# Glossary

The following terms are defined on this page to clarify the meaning of each of them as they relate to Waze. The are provided alphabetically for your convenience.

#### ASR - Automatic Speech Recognition

The ability of a smartphone to translate a user's voice commands into actions on the device

#### BGS - Big Green Sign

A large green sign is the US standard road signage for exits and other information.

#### Central reservation

Strip of land or barrier separating a dual carriageway. Also known as a median.

The small white circle at the end of a road segment without another segment connected to its end

#### Directionality

Whether a road is one-way, two-way or Unknown.

#### Divided highway

See dual carriageway

#### Dual carriageway

A road or highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land, known as a central reservation or median

See HOV

#### Geometry

The layout or shape of a road segment. Each road is made up of straight line segments. These can be arbitrarily short, effectively allowing curves

#### Geometry Node (to be revised for latest editor)

When editing a segment or landmark, large white circles (previously large black squares) appear where the segment changes direction changing its shape. Click and drag them individually to alter the geometry of the segment or or landmark. Click and drag the small white circles on a segment to add them to an object or press the d key while the mouse is hovered over them to delete the geometry node.

The level or elevation of a road with respect to surrounding roads. So a road would normally be at level grade. A road going underneath in a tunnel would be a -1 grade. A road going over would be a +1 grade. At complicated junctions such as freeway interchanges there can be many levels. So on a flat map we assign levels to show that while the roads cross, they do not connect because they are at different heights or elevations.

#### HOV, HOV Lane - High Occupancy Vehicle

A vehicle with 2 or more occupants. HOV Lanes, also known as Carpool Lanes and Transit Lanes, are lanes restricted for the use of cars carrying a specified number of occupants

#### Intl or INTL

International abbreviation used to refer to the non-North America server infrastructure and location.

#### Junction or Junction Point

The point where two or more road segments connect; often 'incorrectly' referred to as a 'node'.

Junctions look differently depending on the situation:

• Selected and editable segment junction
• Selected and uneditable segment junction (no permissions to change)
• Changed, unsaved junction

#### Map tile, tile

The Waze map is divided into a grid using 1km-square areas which are called tiles or map tiles. Changes to map are processed on a per-tile basis. Changes to any part of a map tile causes Waze to mark the tile as changed and it will be rebuilt in the next map update cycle.

#### Median, median barrier

Strip of land or barrier separating a divided highway or motorway. Also known as a central reservation.

#### Munching

Driving over roads which have not previously been driven (pacman roads). Waze shows these with different coloring to entice drivers to drive them, thereby setting initial speed data. See cookie munching

#### NA

North America abbreviation.

#### Node

See Geometry Node

#### Origin

Starting point for a driving route, with the destination being the ending point.

Unconfirmed roads marked with dots (cookies) that have not been driven upon since being created or significantly edited in the Waze Map Editor. Driving over these roads earns you points and turns your car icon into a Pacman-type character that "munches the dots"

#### Pathfinder

The road segments linking roadways that are not necessarily their own named streets. They are often part of the rampways getting on or off freeways and highways or between freeways. After initially exiting a freeway they help further direct drivers through additional turn decisions before reaching the desired roadway or street. See the Junction Style Guide for more information.

#### Pothole

Also called a kettle or chuckhole, is a type of disruption in the surface of a roadway where a portion of the road material has broken away, leaving a hole.

#### Ramp

A freeway entrance or exit; sliproad. Ramps may be on-ramps or off-ramps. Ramps used to connect roads at a different grade from the connecting road or freeway. See the Map Legend and the Junction Style Guide for more detail.

Earning points by driving over roads (distance traveled). Also see cookie munching

#### Segment

Defines a section of roadway on which vehicles may travel or a pathway where only people may travel. Multiple segments are connected by junctions.

A motorway entrance or exit; ramp. Sliproads are often at a different grade from the connecting road or motorway

#### TTS

Text-to-speech - Navigation instructions spoken to the driver by the Waze application

#### Update Request (UR)

An Update Request is a Map Issue reported from the Waze app. It is also a layer in the Map Editor.

See Pathfinder

#### Wazer

A user of the Waze application

#### WME

Abbreviation for Waze Map Editor

#### World

"Abbreviation" used to refer to the non-North America server infrastructure and location.