Minnesota/Special roads/Main

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Ramsey County Lettered Roads

The Ramsey County lettered roads are a special situation. They do not get abbreviated with the letter. For example County J should not be named CR-J or CH-J.

These roads were laid out by Ramsey County on land north of St Paul before most of the cities we know today were created. See a historical 1931 map here. As cities incorporated land, many of them kept these names even though they were no longer county owned and maintained roads. As far as Ramsey County is concerned, if it is a county owned road, it will have a #. For example County J is Ramsey County 1. All the official blue 5-sided Ramsey county sign's only have the numbered routes. The lettered roads never appear on a blue or white county road sign, so they do not get the CR- or CH- abbreviation. Some of these are not even county owned roads so they don't get upgraded to primary street by default either. For example, County D at this link is a city road maintained by the cities of Roseville and Shoreview who have decided to leave the road named as County Rd D. It is not a Ramsey County owned or maintained road and has no white or blue county road signs. So it is named "County D" to match the street signs and is classed as a street classification. It is not upgraded to a primary street because it is not a real "County Road" maintained by Ramsey County.

Where are the missing letters? County A was once where Larpenter Ave is today, and County G was where County Highway 96 is today.

Driveways in Rural Areas Service road.png

In rural areas, it may helpful to a driver to see driveways mapped in the client app or even necessary for Waze to determine how to reach the destination. In those cases it may be prudent to add a segment. See the article on Driveways for more information. In rural areas outside of city limits, driveways may be mapped as Parking Lot Roads, even if shorter than the general Driveways recommendation of 50 meters. This offers a number of benefits:

  • When traveling at high speeds on rural/county highways, the turn guidance onto the driveway provides advanced warning of their upcoming destination.
  • Where roads may stretch for miles with no landmarks or other features in the landscape, driveways provide a sense of location and orientation, especially at night.
  • When it's not mapped, a user driving on the driveway may instead be mistakenly locked to the main road, causing bad speed data and unwanted or confusing directions.
Mapping House Numbers on Driveways

If the addresses for properties on the driveway are known, delete the relevant House Numbers and add Residential Place Points (RPPs). Make sure the RPP is complete with address number, street name, city name, and entry/exit point as noted in the House Numbers page.

Urban Driveways

Urban driveways do not qualify for mapping in most circumstances unless they meet certain route-aiding criteria as defined in the national standards for Driveways.

Other drivable roads

Dirt Road / 4X4 TrailService road.png

Minnesota has different interpretations of Dirt Roads than many other locations. Even veteran editors need to pay attention to this section!


In the state of Minnesota, most unpaved roads are considered dirt roads. Knowing this will help you create the correct road levels. Undriveable roads should not be mapped, should be restricted, or should be listed as a trail instead and not be connected to any functional roads. Even though 4x4 is in the title, we will only use dirt roads for standard gravel or dirt roads that most vehicles can drive on. Keep in mind that because of the way Waze handles dirt roads, we will not use the dirt road class in the city limits of any town. Any in-town gravel roads will be streets.

Because most likely people in Minnesota feel a gravel road is a dirt road, we will use Dirt Road for both examples. Please be aware of any of these dirt roads that are minimum maintenance roads as these roads should have restrictions in place for winter months.


The reason the dirt roads classification is important is because a user can decide to not be sent on dirt roads or to only be sent on dirt roads for short distances in the settings of the Waze App.

Keep in mind that if the person does allow for dirt roads, Waze will treat the road as a Primary Street so do not try to make an exception to well maintained dirt roads as a street or you will cause the driver to be directed on undesirable roads. Yes, that's right, a dirt road can be seen as a higher priority than a street! This is very important in rural areas where the Street Category should only be used on very short road segments that are paved. In towns, the Dirt Road Category should be rarely used and an unpaved road should be considered a street or a private road.

Parking Lot RoadService road.png


Parking lots roads are essential to navigating users to the proper destinations. It also helps to properly exit a parking lot. Follow these examples to creating parking lots correctly. Click the image to the right to see a well-designed parking lot section.

  • Simple is best. Do not map every lane
  • Map the main entrances from the roads outside the parking lot
  • Map lanes that run along storefronts
  • Map lanes that run along main roads outside the parking area
  • Map primary lanes that serve to get people from one area of the lot to another

For for information about mapping parking lots, follow this article

Private RoadService road.png

Pi gated-community1.jpg

Private Roads should follow the Wiki Example on Private Roads. Keep in mind that on the Waze App, a private road will look like a street. Nothing looks more off than a bunch of streets connected to a dirt road.

If you are adding a private road for a private housing section, make sure house numbering is correct or there is a place point or area within a private road section. This area will still be able to be navigated to the correct destination as long as it has a proper address to navigate to. Pay attention to this article for more information.

AlleywaysService road.png

Avoid drawing alleyways unless it is considered a street by the general public. Most alleyways should not be used to direct traffic and will cause unneeded nodes in the road that can cause roads connected to the alleyways to be less desirable. Most alleyways that would be mapped will use the Private Road classification.


This is a good example of where alleyways will be mapped. This is in South Minneapolis at the corner of Xerxes Ave S and W 56th St. It is also the location of Pizzeria Lola. The parking at this location is on the side of the Cavé Vin building. It is a one-directional section and the only way to leave is through an alleyway. In this case, you would create the section as a Private Road and you only map out what is needed to enter the parking lot and exit; however, you would not need to map any other section of that alleyway.

Roundabouts Round.png

Minnesota has been adding roundabouts in many locations throughout the state. It is important to note that most roundabouts should only have three to four connections or it will sound confusing to a driver. Following this Example will give proper turn information and roundabout icons on the screen. If you would use multiple-point access, it instead will say the exit number such as, "At the Roundabout, take the 3rd exit".


This is an indication of what a user of Waze should see on an upcoming Roundabout. It is clear at showing the direction of the turn. It also will verbally say what is referenced on the signage such as "At the Roundabout, Continue Straight" or "turn left". This is the Minnesota Standard for creating and editing Roundabouts.


This is how it looks when more than four exit points occur. It does not give clear guidance to the driver on what way to go aside from the highlighted road ahead. This should be avoided, Only add multiple connections per side if the signs clearly mark Exit numbers (Commonly seen on signs showing 5 or more exit points).

Roundabouts will use the same functional class of the main route traveling through the roundabout. Follow This Article for more information.

If at all possible, drive through a roundabout after it has been created or updated. Verify that it seems to give correct information.

HOT & Hov Roads/Lanes


High Occupancy Toll or High-occupancy Vehicle roads are not yet handled 100% by Waze as of yet, but we will still map these out to prepare for that time.

These roadways have the following features:

  • These lanes/roads allow both toll traffic and HOV traffic to traverse the same lanes.
  • There are no toll plazas or booths for paying by cash. All tolls are paid electronically to maintain traffic speed.
  • Entrances and exits to the HOT lanes are limited to help maintain high speeds.
  • There are no entrance/exit combinations where the toll fare rules don't apply.
  • Tolls are discounted or waived for users that meet High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) requirements. These requirements may change based on time of day.

To avoid traffic from entering this section, all entrance ramps will be will be restricted as in this article. From there, nothing will be restricted so if a user decides to take this route, he or she will be directed correctly.

This will all be changing shortly as we find a better way to develop these roads.

Bus or Cab Only LanesService road.png

When a road or lane is designated for bus or cab use only, mark that road segment(s) as a Private Road to prevent the Waze router from using that segment(s) for general traffic, since the majority of the users will not be able to use that lane. It is also advisable to set the turn restrictions to prevent turns into that segment(s), but permit turns exiting the segment.

If a road is one-way but allows bus or cab traffic to flow the other direction, leave the road as one-way with the normal flow of traffic. There is no need to create a second road traveling the opposite direction for the bus and cab-only traffic.

Emergency Vehicle and DOT Service Roads Service road.png


"Emergency and Authorized Vehicles Only" and DOT Service Roads are to be treated as Non-drivable roads. These are found primarily through the median of divided highways to connect opposite direction lanes. In most cases, these should not be mapped at all. If mapped, they should not be connected to any drivable road, with properties set to road type Private Road, and lock the segment at as high a rank as possible, up to rank 5.

Non-drivable roads

Railroad Service road.png

Please notice that railroads have changed from previous interpretations of railroad mapping. Even veteran editors need to pay attention to this section!

Please follow the national guidelines for mapping railroads. Read this section for more information.

Runway/TaxiwayService road.png


We will map all airports runways such:

  • These roads will not connect to any drivable sections
  • The runways will not be connected to each other
  • Always select "None" for the city name. This avoids city smudging.
  • Using this article we will find the airport code. We will use the IATA code unless the airport does not have one, then we will revert to the ICAO code.
  • After finding the code, we will use this to find the runway numbers for the airport.
  • Most of the time, you will see the number of the runway at the beginning and end of each runway from the aerial views.
  • Name each runway as such: [Airport Code] Runway [x-x] ... for example, in the image to the right, you will see the runways for Albert Lea Municipal Airport. The IATA code for this airport is AEL and it has two runways including Runway 5/23 & Runway 17/35 so one will be named "AEL Runway 5-23" and the other AEL Runway 17-35".

Please follow this Wiki article on Runways for information about how to set runways correctly. These roads should be locked to the same standard as Airport Area itself.

Ferry Service road.png

The Ferry Road type is not to be used at this time. Do not use the Ferry Road type for any purpose. See ferries page for more information on how to map ferries.

Walking Trails Service road.png


Because Waze currently only supports navigation for drivers and not walkers or bikers at all, we will not be drawing any of these types of roads. Please delete any of these types of roads that you find. If you find automatically set URs claiming a road is indicated to be be present, Please fill out the form located Here and choose Second Set of Eyes so a high level editor can check out the situation.

Pedestrian Boardwalks Service road.png

Because Waze currently only supports navigation for drivers and not walkers or bikers at all, we will not be drawing any of these types of roads. Please delete any of these types of roads that you find. If you find automatically set URs claiming a road is indicated to be be present, Please fill out the form located Here and choose Second Set of Eyes so a high level editor can check out the situation.

Stairway Service road.png

Stairways will not be added to Waze maps in Minnesota at all. Please delete any of these sections that you find added to the map

Speed Limits

Minnesota primarily follows the USA Speed limits page with some clarifications

Ramp Speed Limits

For ramps that are for accelerating to a road with a higher speed limit, use the higher speed limit of the destination road that the ramp goes to.

For ramps that go from a higher speed limit to a lower speed limit such as a freeway off ramp, do not place any speed limit on the ramp.

For ramps where the start and end have the same speed limit, keep the same speed limit on the ramp.

Do not use advisory speed limits that are black text on yellow signs.

Other Minnesota Specific Speed Limit details

The MN state laws for default unposted speed limits statewide are;

  • Alleyways and mobile home parks 10 mph unless otherwise posted.
  • Urban residential roads 30 mph unless otherwise posted.
  • Rural roads 55 mph unless otherwise posted.

Check with your Area or State Managers for clarification if needed.