as the "prima facie" speed limit. Prima facie speed limits are subject to driver judgment of driving conditions. If there is a posted speed limit on a gravel road, this is the maximum for optimum conditions, and drivers are expected to drive at lower, suitable speeds when conditions are less than optimum.
Prima Facie Speed Limits
In 2006, the Michigan legislature changed the restrictions for prima facie speed limits, limiting the locations that qualify for posting at 25 miles per hour. The revised law now requires the following speed limits:
- 25 miles per hour in a business district. The law defines a business district as "an area contiguous to a highway where the total widths of the adjacent buildings in use for commercial business open to the general public on both sides occupy 50 percent or more of the total frontage on both sides for a distance of 600 feet or more."
- 25 miles per hour for all roads in platted subdivisions.
- 25 miles per hour on a road with 60 or more vehicle access points (side streets, driveways, private roads, etc.) within a half mile.
- 35 miles per hour on a road with 45 to 59 vehicular access points within a half mile.
- 45 miles per hour on a road with 30 to 44 vehicular access points within a half mile.
- 55 miles per hour for all other roads with no posted speed limit. This is known as the "general speed limit."
(DRAFT) Median U-Turn Intersection (MUTI)
- NOTE: Although these guidelines have not officially been adopted as a Waze standard, the discussion is occurring at this forum thread. This section is in place as a guide for editors experimenting with this type of intersection while a consensus is being reached statewide or country-wide.
A Median U-Turn Intersection (MUTI) is a procedure involving an indirect left turn onto or from a split roadway onto another road where the direct left turn is prohibited at the intersection itself. A MUTI can only occur at the intersection with a cross street. Other median u-turns may be available at crossovers along a split road, however these would not be classified as MUTI since they simply facilitate going the opposite direction along the same split road. A reference figure showing both types of u-turns together appears below.
To execute the turn, the driver proceeds through the intersection to turn left at the next median u-turn, then turns left onto the same road (in the opposite direction), and finally turns right at the main intersection. Alternatively, if the intersection involves turning onto a split cross road, the driver could also turn right onto the intersecting split road, then turn left at the median u-turn, finally turning left onto the road and proceeding through the main intersection.
This procedure has proliferated in Michigan since the late 1960's, and is locally referred to as a “Michigan Left Turn (MLT)” or just “Michigan Left“, even in locations other than Michigan. The MUTI and its variants are now used or being considered in several states and other countries.
Other terms for this procedure in transportation literature from the Federal Highway Administration and individual states include:
- “Arizona Parkway”
- “Boulevard Turnaround”
- “Median U-Turn Crossover”
- “Median U-Turn Intersection Treatment (MUTIT)”
- “ThrU-Turn Intersection (TTI)”
In addition, there are a number of related procedures directed toward the same or a similar result as the MUTI. Consequently, some of these procedures may need treatment similar to the MUTI in Waze:
- "Continuous Flow Intersection (CFI)"
- “Reduced Conflict Intersection (RCI)”
- “Restricted Crossing U-Turn Intersection (RCUT)”
- “Super-Street Median Crossover”
In order to be considered a MUTI (or variant), proper signage should be in place. Depending on what entity maintains the road, however, the quality of signage will vary.
- Naming Convention: to [street name] [opposing direction] / to [cross street name] [direction]
- Similar to highway way-finder segments, the “street name” is instructional rather than official
- Example intersection of Mound Rd and Metro Parkway in Macomb County
- Driving north on Mound Rd: "to Mound Rd S / to Metro Pkwy W"
- Driving south on Mound Rd: "to Mound Rd N / to Metro Pkwy E"
- Driving west on Metro Pkwy: "to Metro Pkwy E / to Mound Rd S"
- Driving east on Metro Pkwy: "to Metro Pkwy W / to Mound Rd N"
- Road Type: RAMP
- Although this departs from traditional rules for At-grade connectors and for use of the ramp road type, it hides the instructional street name in the client. It is close to the exception stated on the at-grade connector page, however, in that a MUTI is a signed--though unnumbered--exit from the current direction of travel on a roadway.
- Junction Angles: Between 45 and 90 degrees
- The angles for the median u-turn should generate two "turn left" instructions. The first “turn left” should occur prior to entering and the second should occur while exiting the median crossover.
- Junction Position:
- The initial junction ideally should be as close to the start of the solid white line as possible (if present). This prevents a turn instruction from occurring too early or too late. In many cases, this will require adding a geometry node at the start of the segment at the most detailed zoom level to generate the correct turn angle.
Sample MUTI as it appears in Waze Map Editor:
Distinction between MUTI and standard crossovers:
As a general rule in Michigan, only residential alleys should be mapped, and only if they are the locally accepted destination for parking at or near a residence. Alleys should only function as a starting point or final destination, not as a thoroughfare. If alleys are mapped, the road type should be set to "Parking Lot Road" and given the name "Alley". Other attributes (city, direction, turn restrictions) should be set as if the alley were any other drivable road.
When adding or editing an alley, an important consideration is to verify that house numbers are properly situated for the surrounding street segments. Waze will route to the closest segment for a set of destination coordinates. This may result in the destination being in the alley, which may or may not be the desired result. Refer to the FAQ for additional information. If you need guidance or are uncertain whether a certain alley would meet the criteria to be mapped, please post a permalink in this existing Michigan forum thread.
Parking Lot Roads
The following proposal for a new national standard setting a minimum length for dead-end parking lot roads is currently under review by the GLR State Managers.
The following are resources run by the Michigan DOT:
Local Resources: County Resources
Working Places in Michigan
Michigan has a standard when working with our Places. In order to ensure consistency and data integrity we enforce the following standard (considered "completing" a place):
- The name should be in a correct format (i.e. Proper capitalization, spelling, grammar)
|There is a national standard being developed by the US State Managers for naming common Places. No current ETA.|
- The address should be completely and correctly filled out.
- Under the "More Info" tab:
- The phone number needs to be in the format of: XXX-XXX-XXXX
- The website needs to be in the format of: www.example.com
- If it is a business that has multiple locations with corresponding websites, then use the site specific website. Employing the format of: www.example.com/sub-site
- Check any applicable services
- Attempt to get the hours and input them
- Once these criteria are met, either lock the Place to rank 3 or contact an editor who can lock it for you from the Michigan Area Managers
- Shopping Center has been defined in Michigan to mean a place with all of the following
- A Website or an advertising campaign to market the center as a destination
- Minimum of 10 separately operated stores
- Parking for 100 vehicles minimum
Shopping Centers not meeting the above criteria may be mapped as a point place only
Fast food chains or businesses that can sometimes be nested inside other businesses should be labeled as such. For example, if a Starbucks is inside Target or a Subway is inside Walmart, you would list it as Starbucks (inside Target) or Subway (inside Walmart) as the primary business name. This will allow for Wazers searching for a Starbucks or Subway to immediately know they may be routing to a coffee shop or sandwich shop with no drive-thru or standalone business as they may want or expect.
Specific Michigan Place lists and Standards
Click the [Expand] link to the right of each list you wish to view.
Not every camera-looking device at an intersection is a speed or red light camera. Generally speaking:
Be sure to know your cameras before accepting new camera reports.
When adding a camera, be sure to review the camera placement recommendations.
Laws regarding speed and red light cameras vary between the states and territories, so be sure to understand the details of camera legality in Michigan.
While traffic monitoring devices are employed in the state, no cameras are used for enforcement or issuing citations according to the Michigan State Police.
Never add or approve a Speed Camera or Red Light Camera in Michigan. All attempts to add them to the Waze map should be immediately deleted.
To do list
Many states and territories keep an active list of pending or closed actions that need to be done in the state by the editors. All editors are welcome to contribute to the list of activities.
- Speed Limits "Burndown Map"
- Functional Classification Inventory
- Freeway Consistency
- State and County Highway Consistency
- Ferry list (add docks as Point Places)
- Rest Area/Welcome Center Consistency
For spreadsheets above, comments can be inserted, but edits are locked. Send a PM to SkiDooGuy for editing access.
The table below identifies the editors also designated as Area Managers or higher who are editing in Michigan. If you have any questions, please consider contacting them directly as needed. If you are an Area Manager that covers Michigan, or a USA Country Manager that does a lot of work in Michigan, please add yourself to this list (alphabetical by username) in the correct rank section.
The editor who also serves as the Regional Coordinator for Michigan is automatically listed at the top of the table. That editor may not be highly active in this state and therefore may not be listed separately in the table.
|Michigan — Area, State, Country Managers, and Regional Coordinators|
[RC] GizmoGuy411 ( )
[ARC1] Roadtechie ( )
[ARC2] SkiDooGuy ( )
| Country Managers (Great Lakes region)|
|BigBear3764(5) [ ]||Countrywide|| |
USA CM & IL SM
|Joerodriguez12(5) [ ]||Countrywide|| |
USA CM & IL SM
| JustinS83(6) [ ]
|SkiDooGuy(6) [ ]||Countrywide|| |
|State Managers (Great Lakes region)|
| Doryphore_6(5) [ ]
MI State Manager
| zohar760(5) [ ]
MI State Manager, Detroit AM
| JB15TM(5) [ ]
MI State Manager, NY AM
| Area Managers |
| falco_sparverius(5) [ ]
|North LAM / Kalamazoo, Calhoun County AM|| |
|b0b2(4) [ ]||Metro LAM / Saginaw, Tuscola County AM|| |
|Captnkeegs(4) [ ]||Grand Rapids Area|| |
|Happy_Lyn(4) [ ]||West LAM, Au Train/Munising AM|| |
|trukkurt(4) [ ]||Muskegon Area|| |
|Veritas27(4) [ ]||Metro LAM / Mt. Pleasant AM|| |
|AnorestesX(4) [ ]||Lansing / Ann Arbor; WV SM|| |
|jcipc2004(3) [ ]||Livonia / Kalamazoo AM|| |
|Gazoo4U(3) [ ]||SE Luce county near Newberry|
|Kirkyelise(3) [ ]||UP LAM / Holland/Grand Rapids AM|| |
|MattSchultz88(3) [ ]||Ingham, Livingston, Oakland, Macomb, Jackson, Washtenaw, and Wayne Counties|| |
|RenzoRoberts(3) [ ]||Washtenaw County|| |
|SethSpeedy28(3) [ ]||Central UP AM|| |
|TFD425(3) [ ]||Detroit Metro, Eastern UP AM|| |
|mvan231(3) [ ]||Metro Detroit / Northern Lower Penninsula|| |
The following editors are also editing in the state and may be working towards an Area Manager position. Feel free to contact them for assistance in their respective areas.
| Other Area Editors |
|Username||General Editing Area||Comments|
|hitfactor(5) [ ]||Southern Lower Michigan|| |
|MichiganRoadRunner(3) [ ]||Lansing|
|miked_64(3) [ ]||SW Lower MI|| |
GR, Kzoo and surrounding areas
|taminas(3) [ ]||Livingston/Novi|
|Oranges13(2) [ ]||Southern Kalamazoo County|
|quentinxs(2) [ ]||Metro Detroit|
Other states and territories
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