User:Subs5/HOV

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< User:Subs5

Revision as of 03:23, 22 September 2017 by Subs5 (talk | contribs) (Adding HOT/Express lane restrictions)

Items for HOV wiki would expect to link High Occupancy Vehicle with HOV, High Occupancy Toll, HOT, Express Lanes. Clean Air Vehicle

High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV)

Intro

Waze has HOV routing! This feature puts Waze out in front of the other navigation systems, but we need to know how to properly configure the map for a great user routing experience. There are a lot of considerations for getting all the options included, so please take your time and read it through the entire article prior to editing. If you have questions, then please reach out to your State Manager or Regional Coordinator and we’ll get you some help.

Definitions

HOV

HOV – High Occupancy Vehicle. Has more than one person in the vehicle. It is often posted with a number after the acronym; HOV-2 or HOV2+. The number specifies the number of people to meet the HOV requirements; ex. HOV-3 means that three or more people need to be in the vehicle.

HOT

HOT – High Occupancy Toll. This is a combination of toll road and HOV. Sometimes called “Lexus Lanes” since people can buy their way onto roads with less congestion. Electronic toll roads often require a special transponder set to HOV which broadcasts that the car meets the requirements so that a toll is not charged.

Express Lanes

Express Lanes – There are three main types of Express Lanes on the interstate system. They can either be HOT lanes, lanes that have limited entrances/exits, or toll road to speed people willing to pay. This wiki section will just deal with the HOT type of Express Lanes and the segments should follow the guidance for HOT below. Express Lanes that have limited entrances/exits are just mapped as normal freeways. Express Lanes that are just toll roads and don't have different HOV rates are just mapped as a toll road freeway.

Clean Air Vehicle

Clean Air Vehicles – future feature These vehicles meet the requirements for low emissions for the state that the person is operating the vehicle. The vehicles are normally either a hybrid or electric or natural gas vehicle. Note some states require special permits or license plates to qualify. States that have a decal to allow holders to use HOV lanes should be listed in the Transponder/Pass list.

Toll attribute

Toll attribute box checked.PNG

The toll attribute has moved from under the road segment name to the first popup page of a Time Based Segment Restriction (TBSR). It is in the bottom left corner of the first TBSR popup window.

New toll.PNG
Mark a road segment as a toll segment only if the segment has a toll booth, transponder reader, or other tolling device and if no vehicles travel as toll free on that segment. See Toll road for additional information.

There are two ways to mark toll:

  1. Toll attribute in bottom left corner of the first TBSR popup window
  2. Toll free restriction is enabled in second TBSR popup window
Note if there is not a restriction then Add restrictions is shown; if there are TBSRs then Edit restrictions (#) is shown.
  • Once a segment is marked as having the toll attribute on the first TBSR popup window, the toll attribute is displayed under the road segment name. You have to go to the TBSR to deselect the attribute.
  • If at least one restriction is marked toll free, then it is assumed that all other vehicles not meeting the toll free requirements has to pay a toll.
Note the toll attribute is not shown on the segment if toll free is selected, but it is assumed that there is a toll for the other vehicles.

Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute

Next to carpool.PNG
  • The Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute is a check box that is used for designating roads that are close to the HOV lane so that Waze’s algorithm can differentiate between the varying speeds
  • The Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute is under the road type selection when a segment is selected
  • DO NOT SELECT this attribute on the actual HOV road segments. Especially for road segments that have regular and HOV lanes on the same segment. (i.e. the segment has HOV in left or right lane.)
  • Select the Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute on all parallel road segments going the same direction as the HOV traffic.

Note subs5 find out if ramps also need to be designated

Note for reversible HOV lanes there may be road segments on both sides of the HOV lane that require the Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute to be checked.

Toll Transponder Companies supported

The following companies’ toll transponders are supported in WME, they are listed alphabetically in the app:
Transponder R1.PNG
  1. Sunpass
  2. TollTag
  3. HOV Smart Pass
  4. Peach Pass
  5. NC Quick Pass - E-ZPass
  6. Metro HOT Lanes Toll Tag
  7. Alabama Freedom Pass
  8. PIKEPASS
  9. GeauxPass
  10. RiverLink
  11. NationalPass
  12. NPS America the Beautiful
  13. PayTollo
  14. Palmetto Pass
  15. E-ZPass
  16. FasTrak Flex
  17. EZ TAG
  18. Riverlink - E-ZPass
  19. LeeWay
  20. FAST
  21. NC Quick Pass
  22. Good To Go! Flex Pass
  23. Clean Pass
  24. Hatem Brg E-ZPass
  25. CAV decal
  26. NEXUS
  27. K-TAG
  28. FasTrak
  29. Good To Go!
  30. E-Pass
  31. I-Pass
  32. MnPAsS
  33. SENTRI
  34. ExpressToll
  35. TxTag
  36. Single Facility / Road Pass

How to map HOV lane segments

There are four types of HOV lanes

  1. Dashed line separation HOV - HOV lane that is part of the road and can be accessed or exited at any time
  2. Solid/double solid line HOV - HOV lane that is part of the road but can only be accessed or exited at certain places
  3. Separate parallel segment HOV - HOV lane that is physically separated from the rest of the road by a wall, cement barrier, flexible barrier, or land; only accessed from ramp segments other than initial entrance or final exit.
  4. Whole road HOV - HOV is entire road and there is no parallel path for non-HOV drivers


Enter/exit anywhere HOV

  • HOV lanes that can be accessed or exited the entire time since drivers can cross the dashed line (or some areas a single solid white line) separations at any time. Usually the lane with be noted with the white triangle painted on the road way and have regulatory signs on the shoulder. Example is US-95 HOV in Las Vegas, NV.
HOV Diamond and sign.PNG
HOV US95 LV.PNG
I66 E outside beltway.PNG



Bottom line up front - The HOV lane is mapped on the same segment(s) as the regular lanes.

Remember DO NOT mark any road segment(s) with HOV lane(s) with the Next to carpool/HOV/bus lane attribute.
  1. Map the applicable road segment(s) for the road
  2. The road segments for a dashed line separation HOV look the same as a road without HOV.
  3. HOV restrictions are added per the restrictions section below
Note Map if motorcycles are allowed by adding them as an allowed restriction. Note that until motorcycle is a supported vehicle type, the motorcycle user should just indicate that they meet the HOV requirement(s).

Limited enter/exit (transition zone) HOV

  • Separated by solid or double solid lines from the normal lanes with periodic transition zones. Note for areas where it is legal to cross the single solid white line refer to Enter/exit anywhere HOV section above.
    US-50 E double solid line.PNG
    Non-HOV travel is available on an adjacent parallel path (lane or segment). Waze will only route on this road if the person acknowledges that they meet the HOV requirement for this trip. When HOV routes are available they will see this display.
    HOV ROUTES.PNG

The user then would select a route that designates how many passengers are required.

HOV option.PNG

Bottom line up front: separate road segment(s) for the HOV with transition zone to/from regular lanes using ramps


  1. Map the applicable regular lane road segments
  2. Map parallel road segments for HOV lanes that have transition zones with the regular lanes
  3. HOV restrictions are added per the restrictions section below
  4. Add ramps for the transition zone as follows:
  • Add a set of entrance/exit ramps to make a V at the entrance to HOV lanes
    • Add a ramp with to [Road name/Route number] HOV coming from the regular lanes to the start of the transition zone (Prompts user to enter the HOV lane). Ramp should be about 6-7 m long and flow traffic into the HOV lane at the start of the transition zone (start of dashed white lines).
    • Add a ramp with to Return to [Road name/Route number] Regular Lanes (Prompts user to exit HOV lane either for upcoming exit or if traffic is faster in regular lanes). Ramp should originate at the start of the transition zone and be about 6-7 m long.
  • Add another set of entrance/exit ramps to make a V at the end of the transition zone, if the zone is over 0.5 miles/xxxx meters long
    • Add a ramp with to [Road name/Route number] HOV coming from the regular lanes to the end of the transition zone (Prompts user to enter the HOV lane). Ramp should be about 6-7 m long and flow traffic into the HOV lane at the end of the transition zone (start of solid white lines).
    • Add a ramp with to Return to [Road name/Route number] Regular Lanes (Prompts user to exit HOV lane either for upcoming exit or if traffic is faster in regular lanes). Ramp should originate at the end of the transition zone and be about 6-7 m long.
  • For a very long transition zone, other set(s) of entrance/exit ramps to make a V can be added every 0.5 miles/xxxx meters
Note Map if motorcycles are allowed by adding them as an allowed restriction. Note that until motorcycle is a supported vehicle type, the motorcycle user should just indicate that they meet the HOV requirement(s).

Separate parallel segment HOV

HOV only on the separate road segment; separated by a physical distance from the normal lanes (ex. land, curbs, shoulders), a concrete barrier, or a flexible barrier from the normal lanes. Non-HOV travel is available on an adjacent parallel path (lane or segment). Waze will only route on this road if the person acknowledges that they meet the HOV requirement (and transducer if required) for this trip. Example is I-395 by the Pentagon (Arlington, VA).

Bottom line up front: separate road segment(s) for separate parallel HOV

  1. Map the applicable regular lane road segments
  2. Map parallel road segments for HOV lanes
  3. Add applicable entrance and exit ramps
  4. HOV restrictions are added per the restrictions section below
Note Map if motorcycles are allowed by adding them as an allowed restriction. Note that until motorcycle is a supported vehicle type, the motorcycle user should just indicate that they meet the HOV requirement(s).

Whole road HOV

All travel is HOV only on the road. Non-HOV travel is not available adjacent parallel path (lane or segment). Waze will only route on this road if the person acknowledges that they meet the HOV requirement (and transducer if required) for this trip. There are not very many implementations of this type of set up. Example is I-66 inside the beltway in Northern Virginia; morning rush hour traffic is HOV-2+ only for eastbound traffic.

Bottom line up front: separate road segment(s) for whole road HOV

  1. Map the applicable road segment(s) for the road
  2. The road segments for a whole road HOV look the same as a road without HOV.
  3. HOV restrictions are added per the restrictions section below
Note Map if motorcycles are allowed by adding them as an allowed restriction. Note that until motorcycle is a supported vehicle type, the motorcycle user should just indicate that they meet the HOV requirement(s).

Entering HOV restrictions

Warning There is a bug the will reverse the Toll free/Allowed/Prohibited restrictions if too many are selected and they are not all aligned A-B or B-A. You can select two segments and the restriction will be properly aligned even if A-B on one and B-A on the other. It is fairly obvious if editing one way segments since the restriction coloration will not show on the segment if the other direction has the restriction. If editing two way segments (i.e. reversible road segments) then it is recommended that each be reviewed so that you don't break the routing.
Note - ALL segments need to have the HOV/HOT/Express restrictions marked. This is required for the HOV algorithm to work. Do not just mark the entrance segment. Follow current guidance for mapping toll segments only where there is a toll booth, toll transponder, or other collection device. If there is any toll free travel then ALL segments need the toll free restriction. The HOV/HOT/Express/Bus/etc will be used for voice prompts in the app soon. It is best to have them all the same; make sure that none is not inadvertently selected since that will adversely affect routing.
Note Restrictions for Toll free/Allowed/Prohibited are treated as AND conditions when comparing the separate lines on the first popup window. Within in a single restriction type on the second popup window, the various restrictions are treated as OR conditions. So saying that private vehicles with HOV-2+ and taxis are allowed will route either type of conditions to be routed IF in the same restriction (on the second popup window). If they are entered as two separate restrictions on the first popup window then nothing will be routed since you have to simultaneously be both a private vehicle with HOV-2+ and a taxi; this is not possible.

If something is allowed then only that type of condition(s) can pass on the road, all others are considered to be prohibited

Do not use conflicting restrictions ex all vehicles with Sunpass are allowed but taxis are prohibited. A taxi can have a Sunpass and the algorithm is not set up to have a precedence yet, so improper routing can happen.

Enter/exit anywhere HOV

To mark a segment for HOV use including the required number of passengers:

  1. Select the applicable road segment(s), see Warning above
  2. Click the Add restrictions button in the sidebar and receive the first restriction popup
    Restriction first popup.PNG
  3. If no toll is required for the segment, then skip to step 5
  4. If a toll is required for all vehicles including HOV vehicles, then select the toll attribute in bottom left corner (ex. I-93 N's HOV / Express to Airport / S Station in Boston, MA),
  5. Click the add new button the appropriate direction (A>B, B>A, or TWO WAY) on the popup screen
  6. Second restriction popup screen appears
    Applies to box.PNG
  7. Select appropriate Left lane/Middle lane/Right lane in the Applies to section
  8. Select HOV in the Applies to section. If locals call the lane one of the other options then use that HOT/Express/Bus/etc, but one must be used and it should be consistent for the run of the road. May transition to another type if HOV changes to Express
  9. Select appropriate Days HOV restrictions apply
  10. Select appropriate Hours for time-based HOV or leave all day checked for 24-hr HOV lanes
  11. Ensure Every week is selected for normal use; Note Range can be used for planned time shifts between summer/winter or for holiday changes particularly on reversible segments
  12. Driving is _____ for
    Driving is allowed for.PNG
  13. Select allowed for HOV vehicles
  14. Click the + on the green add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear
    Requires Pass Veh Type Min Pass.PNG
  15. Select Minimum passengers from the menu
  16. Default HOV allowance of At least 2 passengers appears
    Num passengers dropdown.PNG
  17. If more passengers are required to meet the HOV eligibility, then click the At least 2 passengers and select the appropriate number from a drop down menu that appears (At least 3 passengers or At least 4 passengers)
  18. If a transponder or tag is required to use the HOV for either certifying the appropriate number of people are present or to pay the toll, click the + while remaining on the same restriction line and select Requires a pass
  19. Default transponder of Sunpass is added to the restriction line
    Subscription dropdown.PNG
  20. If another transponder is required, then click Sunpass and a drop down menu will appear with available companies
  21. Select the applicable transponder company
  22. If a particular vehicle type is required to use the HOV lane, then click the + while remaining on the same restriction line and select Vehicle type.
  23. Default vehicle type Private is added to the restriction line
    Private HOV 3 EZPass.PNG
  24. If another type is required, then click Private and a drop down menu will appear with available vehicle types
  25. Select the applicable vehicle type
Note only private vehicle and taxi are available selections in the app; you can add other allowed vehicle types motorcycles, bus, public transportation, but Waze Staff states that prohibited vehicle types not supported should not be added as a restriction until we are notified that the programming is changed.
  1. Click Add button in bottom right corner
  2. Repeat for any additional HOV restrictions required for the segment(s) selected
  3. If the HOV lane is open to all traffic for the rest of day, then no other time restrictions are required (traffic travels in the same direction rest of the day)
  4. If a reversible segment, then
    • Add the appropriate time restrictions for when the original direction is closed
    • Select "prohibited" in Driving is _____ for, and leave "Any vehicle" selected:
      Driving prohibited.PNG
    • Add the appropriate HOV restrictions for the opposite direction
    • Add the appropriate time restrictions for when the opposite direction is closed
    • While entering restrictions, remember there is often a transition time gap between traffic direction reversals to prevent collisions
  5. Click Save icon on the light blue waze bar
Note be sure to add the Driving is Prohibited period(s) if a reversible lane does not allow traffic to prevent misrouting.

Limited enter/exit (transition zone) HOV / Separate segment HOV / Whole road HOV

To mark a segment for HOV use including the required number of passengers:

  1. Select the applicable road segment(s)
  2. Click the Add restrictions button
  3. First restriction popup screen appears
    Restriction first popup.PNG
  4. If no toll is required for HOV, then skip to step 6
  5. If a toll is required for HOV vehicles, then select the toll attribute in bottom left corner (ex. I-93 N's HOV / Express to Airport / S Station in Boston, MA)
  6. Select the appropriate direction (A>B, B>A, or TWO WAY) on the popup screen
  7. Click the apply button in the bottom right corner
  8. Second restriction popup screen appears
    I-66E AM HOV.PNG
  9. Select Entire segment in the Applies to section
    Applies to box.PNG
  10. Select HOV in the Applies to section
  11. Select appropriate Days, Hours, and Every week [Note can enter a date range, but probably not used for HOV]
  12. Driving is _____ for
  13. If toll attribute is already selected, then skip to step 16
  14. Remember toll attribute must not be selected to be able to properly save a toll free TBSR
  15. Select toll free if free for HOV vehicles, restriction's background color should change to blue
    Driving is allowed for toll free.PNG
  16. Select Minimum passengers by clicking the + on the blue add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear
    Toll Free initial drop down.PNG
  17. At least 2 passengers is added
    Toll Free Min Pass initial.PNG
  18. Select number of passengers required by clicking the At least 2 passengers and a drop down menu will appear with selections for At least 3 (4) passengers
  19. If toll free, then skip to step 24
  20. Click the + again while remaining on the same restriction as the number of passengers to select Requires a pass
  21. Sunpass is added to the restriction line
    Toll free requires pass.PNG
  22. Click the Sunpass area and a drop down menu will appear with available companies
  23. Select the applicable transponder company
  24. Click Add button in bottom right corner
  25. Click Save icon on the light blue waze bar
  26. If HOV lane is only for part of the day, Open to all rest/part of day, or Reversible lane then set appropriate prohibited restriction(s)
    Driving prohibited.PNG
  27. Make sure one restriction period is added for the segment(s) then add additional restrictions till all appropriate times are added for one direction
  28. If a reversible segment, then add the appropriate time and restrictions for the opposite direction
Note be sure to add the Driving is Prohibited period(s) if a reversible lane does not allow traffic to prevent misrouting.

Entering HOT/Express lane restrictions (HOV or toll allowed)

Enter/exit anywhere HOT/Express lanes

This type of configuration only occurs at the start or finish of the HOT/Express lanes. No restriction is required.

Reason for not having dashed line separation in the middle of the HOT/Express lane segments is that there is no way of charging a toll to the non-HOV compliant vehicles.

Limited enter/exit (transition zone) HOT/Express lane / Separate parallel segment HOT/Express lane / Whole road HOT/Express lane

Normally the HOV vehicle is allowed to use the lane for free while other vehicles have to pay a toll. The toll rate can be variable with surge pricing to control the number of vehicles that are not HOV on the road. Therefore this is setting up or statements. A vehicle can use the road for free if meeting the HOV requirements or the vehicle has to pay a toll.

Where to mark toll free / toll segments
  1. Mark a road segment with a toll free restriction along the entire path of toll free travel; this is required for it to work properly
  2. Marking a segment as toll free makes the segment act as a toll for all other users (even though toll attribute is not checked)
  3. Do not mark the toll attribute; which would prohibit adding a toll free restriction
  4. If the HOV has to pay a toll then only select the toll attribute on the segments with a toll booth or transponder; other segments are not marked.
Adding HOT/Express lane restrictions
  1. Select a segment that has a toll booth, transponder reader, or other tolling device
  2. Do not select a segment with the final toll booth, transponder reader, or other tolling device, unless at least one route does not have one previously marked
  3. Select Add restrictions (Time Based Segment Restrictions) on the left panel when the segment is selected
  4. Do not check the toll road attribute in the bottom left corner of the popup box; this prevents having toll free restrictions
    Restriction first popup.PNG
  5. Select the appropriate direction (A>B, B>A, or TWO WAY) on the popup screen
  6. Click the add new button under the direction of the restriction
  7. Second restriction popup screen appears
    HOT Restriction.PNG
  8. Select Entire segment and HOT in the Applies to section
  9. Select toll free on the Driving is ____ for section
    Toll free.PNG
  10. Select Minimum passengers by clicking the + on the green add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear
    Toll free min passengers.PNG
  11. At least 2 passengers is added
    Toll free min 3 or 4.PNG
  12. Select number of passengers required by clicking the At least 2 passengers and a drop down menu will appear with selections for At least 3 (4) passengers
  13. Select Requires a pass by clicking the + on the green add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear
    Toll free requires pass.PNG
  14. Select applicable transponder company by clicking the Sunpass and a drop down menu will appear with all available companies
    Toll free drop down.PNG
  15. Click Add button in bottom right corner
  16. Add the toll for other vehicles on this segment
    Add Transponder.PNG
  17. Select the appropriate direction (A>B, B>A, or TWO WAY) on the popup screen
  18. Click the add new button under the direction of the restriction
  19. Second restriction popup screen appears
    Applies to box.PNG
  20. Select Entire segment and HOT in the Applies to section
    Entire Segment HOV.PNG
  21. Select Allowed on the Driving is ____ for section
  22. Note ALL vehicles that are Toll free MUST be listed in the Allowed section too. Vehicles that are not listed in the Allowed section will not be routed onto the segment.
  23. Select Requires a pass by clicking the + on the green add restriction banner and a drop down menu will appear note to subs5 change picture
    HOT requires pass.PNG
  24. Select applicable transponder company by clicking the Sunpass and a drop down menu will appear with all available companiesnote to subs5 change picture
    HOT Req Pass Dropdown.PNG
  25. Click Add button in bottom right corner
  26. Click Save icon on the light blue waze bar
  27. If HOT lane is only for part of the day, Open to all rest/part of day, or Reversible lane then set appropriate prohibited restriction(s)
    Driving prohibited.PNG
  28. Make sure one restriction period is added for the segment(s) then add additional restrictions till all appropriate times are added for one direction
  29. Make sure you restrict the applicable vehicle types that are not allowed; example trucks or vehicle pulling a trailer. If selection of a truck vehicle type is allowed as a future feature and there is an allowable restriction for any vehicle with a certain transponder then a truck with that transponder would be routed improperly.
  30. If a reversible segment, then add the appropriate time and restrictions for the opposite direction
Note be sure to add the Driving is Prohibited period(s) if a reversible lane does not allow traffic to prevent misrouting.