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- A decisão de mapear locais de estacionamento esta coberta aqui, e a decisão de mapear vias de estacionamento é abordada em Estacionamento (Parking Lot Road).
- O tópico de discussão do fórum para locais de estacionamento é separado do tópico geral de locais e está localizado [aqui].
O local de estacionamento marca uma área bem definida construída para estacionamento público fora da rua, incluindo estruturas de estacionamento e garagens, bem como lotes em nível.
Área ou Ponto
No momento, a principal aplicação do estacionamento é como uma área. Aplicações adicionais futuras do estacionamento como um ponto estão sendo consideradas (veja The Parking-Lot Point Place).
Três princípios determinam se um determinado lote, estrutura ou garagem merece um local de estacionamento:
- Uso público em geral
- Todos estacionamentos devem ser legalmente e localmente permitidos pelo menos para uso de curto prazo pelo público em geral. Não há exceções.
- Uso de propósito geral
- Os motoristas que deixam seus carros no local de estacionamento devem ter direito a deslocar-se a pé ou a utilizar outro meio de transporte para qualquer destino à sua escolha, o que deve ser uma ocorrência comum. A única exceção é para áreas de espera públicas onde os motoristas são obrigados a permanecer com seus veículos, como áreas de telefonia celular em aeroportos.
- Distintivo e Significativo
- O uso excessivo de locais de área leva rapidamente à confusão de mapas. Um local de estacionamento deve marcar uma instalação de estacionamento que seja distinta e significativa para os motoristas que passam, incluindo aqueles que não procuram estacionamento.
Os estacionamentos que não satisfaçam estes três princípios não devem ser marcados como local de estacionamento.
Observação: isso pode ser diferente em outras comunidades!
Interpreting 'distinctive and significant'
For the purposes of the Parking-Lot Area Place, the 'distinctive and significant' principle means a facility or lot fully dedicated to parking and no other activity. An otherwise compliant parking garage that is part of a multi-use structure does not satisfy this principle. However, should the structure warrant an Area Place for other reasons, it is acceptable to add "Parking Lot" to its category list provided its parking satisfies both general-public and general-purpose principles.
Parking-Lot Area Places should be mapped to the property boundaries (the "fence line"). If those are unclear, map to the extent of the lot, structure, or garage.
In situations where a compliant Parking Lot is located within the boundaries of another Area Place, it may be best simply to add "Parking Lot" to the larger Area Place's category list. Compliant parking located within a much larger Area Place, such as an airport, should still receive its own separate Area Place within the larger Area Place.
Like all Places, Parking-Lot Places should be named.
If a parking facility or area has a documented identity, such as "Beach Street Garage", "18th Avenue/Geary Lot", "City Lot #7", "Short-Term Parking", "Cell-Phone Lot", etc., its Place should reflect that name to facilitate searches. Generic park-and-ride lots should be named consistently according to local custom, for example as "Park & Ride".
If a Parking-Lot Area Place is contained within a larger Area Place, do not repeat the larger Area's full name. For example if the Domestic Garage is contained within the "SFO San Francisco International Airport" Area Place boundaries, it need not be named "SFO San Francisco International Airport Domestic Garage"; "SFO Domestic Garage" is sufficient.
If an Area Place for some other category encompasses general-purpose public parking, the Parking Lot category may be added under the name of that Area Place. For example, if the San Jose Convention Center is a sprawling Area Place that hosts general-purpose public parking, one may add "Parking Lot" to its category list, but the name of the place continues to be San Jose Convention Center.
In rare cases a municipality or district provides public parking distinct from any other Area Place but without any documented or signed identity. These can be named after the municipality or district, for example, "Redwood City Public Parking". Do not use completely generic names such as "Parking" or "Public Parking" for anonymous parking facilities. Also to be avoided are names such as "St. Mary's Hospital Parking" that suggest that the parking is dedicated; if it really is dedicated, it should not be a Parking Lot, and if it isn't, the name should not suggest that it is.
As with all Area Places, do not use mapping abbreviations for any part of a Parking-Lot Place name.
Free versus paid parking
As long as parking satisfies the three principles of general public, general purpose, and distinctive and significant, it is eligible for a Parking-Lot Area Place regardless of whether it is free or paid.
Suppression of automated problem reports
Like the Gas Station Area Place, Parking-Lot Area Places suppress Waze's automated "Map Problem" reports such as for missing roads; thus the Parking-Lot Area Place should never be drawn over or attached/snapped to roads bearing through traffic.
Airports typically distinguish between parking for different terminals, for short or long term, and for cell-phone/waiting. As common navigation destinations, such parking deserves to be marked with Parking-Lot Area Places and named according to the airport's documented nomenclature, even if it means creating Parking-Lot Area Places within a larger Airport Area Place.
Bus and train stations
Bus and train stations are often located within city centers and may offer convenient public parking. At some stations, such parking may be intended and commonly used for general purposes. At others it may be illegal, inappropriate, or simply pointless to park if one doesn't intend to use that transit facility. Thus whether to mark bus- or train-station parking with a Parking-Lot Area Place depends on the local situation. Regardless, if by local Waze convention the entire station complex would be marked with a Area Place, the boundaries of this Area Place may include its associated parking. In this case, provided the parking is compliant, the Parking-Lot category may be added to the complex's Area Place category list.
Privately operated public parking
Private businesses often provide public parking in dense urban centers and near airports. Privately operated parking facilities that support short-term general-purpose parking for the public may receive Parking-Lot Area Places subject to the 'distinctive and significant' principle as interpreted above. Private facilities intended only for long-term parking are special-purpose and inappropriate for the Parking-Lot Area Place.
With the availability of the new "Car Rental" Place, rental-car facilities and returns, including at airports, should now be marked with that Place category. If the return location is a normal parking-Lot, then mark it with the Parking-Lot category and the building with the Car Rental category.
The Parking-Lot Area Place is always appropriate for:
- Generic Park & Ride and similar municipal commuter parking.
- General-purpose short-term public parking lots, structures or garages dedicated to parking only and independent of any particular mall, complex, campus, or other final destination.
- Named municipal public parking serving an airport.
The Parking-Lot Area Place is NEVER appropriate for:
- Street parking, whether parallel, angled, or right-angled.
- Employee, student or resident (private) parking.
Including non-compliant parking within larger Area Places
If an entire complex warrants an Area Place, any associated parking may be included within its boundaries; for example, a Shopping Mall Area Place with dedicated parking could include all stores and parking associated with the mall. Be sure this complies with local editing conventions before doing so. Even if this is done, however, the larger Area Place remains ineligible to include the "Parking Lot" category if the parking involved is dedicated and therefore special-purpose.
The Parking-Lot Point Place
As of this writing the client display of Parking-Lot Area Places versus Point Places remains unclear. In the future, the Parking-Lot Point Place may be useful for identifying parking in certain situations that would not be appropriate for the Area Place, for example campus, park, stadium, or theme-park parking zones, privately operated long-term public parking, or parking located within a multi-use structure.
Until more clarity emerges, new Parking-Lot Point Places should not be created. Existing named parking that does not comply with Parking-Lot Area Place guidelines may be converted, provisionally, to Point Places. Unnamed parking that does not comply with Parking-Lot Area Place guidelines should not be marked with the Parking-Lot category at all.