Difference between revisions of "Roads"

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''This page covers road names for the United Kingdom. For other countries see [[Road types and names|here]].''
+
==Introduction==
 +
{{mbox | type=notice | text = This forms part of [[United Kingdom#Editing Best Practice|UK Editing Best Practice]]. Please read in conjunction with the USA [[global:USA/Road_types|global page on Road types]], which has more specific information about each Road type and their characteristics.}}
  
==Introduction==
+
Using the correct Road type and naming of segments is a key part of mapping in Waze. Road type influence route planning, particularly on long journeys where Waze will prioritise the major Road types. The naming of segments give users a consistent experience and can also influence routing and detour mechanisms.
''This forms part of [[United Kingdom#Editing Best Practice|UK Editing Best Practice]]. Editors are encouraged to follow these guidelines.''
 
  
==Abbreviations==
+
==Road types==
The following abbreviations should be used where possible to conserve screen space.
+
{{mbox|type=important|text='''Be aware of the WME language setting!''' This article uses localised names which can be found when using the '''English (UK)''' language.}}
 +
The following convention should be followed where possible, although it is acknowledged that you may need to deviate from it in some circumstances.
  
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="background:white; font-size:80%; margin: 1em auto 1em auto" border="1"
+
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
! Road Name
+
!Waze Road Type
! Abbreviation
+
!UK Road Types
! TTS Expansion?
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Avenue
+
|{{Freeway}}
| Ave
+
|All Motorway & Motorway class A roads (locked to L5) <span style="background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M60&nbsp;'''</span> <span style="background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;A1(M)&nbsp;'''</span>
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Boulevard
+
|{{Major Highway}}
| Blvd
+
|A-class roads that are classified as Primary Routes (locked to L4) <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A4600&nbsp;'''</span>
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Broadway
+
|{{Minor Highway}}
| Bdwy
+
|Non-primary A-class roads <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A614&nbsp;'''</span>
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Circus
+
|{{Primary Street}}
| Cir
+
|B-class roads and unclassified roads carrying heavier traffic, often seen on Ordnance Survey maps in yellow or orange. <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;B547&nbsp;'''</span>
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Close
+
|{{Street}}
| Cl
+
|Urban Streets, low traffic rural roads
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Court
+
|{{Road|Narrow Street|style=background-color: #64799B; color: #FFF}}
| Ct
+
|'''<span style="color:#FF0000">DO NOT USE</span>''' - This Road type is currently not deemed useful for mapping in the UK ([https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=257807 See UK forum discussion]) ''NB: UK Champs may use this in limited situations for testing purposes.''
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Crescent
+
|{{Private|Private Road}}
| Cr
+
|Road with no access for the general public, public roads with legal prohibition on through routing in both directions (''private road'' sign, ''no motor vehicles except for access'' sign, or a closable gate).
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Drive
+
|{{Parking Lot Road|Parking Road}}
| Dr
+
|Roads within a car park, or other places where we don't want Waze to monitor speed and potentially generate a traffic jam report, in particular petrol station forecourts. Read more on car park mapping on the [[Places/Car_Parks|UK Car Parks]] page.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Garden
+
|{{Off-road}}
| Gdn
+
|Unsurfaced road which is often impassable for normal cars and only suitable for 4x4 vehicles.
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Gardens
+
|}
| Gdns
+
 
| Yes
+
'''Unpaved checkbox''' - This attribute can be selected for all Road types but should only be applied to ''Street'' Road type and below. This checkbox can be applied to segments that cover roads that are unsurfaced or of poor construction but is still passable by a normal car. Users can avoid roads marked with this attribute applied within the App settings. Segments that ford rivers and are usually passable by normal cars should be mapped as a short '''Street''' segment covering the area that floods, the ''unpaved'' checkbox ticked, and the be named [FORD].
 +
 
 +
'''Non-drivable''' - ''Walking Trails'' are a group of non-drivable Road types available in the WME found under the Road menu. User experience can be improved by using these appropriately, you can read more when to use these Road types on the [[Footpaths|UK Footpaths]] page.
 +
 
 +
===Primary Route Network===
 +
The '''primary route network''' (PRN) designates roads between places of traffic importance across the UK, with the aim of providing easily identifiable routes to access the whole of the country. Primary routes are marked green on most road maps and road signs are green with white and yellow text. The [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=21043 WMEOpenData] extension for Firefox and Chrome can overlay this data directly within the editor.
 +
 
 +
====Exceptions====
 +
{{Collapsible section top}}Click '''Expand''' to view a list of current exceptions. →
 +
As with any rule, there will be some exceptions. There are two specific scenarios which are allowed to deviate from the Ordnance Survey (OS) map:
 +
* A roads that connect between motorway or PRN networks, then it should also be '''Major Highway'''
 +
* A section of primary road is '''restricted to some traffic''', and there is another primary route nearby, then it can be demoted to '''Minor Highway'''
 +
Exceptions ''should be discussed'' on the [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=55 forum] and documented below, and '''can''' be locked to a higher level.{{Collapsible section content}}
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
| Green
+
! Exception
| Gn
+
! Reason
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Grove
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.28956&lat=51.72387&zoom=3&segments=205752232,205752224,205752225,205752226,205752227,205752228,205752229,205752230,205752231,181508368,181508386,121796330,121797474 A1080 London Colney Bypass]
| Gr
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Links the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A414&nbsp;'''</span> to the <span style="background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M25&nbsp;'''</span>
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Junction (as in Motorway Jxx)
+
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.38613&lat=54.91618&zoom=5&segments=371967350,371967345,184029790,148726888,147092038,147092037,371967346,371967349,147092040,184029791,147092041,147092049,184029789,148727283,147097831,123716194,146362553,146362551,146362552,161073616,146362492,311271970,311271971,301146436,301146444 A1290, Sunderland]
| J
+
| '''Downgraded to Minor Highway''' - With the completion of the Northern Spire bridge the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A1231&nbsp;'''</span> has been rerouted and the old route is now the <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A1290&nbsp;'''</span> shown with white background on directional signs, the [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.40383&lat=54.91777&zoom=3&segments=123723414,146349286 Queen Alexandra Bridge] has also been downgraded to the <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;B1539&nbsp;'''</span>.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Lane
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=0.53231&lat=51.37933&zoom=5&segments=195065580,121349720,121349777 A2, Chatham]
| Ln
+
| '''Downgraded to Street''' - The High Street is restricted to buses only. The <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A2 New Rd&nbsp;'''</span> to the south is the preferable route.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Mount
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=0.51954&lat=51.27263&zoom=6&segments=147537844,258208028,145281435,258208012 A20, Maidstone]
| Mt
+
| '''Downgraded to Street''' - Not PRN. Several bus/taxi only roads adjacent to the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A20&nbsp;'''</span>.
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Place
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=1.29812&lat=51.13874&zoom=2&segments=251086337,121489310,184451866,184451869,121490683,252506959,318540584,318540583,121490718,121489484,149188962,149188964,149188963,121489353,121489366,121489365,121489358,121489335,121489360,121489341,121489351,121489336,121490688,121490220,121490476,121490377,143704435,121490402,143704166,121490263,121490262,121490786,121490676,121489361,121489974,121489362,318035712,318035711,318035708,121491138,121491097,121491096,121491246,121491285,121491284,121491030,121489271,143701677,143701675,143701676,185089638,185089639,121490394,121489345,121489333,184847206,238989899,238989900,238989896,184846383,121489339,121489371,149188682,149188681,121490226,121490225,121490224,121490228,251086084,188645714,121490817,188645715,188645716,188645717,188645718,121490818,121490816,121489669,121483159,121483141,320173255,363172958,121483166,320172980,320173256,363172957,363172956 A256, Dover]
| Pl
+
| '''Downgraded to Minor Highway''' - The entire <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A256&nbsp;'''</span> road network south of <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A2&nbsp;'''</span> is not PRN. See [http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/wiki/index.php?title=A256 Sabre] for details.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Park
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.31902&lat=51.30119&zoom=4&segments=275187445,275187446,275187443 A243 Leatherhead Bypass]
| Pk
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Links the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A24&nbsp;'''</span> with the <span style="background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M25&nbsp;'''</span> junction.
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Ridge
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.09012&lat=50.80480&zoom=5&segments=121077811,121078199,121075405,121073655,121076956 A3 Hope St, Portsmouth]
| Rdg
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - The main ''Out of City'' route is signposted northbound along Hope Street. Consequently [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.09012&lat=50.80480&zoom=5&segments=121073632,121075406,121075407,121075409,121077815,121075412,121076456,200563052 Marketway & Commercial Rd] have been downgraded to ''Primary Street''.
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Road
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.24313&lat=51.46536&zoom=6&segments=121634609,121634610,121642497 B306, Roehampton]
| Rd
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Turning right from <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A205&nbsp;'''</span> to <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A306&nbsp;'''</span> is only possible via this small loop of B road.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Saint
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.14658&lat=51.46887&zoom=3&segments=121625768,211047697,121626845,121630345,121630348,121630362,121638725,180310147,180310146,180322864,359236751,359236671,359236750,359236747,294131496,294131497,323743050,323743051,323743048,323743047 A3216, Battersea]
| St.
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Shown as PRN in the OS data, but not signed as a primary route in Google Streetview imagery (May 2018).  ''Would benefit from site visit to confirm current status''.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Square
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.69669&lat=52.03268&zoom=1&segments=147092777,147092778,147092782,147092783,147092787,147092791,147092793,195277971,248806162,248806161,248806151,195277972,195277858,322692249,251560173,322692248,322692251,322692252,322692250,322692253,185643539,122400418,122400419,122400420,252346388,185643464,185643529,185643644,263426836,263426837,263426840,263426839,185643601,185643313,185643248,185643169,185643311,122398074,260124544,122398073,209785166,209785167,209785162,209785163,209785165,209785164,188286337,186876733,189012056,188286338,186876735,186876731,160495707,160495708,143723696,160495710,143723700,160495709,122397377,122397375,147395609,122395872,122397335,122397337,160166380,263428790,263428792,263428791,263428789,160166371,146735970,146735968,137441270,205563295,205563294,137441260,205563297,205563296,146736693,146736986,160026259,146736987,167553759,160026260,167553747,167553758,167553748,200417311,257020010,207703097,207703093,207703091,207703092,207703096,207703094,207703095,200417321,165986268,165986262,165986263,147064623,348818936,348818935,122397199,335038754,143616379,122397200,143616380,143616376,143616377,143616378,335038755,335038757,149613450,143616323,257020373,257020374,122401169 A4146 / A509, Milton Keynes]
| Sq
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Links the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A5&nbsp;'''</span> to the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A421&nbsp;'''</span> to the <span style="background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M1&nbsp;'''</span>
| Untested
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Street
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.69859&lat=52.45800&zoom=2&segments=310810349,310810351,332281353,332281355,332281354,332281356 A43, Corby / Kettering]
| St
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Relatively new bypass that became the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A43&nbsp;'''</span>, Consequently, [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.69394&lat=52.44942&zoom=2&segments=122454258,122454243,332281534,332281535,122455755,335155731,335155732,122455252,264274210,122457775,122457795,236982808,236982807,308579232,308579233,122456734,148522498,148522499,122457773,122457531,148521905 the old route], now the <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A4300&nbsp;'''</span> and <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A6183&nbsp;'''</span> have been downgraded to ''Minor Highway''.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Terrace
+
|[https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-1.06478&lat=52.24023&zoom=3&segments=333938457,333939261 A45, Weedon Bec]
| Ter
+
|'''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - This new bypass has been designated the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206">'''&nbsp;A45&nbsp;'''</span>. The [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-1.06399&lat=52.23689&zoom=3&segments=360476979,122512554,122512553,122512515,308727591,308727590,308727409,308727408,267923872,308727227,308727228,122513446,336275341,336275342,287958007,287955964,287955937,287955936,122512945,122512946,122513262,161161346,308727052,308727053,251698158,251698174,251698169,251698164,320197681,320197682,122512954,184023386,122512750,308726046 old route], has been downgraded to ''Primary Street''.
| Yes
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Valley
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.08478&lat=53.55289&zoom=4&segments=122945933,122945926,148661482,122948056,122948058,122948712,122948710,122945958,122947469,122948977,200821113,200821110,122947471,151918333,122948381,312200019,312200015 A46, Grimsby]
| Val
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Although not shown by OS as PRN this short length of <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A46&nbsp;'''</span> links with the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A16&nbsp;'''</span>. Road has green backed signs along route.
| Untested
 
|}
 
 
 
Notes:  
 
# Roads like "The Avenue", "The Green" etc should not normally be abbreviated.
 
# TTS = Text To Speech
 
 
 
==Road types==
 
The following convention should be followed where possible, although it is acknowledged that you may need to deviate from it in some circumstances.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable unsortable" style="background:white; font-size:80%; margin: 1em auto 1em auto" border="1"
 
 
|-
 
|-
! Waze Road Type
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.04076&lat=52.66893&zoom=3&segments=209485829,209485830,209485831,209485832,90604787,90604810,137207028,100911121,305856234,305856235,60307017,84000870 A460, Cannock]
! UK Road Types
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Newer <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A460&nbsp;'''</span> bypass replaces older route, consequently the [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.05325&lat=52.67306&zoom=3&segments=262952429,306729784,306729785,250644441,250644486,250644487,230557394,307799302,307799301,146611538,321528220 now designated] <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A4601&nbsp;'''</span> has been downgraded to ''Minor Highway''.
 
|-
 
|-
| Freeway
+
|[https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.71195&lat=52.06072&zoom=4&segments=347436921,347436923,347437025,347437024,347437021,347436217,347436603 A465, Hereford]
| Motorway & Motorway class A roads
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Newer <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A465&nbsp;'''</span> link road replaces older route, consequently [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.71195&lat=52.06072&zoom=4&segments=207126896,207126895,122723401,122723845,164564679,122726441 Commercial Road] has been downgraded to ''Primary Street''.
 
|-
 
|-
| Major Highway
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.21183&lat=53.03091&zoom=4&segments=299020781,299020784,299020785,299020879,299020884,146320493,146320492,146320491,146320494,146320495,313379481,313379480,299020499,147746597,299020506,147746598,147746482 A527, Newcastle Under Lyme]
| A-class roads that are classified as Primary Routes
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - This section of road links the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A527&nbsp;'''</span> with the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A500&nbsp;'''</span>. The [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.21627&lat=53.03411&zoom=3&segments=363797507,363797508,123228287,123228426,123229205,123229206,123228414,123229208,123230589,123229238,123229207,123229210,123229209,123228299,123228408,123228407,123228306,123228405,123228404,123231922,123229234,123229214,123229213,123228412,123228323,147750917,147750916,147750915,147750918,123229211,363797332,363797333,363797329,363797330,123230585,123229635,123230649,123230648 old route], now designated the <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;B5370&nbsp;'''</span>, has been downgraded to ''Primary Street''.
 
|-
 
|-
| Minor Highway
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.28989&lat=53.59545&layers=4087&zoom=5&segments=182125798,193907883,193907884,193906927,193906924,193906923,193908118,193908117,193907633,190400529,185429030,190408901 A56, Bury]
| Non-primary A-class roads
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - This section of road joins the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A56&nbsp;'''</span> and the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A58&nbsp;'''</span>
 
|-
 
|-
| Primary Street
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-2.49303&lat=53.52398&zoom=5&segments=253701794,253700686,253701791,253701793,253701790,123430401,231620540,123435169,123434203,123438182,123438181,123434240 A577, Atherton]
| B-class roads and unclassified roads carrying heavier traffic.
+
| '''Downgraded to Minor Highway & Street''' - Eastern and southern section pass through a pedestrianised zone. Consequently [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-2.49303&lat=53.52398&zoom=5&segments=197647236,197647233,197647237 Bag Ln] at the western end, which has green backed signs, has been upgraded to ''Major Highway'' to complete routing in this area.
 
|-
 
|-
| Streets
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.30370&lat=53.59403&zoom=6&segments=185360292,193828317,185353645,185360291 A58, Bury]
| Urban Streets, Low traffic rural roads
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Links the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A58&nbsp;'''</span> to the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A56&nbsp;'''</span> to create equal routing right & left respectively.
 
|-
 
|-
|}
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-1.28883&lat=52.83199&zoom=3&segments=344864758,344864759,344345657,366509920 A6, Kegworth]
 
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - This new bypass road has been designated the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A6&nbsp;'''</span>. The [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-1.28597&lat=52.83751&zoom=3&segments=363579978,165292153,334421040,334421041,122665296,349975507,349975506,122666723,122666763,122666162,231007007,231007011,231006531,314176299,314176300,252724329,308694479,308694478,233814308,122665930,137511378 old route], has been downgrade to ''Primary Street''.
For Freeways leave the City Name as "None", so as to stop the City Names smearing.
 
For Motorway class A roads, name as Axx(M). (No spaces).
 
 
 
Non-drivable - aren't really worth adding, as Waze is an app aimed at commuters who drive, but if you really feel the need to add these, be careful and make sure that they DO NOT connect to drivable roads as Waze has been known to route people along walking trails and the like!
 
 
 
===Primary Route Network===
 
The PRN is defined by A roads which connect between Primary Destinations, and have green signs along them. We use the [http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/opendata/viewer/ Ordnance Survey Maps] as our source for this classification, i.e. the roads marked in green colour. The [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=21043 WMEOpenData] extension for Firefox and Chrome can overlay this same data directly within the editor.
 
 
 
===Exceptions===
 
As with any rule, there will be some exceptions. There are two specific scenarios which are allowed to deviate from the OS map:
 
* If there's an A road that connects between motorway or PRN networks, then it should also be Major Highway
 
* If a section of primary road is restricted to some traffic, and there is another primary route nearby, then it can be demoted to Minor Highway
 
Exceptions shall be discussed amongst senior editors and documented below, and can be locked to a higher rank.
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable unsortable" style="background:white; font-size:80%; margin: 1em auto 1em auto" border="1"
 
|-
 
! Exception
 
! Reason
 
|-
 
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.28643&lat=51.72331&layers=1925&zoom=3&segments=163428226,163428225,143822319,205752232,205752224,205752225,205752226,205752227,205752228,205752229,205752230,205752231,181508368,181508386,121796330,1217974747 A1080 London Colney Bypass]
 
| Joins A414 to M25
 
|-
 
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=0.53269&lat=51.37885&layers=1477&zoom=5&segments=195065580,121349720,121349777 A2, Chatham]
 
| The High Street is restricted to buses only. The A2 New Rd to the south is the preferable route.
 
|-
 
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=0.51927&lat=51.27211&layers=999&zoom=6&segments=147537844,258208028,145281435,258208012,145281463 A20, Maidstone]
 
| Not PRN - Several bus/taxi only roads adjacent to the A20.
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.31730&lat=51.30045&zoom=4&segments=151641217 A283, Leatherhead]
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.20771&lat=52.77238&zoom=4&segments=122662087,122663189,122661798,122662095,122662188,249963055,249963056,122664053,246768325,246242310,249763741,249763714,122663256,122662192 A6, Loughborough]
| Link between A24 PRN and motorway junction.
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - The central area of Loughborough has been pedestrianised and the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A6&nbsp;'''</span> has been diverted along an upgraded relief road.
 
|-
 
|-
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.08944&lat=50.80436&layers=517&zoom=5&segments=121077811,121073655,121076956,121075405,121078199 A3, Portsmouth]
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.95758&lat=52.97136&zoom=3&segments=232902729,232902730,232902731,141260684,122500287,141260375,165199188,165199190,165199201,165199200,296002355,296002354,122500119,145792999,122499849,122500118,122500684,122499723,122499848,122500600,122500695,122500599,122500478,122500477,122500250,122500694,143682376,260370516,260370517,260370515 A6097, Newton (Notts)]
| The main "Out of City" route is signposted North along Hope Street.
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Following the dueling and realignment of the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A46&nbsp;'''</span>, the spur of the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A6097&nbsp;'''</span> and Fosse Way have been upgraded to ensure continuous routing at this junction due to its current layout.
 
|-
 
|-
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.15352&lat=51.46929&layers=516&zoom=3&segments=121625768,209431243,211047697,211047698,121626845,121630345,121630348,121630362,121638725,180310147,180310146,180322865,180322864 A3216, Battersea]
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.86093&lat=53.74081&zoom=3&segments=188590706,122968607,122968713,165102443,165102437,122969112,137346838,143395496,122968703,122968654,122968704,143395500,122969113,143395501,143395497,335701579,350824742,350824743,188590707,200983066,310923905,200983067,200983064,200983065,273529552,273529551 A614, Howden]
| Shown as PRN in the OS data, but not signed as a primary route in Streetview imagery.  ''Would benefit from site visit to confirm current status.''
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Links the <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A63&nbsp;'''</span>, <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A614&nbsp;'''</span> with the <span style="background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M62&nbsp;'''</span>
 
|-
 
|-
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.08845&lat=53.55233&layers=357&zoom=4&segments=122945933,122945942,122945926,148661482,122948056,122948058,122948712,122948710,122945958,122947469,122948977,200821113,200821110,122947471,151918333,122948381 A46, Grimsby]
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.18438&lat=53.12023&zoom=2&segments=282462171,282462172,209226957,209226966,209226967,193594620,307118389,307118390,193594651,307118401,307118398,307118397,307118396,307118399,346308103,307118400,193595293,193595292,260263549,242726388,145881136,137264010,137264013 A617, Mansfield]
| Link End of A46 shown by OS as PRN with A16 as Major Highway.  These roads are signed as green.
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - Although not shown on OS maps as PRN, this bypass road has green backed signs and therefore has been upgraded.
 
|-
 
|-
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.04062&lat=52.67383&layers=4&zoom=2&marker=true A460, Cannock]
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.22624&lat=53.49441&zoom=3&segments=123308871,123308962,123309707,123310274,123310277,123310282,123310287,123310331,123322697,123322698,147724993,147724994,147724995,262050406,262050407,265468821,123308877,123309718,123309719,261167747,261167753,261167748,261167811,148981188,354875277,354875278,332549000,293410091 A664, Manchester]
| Newer A460 replaces older A4601
+
| '''Downgraded to Minor Highway''' - Google Streetview (May 2018) of <span style="background:#FFF; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A664 Rochdale Rd&nbsp;'''</span> shows it has white backed signs and no longer part of the PRN.
 
|-
 
|-
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-2.21586&lat=53.03124&layers=1445&zoom=4 A527, Newcastle Under Lyme]
+
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor?env=row&lon=-2.23747&lat=53.48773&zoom=5&segments=177396508,177396094,181459929,326143204,326143206,261478821,293410941 A665, Manchester]
| This is not part of the PRN anymore since the link road was built to the A500 at the junction of Grange Ln and Church Ln.
+
| '''Upgraded to Major Highway''' - <span style="background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A665 Miller St&nbsp;'''</span> now one way, the opposite direction has been promoted to ensure continuous routing.
|-
 
| [https://www.waze.com/en-GB/editor/?env=row&lon=-1.20739&lat=52.77179&layers=2023&zoom=5&segments=122662087,122663189,122661798,122662095,122662188,249963055,249963056,122664053,246768325,246242310,249763741,249763714,122663256,122662192 A6, Loughborough]
 
| The central area of Loughborough has been pedestrianised and the A6 has been diverted along an upgraded relief road.
 
|-
 
| [https://www.waze.com/editor/?env=row&lon=-0.85782&lat=53.74229&layers=677&zoom=3&segments=188590706,122968607,188590707,122968713,165102444,165102443,165102437,122968663,122969112,137346838,122969113,143395496 A614, Howden]
 
| OS Map doesn't connect the primary route to the motorway, leaving a gap that could affect routing.
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
{{Collapsible section bottom}}
  
==Railways==
+
==Naming Conventions==
Railway lines should be drawn in as '''Railroad''' type roads, particularly if there are other streets nearby. They will soon appear in the client, and they potentially keep Wazers on trains from polluting the local speed data.
+
===Roads with number===
 +
Classified road in the UK are known by a single letter and number combination which should be included in the segment name so that Waze instructions include identifying information. When naming dual carriageway segments, the addition of a [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_direction cardinal direction] should be included to ensure clear instructions are given and useful incident reports. The segment should be named in the following format;
  
Tracks should be drawn ''as simply as possible'' - they do not need to be accurate out in the country where no one can see them, and it is not necessary to map individual tracks through a station.
+
::;'''Format:''' <nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code><Letter & Number> '''('''<Direction>''') -''' <Name></code></big>
 +
::;'''Examples:''' <nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code>M45 (E)</code></big> Motorway with cardinal direction
 +
:::<big><code>A1(M)</code></big> Motorway class A Road, note no spaces are used
 +
:::<big><code>A7 - Old Dalkeith Rd</code></big> A Road with local name
 +
:::<big><code>A2 (W) - Dover Rd</code></big> A Road with cardinal direction and local name
 +
:::<big><code>Andover St</code></big> Road with local name
  
'''Segment Properties''':
+
The UK has 3 classifications of roads; Motorways ('''M'''), '''A''' Roads, and '''B''' Roads. '''All''' other roads are ''unclassified''. You may discover that local authorities maintain a database of roads they manage and use ''C'', ''D'', and ''U'' labels. These are internal labels only and should never be shown on public signs, they should '''not''' be added to segment names.
* '''City:''' No City
 
* '''Name:''' No Name
 
* '''Type:''' Railroad
 
* '''Direction:''' Two way
 
* '''Level:''' -5
 
* '''Lock:''' 5
 
  
Railroad segments should not be connected to the road network at any point, but can connect to other railroad segments. All turns should be enabled (no red arrows please).
+
When naming Motorway segments, the '''City''' field should be set as ''None'', this prevents City name smudge across the map.
  
==Dual Carriageways==
+
===Junctions===
The following convention should be followed where possible, although it is acknowledged that you may need to deviate from it in some circumstances.
+
Major junctions, particularly on motorways, should be labelled with a landmark. Under no circumstances should the ''road name'' or ''city name'' fields of a segment be used for naming of a junction.
  
===When to Split===
+
====Ramp naming====
 +
Ramp names to be short, useful and unambiguous. Names should '''not''' include ''Junction to'' nor ''Entry to''. Cardinal directions (N, S, E, W) should only be included if they are included on signs and provide clarity. Like other abbreviations, the <big>'''&gt;'''</big> character can be used, and is read out as ''towards'', this should be used only if needed. Entry and Exit should be considered equal for the purposes of naming, and should be named to give the most useful instruction to the driver. Ramps should '''not''' have a ''City'' name, this helps prevent city smudge.
  
A road should be split into be 2 one-way roads if any of the following conditions are met:
+
=====Junctions with numbers=====
# The central reservation is > 5m
 
# There's a visible gap between average of all GPS traces
 
# It is split by physical barrier (Concrete, Armco, pedestrian barrier etc)
 
  
 +
*All segments from numbered junctions should be mapped as '''Ramps''' to ensure ''exit'' instructions are given
 +
*The name should begin with the exit number and then the name of the road it leads to, ideally '''without''' cardinal directions
 +
*When motorways split, short ''wayfinder'' ramps should be used so that these names don't appear in the App
 +
*Do '''not''' include junction numbers on entry ramps.
  
Pedestrian refuges and painted road separation (cross hatching that can be driven over) should not normally be split. Be aware there are a lot of these that were created as split roads during the UK Base-map import, these usually need merging to be a single two-way road.
+
::;'''Format:''' <nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code>'''J'''<number> '''to''' <simple road name></code></big>
 +
::;'''Example:''' <nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code>J4 to A464</code></big>
  
===Naming Convention===
+
=====Junctions without numbers=====
Whenever possible, on split roads, name carriageways with the direction of travel.  Insert the direction of travel at the end of the road name:
 
  
Examples:
+
*If a ramp connects directly to '''exactly 1''' other road, then it can be left ''unnamed'', the instructions will naturally take on the name of the next segment
1. M1 (N)
+
*It '''may''' be desirable to name the ramps more simply to remove cardinals or road names
2. A4 (W)
+
*If the ramp connects to a roundabout, then an ''unnamed'' segment will often give optimal instructions. If the routes away from the roundabout are not signed from the main road the ramp should be named to match the exit signs.
3. M25 (ACW)
 
4. A57(M) (W)
 
  
This makes traffic and incident reports much more useful and helps with navigation.
+
::;'''Format'''<nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code><simple road name></code></big>
 +
::;'''Example'''<nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code>A1</code></big> rather than <big><code>A1(M) (N)</code></big> or <big><code>A1 - Great North Road</code></big>
  
==Ramps (to/from Motorways and Dual Carriageways)==
+
=====Disambiguation=====
  
===Where should I start the sliproad?===
+
*Where a ramp forks into two directions, then the ramp names should include cardinals (if signed) or ''towards a city'' based on the signage
 +
*If a city name is used '''only one city''' from the directional sign is to be used, preferably the one which is listed first
  
For best navigation and routing advice, sliproads leading:
+
:''On the M25, where relevant, directions to Heathrow or Gatwick should take precedence''
  
''off'' a Motorway or Dual Carriageway should be placed to start where
+
*If the section of ramp before a fork is particularly short, then the preceding segment can be left ''unnamed'' with any junction number written in the forked segments
  
* The lane begins to divide (in the case of 3/2/1 markers)
+
:''This does result in longer announcements, so should be avoided if possible''
* There is a gantry over the carriageway, where the 1 mile, 1/2 mile etc finishes. This will usually be the last gantry before the actual junction and will be the one without a distance marker on it
 
  
''on'' to a Motorway or Dual Carriageway should be placed where
+
*Where both directions of a road are connected to a roundabout, then ramps can be disambiguated using ''> city'' instead of cardinals, as per the signage.
  
* the road first joins the adjoining road, i.e. just after the chevrons/lane dividers
+
::;'''Format'''<nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code><simple road name> '''('''<cardinal direction>''')'''</code>
 +
::: <code><simple road name>''' > '''<city name></code></big>
 +
:::<big><code>'''Junction > '''<city name></code></big> if connecting road has no name / number
 +
::;'''Example'''<nowiki>: </nowiki><big><code>A1 (N)</code></big> & <big><code>A1 (S)</code></big>
 +
:::<big><code>M62 > Manchester</code></big> & <big><code>M62 > Hull</code></big>
  
 +
===Roundabouts===
 +
Roundabout segments should remain '''unnamed'''. If the roundabout does have a proper, signposted name, then this can be labelled using an ''Area Place'', with category set to  '''Junction/Intersection''', that fills the centre of the roundabout. This only applies to big roundabouts that are larger than 30 metres.
  
===Naming Ramps===
+
''For further advice on editing roundabouts, see [[Junctions and Roundabouts|Editing Junctions and Roundabouts]]''
 +
===Abbreviations===
 +
Due to the size of most devices it is advantageous to keep on screen text to a minimum. When naming segments the following abbreviations should be used to conserve space. Each will be expanded by the Text-To-Speech (TTS) engine and voice instructions will read aloud the full word, ''Ave'' will be read as '''Avenue''', etc.
  
The following convention should be used for sliproads (ramps):
+
When naming a segment the first word word in the name should '''never''' be abbreviated, nor should names that only include single words (excluding ''The''). ''Green Street'' should be written as '''Green St''' and  ''The Boulevard'' be written in full. Multiple abbreviations in the same segment name can be used where appropriate, ''Aston Boulevard West'' can be written as '''Aston Blvd W'''.
  
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="display: inline-table;"
 +
!Road name
 +
!Abbreviation
 +
|-
 +
|Avenue
 +
|Ave
 +
|-
 +
|Boulevard
 +
|Blvd
 +
|-
 +
|Broadway
 +
|Bdwy
 +
|-
 +
|Circus
 +
|Cir
 +
|-
 +
|Close
 +
|Cl
 +
|-
 +
|Court
 +
|Ct
 +
|-
 +
|Crescent
 +
|Cr
 +
|}
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="display: inline-table;"
 +
!Road name
 +
!Abbreviation
 +
|-
 +
|Drive
 +
|Dr
 +
|-
 +
|East<sup>1</sup>
 +
|E
 +
|-
 +
|Garden
 +
|Gdn
 +
|-
 +
|Gardens
 +
|Gdns
 +
|-
 +
|Green
 +
|Gn
 +
|-
 +
|Grove
 +
|Gr
 +
|-
 +
|Junction<sup>1</sup><sup>,2</sup>
 +
|J
 +
|}
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="display: inline-table;"
 +
!Road name
 +
!Abbreviation
 +
|-
 +
|Lane
 +
|Ln
 +
|-
 +
|Mount
 +
|Mt
 +
|-
 +
|North<sup>1</sup>
 +
|N
 +
|-
 +
|Place
 +
|Pl
 +
|-
 +
|Park
 +
|Pk
 +
|-
 +
|Ridge
 +
|Rdg
 +
|-
 +
|Road
 +
|Rd
 +
|}
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="display: inline-table;"
 +
!Road name
 +
!Abbreviation
 +
|-
 +
|Saint<sup>3</sup>
 +
|St.
 +
|-
 +
|South<sup>1</sup>
 +
|S
 +
|-
 +
|Square
 +
|Sq
 +
|-
 +
|Street
 +
|St
 +
|-
 +
|Terrace
 +
|Ter
 +
|-
 +
|West<sup>1</sup>
 +
|W
 +
|}
 +
Notes:
 +
 +
#Should you require TTS to read a letter, such as '''Car Park E''', place a period ('''.''') directly after the letter.
 +
#'''J''', used for road junction numbers, is the only abbreviation that can lead a segment name.
 +
#The period ('''.''') in the abbreviation of Saint is important otherwise it will be read as ''Street''.
  
'''Exit Ramps:'''
+
===Bypass or By-pass?===
 +
Bypass.
  
# J<Junction Number> (to <Road Number 1>, <Road Number 2> …)
+
==Road shields==
# <Junction Name> (to <Road Number 1>, <Road Number 2> …)
+
{{Mbox|type=info|text=Road shields are linked to the ''street'' attribute of a segment, this is the full address '''<Street>'''+'''<City>'''+'''<County>'''+'''<Country>'''. Setting a shield on 1 segment will set it for all matching segments.}}{{Mbox|type=neweditor|text=It is recommended that you install the [[https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=819&t=315748 Road Shield Assistant]] script to assist with see current road shields and affects of any changes you make.}}
# Junction to <Road Number 1>, <Road Number 2>…
 
# (<Services name>) Services
 
  
If the junction has a name ''displayed on the signs'' on approaches to it, then that should be used for the ramp name (#2). Otherwise, ramps should start with the word "Junction" (#3).
+
===Shields on segments===
 +
To match with the Road Type convention used in the UK, road shields should be mapped as follows;
  
Examples:
+
*<span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;Motorway&nbsp;'''</span> - For use on {{Freeway}} with 1 or 2 digitals <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M1&nbsp;'''</span> <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M42&nbsp;'''</span>
1. J4 to A464
+
*<span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;Motorway (wide)&nbsp;'''</span> - For use on {{Freeway}} with 3+ digits <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;M602&nbsp;'''</span> <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#0079C1; color:#FFF;">'''&nbsp;A38 (M)&nbsp;'''</span>
2. Tibbet's Corner to A219
+
*<span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;Primary Route&nbsp;'''</span> - For use on {{Major Highway}} A-Roads that form part of the '''Primary Route Network''' <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;A14&nbsp;'''</span>
3. Junction to A3
+
*<span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#000; background:#fff; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;Non-Primary Route&nbsp;'''</span> - For use on all other {{Minor Highway}} A-Roads <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#000; background:#fff; color:#000;">'''&nbsp;A4030&nbsp;'''</span>
4. Beaconsfield Services
+
*<span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#ff; background:#000; color:#fff;">'''&nbsp;Junction No.&nbsp;'''</span> - For use on junction ramps that have signed numbers <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#ff; background:#000; color:#fff;">'''&nbsp;21&nbsp;'''</span>.
  
See discussion at https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=65194.
+
<br />{{Mbox|type=critical|text=Changing the shield on a segment will change the shield on '''all''' segments with the same name, however far away they may be. Likewise, changing the name of a segment will change the shield if the name matches another.}}
  
'''Entry Ramps:'''
 
  
“Entry to” <Road Number> (<Direction>) (<Junction Number>)
+
Due to the implementation of this feature, extra care '''must''' be made when assigning road shields to segments with an ''identical street attribute'' when it changes Road Type, the ''most likely'' scenario will be A-roads that change from PRN to non-PRN. Mapped Road Types have no influence on the displayed shield.
  
Examples: 
+
At this time (''May 2021'') road shields do '''not''' show on the client app for mapped Primary Street road type but but may be added if needed for turn instructions.
1. Entry to M54 (E) J4
 
2. Entry to A46 (N)
 
3. Entry to M1 (S) J24
 
4. Entry to M1 (N) J24
 
5. Entry to M25 (N) J15
 
6. Entry to M5 (N)
 
  
 +
Junction shields should '''not''' include the letter '''''J'''''.
  
''Notes:
+
===Shields on turn instructions===
# Fields marked in parenthesis (<field>) are optional.
+
[[File:UK-turn-instruction.png|right|frameless|alt=|450x450px]]Turn arrows now allow editors to set the '''visual instructions''' at a turn. Editors should do their best to '''match the road sign''' at the turn. The road shield (''1st'') and corresponding destination name (''2nd'') in the ''Visual instructions'' field, and any additional destination names in the ''Towards'' field.
# Onward roads should only added if they are shown on road signage as this is an aide to the driver to confirm they have the correct exit ''[Hint: look on streetview]''
 
# Roads with clockwise or anticlockwise directions (e.g. M25) should have have ramp directions taken from signage which will typically be N, S, E or W (e.g. Entry ramp example 5) ''[Hint: look on streetview]''
 
# Both Exit example 4 and Entry example 6 above refer to [[How_to_classify_and_name_roads_%28United_Kingdom%29#Motorway_Service_Area.27s|Motorway Service Area]] (MSA) entry/exit ramps that do not have a junction number. Where an MSA is integrated into a standard junction normal ramp naming applies.
 
# Please set the City Name to "None". (ie Put a tick in the box, don't actually name it "None").  This should help with City smudges.
 
  
==Junction Naming==
+
Road numbers within brackets <span style="border:1px; border-style:solid; border-color:#fff; background:#00701E; color:#FDD206;">'''&nbsp;(A460)&nbsp;'''</span> should '''not''' be included at all as they are not directly off the junction, nor should road numbers be written in the ''Towards'' field.
Major junctions, particularly on motorways, should be labelled with a landmark.  
 
  
Under no circumstances should the road name or city name fields of a segment be used for naming of a junction.
+
In order to receive the correct turn instructions with road shields on roundabouts make sure to add the turn guidance on the '''exit turn''' from the roundabout. The turn guidance from the exit will be ''copied'' to the entry one. When adding turn instructions on roundabouts the signage on each exit should take precedence over any approach signs.
  
'''Detailed information and examples have been moved to the [[How_to_draw_and_label_landmarks_(United_Kingdom)#Junctions|Landmarks Wiki Page]]'''
+
Exit signs should '''only''' be used when exits have a signed junction number, no '''J''' required.
  
==Road Name & Number==
+
==Dual Carriageways==
Where a road exhibits both a road number and name the following convention should be used:
+
''A dual carriageway is a road which has a central reservation to separate the carriageways''. This means '''1 or more''' lanes in either direction. A road should be split into 2 one-way segments if any of the following conditions are met:
  
<Number> - <Name>
+
#The central reservation is wider than 5 metres
 +
#There's a visible gap between average of all GPS traces
 +
#It is split by physical barrier (Concrete, Armco, pedestrian barrier etc)
  
Examples:
+
Pedestrian refuges and painted road separation (cross hatching that can be driven over) should not normally be split. Be aware there are a lot of these that were created as split roads during the UK Base-map import, these usually need [https://wazeopedia.waze.com/wiki/Global/Best_map_editing_practice#How_to_un-divide_two_one-way_roads merging to be a single two-way road].
1. A7 - Old Dalkeith Rd
 
2. A1 - Edinburgh Rd
 
  
This gives both a consistent appearance and allows a straightforward transfer if/when Waze UK moves to the official Department for Transport designations.
+
==Ramp mapping==
 +
[[File:0-mile gantry.png|thumb|right|0-mile gantry off ramp]]
 +
Ramp segments should be used when mapping grade-separated junction and at major junctions, such as motorways and dual carriageways. Positioning where Ramps diverge from the main carriageway and merge with it will improve navigation and routing advice.
  
The same can also be said for adding the direction of travel on single/dual carriageways with an A-road designation in the form
+
Ramps leading '''off''' a motorway or dual carriageway should be placed to start where;
  
<Number> (Direction) - <Name>
+
*The lane begins to divide from the main carriageway (in the case of 3/2/1 markers)
 +
*There is a 0-mile gantry over the carriageway, where the 1 mile, 1/2 mile, etc finishes. This will usually be the last gantry before the actual junction and will be the one without a distance marker on it.
  
Examples:
+
Ramps leading '''on''' to a motorway or dual Carriageway should be placed where;
1. A2 (W) - Dover Rd
+
 
2. A229 (N) - Cuxton Rd
+
*the road first joins the main carriageway, i.e. just after the chevrons / lane dividers
 +
 
 +
==Lay-bys==
  
==Roundabouts==
+
*Lay-bys should only be included where there is significant separation from the main carriageway (e.g. grass, trees or a physical barrier). Similar to deciding if a road is dual carriageway.
Roundabout segments should typically remain '''unnamed'''. If the roundabout does have a proper, signposted name, then this can be labelled using a landmark of "Junction/Intersection" type that fills the centre of the roundabout. This only applies to big roundabouts that are larger than 30 metres.
+
*All segments should be mapped with Road type set to'''Parking Road''', with appropriate directions and turns
 +
*The lay-by segment should have it's name set to '''[P]''' and have no ''City'' name
 +
*Do '''not''' map lay-bys with ''Area Places''.
  
'''Detailed information and examples have been moved to the [[How_to_draw_and_label_landmarks_(United_Kingdom)#Roundabouts|Landmarks Wiki Page]]'''
+
{| align="centre"
 +
|[[Image:Good_Layby_1.jpg|thumb|240px|Lay-by with significant separation]]
 +
|[[Image:Good_Layby_2.jpg|thumb|240px|Minimum separation for mapping, similar to distance between (N) & (S) carriageways]]
 +
|[[Image:Bad_Layby_1.jpg|thumb|240px|No separation, only dotted white line]]
 +
|}
  
''For further advice on editing roundabouts, see [[Junctions_and_Roundabouts_(United_Kingdom)#Roundabouts|Editing Junctions and Roundabouts]]''
+
==Railways==
 +
Railway lines should be mapped using the {{Railroad|Railway=}} Road type. They appear in the client, and they keep Wazers on trains from polluting the speed data of nearby roads. Tracks should be drawn '''as simply as possible''' - they do not need to be accurate out in the country where no one can see them, a single mapped segment can cover multiple lines common in most stations, and mainlines.
  
==Motorway Service Areas==
+
Due to the potential length of railway segments they should be split at ''County'' borders to prevent smudging County names on the map.
  
'''Information on mapping Motorway Service Areas is now on the [[How_to_draw_and_label_landmarks_%28United_Kingdom%29#Motorway_Service_Areas|Landmarks Wiki Page]]  '''
+
'''Segment Properties''':
  
==Lay-bys==
+
*'''Name:''' No Name
* Lay-bys should only be included where there is significant separation from the main road (e.g. grass, trees or a physical barrier) in a similar way to deciding if a road is dual carriageway.
+
*'''City:''' No City
* Routes in and out should be mapped with roads of "Parking Lot Road" type, with appropriate directions and turns.
+
*'''Type:''' Railway
* The Lay-by road should have no city name and the road name set to "[P]".
+
*'''Direction:''' Two-way
* A Landmark is not required for lay-bys.
+
*'''Level:''' Ground
 +
*'''Lock:''' 3
  
 +
{{mbox|type=notice|text=You may find railway segments locked to 5 and set to -5 Level. This was the '''old standard''' and can be set to the current standard if all road segments along their routes have been '''correctly mapped''' with bridges & level crossings.}}
  
'''Lay-by Examples:'''
+
Railway segments '''can''' be connected to the road network at level crossings, without any risk of Waze routing drivers onto the tracks. The extra granularity of segments at the crossing provides more accurate routing information. All turns should be enabled, no red arrows please.
  
This example shows significant separation between the road and Lay-by:
+
Railways that are underground or where they pass through tunnels should not be mapped.
[[Image:Good_Layby_1.jpg]]
 
  
 +
===Level Crossing Alerts===
 +
Level crossing throughout the UK have now been mapped with LCAs. These are alerts ''similar'' to cameras and work in the same manner in the client. LCAs should be mapped in the [[Speed Cameras#Camera Placement|same method as a camera]] on '''both''' sides of the railway line. The LCA should be placed close to the junction of the road and railway segment, aim to be between the barrier (if it has one) and stop line of the crossing.
 +
{{Mbox|type=forum|text=You can discuss more about LCAs and get assistance in the dedicated [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=301127 forum post].}}
  
This example is only separated by the distance between the (N) and (S) carriageways which is the minimum that you should map. Note that the "parking lot road" is mapped over the area that vehicles park on to improve separation:
+
==Ferries==
[[Image:Good_Layby_2.jpg]]
+
Ferries should be mapped using the {{Ferry}} Road Type. This should be connected to the road network at either end and be mapped to follow a '''single line''' using the average / approximate route of the ferry service. If the ferry service charges for the crossing, and the vast majority do, it should also have the '''toll''' attribute ticked. If the ferry service has a regular schedule, the segment ''should'' include Time Based Restrictions to prevent Waze routing through the ferry crossing when no service is running.
  
 +
Only '''regular vehicle''' ferry services be mapped. The UK have [[Toll Price Mapping#Ferry crossings|mapped the prices]] for all inland ferry services so you will find the segments locked to '''L5''' to prevent accidental damage. Should you spot an issue or need to edit these segments you should contact a Country Manager / Local Champ for assistance.
  
This example does not have enough separation for the Lay-by to be mapped:
+
Passenger / foot ferries should '''not''' be mapped.
[[Image:Bad_Layby_1.jpg]]
 
  
(Note: this example is zoomed in closer that the previous two!)
+
==Bridging segments==
 +
When road segments pass over or under another feature (road, river, railway, etc), the segment level should be set to the correct +ve / -ve number. It can be beneficial to split the segment to create a ''bridge'' segment. This allows editors to close the shortest possible length of road when a physical bridge is closed for inspections, repairs, or any other reason.
  
==Bypass or By-pass?==
+
*"older" roads, with properties along them, should be split by segment nodes tight to each side of the physical bridge. This enables Waze to navigate to addresses adjacent to the bridge when the bridge segment is closed.
Bypass.
 
  
----
+
*"newer" roads, with no properties along them, do not need to be split as the whole segment level can be changed. Such roads, such as bypasses, are always closed junction to junction.
&laquo; ''Back to [[United Kingdom#Editing Best Practice|UK Editing Best Practice]]''
 
  
[[Category:United Kingdom]]
+
[[Category:Roads]]
 +
[[Category:Editing Best Practice]]

Latest revision as of 10:29, 27 October 2021

Introduction

This forms part of UK Editing Best Practice. Please read in conjunction with the USA global page on Road types, which has more specific information about each Road type and their characteristics.

Using the correct Road type and naming of segments is a key part of mapping in Waze. Road type influence route planning, particularly on long journeys where Waze will prioritise the major Road types. The naming of segments give users a consistent experience and can also influence routing and detour mechanisms.

Road types

Be aware of the WME language setting! This article uses localised names which can be found when using the English (UK) language.

The following convention should be followed where possible, although it is acknowledged that you may need to deviate from it in some circumstances.

Waze Road Type UK Road Types
 Motorway  All Motorway & Motorway class A roads (locked to L5)  M60   A1(M) 
 Major Highway  A-class roads that are classified as Primary Routes (locked to L4)  A4600 
 Minor Highway  Non-primary A-class roads  A614 
 Primary Street  B-class roads and unclassified roads carrying heavier traffic, often seen on Ordnance Survey maps in yellow or orange.  B547 
 Street  Urban Streets, low traffic rural roads
 Narrow Street  DO NOT USE - This Road type is currently not deemed useful for mapping in the UK (See UK forum discussion) NB: UK Champs may use this in limited situations for testing purposes.
 Private Road  Road with no access for the general public, public roads with legal prohibition on through routing in both directions (private road sign, no motor vehicles except for access sign, or a closable gate).
 Parking Road  Roads within a car park, or other places where we don't want Waze to monitor speed and potentially generate a traffic jam report, in particular petrol station forecourts. Read more on car park mapping on the UK Car Parks page.
 Off-road / Not maintained  Unsurfaced road which is often impassable for normal cars and only suitable for 4x4 vehicles.

Unpaved checkbox - This attribute can be selected for all Road types but should only be applied to Street Road type and below. This checkbox can be applied to segments that cover roads that are unsurfaced or of poor construction but is still passable by a normal car. Users can avoid roads marked with this attribute applied within the App settings. Segments that ford rivers and are usually passable by normal cars should be mapped as a short Street segment covering the area that floods, the unpaved checkbox ticked, and the be named [FORD].

Non-drivable - Walking Trails are a group of non-drivable Road types available in the WME found under the Road menu. User experience can be improved by using these appropriately, you can read more when to use these Road types on the UK Footpaths page.

Primary Route Network

The primary route network (PRN) designates roads between places of traffic importance across the UK, with the aim of providing easily identifiable routes to access the whole of the country. Primary routes are marked green on most road maps and road signs are green with white and yellow text. The WMEOpenData extension for Firefox and Chrome can overlay this data directly within the editor.

Exceptions

Click Expand to view a list of current exceptions. →

As with any rule, there will be some exceptions. There are two specific scenarios which are allowed to deviate from the Ordnance Survey (OS) map:

  • A roads that connect between motorway or PRN networks, then it should also be Major Highway
  • A section of primary road is restricted to some traffic, and there is another primary route nearby, then it can be demoted to Minor Highway
Exceptions should be discussed on the forum and documented below, and can be locked to a higher level.
Exception Reason
A1080 London Colney Bypass Upgraded to Major Highway - Links the  A414  to the  M25 
A1290, Sunderland Downgraded to Minor Highway - With the completion of the Northern Spire bridge the  A1231  has been rerouted and the old route is now the  A1290  shown with white background on directional signs, the Queen Alexandra Bridge has also been downgraded to the  B1539 .
A2, Chatham Downgraded to Street - The High Street is restricted to buses only. The  A2 New Rd  to the south is the preferable route.
A20, Maidstone Downgraded to Street - Not PRN. Several bus/taxi only roads adjacent to the  A20 .
A256, Dover Downgraded to Minor Highway - The entire  A256  road network south of  A2  is not PRN. See Sabre for details.
A243 Leatherhead Bypass Upgraded to Major Highway - Links the  A24  with the  M25  junction.
A3 Hope St, Portsmouth Upgraded to Major Highway - The main Out of City route is signposted northbound along Hope Street. Consequently Marketway & Commercial Rd have been downgraded to Primary Street.
B306, Roehampton Upgraded to Major Highway - Turning right from  A205  to  A306  is only possible via this small loop of B road.
A3216, Battersea Upgraded to Major Highway - Shown as PRN in the OS data, but not signed as a primary route in Google Streetview imagery (May 2018). Would benefit from site visit to confirm current status.
A4146 / A509, Milton Keynes Upgraded to Major Highway - Links the  A5  to the  A421  to the  M1 
A43, Corby / Kettering Upgraded to Major Highway - Relatively new bypass that became the  A43 , Consequently, the old route, now the  A4300  and  A6183  have been downgraded to Minor Highway.
A45, Weedon Bec Upgraded to Major Highway - This new bypass has been designated the  A45 . The old route, has been downgraded to Primary Street.
A46, Grimsby Upgraded to Major Highway - Although not shown by OS as PRN this short length of  A46  links with the  A16 . Road has green backed signs along route.
A460, Cannock Upgraded to Major Highway - Newer  A460  bypass replaces older route, consequently the now designated  A4601  has been downgraded to Minor Highway.
A465, Hereford Upgraded to Major Highway - Newer  A465  link road replaces older route, consequently Commercial Road has been downgraded to Primary Street.
A527, Newcastle Under Lyme Upgraded to Major Highway - This section of road links the  A527  with the  A500 . The old route, now designated the  B5370 , has been downgraded to Primary Street.
A56, Bury Upgraded to Major Highway - This section of road joins the  A56  and the  A58 
A577, Atherton Downgraded to Minor Highway & Street - Eastern and southern section pass through a pedestrianised zone. Consequently Bag Ln at the western end, which has green backed signs, has been upgraded to Major Highway to complete routing in this area.
A58, Bury Upgraded to Major Highway - Links the  A58  to the  A56  to create equal routing right & left respectively.
A6, Kegworth Upgraded to Major Highway - This new bypass road has been designated the  A6 . The old route, has been downgrade to Primary Street.
A6, Loughborough Upgraded to Major Highway - The central area of Loughborough has been pedestrianised and the  A6  has been diverted along an upgraded relief road.
A6097, Newton (Notts) Upgraded to Major Highway - Following the dueling and realignment of the  A46 , the spur of the  A6097  and Fosse Way have been upgraded to ensure continuous routing at this junction due to its current layout.
A614, Howden Upgraded to Major Highway - Links the  A63 ,  A614  with the  M62 
A617, Mansfield Upgraded to Major Highway - Although not shown on OS maps as PRN, this bypass road has green backed signs and therefore has been upgraded.
A664, Manchester Downgraded to Minor Highway - Google Streetview (May 2018) of  A664 Rochdale Rd  shows it has white backed signs and no longer part of the PRN.
A665, Manchester Upgraded to Major Highway -  A665 Miller St  now one way, the opposite direction has been promoted to ensure continuous routing.

Naming Conventions

Roads with number

Classified road in the UK are known by a single letter and number combination which should be included in the segment name so that Waze instructions include identifying information. When naming dual carriageway segments, the addition of a cardinal direction should be included to ensure clear instructions are given and useful incident reports. The segment should be named in the following format;

Format: : <Letter & Number> (<Direction>) - <Name>
Examples: : M45 (E) Motorway with cardinal direction
A1(M) Motorway class A Road, note no spaces are used
A7 - Old Dalkeith Rd A Road with local name
A2 (W) - Dover Rd A Road with cardinal direction and local name
Andover St Road with local name

The UK has 3 classifications of roads; Motorways (M), A Roads, and B Roads. All other roads are unclassified. You may discover that local authorities maintain a database of roads they manage and use C, D, and U labels. These are internal labels only and should never be shown on public signs, they should not be added to segment names.

When naming Motorway segments, the City field should be set as None, this prevents City name smudge across the map.

Junctions

Major junctions, particularly on motorways, should be labelled with a landmark. Under no circumstances should the road name or city name fields of a segment be used for naming of a junction.

Ramp naming

Ramp names to be short, useful and unambiguous. Names should not include Junction to nor Entry to. Cardinal directions (N, S, E, W) should only be included if they are included on signs and provide clarity. Like other abbreviations, the > character can be used, and is read out as towards, this should be used only if needed. Entry and Exit should be considered equal for the purposes of naming, and should be named to give the most useful instruction to the driver. Ramps should not have a City name, this helps prevent city smudge.

Junctions with numbers
  • All segments from numbered junctions should be mapped as Ramps to ensure exit instructions are given
  • The name should begin with the exit number and then the name of the road it leads to, ideally without cardinal directions
  • When motorways split, short wayfinder ramps should be used so that these names don't appear in the App
  • Do not include junction numbers on entry ramps.
Format: : J<number> to <simple road name>
Example: : J4 to A464
Junctions without numbers
  • If a ramp connects directly to exactly 1 other road, then it can be left unnamed, the instructions will naturally take on the name of the next segment
  • It may be desirable to name the ramps more simply to remove cardinals or road names
  • If the ramp connects to a roundabout, then an unnamed segment will often give optimal instructions. If the routes away from the roundabout are not signed from the main road the ramp should be named to match the exit signs.
Format: <simple road name>
Example: A1 rather than A1(M) (N) or A1 - Great North Road
Disambiguation
  • Where a ramp forks into two directions, then the ramp names should include cardinals (if signed) or towards a city based on the signage
  • If a city name is used only one city from the directional sign is to be used, preferably the one which is listed first
On the M25, where relevant, directions to Heathrow or Gatwick should take precedence
  • If the section of ramp before a fork is particularly short, then the preceding segment can be left unnamed with any junction number written in the forked segments
This does result in longer announcements, so should be avoided if possible
  • Where both directions of a road are connected to a roundabout, then ramps can be disambiguated using > city instead of cardinals, as per the signage.
Format: <simple road name> (<cardinal direction>)
<simple road name> > <city name>
Junction > <city name> if connecting road has no name / number
Example: A1 (N) & A1 (S)
M62 > Manchester & M62 > Hull

Roundabouts

Roundabout segments should remain unnamed. If the roundabout does have a proper, signposted name, then this can be labelled using an Area Place, with category set to Junction/Intersection, that fills the centre of the roundabout. This only applies to big roundabouts that are larger than 30 metres.

For further advice on editing roundabouts, see Editing Junctions and Roundabouts

Abbreviations

Due to the size of most devices it is advantageous to keep on screen text to a minimum. When naming segments the following abbreviations should be used to conserve space. Each will be expanded by the Text-To-Speech (TTS) engine and voice instructions will read aloud the full word, Ave will be read as Avenue, etc.

When naming a segment the first word word in the name should never be abbreviated, nor should names that only include single words (excluding The). Green Street should be written as Green St and The Boulevard be written in full. Multiple abbreviations in the same segment name can be used where appropriate, Aston Boulevard West can be written as Aston Blvd W.

Road name Abbreviation
Avenue Ave
Boulevard Blvd
Broadway Bdwy
Circus Cir
Close Cl
Court Ct
Crescent Cr
Road name Abbreviation
Drive Dr
East1 E
Garden Gdn
Gardens Gdns
Green Gn
Grove Gr
Junction1,2 J
Road name Abbreviation
Lane Ln
Mount Mt
North1 N
Place Pl
Park Pk
Ridge Rdg
Road Rd
Road name Abbreviation
Saint3 St.
South1 S
Square Sq
Street St
Terrace Ter
West1 W

Notes:

  1. Should you require TTS to read a letter, such as Car Park E, place a period (.) directly after the letter.
  2. J, used for road junction numbers, is the only abbreviation that can lead a segment name.
  3. The period (.) in the abbreviation of Saint is important otherwise it will be read as Street.

Bypass or By-pass?

Bypass.

Road shields

Road shields are linked to the street attribute of a segment, this is the full address <Street>+<City>+<County>+<Country>. Setting a shield on 1 segment will set it for all matching segments.
It is recommended that you install the [Road Shield Assistant] script to assist with see current road shields and affects of any changes you make.

Shields on segments

To match with the Road Type convention used in the UK, road shields should be mapped as follows;

  •  Motorway  - For use on  Motorway  with 1 or 2 digitals  M1   M42 
  •  Motorway (wide)  - For use on  Motorway  with 3+ digits  M602   A38 (M) 
  •  Primary Route  - For use on  Major Highway  A-Roads that form part of the Primary Route Network  A14 
  •  Non-Primary Route  - For use on all other  Minor Highway  A-Roads  A4030 
  •  Junction No.  - For use on junction ramps that have signed numbers  21 .


Changing the shield on a segment will change the shield on all segments with the same name, however far away they may be. Likewise, changing the name of a segment will change the shield if the name matches another.


Due to the implementation of this feature, extra care must be made when assigning road shields to segments with an identical street attribute when it changes Road Type, the most likely scenario will be A-roads that change from PRN to non-PRN. Mapped Road Types have no influence on the displayed shield.

At this time (May 2021) road shields do not show on the client app for mapped Primary Street road type but but may be added if needed for turn instructions.

Junction shields should not include the letter J.

Shields on turn instructions

Turn arrows now allow editors to set the visual instructions at a turn. Editors should do their best to match the road sign at the turn. The road shield (1st) and corresponding destination name (2nd) in the Visual instructions field, and any additional destination names in the Towards field.

Road numbers within brackets  (A460)  should not be included at all as they are not directly off the junction, nor should road numbers be written in the Towards field.

In order to receive the correct turn instructions with road shields on roundabouts make sure to add the turn guidance on the exit turn from the roundabout. The turn guidance from the exit will be copied to the entry one. When adding turn instructions on roundabouts the signage on each exit should take precedence over any approach signs.

Exit signs should only be used when exits have a signed junction number, no J required.

Dual Carriageways

A dual carriageway is a road which has a central reservation to separate the carriageways. This means 1 or more lanes in either direction. A road should be split into 2 one-way segments if any of the following conditions are met:

  1. The central reservation is wider than 5 metres
  2. There's a visible gap between average of all GPS traces
  3. It is split by physical barrier (Concrete, Armco, pedestrian barrier etc)

Pedestrian refuges and painted road separation (cross hatching that can be driven over) should not normally be split. Be aware there are a lot of these that were created as split roads during the UK Base-map import, these usually need merging to be a single two-way road.

Ramp mapping

0-mile gantry off ramp

Ramp segments should be used when mapping grade-separated junction and at major junctions, such as motorways and dual carriageways. Positioning where Ramps diverge from the main carriageway and merge with it will improve navigation and routing advice.

Ramps leading off a motorway or dual carriageway should be placed to start where;

  • The lane begins to divide from the main carriageway (in the case of 3/2/1 markers)
  • There is a 0-mile gantry over the carriageway, where the 1 mile, 1/2 mile, etc finishes. This will usually be the last gantry before the actual junction and will be the one without a distance marker on it.

Ramps leading on to a motorway or dual Carriageway should be placed where;

  • the road first joins the main carriageway, i.e. just after the chevrons / lane dividers

Lay-bys

  • Lay-bys should only be included where there is significant separation from the main carriageway (e.g. grass, trees or a physical barrier). Similar to deciding if a road is dual carriageway.
  • All segments should be mapped with Road type set toParking Road, with appropriate directions and turns
  • The lay-by segment should have it's name set to [P] and have no City name
  • Do not map lay-bys with Area Places.
Lay-by with significant separation
Minimum separation for mapping, similar to distance between (N) & (S) carriageways
No separation, only dotted white line

Railways

Railway lines should be mapped using the  |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-| Railroad |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|  Road type. They appear in the client, and they keep Wazers on trains from polluting the speed data of nearby roads. Tracks should be drawn as simply as possible - they do not need to be accurate out in the country where no one can see them, a single mapped segment can cover multiple lines common in most stations, and mainlines.

Due to the potential length of railway segments they should be split at County borders to prevent smudging County names on the map.

Segment Properties:

  • Name: No Name
  • City: No City
  • Type: Railway
  • Direction: Two-way
  • Level: Ground
  • Lock: 3
You may find railway segments locked to 5 and set to -5 Level. This was the old standard and can be set to the current standard if all road segments along their routes have been correctly mapped with bridges & level crossings.

Railway segments can be connected to the road network at level crossings, without any risk of Waze routing drivers onto the tracks. The extra granularity of segments at the crossing provides more accurate routing information. All turns should be enabled, no red arrows please.

Railways that are underground or where they pass through tunnels should not be mapped.

Level Crossing Alerts

Level crossing throughout the UK have now been mapped with LCAs. These are alerts similar to cameras and work in the same manner in the client. LCAs should be mapped in the same method as a camera on both sides of the railway line. The LCA should be placed close to the junction of the road and railway segment, aim to be between the barrier (if it has one) and stop line of the crossing.

You can discuss more about LCAs and get assistance in the dedicated forum post.

Ferries

Ferries should be mapped using the  • • • • Ferry • • • •   Road Type. This should be connected to the road network at either end and be mapped to follow a single line using the average / approximate route of the ferry service. If the ferry service charges for the crossing, and the vast majority do, it should also have the toll attribute ticked. If the ferry service has a regular schedule, the segment should include Time Based Restrictions to prevent Waze routing through the ferry crossing when no service is running.

Only regular vehicle ferry services be mapped. The UK have mapped the prices for all inland ferry services so you will find the segments locked to L5 to prevent accidental damage. Should you spot an issue or need to edit these segments you should contact a Country Manager / Local Champ for assistance.

Passenger / foot ferries should not be mapped.

Bridging segments

When road segments pass over or under another feature (road, river, railway, etc), the segment level should be set to the correct +ve / -ve number. It can be beneficial to split the segment to create a bridge segment. This allows editors to close the shortest possible length of road when a physical bridge is closed for inspections, repairs, or any other reason.

  • "older" roads, with properties along them, should be split by segment nodes tight to each side of the physical bridge. This enables Waze to navigate to addresses adjacent to the bridge when the bridge segment is closed.
  • "newer" roads, with no properties along them, do not need to be split as the whole segment level can be changed. Such roads, such as bypasses, are always closed junction to junction.