# Routing penalties/Controlling U-turn penalties

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## Contents

### Median U-turn penalty

 For the latest discussion on this section please visit the wiki forum thread.
 It is possible for this method to fail to prevent U-turns in certain circumstances which are presumed to be unusual. If you observe this method to fail when it is implemented properly, please report it in this forum thread

The Waze routing algorithm assesses a penalty for a double-left turn in right-hand traffic countries and a double-right in left-hand traffic countries.

#### Preventing median U-turns

U-turns through a median segment will be penalized when all three of the below criteria are met. This allows the prevention of U-turns on divided highways, parallel roads, including box (#), and H style intersections.

1. The U-turn we want to forbid is one incoming one-way segment, one median segment, and one outgoing one-way segment.
2. There is a median segment of length less than 15 m (49 feet).
3. The portion of those two segments closest to the median segment must be within ±5° of exactly parallel.

#### Allowing median U-turns

To allow a U-turn through a median, ensure that any one of the above criteria are broken:

• To allow the median U-turn in both directions, it is simplest to make the median segment longer than 15 meters. (Breaking criteria #2)
• To allow the U-turn in only one direction, it is simplest to adjust the turn angles in only for the segments of the allowed U-turn so they are wider than the ±5° allowance of exactly parallel. This is easily achieved without affecting the overall look of the map using a Micro-dogleg.

#### Checking for parallel segments

A convenient way to check if the two side segments are parallel is to use another segment a reference tool. If the median segment has no geometry nodes, it can be the reference segment. Otherwise you can draw a new segment as a reference tool with no geometry which connects the A and B nodes of the median segment. The reference segment can be deleted after the check is complete, if appropriate.

Check two angles:

1. X — the angle between the incoming one-way segment and the reference segment
2. Y — the angle between the outgoing one-way segment and the reference segment.

If the sum of these two angles is within 5° of 180° (between 175-185°), then the roads are considered parallel.

In the example below, angle X is 102°, and angle Y is 75°. The sum is 177°, which is within 3° of 180°. Therefore these roads are considered parallel.