Indiana/To do/Main

From Wazeopedia

Functional Classification

According to the Indiana Department of Transportation, Functional Classification is described as the following.

Functional classification is the process by which streets and highways are grouped into classes, or systems, according to the character of service they are intended to provide. Basic to this process is the recognition that individual roads and streets do not serve travel independently in any major way. Rather, most travel involves movement through a network of roads. It becomes necessary then to determine how this travel can be channelized within the network in a logical and efficient manner. Functional classification defines the nature of this channelization process by defining the part that any particular road or street should play in serving the flow of trips through a highway network. (FHWA Functional Classification Guidelines)

The best resource to use for Functional Classification data in Indiana is the Indiana FC layer. Functional Class will show automatically and the base map is already set so you will not see any third party info. All street name information with "Oceans" basemap is safe to use in WME. Please DO NOT change the basemap to another layer with 3rd party copyrighted information.

To see the INDOT FC layer directly in WME you can also install WME FC. Full Credit goes to Mapomatic for designing and publishing this awesome script.


Functional Classification Chart

Refer to this chart to determine the road type of a given paved public road based on the functional class.

To use this chart, first determine the functional class of a road, and whether it is a signed, numbered highway in a particular highway system.

Where the column for the road's highway system and the row for the road's functional class meet, you will find the proper road type for that particular road.

A number of examples are given below the chart.


Highway Systems
Interstate Interstate Business Loop/Spur US Hwy (incl. some special routes) US Hwy BUS, SPUR, LOOP State Hwy (incl. some special routes) State Hwy BUS, SPUR[a], LOOP County Route Locally-maintained
example I-64 E I-94 BUS US-50 US-50 BUS IN-62 IN-62 BUS E CR-15 W Robertson St
F
u
n
c
t
i
o
n
a
l

C
l
a
s
s
Interstate 1  Fw  n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other Fwy or Expwy 2 (Controlled Access)[b] n/a  Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw 
Other Fwy or Expwy 2 (All others)[b] n/a  Major   Major   Major   Major   Major   Major   Major 
Other Principal Arterial 3 n/a  Major   Major   Major   Major   Major   Major   Major 
Minor Arterial 4 n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   Minor   Minor   Minor 
Major Collector 5 n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS   PS   PS 
Minor Collector 6 n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS   PS   PS 
Local/not mapped n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS   Street   Street 

^a When a state highway "SPUR" route is used to connect a state highway with another state highway, a US highway, or an Interstate (i.e., when it is used as a connector/CONN route), use the first state highway column.


For example,

  • An Interstate Business Loop classified as a Minor Arterial is a  Major Highway .
  • A US Highway classified as a Minor Arterial is a  Major Highway .
  • A US Highway Spur route classified as a Minor Arterial is a  Minor Highway .
  • A State Highway classified as a Collector is a  Minor Highway .
  • A County Route classified as a Minor Arterial is a  Minor Highway .
  • A County Route classified as a Collector is a  Primary Street 
  • A locally-maintained road classified as an Other Principal Arterial is a  Major Highway .
  • A locally-maintained road classified as a Collector is a  Primary Street .


Legend
 Fw   Freeway 
 Major   Major Highway 
 Minor   Minor Highway 
 PS   Primary Street 
 Street   Street 

^b The following roads shall be classified as  Freeway :

  • All Interstate Highways.
    • This includes all roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as Interstates.
    • This includes three-digit Interstate spurs and loops (e.g., I-610; I-585).
    • This includes the few grade-intersected, undivided, and/or narrow portions of the Interstate Highway System.
    • This does not include Interstate Business Loops and Business Spurs (e.g., I-69 Business Loop), unless they meet the standards for Other Freeways and Expressways defined below.
  • Roads classified in FHWA's functional classification as Other Freeways and Expressways which meet the criteria of a controlled-access highway:
    • No at-grade crossings.
    • No at-grade intersections.
    • No direct property access.
    • No stop lights (except sometimes on ramps).
    • No stop signs.
    • Except at the beginning or end of the controlled-access roadway, connected to other roads exclusively by interchanges:
      • Entrance via ramps only, typically with acceleration zones.
      • Exit via ramps only, typically with deceleration zones.
      • Note: Many freeways continue as non-controlled-access roadways; the road should be set as Freeway until the point at which access becomes non-controlled.
    • Note: Indiana refers to some US-XXX and IN-XXX as Other Fwy or Expwy. Only set these roads to  Freeway  if they are fully controlled access. If they are NOT fully controlled access  Major Highway  shall be used.